CAPITAL LLAMELLIN OF THE COUNTY DE ANTONIO RAIMONDI
Antonio's county Raimondi is in the oriental flank of the white mountain range, in the department of Ancash in the called region Conchucos. He/she has six districts and it was created October 26 1964; for law Nº 15187, during the architect's government Fernando Belaúnde Terry. At the present time he/she understands of the districts of Llamellin their capital, Chingas, Chaccho, Aczo, Mirgas and San Juan of Rontoy. The county understands the region mountain with valleys interandinos and floors altitudinales that you/they go from 2100m in the marañón and 4800m in its part but high, called Shuto Toasts. And in the square the capital city, Llamellin, this at some 3500m of height. He/she has an extension of 565 km² with an approximate population of 20,000 inhabitants. The climate fluctuates between 10ºC and 27ºC in valley bottom and in the high Andean areas of 0ºC y15º C.
Antonio's county Raimondi this understood among the following ones you limit: to the South, South This and South West with the county of Huari, to Nor West with the county of C. F. Fitscarrald, and for the North and Nor This with the county of Huacaybamba (Huánuco).
Antonio's county Raimondi, with its six districts has a surface of 565 Km². With a wide variety of microclimates. This conformed mainly by rocks of sedimentary nature, and it is plentiful the type calcareous tile and big extensions of gritty, although in the upper floors it is observed some rocks plutónicas like the granite and andesita.
In the low (left margin of the river Marañón and of Puchca) part, the climate is warm and humid, while in the high parts the climate is dry and for the height the temperature usually falls. The precipitations and the temperature rises and he/she decreases in function to the station. In summer it arrives to 25º C in the day and in the night it usually lowers considerably and in winter at the 13ºC and at night he/she usually stays or single drop some few grades, arriving with an annual stocking of 19ºC.
The system hidrográfico of the county this conformed by a group of rivers that you/they reflect from South West to Nor this, ending in the river Marañón that goes from south to north. Forming the following basins or micro basins:
Cuenca of the river Marañón: This river defines to the region Ancash and Huánuco as well as to Antonio's county Raimondi and Huacaybamba respectively. The river whose flowing of the county they are the river Mirgas and the river Puchca, being since Mirgas the most important is located in their integrity in the county while Puccha is part of the limit.
Cuenca of the river Mirgas: He/she is born of the thaw of the complex of lagoons located in the parts but high of the county and in their formation, recepciona waters of the creeks and then in the denominated area Chocchian Marañón ends to the River. Inside the bed of the river in the half area, there is a bridge that communicates the two riverbanks. In the course of the river you can appreciate stone mills at the present time even which were good from last times to mill grains, it is continued using this mechanism that takes advantage of the force of the water to make rotate immense stones. The importance at the present time of this river it resides in the use of their waters for the watering of the cultivations, this use not you this giving to a hundred percent.
Cuenca of the river Puchca: He/she is born of the thaw of the white mountain range it goes by several counties of Ancash being Antonio Raimondi it finishes it county for where they pass their waters, ending in the marañón; in their first tract he/she is known like river Mosna that then when joining with the river Huari it changes of name calling it Puchca, this river is practically useless at the present time for the county its waters are not taken advantage of since. Besides being polluted, product of the mining activity.
It Points Out Historical
Those but old evidences of human occupation would be in the caves or rocky coats: Telarmachay, is a rocky coat of local residents they have picked up remains of worked rocks, tips, etc. that would correspond to the lithic (10,000 to 5,000 anuses A.C.) stage manufactured by hunters. recolectores.
