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The County of Utcubamba was created May of the year 30 1984 by means of law Nº 23843, during the President's segudo government Fernando Belaúnde Terry.

This precise law in the I articulate 1º "Creates in the department of Amazons, in the border County of Bagua, the County of Utcubamba whose capital will be the Town of Big Bagua that rises to the city category. He articulates 2º it describes that the following districts that at the moment they belonged to the County of Bagua and starting from the present law they conform the County of Utcubamba; Big Bagua with their Big capital Bagua, Cajaruro with their capital Cajaruro, Big Lonya with their capital the populated center of Big Lonya, Cumba with their capital the populated center of cumba, Jamalca with their capital the populated center of Jamalca, Yamón with their capital the populated center of Yamón and the district of the Miracle with their capital the populated center the Miracle, this last with the present law."

The county of Utcubamba has 7 districts:

Big Bagua.
The district of Big Bagua is the capital of the County of Utcubamba, and this located in the Department of Amazons in the north of Peru; it was created in the time of the independence by the Temporary Regulation of San Martin's general José, dictation in the county of Huaura, Department of Lima February of the year 12 1821. Lima to the north with the county of Bagua and the district of Cajaruro, for the south with the districts of Big Lonya, Yamón and Cumba and for the east with the district of Jamalca and for the west with the district of The Miracle. The district of Big Bagua has a dear bigger population to 49.000 inhabitants. Their capital is the city of Big Bagua; He/she became from rural area to urban area due to the strong migration of ends of the years 1960, now it is an assets commercial transitory center, I pass assets for one from the revenues to the Peruvian forest.

The district of Cajaruro has the territorial biggest extención in the county of Utcubamba, it has fertile lands and poductivas, it is an eminently agricultural rice district, it also produces coffee and corn. Lima for the North with the county of Bagua, for the This with the County of it Sailed, for the South it limits with the districts of Jamalca and Big Bagua and for the Southwest and West limits with the county of Bagua.

The District of Cumba is Located in the Southwest part of the county of Utcubamba and it was created November 14 1944 by means of Law Nº 10013 and he/she has a dear bigger population to 9.000 inhabitants. Their capital is the town of Cumba;su main strength it is the production of fruit-bearing, this district is beside the river Marañon, hence the population practices the fishing for the consumption and the local sale. Lima for the North with the Districts of The Miracle and Big Bagua, for the East and South limits with the District of Yamón and for the West it limits with County of Cutervo.

The Miracle.
The district of the Miracle is created by law Nº 23843 ruled May of the year 30 1984, during the president's second government Fernando Belaúnde Terry.He/she has two characteristics that differentiate it of the other districts, one of them it is that it is the only district that counts with urban more population than rural, and on the other hand it is the district with masculine bigger population that feminine. Lima for the North and Northwest with the county of Bagua, for the This with the district of Big Bagua, for the South-Southwest with the district of Cumba and for I finish for the West it limits with the county of Jaén, department of Cajamarca.

The district of Jamalca has a mostly rural population, dedicated to the activities related with the agriculture and the cattle raising.Among the features of historical bigger importance he/she is the legends related to the fossil remains of dinosaurs, exposed in the small museum of the district. This is the only district in the whole county of Utcubamba that has an archaeological museum.The beauty of the district is in the archaeological tourism for the existence of architectural vestiges of pre-Inca origin and in the beauty ecoturística for the presence of beautiful and high waterfalls and humid forests, existent throughout the district.

Big Lonya.
The district of Big Lonya was created by the national government's law February of the year 05 1861, during the Marshal's second government Ramón Castile; it is located in the region forest of the county of Utcubamba. Lima for the North with the district of Big Bagua, for the East and Southeast limits with with the district of Jamalca and the county of Luya, for the South and Southeast with the county of Cutervo, for the West with the district of Yamón.

The district of Yamón is located in the southeast part of the district of Big Bagua and it was created February 5 1861 by means of Law without number and he/she has a dear bigger population to 3.000 inhabitants. Their capital is the town of Yamón.He/she has the characteristic of being the district with the biggest indicators of poverty in the county of Utcubamba and the region of Amazons. Among the productive main activities practiced by the residents they are the Agriculture with production of coffee and the cattle raising. Lima for the North with the district of Big Bagua, for the This with the district of Big Lonya, for the Southwest and West limits with with the district of Cumba.

