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THE CITY DE CASMA



CIUDAD DE CASMA
ARRIVING TO CASMA


The city of Casma is the capital of the county of the same name, it is located in the kilometer 375 of the Pan-American north.

This county extends from the western skirts of the Black Mountain range, until the coastal area of the Sub-region Pacific.



CASMA PLAZA DE ARMAS
SQUARE OF WEAPONS DE CASMA


The river Casma, is the main course of water that it crosses the north part of the county, he/she has as main flowing for the margin right the river Sechín and for the left the Big river.

Casma is characterized to present during the whole year a warm temperature, with the result that it is known as the "City of Eternal Sun."



CIUDAD DE CASMA
CITY DE CASMA



IGLESIA DE CASMA
CHURCH DE CASMA.


Casma has tourist countless actractivos that go from the historical ones to the natural or ecological, inside those but acquaintances have:

• Regional Museum of Casma "Max Uhle"
• Archaeological Complex High Sechín
• I Temper Palacio Sechín Under
• Red Pampas
• Archaeological Complex Mojeque or Moxeque
• Pampas of Flames
• Chanquillo
• Complex Archaeological Aldas
• WARO: Antigua Village of Fishermen
• Beach the Grass
• Spa of turtles

Other attractiveness of which one has knowledge, but on those that it is not had a lot of information they are:

• Taukachi - Konkan
• Petroglifos of Jaihua
• Pampas Rosario
• Huaca Deviation
• Gualaño
• Huerequeque
• San Diego
• Pallka
• Many other but, the list is quite long.


RED PAMPAS


LOCATION

In the South skirt of the terminal ram toward the West of the hill Loin of Camel, after red Pampas and to the left side of the highway Casma - Yaután-Huaráz, district of, Buenavista.

From the city of Casma there is near 16 Kms. until the archaeological place.

DESCRIPTION

In alluvial stony land with decline toward the South, surrounded of hills for the sides West, North and This, they are big designs made in the floor with furrows pocosprofundos whose width average is 20 cms.

He/she is distinguished from the high of the contiguous hill: A human upright figure and of front that seems to have in their right hand a stick or lance; it fences a profile feline, apparently a puma; other two animals that can be camélidos; a figure sigmoidea that represents to the ray; a probable bird head; and geometric reasons not identified.

On the other hand, from the place they are projected toward the valley of Sechín, right lines of some kilometers long.

The first place with lines or rather, furrows on the floor, it is the Pampas of Nazca; but then they were discovered others in different valleys, to those that one adds Red Pampas.

The distant place of the valley to be, among hills and isolated, it is evident that it was chosen to make the drawings therefore in the floor that you/they represent elements of the fauna, activity and beliefs of the time, he/she had function magic-nun and maybe relationship with astronomical studies linked to the agricultural activity of the societies of that time.

The human character of Red Pampas, remembers to the reason in low relief of mud found by Rosa Fung in the wall of one of the passages of Chanquillo and of same forna, to the "chamán" identified in one of the petroglifos of Palamenco, valley of Lacramarca (District of Chimbote).

Keeping the distances, the characteristics and the differences among the three places, he/she is a near relationship among the three characters in function of the representation and style, for that that, maybe the chronological location of Red Pampas is the Period Formative Superior.


WARO: ANTIGUA VILLAGE OF FISHERMEN


LOCATION

To 14 Kms. to the North of Aldas, in a tip of earth of 5 there are. approximately, surrounded by the sea. To the place you arrives on foot or conmovilidad, is road from the highway Pan-American North in the Km 346.5

DESCRIPTION

The cottages semihundidas are to the center of the place, being adapted to the topography of the land in slope, only lifted with cobbles, they have circular or square plant, more or less of 2 m. of side and 1.50 m. of height. They have been around 300 housings, many covered with the depositions of the marine birds and they prepared in address contrary to the wind to avoid the cold at nights.

Toward the North side and Southeast is constructions of more size it has more than enough terraces, communicated closely and that they denote communal use or other important ends. Asímismo, the construction stones are big and chosen; as long as the walls perimetrales are wide and they show the stones heaped in bank.

These constructions are with view to the sea, contrary to the housings, being noticed the existence from one to two shops.

Toward the oriental side there are other terraces covered with garbage that you/they took blackish coloration with the time and for the volume it allows us to deduce that it was occupied by long time. In many sectors they are marine remains, vegetables, pottery and others. The abundance of thorns of fish, shells and bones of birds, they suggest the intense use of these resources. The presence of vegetable remains: pumpkin, corn, cotton, guanábana, rush, totora and other more, they pay for the permanent exchange of marine products with the farmers of the basin of Casma or neighboring valleys. Also, in surface there are early ceramic fragments, pots without neck and more recent; also, stone devices like chancadores, raspers, batán hand, etc.

Their strategic situation, the beauty of the natural environment and the antiquity of the cultural remains, more than 3,000 years, they make of WARO, a visit place forced for the cultural recreation, the fishing and the swimming.

Finally Waro was not the only village, there is other but that were linked Aldas.


BEACH THE GRASS


It is to the South of Casma, for the Km. 345 of the highway Pan-American North are entered to an affirmed road and you only travels two kilometers to arrive to her.

It is a sandy extensive beach, with surf and marine many resources.

The circuit of beaches that has allows the visitor the best election, to enjoy tranquility and intimacy, as of the fishing, diving, walk in boat and it gathers of mollusks or "shellfish."

It fences it is the creek of fishermen "The Grass" to who fresh fish can be bought in the mornings or the afternoons, when they return of the fishing task.

Also, he/she is the Tourist Camp "Aldas" that lends their services the whole year.

Besides the sea, beaches, feeding services and lodging, toward the South are archaeological elcomplejo "Aldas", to about 800 m., it can leave on foot without problems.

Source: Archaeological Series Nº 12


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Page created web March 30 of the one 2005.
© Copyright 2005 Gualberto Valderrama C.