COUNTY DE HUARMEY
The city of Huarmey, is the capital of the county of the same name, it is one of the 20 counties of the Department of Ancash and this located to the height of the Km. 293 of the Pan-American North.
Huarmey is known as the city of the cordiality, for the welcoming characteristic of its residents, mainly to its visitors.
This city is highlighted to possess a wide variety of beaches that you/they could compete with the best in the country, forests of stones that form different figures and complex archaeological.
The county of Huarmey has two important rivers: The River Huarmey and the River Snakes.
He/she is born to the height of the town of Huamba, between the area limit of Totoral and High Acucuta, for the fork of the rivers of Aija and Mallows; these in turn Pancan (district of Succha), Shiqui (district of Mallows) and Ututo (town of Cotaparaco) are born in the black grandiose mountain ranges of Huancapetí, Cuncush and Hiunac (County of Aija) ending to the foot of Broken Tip in an extensive beach of sand and mire.
The river Huarmey has a longitude of more than 90 kilometers, if he/she takes into account the basin of the river Aija, but Huarmey in if same he/she doesn't have a journey bigger than 45 kilometers.
The valley of Huarmey enjoys abundance of water among the months of December to March, being its main production the cotton. The town of Huiña (district of Huayán) enjoys a sunny climate and it is characterized to be a producing of fruits, highlighting among them: mangos, pacaes, bananas and avocado, as well as in the bean production and corn.
This width and beautiful river, are born in the heights of Huanchay. In their wide journey he/she waters the valley of Snakes.
Throughout this river the towns can be located of it Removes Hat, Ampanú, The Lagoon, Quian, Huayash, Cuzmo, Raypa and Colcap; all them producing of bean, corn and yucca that supply to the city of Huarmey and the district of Snakes and other cities of the coast, especially to the city of Lima.
SQUARE OF WEAPONS DE HUARMEY
PILETA IN THE SQUARE OF WEAPONS
CHURCH DE HUARMEY
Huarmey, the same as I eat in the rivers, also bill with two ports, Huarmey and Snakes.
Very important to be of consumption fishing and of industrial fishing. Generator of employments and at the same time generator of foreign currencies for the country. In Port Huarmey, factories of fish meal exist and of preserve.
Port of Snakes
Industrial important port and thanks to their factory of flour and frozen you could generate employments, that which allowed to move the economy of this made drowsy town. The District of Snakes, is at the same time, a fishing port for the human consumption.
TOURIST ATTRACTIVENESS OF THE COUNTY DE HUARMEY
THE SPARROW HAWKS
The Sparrow hawks are located to the height of the beach THE SLING, to the foot of the hills that you/they separate the beach of the pampas. To the feet of the hillside of these hills, of the side that gives toward the pampas; where it finishes the terrace of the Dry river; there you can locate the archaeological location THE SPARROW HAWKS.
To make a geographical appropriate location, it can take as reference point the marker of the Km. 294.9 of the Pan-American (to be careful because the numeration has changed) highway. The Sparrow hawks are separated for 1.448 kms with the Pan-American highway.
The place was discovered by Edward Lanning in 1957 when Engel was working for Frédéric in the valley of Snakes. It was same Lanning who he/she got the attention and it pointed out the place to David H. Kelley who was interested in this area from a beginning.
In 1960 Duccion Bonavia receives the responsibility of the then Director of the Botanical Museum of the University of Harvard; Paul C. Mangelsdorf to carry out investigation works; it stops then to consider it to this area like one of the most important locations for the clarification of the antiquity of the Andean corn and their association to the agricultural development in the country, contributing, among other vegetable residuals, significant quantities of corn in tusas form, grains, pancas, shafts, roots, leaves and complete plants.
The age that is considered of the corn found in "The Sparrow hawks" is between 2,200 and 2,700 years A.C.
Alexander Grobman explains that the context is definitively precerámico and he/she allows to be defined with all precision the early presence of the corn in the Peruvian coast, allowing this way to reveal informative new contributions for the study of the problem of the corn in Peru.
Regarding the name that is given to this location; Duccio Bonavia sustains that previously they inhabited the place abundant SPARROW HAWKS that at the present time have already disappeared. This name you dió starting from the year of 1977.
