The Peruvian County of Aija is one of twenty o'clock that conform the Department of Ancash, "Perla of the Slopes" it is called, it was created March of 1936, 05 being president of the republic General Oscar R. Benavides by means of Law Nº 8188.
The county of Aija is located in the Northeastern Area of Peru, to the south west of the department of Ancash, in the high part of the basin Hidrográfica of Huarmey and Snakes, western Flank of the Black Mountain range. The space geographical adult corresponds to the region Sierra, among an altitude that varies from 700 m.s.n.m until a maximum altitude of 4,996 m.s.n.m. Coordinated UTM: And 0213590; N 8917784. Altitude: 3384 m.s.n.m. He/she has a moderate climate of aprox. 18º C during the year. A surface of 696.72 km².
Lima for the north with the county of Huaraz, for the east with the County of Recuay, for the south with the County of Huarmey and for the west with the County of Huarmey.
This county is divided in five districts, Aija, Coris, Huacllán, Merced and Succha.
The County has as capital the city of Aija, denominated in the fertile verb of Raymondi like "Perla of the Slopes", considered as city prehispanic root he/she says the tradition that owes its name to a warring dance of Inca ancestro "Aixa" or the passionate exclamation: Ah Daughter! Of a reddish one Spanish in love with a maiden, native flower of this earth, there in the time of the the Colony.
Maybe one of the standing out events in all their history was their creation like County, since it meant the whole yearning of many generations. For what in this historical review points out the followed most important processes to get this objective.
1908-1911 the 28 of Julio 1908, being Alcalde Distrital don Bernardo Pajuelo, he/she is carried out the solemn session in homage to the Homeland: in her they pronounce lit speeches of patriotism, don José María Antúnez, don Eliseo Larragán and the Governor don Guillermo Romero Mejía who throws the harangue to their generation, to pick up the idea of their adults and to work to transform Aija into County.
The day August of 1908, 15 filled Aijinos of fervor regionalista founds the society "The Future of Aija", with the Directive following Meeting: President, José María Antúnez, Vicep-Eliseo Larragán; Members; Guillermo Romero, Enrique Roldán, Nicanor Pajuelo, Macario Ortiz and Humberto Flores. These citizens, invested of the function of leaders, they begin the march toward the conquest of the ideal: the County of Aija.
1916-1917 run the time and it arrives 1916; of the Society Future of Aija it is alone the memory. There am here that Recuay and Carhuás have already wakened up, and the movement regionalista of each an is in progress already, to be own, November of 1916, 12 rise of their lethargy, and the day in Public Assembly, under the governor's don presidency Darío Antúnez, founds the "Committee Pro New County", with the Directive following Meeting: President, José María Antúnez, Vice-president Guillermo Romero Mejía: Members, Enrique Roldán, Darío Antúnez, continuous assembly the day November 14, the commissions are named to travel towns of the areas north, center and south of the region of the Slopes again, for desplear propaganda and to capture adhesions. The positions relapsed in same people that acted during the validity of "The Future of Aija."
1934-1936 arrived 1934 and a historical event in Ancash, it hit very strong the conscience of Aijinos. Carhuás was already County: the Constituent Congress that legislated from 1931, with a lot of easiness and without opposition it had passed the respective Law. Aijinos of that time, was surely hit the chest and they made a lot of reflection, to consider their last actions. Again they woke up.
For fín, the long fight of the aijinos generations had fructified, after many battles and unspeakable sacrifices. The news of this victory, fell as already luminous bomb to Aija that originated an explosion of euphoria and overflowing racket of the Town. Aijinos of then, boys and big, they filled the streets and they in hugs, in alive and urras, to the resounding of the rockets and to the they are of the bands of musicians.
Then the inauguration of the new county was August 30 of 1936. Today it has 5 districts: Aija, Merced, Huacllán, Succha and Coris.