In the formative one, they would have intruded in the area Amazon diverse groups, according to the theory of Dr. J.C. Tello that serious for where they would have entered Chavin, the recent investigations in Chavin (J.Rick) they demonstrate indeed that there was contact with the forest and one of the only access roads to this area is for the basin of the puchca and what is now the county. This contact would be generating an exchange of products dedicated to you practice rituals (hypothesis that is managed for Chavin) inside the local society it begins to be developed the specialization in the work, and the agricultural activities go acquiring bigger importance that the hunt and gathering. For the stages post formative until the time Recuay not yet is very clear in the territory of the county. Hernán Amat during its investigations arrives to the county where he/she notices the presence Recuay and Yaros. The archaeological prospectings that we have developed during short periods of time, year 2007, they demonstrate that in the county different societies and traditions converge. The painting rupestre of Devil Gaga 1 compared with the paintings rupestres of Devil Gaga 2, Puka Gaga and Targoj constitute differences in the way of representation iconográfica. On the other hand the architecture in the establishments denominated early to periods of intermission and half horizon, they show characteristic similar a clear example is the circular structures of double ring, as well as its location in the summit of the hills: Antarraga, Pariajirka, Tacshamarka.
For the time of the denominated empire Wari (700 -1470 anuses AD) in the region not yet evidence of such a domain exists the establishment but near it is in Wilcawain near the city of Huaraz, our visits have not found indications that he/she makes suggest the presence Wari. For the time of the states and regional dominions consolidate Conchuchos in this part of the region.
For him time of the Incan empire in the county doesn't find establishment of Inca type, but during the visit of the year 2007, we could find ceramic of surface with Incan features. The citadel but near of Inca type it is in the neighboring county of called Huacaybamba Manchak, discovered or rediscovered by our group in January of the 2007, their magnitude and complexity makes us think that serious the center where the local ethnoses converged; inside these the villagers of the county would be. It is not known even when the Inca arrived to this region since not yet Manchak had been investigated neither neither the scientific community knows about its existence. Then the Spanish conquest came. Subjected these territories, passed to depend on the diocese of Tarma the registrations they mention that in 1572 slip the reverend Father Gray-headed (dominico) Pedro who Llamellin could have been founded and in the anus of 1585 the father Toribio of Mogrovejo, lawyer and archbishop of file slip in person Llamellin where I confirm to 1290 people, in that then the document refers that 1448 souls existed. In 1609 don Juan Pérez Guamanguanca assumes the position of governor of Llamellin, Governor of the Real crown of the Distribution of Allauca Guari, being the first political authority of Llamellin.
Legend on the Immaculate Pure Virgin
About the Immaculate Pure Virgin several theories or verbal informations that are transmitted of mouth in mouth for the old men that populated the llamellin city in life exist. Some say that the virgin was made in the same place of Llamellin. Others say that the Virgin Pure wine from Barcelona (Spain). Once arrived at the port of the callao, it was transferred Quirma by hundred of believers, they took the route for bank of the Screechy river, arriving to Santa Rosa of Quives (he/she Sings), and continuing arrived to Hill from Pasco to the called place Yanahuanca, taking the road to give turn to the county of Oyon, arriving to the mining center of Raura and to go down to the district of Cowrie that belongs to the brow of Huánuco, stops then to arrive to the atura of the county of Huamalies that is adjacent with the county of Huari, and to take the road that leads to the Mine Great Britain that is in the heights of San Marcos' district and then to go down to the bridge of Pomachaca, to take the whole river of Puchca, until Huaytuna, and then to ascend to Uchupata, and to the heights of Chocopite, Huishllag-raga, Carhua, Tucohuaganga, Cutshpananjirca, Guellecruz, and finally the square of Weapons of the city and Llamellin.
It is also said that the community of Llamellin, for the virgin's arrival in he/she walks, to the church, they paved the street or the road firstly from the today neighborhood of High Peru, until the place of Guellecruz, so far paved statement exists; and in the guellecruz place they prepared a small chapel, where in a table they put a cross of white silver of regulating size, for the celebration of the sacred mass. The virgin's journey would have lasted one month until arriving to Llamellin.
