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The first historical news documented on the county of Rodríguez of Mendoza is in the "Book of Visits of Sacred Toribio of Mogrovejo" that narrates the religious's trips for the interior of Peru, among 1591 and 1595. To their step for this valley ago to register the existence of the warring tribes of Jeberos and Motilones in Pósic, as well as of Spanish and Indian residents, in the stays or country properties, to the long and wide of the valley, to the town of Miam.

In 1593, hardly sixty years after the European invasion to the Incan empire, the whole valley, included Huamanpata, is already private property of the Spaniards whose owners lived in constituted cities, as Chachapoyas and Trujillo.

In 1685, a Spanish new incursion on the part of the Franciscans installed in Chachapoyas, comes out heading for the last lands free to the south of the county, presided over by the Friar Alejandro Salazar, with the reason of to Christianize "the infidels" and to subject several nations that Huambo flourished in the riveras of the river.





Some of the tourist attractiveness of the county of Rodríguez of Mendoza are, the thermal bathrooms or thermal waters of Tocuya, the Area of Environmental Conservation of Huamanpata and the Lagoon of Huamanpata. But additional to these tourist attractiveness they exist other, here a small summary, to end the tourists take knowledge of their existence and cheer up to visit them.


The lagoon is part of the landscape of the valley of Huayabamba that is characterized to be a fertile area with great production of coffee and fruit-bearing as the banana and the pineapple.

The lagoon of Totora is product of the rains that enrich the flow of the River Shocol, the same one that feeds her, being the months of winter the season where it reaches its but high level, and in the months of summer he/she transforms practically into humedales, where it appears the totora among other type of vegetation; in this lagoon like part of its wealth ictiológica is a fish called buchón that in some cases end up weighing but of 5 kilos, for what is very requested by the residents of the area.


The sulfurated waters Michina is located in Marshal's district Benavides to 10 minutes, leaving of San Nicolás, for the access road that unites to these two cities; continuing until San Antonio's crossing, where he/she takes the highway affirmed to the district of Longar, to 2 minutes the town of Michina is located approximately.

The thermal waters of Michina are located approximately to 50 meters of the right margin of this road and you accesa through a surrounded path of cultivation fields and fruit-bearing; being the predominant vegetation: fruit-bearing trees as lemon, guaba and other species like pencas, horse line, ferns, grass, etc.; with regard to the fauna it has not been determined, but for the proximity to the populated center understands each other the existence of a domestic fauna as corral birds, livestock and load beasts.

The thermal waters of Michina are characterized because the temperature average of the waters is superior to the drinkable water of the area; and for its mineral composition, where the sulfur, component that gives him/her prevails characteristic of medicinal to the same one.

The water that springs from the underground is transferred through a wooden pipe toward a puddle that is characterized to have a coloration characteristic of the ponds where he/she spills water with mineral composition.


It manufactures it handmade of tiles and bricks, it is located to the left margin of the highway that leaves from San Antonio to the district of Longar, in the Town of Michina; and it is part of the context of the Countryside of this Community. The handmade factory of tiles and bricks of Mr. Nicolás Fernández Fernández, is part of a group of 07 factories with similar characteristic; and it is constituted in a family business of character; having begun his production operations approximately for 03 years, ending up producing a thousand of bricks in 03 days. The Factory this compound one for 03 areas:

Production Area:

Of Bricks.- He/she conforms to for a puddle where he/she gets ready the material (clay), brought of the quarries, located approximately at 3' of the place, inside this same property. In this place the material is humidified and stepped to give him/her the texture required before being modeled. The person in charge of this activity, porciona the prepared material cutting it with one whistles and transferring it to the molds that work with a handmade system, by way of trapiche, impelled by a horse to model and to manufacture the brick. This system is compound for the following parts: Male, half-boot, stumps, gun carriages, choguinto, botador, box and mold, and the cutter.

Of Texas.- The procedure is handmade and simple. He/she begins extracting the material of the Puddle, then he/she moves to a stone table, previously prepared with ashes, to avoid that the mass sticks. The material spills inside a wooden mold, where with the help of the hands and a rule expands and it evens inside him the mass; when this has the necessary conditions it is skirted with a thread between the border and the material, with the purpose of to drop it and to drive him to Garlopa, where he/she will take the tile form it lists to be dried.

Drying Area: They are 02 atmospheres where scaffolds are located made of tree trunks and brave cane where the products are dried in the lapse of 1 week, until achieving a necessary solidity to pass to the area of burnt.

Area of Burnt: This activity is made in an adobe oven with covered with tiles that it is characterized to have openings in a square way that serve as ventilation in the one baked of brick that lasts approximately one day.