The corn huarmeyano possesses a real and exact location inside the archaeological pre-ceramic context, and of this it is in fact what is said in the wide study of a group of archaeologists in the denominated place "The Sparrow hawks"; standing out the archaeologist's figure Duccio Bonavia who contributed with its studies part of the history of Huarmey, with its momentous work published in 1982: Peruvian "Precerámico THE SPARROW HAWKS sea, desert and oasis in the man's" history.
In conclusion, the corn of the Sparrow hawks is clearly very old, its racial connection with other corn precerámicos of Peru has been established outside of all doubt, since he/she resembles each other to the racial group of the Alley of Huaylas and that of Ayacucho.
Archaeological belonging location toward the time of the Kingdom of great Chimú, it is located to 1 kilometer to the east of the city, following the journey from the penetration highway to the valley, this important location, is crossing for an enough critical moment given to that its architectural structures, constantly they are tramped and profaned by the man's action.
He/she narrates, Garcilaso de la Vega, in their Real" "Comments that when sending Pachacútec, to their Inca son Yupanqui to conquer the Kingdom of Great Chimú, to those that Paramonga, Huarmey, Santa, Moche, belonged. It had an army of approximately 30,000 men and the support of the caciques of Rímac and Lunahuaná, neighbors with who Chimú liberates bloody battles for problems of lands or cultural subjections.
Inca Yupanqui after liberating hard battles with those of Paramonga, to those that it conquered since the hosts of the Inca, they were only enabled for expansionary, political and military ends, he/she requested help to their father Pachacútec, to face those of Huarmey, since the distance between Paramonga and Huarmey era of consideration and the warriors of this area, they had strategic fortifications, to make in front of the fight.
Today the evidences are very near if we speak of the "Castle", as colloquially he/she is known, it is about a cemetery, located on a small promontory that penetrates among the cultivated fields.
This place consists of a pyramid aterrazada at whose frontis looks toward a walled great square square, an entire series of platforms and walled patios are also observed that are embedded to the pyramid, this complex this guided toward the south that he/she makes that he/she is considered early of the formative period, it is also supposed that the front great square was added in later times. THE CASTLE: It is located in the low part of Huarmey in the margin right, to 1 km, of the city it is an architectural great group composed by constructions in base of adobes of different measures in the superior part of a rocky ram that stands out toward the valley and other structures that are in the level of the cultivation fields formed by a defined small square and a small mound in an irregular way, it can be distinguished a Funeral Mausoleum constituted by a group of funeral units of diverse measures that you/they contain a series of small compartments with magnificent tombs of the culture Wari and of later times.
The area that occupies is of 200 mts. for 80 mts. and from which one can observe the ruins of the Steeple, Pedregal, Macahualaca, Cuz-Cuz, Lecheral, The Lagoon, Manache and the port. This important cemetery, contains tombs construídas with adobes and; he/she also had a great quantity of small rooms of different sizes, where possessed of a trousseau exceptionally rich, apparently it is begun of the members of the dominion of the Kingdom of "GREAT CHIMU", to those that we know Huarmey it belonged. Some of these tombs had the colored walls of red (ceremonial ocher) on a plastered very fine, it is classified by the specialists as the only one in the valley, having you like reference the existence of another similar, but better conserved in the town of Huamba, belonging also according to the evidences to the half horizon 2-B and to the late (Chimú) intermission.
Located aprox. TO 14 km, of Huarmey, near Congon it presents a structure aterrazada of longitudinal lengthened planning guided to the northeast, it consists of four platforms, also presenting a series of front patios, in the first platform the but he/she descends he/she observes a square circularinscrita in this, while the rest of the platforms has upward form, in this place it is not ceramic.
It is about two pyramidal mounds located in an arid gulch of the same name the one bigger than these mounds it presents two platforms aterrazadas and this built one with the help of walls of rocks of the hills bordering those that form enclosures those that in turn have been stuffed with rock material and earth contained in bags, elaborated in vegetable material that you/they are famous Shicras, their corners (mound) they are curved, with a height max. Of 10 m.