They also inform for oral sources that the Pure Virgin had been altered, their face and body for a painter brought from file in the hired year of 1930, and this paid painter for Don Ricardo Gonzales husband of Doña Donatilde Guillén daughter of Don Manuel of Innocent Guillén who you/they were committed with their faith toward the virgin. This retouch work hard months in Mr. Ricardo's home Gonzales. They say that the face previous of the brunette and not so beautiful and beautiful virgin color era as it is now. They also count that the Pure Virgin was three sisters. One is in the district of Chacas, call the Virgin of Asunción "suckles ashu" she takes place her employer party August of every year 15. The second Virgin is in Llamellin, the but beautiful, with Immaculate Virgin's name Concepción, called Pulli", her employer party with love "Suckles she takes place December of every year 8. The third virgin you step to the mountains of the mozon, where he/she also takes place their employer party August of every year 15.
He/she notices: the Pure Virgin's image and the crucified Christ of Sacred Friday are carved in wood, and they are the only relics of incalculable value of the city of Llamellin.
Life and Work of Antonio Raimondi in Peru
Antonio Raimondi was born in Milan the 19 of September of 1824. Little it is known about their childhood, however always he/she manifested a clear inclination for the study of the nature. The election of Peru like destination for their investigations were a fact conciente and moving. The scientific ignorance of the legendary earth of the Inca was its first stimulus; on the other hand, a special sympathy arose in him for our country due to the deep impression that caused him/her to be witness of the mutilation of a giant cactus of Peruvian origin in the botanical garden of Milan.
It arrived to Callao a 28 of Julio 1850, escaping from the horrors of the war for the independence and unit of Italy, it causes in the one that participated as militiaman during the five days of Milan. To their arrival, the Peruvian great doctor Cayetano Heredia welcomed him in the school of the Independence, future ability of Medicine of San Fernando, recognizing in the youth big Italian talents that you/they allowed him/her to trust him/her important responsibilities. The time confirmed that it was not mistaken.
Raimondi belongs to a classic stock of investigators, to which we could call naturalistic encyclopedic. In them the motivation for the learning doesn't repair in any limitation, be these human or natural. Anything was impediment for their explorations and investigations; neither the most uneven territory neither the most complex branch in the sciences resisted their impulse for the knowledge throughout their trips Raimondi it gathered all that it could register with regard to the natural and social landscape that recognized to their step. You plant, animals, insects, mineral samples, they were collected systematically while barometric measures, meteorological observations and precise outline supplemented the information on the different regions for those that it happened. To we add it him their explicit interest for all that he/she could know or to discover of the current and old populations, either contained in modern villages or glimpsed starting from archaeological old monuments.
It documented the locations of mineral coal of the coast piurano, it analyzed and it quantified the guano of the islands Chincha, it verified the salitre of Tarapacá (before the war with chili), it traveled the auriferous remote counties of Carabaya and Simple, it navigated Marañon, Ucayali and Amazons, among the oriental most important rivers, he/she lifted plans of cities like Cajamarca, Chachapoyas, Huancavelica or of archaeological remarkable monuments as Huanuco Pampas or the Strength of Paramonga. He/she discovered the trail Chavín like the imposing goad; those that take today their name in homage to their work.
In 1869, year of the culmination of their trips, he/she married the lady huarasina Adela Loli, with who had three children: Enrique, María and Elvira. From that then, to their urgency to be able to culminate their work in life, the permanent concern was added by the appropriate maintenance of its family.
It is impressive the respect and importance that scientific of all parts of the world they testified him/her. Browsers with explicit interest in the archaeology like North American Geoge AND. Squier or German Williem Reiss and Adolph Stubel (Max last teacher Uhle). The geologist George Kunz or paleontologists like Agassiz and Gabb. Travelers as French W. Weiner, author of the celebrated one works Peru and Bolivia. Naturalistic as Italian Pigorini, Polish J. Stolzmann, K. Jeiski and L. Taczanowski or German Teodoro Wolf. Even historians of prestige, as English Sir Clements Markham surrendered him/her in life the highest considerations.