HE/SHE MARRIES OF THE CULTURE DE AIJA
It is a large house of the Republican time, it consists of a wide cover or vestibule. A passageway and main patio separated by columns and corridors that give access to the different rooms and the main living room. He/she has an interior patio with Gardens (brought monoliths of the surroundings of the County are exhibited), deposit, backyard, stables, galpones, orchards, etc. at the present time, a library is observed that was used by Wise Illustrious Santiago Antúnez Of Mayolo, because the house that he/she inhabited was; in its room its pictures are exhibited, as well as their big works and executed projects and to execute. In this house Wise Santiago Ángel Of The Peace inhabited Antúnez Of Mayolo Gomero, natural of the County of Aija in the Department of Ancash, Engineer, Physique and Peruvian Mathematician; considered the Peruvian Great Sage for his Projects and Studies designed to endow from energy to the different towns of Peru that now are a reality.
IT DANCES NEGRITOS OF SILVER OR BLACK QELLEE
It is a dance of colonial origin. It is executed in the party of the Virgin of Candlemas of Aija, the duration of the festival event is from January 31 to February 03; the central day is February 02. Also, the dance is appreciated in the employer parties of the districts and populated centers of this county. It is denominated as Negritos of Silver or Black Qellee; because one of the garments that is used, with the bands of fine cloth that cross the chest, is trimmed with currencies of old silver in their interior. They also take like decoration a dissected weasel, covered with currencies; this symbolizes that, each dancer takes an immense wealth that grants him/her great excellence and social prestige above. Complete the attire a bell to the end of a cord braided in leather that he/she calls himself chicotillo. The melodies are executed by a band of musicians, expert of each one of the movings; the choreography is developed with the alternate songs of the ladies and the black ones whose verses have been written of agreement with the prevailing circumstances in the present time and divided for the different moments, like temple, street, visits, etc. This dance constitutes an artistic valuable expression that contributes to the statement of the local identity and that it is present in the collective memory of the county. The meaning of this dance from the mythical point of view is manifested in the presence of a wild animal with decorations of currencies; what symbolizes that the mythology is present in a series of sociocultural manifestations of the different generations of the local populations.
The Dance Of Negritos, of colonial orígen, is one of those but diffused in you walk they, being able to be versions of the same one from Cajamarca to Cuzco. Through the dance the Andean particular vision is expressed that it processes and it recreates Hispanic elements, in front of the conditions in that it was made the black slaves brought to the mines and colonial country properties starting from the XVI century work. The showy and colorful gear, the choreography and the music, still when with variants in the different areas of the country, they are very original and only in the group of the Andean dances. To be one of the dances and musicians but diffused in you walk they, the Dance Of Negritos was declared Cultural Patrimony of the Nation, through National Instituo of Culture, by means of Resolution National Directoral Nº 1042/INC -2005, with date August 03 of the one 2005.
The duration of the festival event is from January 31 to February 03 being the central day February 02.
THE COLONIAL TEMPLE DE AIJA
It is located to the front of the Square of Weapons with total area of construction of 612 m2, the temple presents a facade of classic lines, with four columns of order toscazo, embedded walls, a large window in hemiciclo on a main door of 5 x 3.60 m., and crowned of windows bíforas and vertical; in the left side there is a tower of color ocher, cream fringes and to the mean with a representation of a cross. It LEAVES it INTERNS - ALTAR bigger Bill with four main parts as it is: Base or pedestal, colonnade, entablamento and fronton. The base (1) he/she has four pedestals with intervals or vain that belongs to the Roman style. The second part is the central body that consists of four columns (2) high of doric shaft and Corinthian capital that frame to two lateral (Shanticho and Santa Rosa) niches and the central group to the heart dedicated to the sacrarium that is conformed by eight small and paired columns that sustain to a tiny dome. On the central body he/she rests the entablamento (3), in a horizontal way, with simplified application on their three behalves: architrave, frieze and cornice; then, in the high part the Fronton (4), in hemiciclo form, appropriate or stylized to the vault of the temple, it consists of a niche or central niche with four paired columns, in this part it is excluded by molds and garlands that sustain in the peak to the Eternal Father. Smaller ALTARS One can observe: The altar of San santiago to horse. The altar of san francisco: in the central part and superior presents four columns salomónicas and ornaments that evoke to a Spanish style and the plateresque one. The altar of the virgin of the graces with coalition of elements of different styles. The altarpiece of Jesús heart: it consists of base with pedestals, then, the central body with four columns salomónicas that exclude at three niches or niches, a power station of more size and two lateral smaller, these columns sustain the stylized entablamento and, have more than enough this, in the high thing, it is the appropriate fronton to the Baroque style. THE altar of the virgin of the candelaria with coalition of elements of different styles. Jesus Christ altar in the cross The altar of the virgin of the immaculate one, is of Gothic style that in its simplicity and small dimension gathers the essential elements of its style that it is characterized to be graceful, slight, from upward rhythm to the sky, eminently spiritual. All these images are of the colonial time that you/they have been brought specifically of the continent of Europe of the country of Spain.
