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HILL SECHIN AND ARCHAEOLOGICAL COMPLEX HIGH SECHIN


The first part of this it paginates him/her we will dedicate it to the Temple or Palacio Sechin, the second part this reserved one for the Archaeological Complex of High Sechin.


I TEMPER OR PALACE SECHIN



CERRO SECHIN
HILL SECHIN, TEMPLE SECHIN, PALACION SECHIN OR PYRAMID SECHIN


LOCATION

To sechin he/she is known as, Sechin, Hill Sechin, Palacio Sechin, Temple Sechin and some call it Pyramid Sechin, names am with all it is denominated to the archaeological remains that are located in the Km 371.70 of the highway Pan-American North, in the bifurcation that goes toward the East, in the asphalted road that he/she goes toward Huaraz, advancing 2 Kms. you arrives to Sechín.

COMPLEX ARCHITECTURAL

They integrate it five buildings, a lithic gallery and a square semi sunken. Two buildings occupy the center, the three remaining alos sides This, South and West are located, separated by passages.

The central buildings form an unit, but they are built with different materials, the oldest is of mud, and the following of stone, containing to the previous one. They occupy an area of 2,600 m2.

The built old building with conical adobes has a sacred camera, before an atrium that communicates to two rooms with vain and double wide access perrons to the North side. The walls were plastered and colored of blue and rosy, there are also paintings murals of two pumas and low reliefs polícromos.

In this construction, the temple, it was modified and enlarged twice, being superimposed the later constructions and finally contained by the building of the recorded stones or of the trails.



CERRO SECHIN 01
HILL SECHIN, TEMPLE SECHIN, PALACION SECHIN OR PYRAMID SECHIN


The lithic guided building of South to North as the previous one, he/she has free their walls This, West, North and partially the South. Not to forget that, before there is a square collapsed to dig.

The whole construction is made with granodiorita stones, it is of square plant, curved corners, with more than 4 m. of height and it is ornamented with recorded stones.

The other three partially discovered buildings: South building, Buildings "TO" and "B", had complementary functions, also built with stone, plastered and colored.

In synthesis, this architectural complex of function political-religious, apparent a design plan that has their origins in Galgada (Tauca, Pallasca), but their general plant crystallizes a tradition developed in the basin of Casma.

ART MURAL

To the architecture he/she unites the sculpture, achieved in mud and stone. All the reasons in bajorelieve, there are not bundle sculpture neither high reliefs.

In the building of mud the first floor reliefs was executed in the one plastered fresh with sharp instrument and with a lot of precision, this you deducede the graceful and firm lines of the discovered reasons, they are: a head character, two fish, other partially conserved or difficult of identifying. The lithic sculpture represented for more than 300 sizes it was made in granodiorita, by means of designs with coal and with a chisel on the black lines to achieve the figure incises.

The group of represented reasons is an allegory to the bloody fight among old towns of the basin of Casma, originating the thematic composition of ecstasy, of euphoria and the man's pain in this sizes. This way, today we can recognize with clarity to two groups of warriors semi nudes and he/she arms or scepter in the hand, parading from opposed sides toward the main door, headed by their own banners, in victorious and ceremonial form, while thrown in the floor the human spoils of the conquered ones they rest: heads, arms, legs, viscera, etc., forming a scene of blood, death and fright.



CERRO SECHIN 02
HILL SECHIN, TEMPLE SECHIN, PALACIONSECHIN OR PYRAMID SECHIN



CERRO SECHIN 03
HILL SECHIN, TEMPLE SECHIN, PALACIONSECHIN OR PYRAMID SECHIN



CERRO SECHIN 04
HILL SECHIN, TEMPLE SECHIN, PALACION SECHIN OR PYRAMID SECHIN



CERRO SECHIN 05
HILL SECHIN, TEMPLE SECHIN, PALACION SECHIN OR PYRAMID SECHIN


The posture anrrogante of the warriors contrasts with the attitudes and expressive expressions of the conquered ones in a startling drama. The lithic sculpture is figurative - as afima Arturo Jiménez Borja - and expressionist, reached maturity with respect to that of the building of mud, without he/she gets lost the stylistic unit.

Returning to the warriors, they announce changes in the socio-economic and political aspect of the community and also for the basin of Casma, in the XVII century to.n.and., nine centuries before Chavín arises.



CERRO SECHIN 06
HILL SECHIN, TEMPLE SECHIN, PALACION SECHIN OR PYRAMID SECHIN



CERRO SECHIN 07
HILL SECHIN, TEMPLE SECHIN, PALACION SECHIN OR PYRAMID SECHIN



CERRO SECHIN 08
HILL SECHIN, TEMPLE SECHIN, PALACION SECHIN OR PYRAMID SECHIN



CERRO SECHIN 09
HILL SECHIN, TEMPLE SECHIN, PALACION SECHIN OR PYRAMID SECHIN


SUMMARY

Sechín was a village of farmers with an important one complex architectural of function political-nun.