In spite of the distance with Europe, added to their spirit serene and little affection to the exhibition it publishes, Raimondi was the scientific main referent of our country of the second half of the XIX century without a doubt. Their personality like intellectual merits were worth him/her to be recognized as distinguished member of the scientific most important associations in the world. Honorary member of the Geographical Real Society of London, the Italian Society of Anthropology, Ethnology and Compared Psychology and the Geographical Society of Paris, was named multiple memberships among other not less remarkable. Without a doubt Raimondi was for own merit, one of the more required and cosmopolitan personalities of Peru of those years.
At local level it was honored in life with Doctor's Grade in Sciences Honorary Natural and noted Professor of the Ability of Medicine, these last two titles for the National University bigger than San Marcos. In 1853 he/she carried out their first official mission to the service of the Peruvian state; from 1858 their expeditions and the publication their more important works ran for bill of fiscal money. Their prestige and seriousness were worth him/her to be recognized practically as scientific consultant of the state during all their life in Peru. The best route for the construction of a railroad, the location of mining varied locations, the certification of samples minerals, approaches for the territorial demarcation or you consult on bordering conflicts with neighboring nations, among other multiple topics, constituted their labor permanent requirements, at the same time of foundation of their economy, never very ample.
October 26 1890 affected by a long ailment, the sage dies accompanied by his daughter Elvira, in his countryman's house and friend Alejandro Arrigoni, in the town of San Pedro of Lloc, The Freedom. Their remains rest in the cemetery Presbítero Teacher of Lima, in specially built mausoleum in their homage. Their scientific legacy and morals represents one of the most beautiful chapters in the universal history of the natural sciences. The task of the popularization of their work and their unyielding faith for Peru, they are renewed generation after generation, among those who find in the example of their life, inspiration for a futuromejor.
The stony structure is located at 4399msnm, at 7km to the West of the district of Llamellín. It is a natural boulder of calcareous rock it measures about 150m of high, it is ideal for the escalade in rock, and the summit is a natural excellent mirador. Also this surrounded of small lagunillas that you/they conform this way a natural small park. Although a trail carrozable exists, of the highway Llamellín-Punca that passes at about 2km toward the South. The route is generally made on foot, at one time approximate of 2 hours toward the West of the district of Llamellín.
It is located at 3km to the south of the district from Aczo to a height of 2788msnm. It is kind of a rocky coat, he/she has a main entrance that drives for a tunnel of labyrinths, the depth it is but or less 6 meters, the entrance leads to several exits with view to the valley of Puchka; to be able to consent to the this coat it is made by the superior part that is a plain when concluding this he/she descends for a slope about 80 meters that this compound one for small bushes once concluded he/she descends for an abrupt fall about 20 meters until arriving until the entrance. To arrive to the place is not simple for that reason it is recommended to use teams of high mountain for own security.
Access: from the district of Aczo in car you arrives in 10 minutes, for an on the way to horseshoe you can arrive in an hour and a half.
Lagoon of Yanacocha
It is located approximately to 5 km of San Juan from Rontoy to an altitude of 4312msnm. This to SW of the district of Chigas and the south of Llamellin and NW of San Juan of Rontoy; it counts with approximately 200 meters long for about 100 meters wide, the presence of aquatic birds is appreciated and of trouts, it is favorable for he/she practices it of fishing walks in boats takings of pictures trips, place to camp etc. the main importance of the lagoon is for that is inside her that he/she was the remains of a megaterio (bear), the peculiar thing is that you could almost rescue 90% of its skeleton, this it is the best conserved in Peru, it is hence that not alone he/she has a beauty paisajística but also a historical importance.
Access: To arrive at this lagoon is but simple taking like reference the district of Llamellin from the square takes an on the way to horseshoe Southwest address, in a walk of 4 hours you can already arrive to the place.
Lagoon of Ruricocha
Located to 4 km of San Juan from Rontoy to an altitude of 4250msnm. This inside an encajonamiento of hills those that have given origin to the formation of this lagoon, their waters are clean and pure giving the impression of a mirror, inside her the presence of aquatic birds is observed and of trouts, the salient of the lagoon this with address to the south this filtration gives origin to a small bofedal in which you/they concentrate diverse species of birds. The lagoon has 500metros approximately of long for about 300 of wide, for the size that presents it is ideal for he/she practices it of fishing, walks in boats, to go in walks of trips to camp in the place, to take pictures, as observatory of birds etc.