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The river Marañón has an approximate journey of 1411 km., it is the second river of longitude of Peru, the tributaries of the river Marañón is: north (river Morona, Pastasa and Tiger); south (Huallaga).

He/she has three big moments:
1. Nascent manifestations in the thaw of the snowy one of Yarupa to 5800 m.s.n.m. (Huancayo)
2. Region of Pongos (I Put Rentema, May, Mayacita, Cumbinama, Huaracayo, Manseriche).
3. It culminates when crossing the I Put of Manseriche.

Also it is of great importance to be the river more inter departmental, the one that forms more pongos and also the one that has an energy great production and piscícola.


Settled down in March of the 2002 on a total of 64114.74 hectares belong to the districts of Imaza, Aramango and Copallín of the county of Bagua; and the district of Cajaruro, county of Utcubamba. The area reserved Mountain range Colán is one of the protected most recent areas created by the state.

The reservation assures the manteamiento of the balance hídrico in a lacking region of water and subject to a recent populational pressure of use of lands. One has as objective to maintain representative arrangements of the dry forests of the valley Marañón and their endemic species.


It is located in the Hill the Deads, inside a cavern.

In the interior walls two representations are observed, one under other, of the paleolithic man's customs early and late, corresponding to the years 12000 and 3500 a.C.

In these representations it is contemplated hunt scenes. He/she fishes and domestic work. The images of animals as flames, gumps, deers, snakes, monkeys and men's stylized figures and women making agricultural works, they were drawn with a color reddish dark ocher, which was elaborated with extracted resins of the walnut and of the tint of an insect, well-known as cochineal, as well as other materials of mineral origin.

Also we find human representations dancing and symbols like that of a chess board in yellow, red and orange colors, among other.


To arrive at the cavern of Buenos Aires, he/she leaves of Chachapoyas toward Big (3 hours 30 min) Bagua. After Big Bagua to Miraflores (1 hour 10 min). Finally of Miraflores to Buenos Aires (40 min) walking. The total dear time is of 5 hours with 20 minutes, to be mobilized of ago car use and on foot.

The cavern of Buenos Aires is in a low road a slope of 80 mts. approximately. It is entered by a small opening that has an extension of 1 m2. The internal temperature of the cavern is very high and it is hence that it has little oxygen. It is advisable for the visitor to enter since at the end of a rain the water enters to the cavern and it diminishes the internal temperature and it favors the I oxygenate in their interior.


The access route to the Lagoon of they Deceive it begins in New Piura, of there to Big (1 hour) Bagua in car. Of Big Bagua to the village of Burlán (15 min). Time dear total 1 hour with 15 min.

The lagoon has an approximate area 62 hectares and a depth 9 meters; in oval irregular way, its waters come from the channels coming from the contiguous parcels of rice. Their name derives of the quantity of wild donkeys that you/they existed in the area, in the decade of the 60, same that in fact made fun of the hunters.


The route to arrive at the cavern He Planes part from Chachapoyas to Bagua Big 3 hours with 30.' Of Big Bagua to High Amazons 1 hour. Of José Balta to Alizo 6 hours walking. The total dear time is of 10 hours with alone 30 minutes of going.

The entrance to the caverns is made by a wide opening that leaves making narrow as he/she leaves advancing toward the interior. In their interior it presents wide living rooms and several passageways.


To arrive to the Hill Torita, it is quite easy, we leave of Chachapoyas going to Utcubamba (3 hour with 30'). After Utcubamba to Cajaruro. Of Cajaruro to the Hill Torita 30.'

The Hill Torita is kind of a natural turret that carries out a mirador function, from where one can observe the valley of so much Utcubamba of Cajaruro and Big Bagua, being also contemplated the valley of Huarangopampa, lands that are fertile for the River Utcubamba. In the summit of the hill he/she is a cross that was put to be liberated of the plague of lobsters, history that is described in the population's legends.

Now at the present time a bigger cross has been built next to the grotto of the previous cross, this made of cement, the same one that one can observe far to those from Big Bagua.


Page created web March 30 of the one 2005.
© Copyright 2005 Gualberto Valderrama C.