Their architecture and sculpture; the better acquaintance until today, they compose a cultural very defined tradition.

They used the mud and the stone with special ability and art. In first instance there is predilection for the mud, according to words of Arturo Jiménez Borja, their plasticity originates a building that "proclaims a will in a calm way, pleasant of the good life, loving of the earth, without edges, conn valley sweetness in crop."

Then, they use the stone to represent what was not possible in the mud, the human drama of the war. The expressive force of the recorded figures is a conquest few plastic times it achieved in the prehispanic American art.

Sechín, in its total realization, presents us a town of cultural rich baggage, divided in social incipient classes, the priests and warriors assuming the leadership of the community, while the artisans, the rural ones and maybe the prisoners of war, in clerks. The development of Sechín was Early during the Formative one (2,000 at 1,000 to.n.e) of our history, consolidating in Casma a society on socio-economic and political new bases, being able to constitute a Culture of the same name in the whole Costa of Ancash.

A SCHOOL OF PRE-INCA MEDICINE

Alfonsina Barrionuevo, precise that medical Victor Walls Ruiz pointed out to Sechín I don't eat a temple neither the commemorative monument of a tragic (a battle, for example) action, but as a testimony of the science and art to that the human groups of the area arrived in the knowledge of the anatomy and dissection. Walls Ruiz affirms that there are more than 90 engravings of decapitated heads with the closed eyes and a spectacular monolith where the eyes enucleados appear and still vestiges of tears. In other stones the spine is represented besides others with the modifications that it suffers the bony shaft with the age. The pelvis and the sacred one are also recorded with an astonishing perfection. That is not everything, beside legs and cut arms appear soft organs as the kidneys, the stomach the esophagus and the small intestine, copying their bends exactly, the large intestine and also a character that shows the open live stomach, being held the viscera with desperation.


ARCHAEOLOGICAL COMPLEX HIGH SECHIN


LOCATION

To the left margin of the valley of Sechín, to two kilometers to the This of the temple-palace of Sechín, it is easy to distinguish the archaeological mounds (buildings) that seem natural hills.

DESCRIPTION

The complex occupies an approximate extension of 50 hectares or more, where they highlight artificial several mounds, squares, wells circular semihundidos, platforms, paths, etc.



SECHIN ALTO
ARCHAEOLOGICAL COMPLEX HIGH SECHIN


It was explored for the first time by Julio C. Tello in 1937, checking that the biggest mound, is a cyclopean building of 300 m. of long, by 250 m. of wide and 35 m fences. of height.

It is built from the base with enormous stones, some weigh more than ten tons, carved in the vain ones and/or corners, and almost in the natural form in the walls, there being in the superior part and power station a construction with conical adobes made by hand and of great size conserving some polichrome low reliefs and painting mural.



SECHIN ALTO ADOBE
High SECHIN - You Marinate Conical.



SECHIN ALTO ADOBE 1
High SECHIN - You Marinate Conical.


The walls, of one and double adornment, construídos with stones, wedges of the same material and mortar of mud, also conserves in having shined with painting mural and low reliefs polícromos of great size.



SECHIN ALTO MURALLA
HIGH SECHIN - Murrallas with stones, wedges of the same material and morterro of mud.


Also, he/she has lito sculptures with low reliefs, as the two copies recovered in Coalyard, center populated inside the archaeological complex whose reasons are a human head and the ray that are exhibited in the Regional Museum of Casma. The building, as the other ones, has square plant with curved corners and pyramidal staggered form; the differences were solved with perrons, also plastered with mud and colored, also diverse rooms and semicircular amphitheater, in some levels.



SECHIN ALTO 01
HIGH SECHIN



SECHIN ALTO TERRAZAS
HIGH SECHIN - Terraces.


It is guided toward the Northwest, with three circular wells semi sunken of great diameter, located halfway and that they coincide with the front main axis of the gigantic construction.

Behind and separated by a flat land, three united buildings are located laterally, of smaller size, guided to the NO., with the same characteristics and it forms of the biggest building.

Other mounds exist in the whole area of the archaeological complex, surrounded of agricultural cultivations that should be defined in the future.

Through the air picture and the direct observation, it is possible to discern the planning of the complex for the organization of the buildings in the used space and of the own constructions.

The biggest building imposed the order and the organization that he/she allows to intend its civil function, a Palacio, without postponing the religious function that has smaller priority.

High Sechín, after Sechín, was the political center of the Culture Sechín that shared it with the Archaeological Complex Mojeque, located in the valley of Casma.

High Sechín, is the complex more archaeological importantede Prehispanic America for its planning and cyclopean monumental architecture that it belongs Early to the Formative Period and with a bigger antiquity to the 1600 years before our era.

Source: Archaeological Series Nº 12



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© Copyright 2005 Gualberto Valderrama C.