Access: to consent to the place you advances for the highway mean kilometer with address to the south, then he/she takes the one on the way to horseshoe with northwest address that leaves us near the lagoon, then you ascends for a sheer path, going on foot you arrives in 4 hours.
The whole journey of the river is located in the jurisdiction of the county. He/she is born near the town of Quenuaragra to more than 4500msnm and Cary ends in the called area in the River Marañón at 2000msnm. He/she has an approximate journey from 30km of Oste to This. In the high part, the river, forms a valley with agrarian and cattle high production, where he/she is also a populational great concentration; already, for the low valley it is narrowed enough, until to form a throat and to end in Marañón in a denominated wide defective cone Cary. The river of crystalline waters, fish like the are plentiful the trout, the bagre, birds like the river Duck, etc. the riverside forest of flora is Also abundant and varied. In general terms the surrounding landscape is of indescribable beauty. It is also a river that has not suffered contamination some. There are attractive several points on the river Mirgas, but mainly the access is carried out from the same district of Mirgas, to 15 minutes on the way.
Thermal Bathrooms of Cachipampa
This located in the left margin of the river Puchka a2388 msnm. In route to Llamellin he/she descends in the town of Huaytuna that belongs to the county of Huari, he/she spends by means of an oroya the river Puchka; the peculiarity of this area is that there are filtrations of thermal waters, they are three wells made by the residents of the area, those that are used for he/she practices it of medicinal bathrooms. For the characteristics that he/she takes this place it presents a favorable atmosphere to make constructions of private bathrooms so that the visitors can enjoy them.
Access: He/she leaves of the district of Aczo he/she has to leave going to Lima to the town of Huaytuna, you arrives in 2 hours to car.
This located to some 5 kms of the district from Aczo to a height of 3 507 msnm. It is a rocky coat in a calcareous rock that has an approximate measure 15 meters wide for about 6 meters deep, inside her he/she has been evidences of he/she burns, but he/she has not been any device, already outside of the coat in the superior left part a painting that shows the silhouette of a camélido leave. Be maybe of a great importance this coat to determine or to settle down if it is of a group of hunters and recolectores.
Access: From the district of Aczo he/she takes the highway San Juan of Rontoy until arriving at the town of Chacas, then you ascends for a path.
Located to 2 km of San Juan's District from Rontoy to 4184msnm. This capricious rock this under the hill Marcajirca in a quite marked slope, the form that he/she takes this rock is the arched one with an approximate measure 20 meters long for about 15metros of wide; it is a calcareous type rock that I support the pressure of a glacial one that was wearing away little by little, maybe later on its exhibition to the bleakness in a principle, product of the eolic forces, the humidity, the sun and the rains, these elements went those that were able to give him/her the capricious form at the end. The view that gives this resource is worthy of being photographed by the visitors.
Access: Taking like reference the district of San Juan of Rontoy you goes up a path, approximately 2km being to the height of the hill Devil Gaga is already continued gone up but with a slight tendency toward the north, a walk of two hours leaves us in the place.
The county besides possessing a wide variety of archaeological remains, also possesses remains paleontological present in almost the whole territory of the county, and the paleontological rest but I complete of the megaterio in Peru he/she was exactly exactly in this county in the lagoon Yanacocha in last decade. These remains constitute those but important inside the investigations for the specialists of the matter. At the moment these remains are in the chingas municipality, where they lie after a long one traveled all over the world, it is expected that specialists follow the investigation with regard to this animal that makes thousands of anuses he/she walked for these lands.
