Chimbote is a port city of the north of Peru, capital of the county ancashina of Santa and of the district of Chimbote. Chimbote was characterized by its fishing port that by the middle of the years 70 reach the category of first port in the world, for its economic enormous movement and landing volumes. At the moment Peru continues being one of the biggest powers in the world in production of fish meal and derived.
CHIMBOTE: SQUARE MIGUEL GRAU
THE territory in the one that at the moment Chimbote is located it has been successively populated by the cultures moche, wari, recuay, chimú and Inca. The atestimonian the archaeological centers of Punkurí, Pañamarca, Huaca San Pedro, The Castle, San José of Moorish, among other. It is thought that oneself ethnos populated these lands, Mayao, but the aboriginal ones were dispersed then and decimated when happening the Conquest of America.
In 1774, in the book Introduction and Description of the Counties belonging to the Archbishopric of Lima for Good Cosme appears the name of Chimbote for the first time in an official document. The reference narrates "...that old Villa of Santa María of the Grill (Santa), has annex a small town of noted fishermen Chimbote." The ethnography refers to these first residents like fishermen coming from the spa of Huanchaco, to Trujillo's east, for what you/they were denominated huanchaqueros.
In 1815, the ownership is granted from these lands to the residents for Martin Square Larrabeitia, Auxiliary Sub Delegate of the Crown of Spain, when the population hardly surpassed the hundred. Their residents were devoted, mainly, to the handmade fishing and the firewood pruning.
Commercial growth and I develop
In 1871 the growth of the city begins with the construction of a railroad until Huallanca, in charge of the engineer Henry Meiggs. The following year, bigger Port is named, for what endows it to him of a customs office and of a port infrastructure.
During the expedition Lynch, episode of Guerra from Pacific, it is occupied by the Chilean army the country property The Bridge. As in the other occupations, he/she was demanded to their owner, Dionisio Derteano, the payment of a share so that it is not carried out the looting, but it was impossible, because besides demanding a very high one it calculates, the Peruvian State closed the banks in order to avoid these shares. In consequence, it was plundered and I destroy the crop, the genius and as much as in her there was.
In the year of 1906 the District of Chimbote, December 6 is believed. In the decade of the years 1930 the Pan-American Highway is built.
CHIMBOTE: HOTEL OF TOURISTS
Fishing crafts in the Bay of Chimbote.In the decade of the years 1950 consolidate their port vocation with the constitution of the Peruvian Corporation of the Santa, the construction of the hydroelectric power station of the Canyon of Duck and the beginning of the steel activities. Toward that time there was already in the periphery of the city some fish procesadoras.
However, it is newly in the years 1960 that the massive exploitation begins, largely to Luis' initiative Banchero Rossi, the migratory exodus disordered due to the high manpower demand being begun. This growth implied, also, the arrival of merchants and services that made to the growth of the chaotic and disproportionate city of the plans.
Disaster of 1970
The following decade would see the fall of the economy due to two factors: The sobrepesca and environmental contamination, product of the industry that drained the cardúmenes of the coast, and climatic factors as The Boy's phenomenon. Also in the year of 1970 the bitter Earthquake of the 70 takes place that reduced to debris great part of the infrastructure and real estate of the city, without counting the numerous deaths in Chimbote and the rest of the department.
See from the square of weapons to beginnings of the one Last 2006.Las decades have been for reorganization Chimbote and classification in process. After the I hurt of the fishing industry and a new one The strong Boy toward 1986 it was overturned the interests in the agroindustry, the tourism and the trade. The last years have been remarkable also the efforts of recovery of the bay and the remodeling of their municipal buildings.
Location of ChimboteLa city of Chimbote in the homonymous bay, in the north end of Ancash defined to the north by the Youth's Hill and to the south for the peninsula of Ferrol. It is at two hours of Trujillo and six of Lima.
The city is divided in two by the river Lacramarca, which Humedales of Villa forms María.
Due to their location in the tropic and the presence of Andes, the area coastal Peruvian, in which Chimbote is located, presents a climate desértico, of almost null precipitations. The temperature oscillates among 28º in summer and 13º in winter. The winds are constant the whole year, predominantly with Southwest address, to a speed from 30 to 40 km / h.