Located up of Huarmey, in the slopes of the town of Coris, next to another place called kunkak, where pastizales is plentiful that grow under a dense fog that sleeps during the three rainy months, it is a solitary place, little trafficked, its colored hills of shades among red lived and amber and dimness in the plains and pampas, covered with mounts and thorny heaths, without water without birds, sad whistles of certain birds are listened and to fly for the air enormous condors with white necks, the nights are of sepulchral, alone silence songs of crickets and moribund cicadas they are listened and fireflies shine in the terrifying dimness of which precarious travelers escape, because in the nights they punish fatidical souls, Bernapuquio, according to the traditions and authorized versions of people loaded with age, Bacilio Zuluoga and Living Marine, they said that over there frecuentarón the Spaniards and Portuguese in search of the mines of gold hide in the environment of the district of Coris whose name Kori (gold), existence of reefs of gold in the denominated place derives Janca, Bernapuquio, etimológicamente, comes from two voices: Bernarda: name of a person, and Puquio: spring where the water sprouts.
Located approximately in the valley of Huarmey to cuarentaicinco minutes on the way in car, it is a small surrounded mirror of water of carrizales, according to the station and for seasons they appear wild fauna in their gentle waters in patillos form and of gallaretas, the place is ideal to walk through its surroundings if he/she goes in search of peace and tranquility.
Maltino is a high hill of sand that dominates the north coast of Huarmey and that you can locate to about 5 Kms. of the city, to the right margin of the Pan-American north, to a league of the district of Snakes, Maltino is the hill of gold (oro_ jirca), place where many men of social diverse strata have attended, in search of the treasure that time behind the Indians hid for the rescue of Atahualpa, call also hill of the treasures, the history counts that in the year 1926 don Emilio Servat, found several bars of gold that were sold in Lima, in the house of the currency with which were made, as it was known, the crosses and medals with which honored several characters in the centennial, on the origin of the name Maltino one doesn't have many versions and what one can say on the they are speculations that can be looked like, Spiritualistic Cipriani X Rubira, he/she gives bill of the name in the letter that sends to the writer Ernesto Reyna Zegarra in 1927, Cipriano X Rubira in the face of Norma's avaricious attitude, the old searcher of treasures, tells him/her; "This you proceeding with maltino when making this writing." Norena requested that Cipriano X Rubira told him/her the name of the hill, where this it continued insisting that with bad tact it forged the writing, and from then on MALTINO has been called to the hill of the treasures.
BEACHES DE HUARMEY
Huarmey houses mainly in its coast exotic and beautiful beaches that you/they are visited continually by tourists, in new year, the day of the love and of the friendship (February 14) and in week Santa where at nights the spa of Tuquillo is illuminated by the bonfires of the Tourists that go to camp who come to enjoy the gentle waves, of the meek sea, of the whiteness and the lukewarmness of its fine sands, for everything he/she has been baptized it to this part of our coast as the VIRGIN" "COAST, to be a hidden treasure and far from the tumult and the bustle of the big cities, in a mean of covering communication at national level has been located to these beaches like the best and but you clean beaches at national level.
SPA DE MANACHE
Manache previously was a tourist, very converged spa you could appreciate beautiful built house of quinchas, embadumadas of mud, elegant in coloring. MANACHE was the only beach, in that then Alcalde Huarmeyano Sr. Luis Living Martingale, and other remarkable personalities achieved that the project of qualification of another coastal area is approved with the intention of setting it for a new spa to the north of the city, its name: TUQUILLO. Today already anything is, possibly the baneario of Manache, recover their life and their shine again, when the avenue Alberto Reyes arrives until the banks of the beach.
They were the years of the XX century, the deputy Ancashino Ernesto Moreno Figueroa, carries out managements to set the new area dedicated for spa by management of Alcalde: Sr.Luis Living Martingale, the new spa was set with its breakwaters, its climatic one, electric power that had own motor, an entire novelty for the time, TUQUILLO, is a spa that seems an eddy of peace, for its calm waves and for its warm sand, in the it can rest and to calmly rest, everything the one seems kind of a giant lagoon with moderate waves and fresh water.
ANTIVITO, MARACANA, POSITA
They are neighboring beaches to the spa of Tuquillo that you/they give diversity and opportunity to the tourist of choosing where he/she wants to vacation, for ejm: "Posita" and "the Shell" are for the small ones and for the family, Maracana and Antivito they are but brave ideals for surfers and lovers of the adventure, toward the north of Tuquillo other called small beaches exist the Dunes, ideals and favorite to camp and to enjoy a solitary day of beach, it is also area for "Marisqueo."
Other recommended beaches are Red, Tamborero, Salinas, Castle, Parillo, The Vixens, Gulls, Infiernillo and Gramadal.
Page created web March 30 of the one 2005.
© Copyright 2005 Gualberto Valderrama C.