Located to 3 km from Llamellin to an altitude of 3541m. the hill of Yarkan is since a place of the old residents' warring tradition its location and the complexity of its architecture guided to the protection and control of the territory they demonstrate such an attitude. Evidences of rectangular housings exist with architecture of figured stone, as well as a circular square located in the high part. You had been able to identify constructions of turrets and walls that surround the archaeological place, ceremonial areas also exists, cemeteries, areas tame, a road that communicates the whole enclosures exists. In the surface there is ceramic it disperses colored badges with red lines and of natural colors, the style could be local since its cultural filiation according to Dc. Hernán serious Amat Yaros, stones worked in some cases is appreciated also you this reutilizando the batanes like part of the wall. The state of conservation of the remains is to regulate. However from in hill Yarkan you can appreciate an impressive view of the high basin of Marañón.
Access: the access is easy of Llamellin, taking a mobility or walking horn the hillside of the hill Yarkan. Of there oh that to ascend on foot to the hill, a walk of 25 -30 minutes. The residents of the city know this area and they can guide for the complex.
Located to 2.5k of San Juan's district of Rontoy to an altitude of 4323msnm. The orientation of this hill is from south to northwest, it is a summit of calcareous rock, in the skirt W of the hill the type constructions is you tame the forms that he/she has this architecture it is The one of semi to circulate, cudrangular with measures 6 meters for 3 approximately, the height of the walls is on the average of two meters, in some cases inside some of the structures have been batanes, these they groove strengthening the possibility that they have had a function it tames, the technique simple constructive masonry with angular stones together with cement, all the constructions are seated in lines, separated by passageways in different addresses giving a communication among all them, in the superior part, that is to say, in the summit he/she was remains of you bury seated on square niches of 1metro by 1, finally the whole area this closed one for a wall of simple pircado having two accesses in the south sima and northwest.
Access: From the district of San Juan of Rontoy you ascends for a path using the same one that takes to Chancanacoj, it is required to walk approximately two and a half hours to arrive to the place.
The painting rupestre is located on a rockface of calcareous origin to 4086 msnm, to 20 meters high of the area of visibility, in an inaccessible area. The painting of anthropomorphous aspect of about 30 cm of high seems to have the curly hair with the extremities separated from the body. The color used in the paintings is the red-ocher.
The access is carried out through the Highway Llamellín-Chaccho, from the area of Pariagash he/she takes an it turned at one time toward the South off 30 minutes.
Devil Gaga II
Located At 1km of San Juan from Rontoy to 3846msnm. In the face of this hill it is observed evidences of art rupestre, that is to say of paintings represented on the rock; the prehispanic man represented his daily activities this way, capturing what you/they thought, what you/they felt, what saw pass in the nature and until it used this mean as topic of persuasion for people of other areas. The paintings are represented in two different ways and in different levels; those that are located in the superior part to 10 meters on the level of the terrestrial surface are of little accessibility, in them the figure of a warrior is appreciated behaving with the right hand the head of a possible enemy of after the one another being comes with anthropomorphous figure carrying some species of he chewed and spitting the blood, and finally behind them you leave head men, but these they are being represented in miniatures, maybe representing the dead enemies; in conclusion the figure of a hostile atmosphere, in which you/they are about exalting the figure of the warriors. Those that are represented in the inferior part are figures but simple, figures of the life are captured he/she would say, that is to say of human next to animals with knots in hand, appearance of several camélidos what would be giving domestication indications and the hunt of animals.
Access: The hill this located in the part W of the district of San Juan of Rontoy, to arrive to the place one has to ascend for a path, a walk of 50 minutes leaves us in the place.
Located to 8 km of the district from Aczo to a height of 3610 msnm, this place this exactly on the town of Buenos Aires of Cormo to 8000 meters approximately. This seated on a great slope in the initial part is that is to say on terraces in an irregular way it doesn't have an orderly construction, the agricultural use that tube in its moment is evident; as he/she leaves already arriving until the final part of this slope near the hill Cuncanacoj, some circular structures made with the help of stones canteadas together with cement with a height that you/they surpass the 2metros appear. The place this in a good bad state of serious conservation to make restoration works to be able to recover the form and function that tube in their moment.
Access: if he/she leaves in vehiculó the same route it is used that takes to Chayas he/she spends about 2km you arrived in Buenos Aires of Cormo in 35 minutes and then you ascends on foot for a path 15 approximate minutes.