The Colonial Temple of Aija has been declared Cultural Patrimony of the mediating Nation the Resolution National Directoral Not.1245 sent by INC October of the year 16 2000.
THE TEMPLE SANTIAGO APOSTLE DE AIJA
It is in downtown of Aija (Square of Weapons). Their construction dates of the XVIII century, like it consists in a bell located to the entrance that has inscribed the year of 1788 in her. However, it suffered considerable damages throughout the time, especially soon after the earthquake of 1970. The thickness of the walls is of three meters, the temple occupies a surface of 612 m2. It counts the tradition that the adobes were gone up in mules and that the tijerales was armed with leather soguillas because nails didn't exist. The temple presents a facade of classic lines with four columns of order toscazo, embedded walls, a large window in hemiciclo on a main door of 5 for 3.60 meters and crowned of windows bíforas and vertical; in the left side there is a tower of color ocher, cream fringes and to the mean the representation of a cross. Their interior has the following characteristic: The Biggest Altar: It is of classic style with the symbiosis of the elements of you order them architectural of Greece and old Rome: Doric, Ionic, Corinthian, Toscazo and compound. It presents four (04) you leave main: the base or pedestal, colonnade, entablamento and fronton. The base (1) he/she has four pedestals with intervals or vain that belongs to the Roman style. The second part is the central body that consists of four columns (2) high of doric shaft and Corinthian capital that frame to two lateral (Shanticho and Santa Rosa) niches and the central group to the heart dedicated to the sacrarium that is conformed by eight small and paired columns that sustain to a tiny dome. On the central body he/she rests the entablamento (3), in a horizontal way, with simplified application on their three behalves: architrave, frieze and cornice; then, in the high part the Fronton (4), in hemiciclo form, appropriate or stylized to the vault of the temple, it consists of a niche or central niche with four paired columns, in this part it is excluded by molds and garlands that sustain in the peak to the Eternal Father. Altarpiece Heart of Jesús: It is the most beautiful in their style, strictly Baroque, with arabesque ornaments, garlands and sculptures. The Immaculate Virgin's Altar: It is of Gothic style, in their simplicity and small dimension gathers the essential elements of its style fast and of upward rhythm to the sky, eminently spiritual. Altar of San Francisco: It presents in their central part and superior four (04) columns salomónicas and ornaments that evoke a Spanish style; the plateresque one. Virgin of Mercedes: It presents a coalition of the elements of different styles. Altar of San Santiago to horse: It was brought of Europe in the Colonial time, considered by their character the son of the thunder, it works made in marble with an approximate weight of 200 kilos. THE altar of the virgin of the candelaria, with coalition of elements of different styles. Jesus Christ altar in the cross. Cruz Calvary: of the colonial time, it shows symbols of the life passion and death of Jesus Christ. He/she has a measure of 9 meters of high. All these images are of the colonial time, they were brought of the European (Spain) continent.
The Temple Santiago Apostle of Aija Cultural Patrimony of the Nation was declared, by means of Resolution National Directoral Nº 1245-INC-2000, October 16 of the one 2000.
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