The Hill The Bull, it is located between the towns of Myth and Omia, being appreciated panoramically from the affirmed highway that it unites to these two communities. The Hill The Bull is part of a mountainous chain that crosses the county of Rodríguez of Mendoza and to this he is denominated this way because the rocky formation is assimilated to the profile of this animal.


Taking as starting point the district of Limabamba, it is continued by a trail carrozable toward the denominated place Loja, to 5 minutes of the town; in the itinerary you can appreciate their countryside with cultivations of bananas, coffee among other products; you can also appreciate typical architecture captured in the notch houses, made wooden of ishpingo, resource that is plentiful in the area. Next to these properties and being part of the small fundos that exist in the area, is characteristic to find trapiches used for the mill of the cane.

From Loja the walk begins toward The Mermaid's waterfall through a picturesque road that shows diversity of landscapes and vegetation. To 10 minutes of the walk, the landscape that was dense vegetation in their beginning, characteristic of a humid forest, you sandy and surrounded restitution of totora, atypical landscape of the area that you travels for 4 minutes until arriving to a slope from where the ascent begins for a mountainous relief covered with vegetation and that in some places with ends of gaining ground for the agriculture the residents have carried out I touch, destroying part of the ecosystem, deteriorating the environment paisajístico.

The road becomes muddy in its final tract, what hinders the access to the waterfalls; to those that one has to descend for a space of 5 minutes through a dense and humid vegetation; among those that are palms, ferns, ishpingo, rodents, higuerón, líquenes, huicungos and orchids.

The waterfall consists of 15 falls, 3 of those which surpass the 30 mts., of height and the other ones 12 are from smaller size and the journey to all they can last approximately from 03 to 04 hours and in some tracts you difficult restitution.

The water of this waterfall comes being using like drinkable water that supplies to the town of Longar, for what to its last fall little quantity of water arrives that gives to a reception puddle and desfoga to a canal.


Route 1: Of Chachapoyas to Rodríguez of Mendoza (3 hours). Of Rodríguez of Mendoza to the village of Myth (1 hour with 30 min.); in car by lorry affirmed. Of Myth to the caverns (30 min.) walking Route 2: Of Chachapoyas to Rodríguez of Mendoza (3 hours). Of Rodríguez of Mendoza to Omia (20 min.). Of Omia to the caverns (1 hour with 30 min.) Time 1: 5 hours Time 2: 4 hours 50 min. Transport: Automobile and on foot.

The caverns are located in the central part of a rocky called elevation Peña Gunguilla, it leaves of the mountain range that crosses the county of Rodríguez of Mendoza. The caverns of Myth are a rocky coat to the one that you accesa for a path that crosses a dense vegetation that moves to upward way from the left margin of the river San Antonio until some meters close to the caverns. The interior of the cavern houses evidences of constructions Hispanic pre that probably completed the room function. The materials used for their construction were earth, straw and clay, decorations with painting of red and yellow color.


The route to continue to this resource is the same corridor that unites San Nicolás - Marshal Benavides - it Crosses of San Antonio - Michina and Longar; from where you continuous by lorry affirmed for 5 min., in the Countryside of the same name. In the journey fields of cultivations can be appreciated, houses with typical architecture of the area and trapiches.

The caverns of Longar are part of a private property, to the one that you accesa through a path that crosses the I am founded in an upward way. It is necessary to mention that the access is hindered by the vegetation that has ended up covering the road; this basically compound one for elephant grass, gramalote, ferns, pencas, chishca, canes, higuerilla, palm, coffee, eggplant, blackberry, mushrooms, Chilean caigua.

The caverns of Longar this constituted approximately by 02 caverns distadas to 2 mts. One of the other one. The cavern of the margin left is of more width in the entrance mouth; while that of the right side is smaller, besides being the most difficult access, due to the existence of loose rocks that you/they can cause a slip.

The interior consists of a vault where stalactites and stalagmites are located in formation process and growth.

The bottom of these caverns not yet has been able to determine due to the hardship among its walls, the lack of I oxygenate and illumination.


Santa Rosa's Church is summoned on an embankment of approximately 1 meter of high, where the construction of colonial origin of this temple has possibly been located, on this an atrium is located opened up in whose lateral we find cement banks with capacity for 05 people. The facade is of a single had body of cement and colored with a white bottom and tinged with lines color red Indian. The access to the temple is through a wooden hall door, decoration with a cross carved to the center of this; also on this a circular window is located. In the lateral of the facade, windows that complete ornamental function exist and of illumination to the temple. The facade finishes off in a covered to 02 waters on which a square steeple rises with openings that you/they keep symmetry in its 04 sides; the steeple finishes off in a covered with 04 waters. The temple presents Latin Cruz's plant, and the traverse ships are covered with roofs to an it dilutes.


Page created web March 30 of the one 2005.
© Copyright 2005 Gualberto Valderrama C.