Located at 5km the district d from Aczo to a height of 3846msnm this hill is to the left of the highway that drives toward the populated center of Uchupata. The orientation of the hill is from SW to YOU, the occupation this seated on the sima of the hill the skirts north and south; in the sima, making the journey from YOU to SW, three continuous terraces appear those that have an almost circular form, later on in the half part of the hill an architectural formation made with the help of stones nailed figured type huanka appears, the stones have 50 cm of wide for 1mde height on the average, in the part but high of the hill they were stones worked in form of they beat sunken those that possibly tube an astronomical use finally circular structures made with the help of angular stones of normal sizes united by cement appears; the type structures tame they are seated the the south skirt of the hill two forms they prevail the square of three for three meters and the rectangular form of of six meters for three meters, all with an approximate height two meters.
Access: to arrive to the archaeological place it is simple, you arrives approximately in 30 minutes going in vehiculó, if what is wanted is to go on foot you ascends for an on the way to horseshoe address SW to which you arrives in 4 hours.
It is located at some 5Km of the district from Aczo to about 3538msnm they are paintings rupestres captured in calcareous type rock, these paintings are to about 100 meters to of the denominated coat Shasalmachay; in this face of the rock figures of animals stand out and human especially that of camelidos, basically they present their daily life, since contrary to other paintings they are not represented of warriors or anthropomorphous figures. In spite of being near Shasalmachay he/she doesn't seem to have a contemporaneidad to weigh it is of times but late.
Access: from the district of Aczo he/she takes the highway that leads to San Juan of Rontoy until arriving then at the town of Chacas you ascends for a path during half hour
It is located in a rocky slope of calcareous formation to 3935 msnm. This crest rises to NE of the district of Chaccho and it is characterized on the other hand to present a deep cliff for the side N that arrives to the river Mirgas (2200msnm) and rural other decline for NE to the river Marañon, by SW the decline it is not very marked. The structures are located toward pending SW, where areas square and semicircular residential, big constructions are visualized with high walls that present square small structures in the interior. It also exists a great entrance piazza to the citadel. The structures chullpareas extend throughout the place, these they are small and square. It is necessary to stand out in the South side he/she is a cylindrical puddle carved in the alive rock. This archaeological place have been inhabit from the Early Intermission until the Late (Inka) Horizon.
The access is made from the highway Llamellín .Chaccho in the area of Pariagash from this place it is entered by a trail carrozable that goes toward the North until a plain to the foot of the place.
The place is located to a height of 3414 msnm. in a natural soft hill, in the road Llamellín-Macchán. Tambo only consists of a structure of circular type of 20m of diameter, characteristic of the Early Intermission for the area. Structurally bill with an external wall that serves at the same time as terrace and of a stone circle worked to the interior, leaving a space free to the center of appreciable size, the construction technique in the walls is the "huanca-pachilla." In conclusion we are doing architectural similarity with other places of circular constructions of the Early Intermission.
The access to the place is carried out through the affirmed highway from Llamellín to the town of Macchán in whose journey to about 4 kms Tambo is.
The paintings torgoj rupestres are near the highway chaccho - mirgas, the figures that one can observe are geometric, for the characteristics one can say that they are basically paintings of two colors the red ocher and the black one, their conservation state is bad, biene being affected by the man. it is in the skirt of hill pariajirka to a height of 3468msnm. the use of the current land is agricultural and cattleman. These paintings are very important since in her passages or representation of the daily life of our ancestors can be observed.
The paintings rupestres are located at 3660msnm. On a rockface of calcareous origin, to 15 meters high, in an inaccessible area, with view to Marañón and backs of the hill Tacshamarka. The paintings spread in an area of 50m2, present geometric forms, fitomorfas, zoomorfas and anthropomorphous, among these they are visible some human heads with appendixes that evoke to the beheaded heads Sechín. The color used in the paintings is the red one.