Although the medioambiente chimbotano has been seriously affected by the industrial activity, he/she still keeps in Humedales of Villa María an interesting patrimony. The humedales is natural coastal areas of high suceptibilidad, for what is defended by the chimbotanos. At the moment studies are taken for the planning of a program of recovery of the bay of Chimbote, formerly call "Perla from Pacific", that which you prevé that he/she will take 100 years in their entirety.
Tourists' of Chimbote Hotel.The metropolitan area of Chimbote has near 10 km of long maximum and he/she has expanded similtáneamente it has more than enough sandbanks and marshy areas. Their area is mostly residential, counting with more than 70 neighborhoods, well-known as urbanizations and young towns. Near the outlet of the river Lacramarca is the industrial, busy area mostly for navies and for factories of fish meal. Chimbote is crossed by the Pan-American Highway that he/she takes the avenue names José Gálvez and avenue Enrique Meiggs that next to the avenue Brown José is the main freeways of the city throughout his journey. To the south of the city the airport (CHM) is located and before the bridge, the terminal of buses Chimbador. Throughout the coast you encentran 13 jetties between industrial and handmade.
Chimbote calculates its near population to those 400.000 inhabitants. Chimbote belongs highly a population to migrants - of coast and mountain -. Their population lived a demographic severe explosion in the second half of the century twenty. For these characteristics you the flame also: the demographic synthesis of Peru.
In the city the predominant language is the Castilian, although it is certain that many of the immigrants speak the Quechua one.
The first sustrato of the culture chimbotana was that of that of the towns fishermen of the north coast, influenced in the past by the moches and chimúes and later on for occident atravéz of the Spanish custura. During the steel and fishing peak, the great migration produced the adhesion of diverse patterns cultural point of the coast like of the mountain of the country. Esot motiv to that, for example, be so popular in the gastronomñia the ceviche like the spicy of guinea pig or in the dance folclórico, the seafaring one as the huayno.
At the present time, chimbote has four universities. A public one, the National University of the Santa (UNS); and two private, the Private University San Pedro (UPSP) and the University The Ángel of Chimbote (ULADECH) besides having a branch of the Private University Caesar Vallejo (UCV).
Chimbote is known to be a port dedicated to the fishing industry, so much in the extractive work as in the transformation. The factories of flour and fish oil have their industrial plants in the industrial area of Chimbote, which embraces the south third of the bay. The extracted main fish species are the anchoveta, the tuna, the jurel and the mackerel, among other.
Another important industry is the steel plant that is supplied of the mining extractions of the regions of the interior of the region. Hence he/she is known as "The capital of the fishing and the steel."
It is also important the agroindustry, taking reelevancia the cultivations of cane of sugar and of marigol, employee in the elaboration of foods for the poultry livestock.
Chimbote is also commercial axis of the area. The biggest mean gives birth to the external trade it is the marine one, by means of which exports the agricultural and industrial products of the valleys of the river Santa and Nepeña to its partners in Europe, North America and Asia.
The means of transport more used in Chimbote they are the terrestrial (passengers and goods) one and the marine (I trade external) one.
Toward the north they are the cities of Coishco, Santa and Trujillo - this last at two hours of trip - and to the south with those of Nepeña, Casma, Huarmey, Pativilca, Huacho and Lima; mainly. The transport of passengers toward the other cities is carried out by means of agencies of buses interprovinciales, which operate from the terrestrial terminal.
The city has two local newspapers: The Industry of Chimbote and the Newspaper of Chimbote, as well as three channels of open sign: Channel 31, Channel 13 and Majesty TV (15 UHF). In the same way it is in their dial numerous radio stations, highlighting the local radio stations RTCH, Ariana, Ancash, Nova, Shatters.'..
Chimbote is capital of the County of the Santa, subdivision of the department of Ancash. Their metropolitan area is divided between the districts of Chimbote (fence) and New Chimbote.
It is the provincial government's headquarters and of the Superior Court of Justice of the judicial District of the Santa, as well as of the Address of Health Costa, created in January of the one 2005.
Page created web March 30 of the one 2005.
© Copyright 2005 Gualberto Valderrama C.