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KUELAP THE STRENGTH ARCHAEOLOGICAL MONUMENTAL COMPLEX

SAGRADATOUR KUELAP

It is an archaeological group with characteristic very important of Nor it Guides Peruvian. Overdraft in 1843, by Don Juan Crisóstomo Grandson who was judge of Chachapoyas. From that time to the date has been constantly visited by numerous investigators and traveling, attracted by the complexity and monumentalidad of their constructions, which have been object of several reports among them: the sabío Antonio Raimondi, the Swiss geologist, Arturo Werthemann, the French traveler Charles Wiener, the Swiss anthropologist Adolph Bandelier, as well as others of fame that they arrived for these homes.

Known popularly as the "Strength of Kuélap"; it integrates of an entire archaeological location which is embracing an extension approximately of 450 Hectares. Inside this group it can be observed that is constituted by cultivation terraces, establishments, control accesses, warehouses and public squares. Located in the village of the same name, inside the comprensiónes of the district of Tingo, County of Luya, Department of Amazons, at the moment belongs to "The Region Oriental Nor of Marañon" Its localization, approximately it is of 35 Km. toward the south address of Chachapoyas. Having about 3000m.s.n.m. in an area where it finishes the you walk and the forest brow begins.

The archaeological place was built in the summit of a rocky promontory of calcareous origin establishing a position hegemónica and strategic of observation, with an architectural wide and magnificent approach that he/she reveals knowledge and topographical domain with regard to the rest of the area.

The momumentalidad and complexity of these constructions are distributed in an area in way of a lengthened wing, with North South orientation of approximately about 584 Mts. of long and an average of 120 Mts. of wide the one which this limited one for a great wall that perimetralmente goes containing the archaeological group ending up measuring in some parts more than 20 mts. of height and in whose structural conformation has registered great quantity of multiple funerals according to archaeologist's reports Orlando Angle resident of the place.

Besides Impeding the access, the contention wall served to the filler that you places to obtain flat surfaces in the hillside of the hill with the purpose of getting security and protection, the material used in the constructions was blocks of stone calcareous canteada without polish. Having three entrances to the city that through the wall, giving the impression of conical tunnels, approach with which was built; wide when entering and narrow when leaving, allowing the alone access to a person.

The strength is conformed for more than 450 structures distributed in diverse levels of which 4 are of rectangular plant, 1 of square plant and the other of plant to circulate.

All these associate structures to each other, had certain functions being among them to ceremonial, administrative buildings, of control, defense and of housing, stones relief that you/they liken human faces worked on high also exist.

They are of singular meaning and of more attraction" The Inkwell", (ceremonial building) The Castle", (place where a mausoleum exists) the turrets, the constructions decorated with friezes, among them also highlight the engravings in geometric, anthropomorphous forms, zoomorfas and others.

The plant structures to circulate (7 Mts. of diameter average), generally housings, present architectural elements that characteristic in the old constructions that populate this part of Peru.

Aglutinadamente is distributed or around open patios. They present embalsamientos (some decorations) to which you/they generally indicate the low level of the bathrooms those that lead us to their interior by means of accesses directed to those that sink other elements like ventilation ducts, drainage systems and internal small cameras under the floor.

Some of the walls that reached a height of 4 mts. they present niches and windows, there are evidences that these they were plastered and possibly decorations with paintings in their interior. For the form of the buildings on he/she understands that these they had like roof with a covered with straw in a conical way.

This archaeological complex should begin its construction chronologically during the period of the Late Intermission, until the years 1300 d.C. approximately. In their later phases he/she should give space to near 3000 inhabitants.

According to the chronicles, the place was busy up to 1532 years in that Diego Alvarado reduced the population to the low parts.

Pedro's chronicles Cieza of apparent León that: " Chachapoyas (they occupied these lands) was Indian white whose beauty was worthy of sovereigns whose eyes were blue which were whiter than the same Spaniards."

Text: DCB 1978

Source: http://arqueologia.deperu.com / kuelap.html



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Page created web March 30 of the one 2005.
© Copyright 2005 Gualberto Valderrama C.