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ORCHID PHRAGMIPEDIUM PERUVIANUM


Phragmipedium peruvianum (without. Phragmipedium kovachii) it is kind of a the family of the Orchids. They are in the north of Peru and it is protected as you MENTION due to the extinction threat.

It is a terrestrial plant with growth simpodial, it presents rhizomes in which several yolks are located of which go sprouting groups of leaves and after certain time of the crecimento of these; it springs from the central part the floral bud or espata. Their roots measure 4 mm of diameter and they measure 64 mm of longitude. The leaves slight green are folded. The inflorescence is from 23 to 25 cm of diameter of colors salmon, raspberry, purple. The flowers open up consecutively with a bráctea from 7 to 9 cm of long (I escape). The ovary is of 8cm of long of brown color with a bráctea from 4 to 5,5 cm of long. It lacks articulations. The sepals are something concave of colors gold, brown. The petals are of 6 x 4,8 elliptic cm. The labelo is from 5,5 to 7,5 x 3,5 to 4 cm.

Their natural habitat is the tropical cloudy forests of the north Peruvian (Region Amazons and Region San Martin) forest among 1.600 to 1.900 msnm, there annually it rains of 1.000 to 1.500 mm and the tempertura are 26 °C in summer and 18 °C in winter. The geologic sustrato of the plant is calcareous stone of the cretáceo. The floor of these forests is calcareous blended stone with organic matter.

In May of 2002, James Michael Kovach, a florist from Virginia United States, it planned a trip jointly toward Peru with their friend Lee Moore, a merchant of orchids. Already in the Peruvian forest, May 28 2002 arrived to Progresso, a town of the Region San Martin, and in a store they offered him/her some orchids in shoe form almost of the size of the palm of a hand and very colorful of which he/she bought 3 gavels. That same night Moore tells him/her: This is your opportunity. You have found the Sacred Grail of the orchids.

Kovach arrived in Miami June 4 2002 taking I get 300 orchids and at least a copy of a Phragmipedium even without identifying and he/she gave it to the Botanical "Gardens Marie Selby" of Sarasota. There it was described by J.T. Atwood, S. Dalstron and Fernández, publishing this description in a supplement of the magazine Selbyana of the same garden June 12 of 2002. Kovachi suggests that the name takes its last name and be Phragmipedium kovachii.

Before the publication in Selbyana, Dr. Eric TO. Christenson, expert of the "Society of Orquideología of United States" who has published two books has more than enough Peruvian orchids, he carried out a description and he sent the manuscript to the magazine "Orchids" before the gardens Selby described it in a supplement. Eric Christenson indicates that Kovach knew of the name Phragmipedium Peruvianum that the one proposed and that when calling it with its last name Phragmipedium Kovachii it would be making a crime. The description of Christenson delayed but time in being published in Orchids June 17 2002 calling it Phragmipedium Peruvianum.

In May of 2002, Christenson, he/she was receiving pictures of this orchid, describing their characteristics without retiring the plant of their habitat, maintaining the collection in Peru.

According to the International Convention for the "Trade of Species in Danger of Extinction", (MENTION) this plant was an orchid "slipper" in extinction danger and they cannot retire of its habitat.

June 20 2002 the Botanical "Gardens Marie Selby" was already in problems for that the government from Peru requested to the "Service of Protection of the Life Marina and Silvestre" demands to Kovach it returns the plant that had taken illegally out of Peru. With it the federal authorities began the smuggling investigations.

The government from Peru asked to confiscate all the copies of this orchid, taking charge to the National Institute of Natural Resources of Peru (INRENA) to grant permits, while the "Service of Protection of the Life Marina and Silvestre" from United States carried out the smuggling investigations.

In June 10 2004 the jury of Tampa (United States) declared to guilty Kovach of smuggling of wild plants in extinction danger, as well as of illegal possession of orchids. The Botanical "Gardens were also accused Marie Selby." Kovach was condemned to 2 years of watched over freedom and a ticket of $1.000 dollars.

In November of 2006, the doctor Paul Rijckevorsel goes he/she has intended to eliminate the supplement of the magazine Selbyana of the year 2002 that it indicated the name Phragmipedium kovachii.

Source: http://es.wikipedia.org / wiki / Phragmipedium_peruvianum



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