From the district of Chaccho, for an on the way to horseshoe toward the This at a distance of 3.5 km and at one time of walk of 1.5 hours.
It is located to 3693 msnm, near the town of Aco. This seated artificially on a hill aterrazada that culminates in a semicircular structure of some 20 m of diameter, this summit of probable use ritual or ceremonial is divided by small walls and compartments talvez of later times. In the aterrazamientos on the skirt of the hill the domestic structures little conserved are located and with great quantity of utilitarian ceramic and in some particular areas and in the summit, he/she is little non utilitarian ceramic of factory or style characteristic of the Early Intermission.
The access is made through the highway Llamellin-Mirgas, and from district of Mirgas I take a particular mobility to the town of Aco, on trail carrozable. Or in their defect to be mobilized on foot from the district of Mirgas until the same place, in 3 hours.
It is located on a platform, in the summit of the hill of the same name, to the South of the district of Chaccho at 4105msnm. Characterized by a strong slope to the North and another of little decline toward the South. The archaeological vestiges are in an approximate area of 10 hectares. Pariaj-JirKa can be divided in 3 clearly identifiable areas: The domestic structures, occupy the biggest extension in the complex; A second type of structures is the corrals that are located to the South side of the place, they are in square and semicircular way that you/they form open big spaces, of cattle possible use; and like I finish component we have to the circular structures next to the slope This that you/they would be associated to aspects ritualesceremoniales. For the architectural characteristics, surface ceramic and some private collections, it can be located for the Early Intermission and Half Horizon.
The place is located on the crest in the summit of the hill, to a height of 3580 msnm. They are constructions in well conserved (walls, platforms, etc.) many cases, but the interesting thing and the importance of the place resides in the variability of the mortuary structures that you/they understand from the earliest as they are those buried, to the chullpas and the mausoleums dug in the rock, these last are in quantity, especially on the hillsides, they are spaces dug in the rock or taking advantage of some rocky natural coat, sealing the entrance then with a walls you of stone and mud, these funeral structures were of multiple funeral. What demonstrates besides the superficial ceramic that the place tube a long occupation surely from the Early Intermission to the Late Intermission.
The access to the place is carried out through the affirmed highway of Llamellín-Macchán, of the area of Tambo he/she takes the deviation, to arrive to the archaeological place in about 15 minutes.
The archaeological place is located on a hill of soft slope to 3622 msnm. at 500metros. To the North of the town of you Stop. Given to their situation and easy access the tourist resource it has suffered high pillaging, where mainly the agriculture has been the causing one main of the not well state in that he/she is. Even so it is possible to observe many terraces and circular structures with double or triple ring of concentric walls, with perron and vain of access. Although they are generally alone the basements of the walls, in some cases are even excellent structures. Preliminarily this dated for the Early Intermission and half Horizon.
The access is carried out through the highway Llamellín-Mirgas, and from Mirgas he/she takes a particular mobility to the town of you Stop, on a trail carrozable, or in its defect to be mobilized on foot from the district of Mirgas until the same place, in 3.5 hours.
The place is located to 3 km to the South of Llamellín on an area of soft slope, for the North and South has an almost vertical fall of about 300 mts until the gulch Huellaragra. The place given to the proximity to the populations to suffering the they advance of the agriculture and the huaqueo, in spite of it you can appreciate structures of different characteristics among you tame, defensive, funeral and ceremonial, in last o'clock it would be included the three mounds that are observed in the three hills of Manrish. The main summit is where better you can appreciate this type of structures, the one which this formed by a conical mound of approximately 20mts of diameter and 7 mts of high surrounded of a semicircular wall that ends up measuring up to 3 mts of wide in some cases. On the marked slope walls exist regularly conserved with niches and associated ducts. In consequence, for that said, the occupation time for the place of Manrish is even very confused, in any event some remains of surface ceramic demonstrate that it was being inhabited for the Half Horizon.
This located to 4418 msnm. The constructions in the archaeological place of Matatorre are characterized to be constituted of a series of walls that you/they surround the sheer summit, with access in each specially located wall, protecting the summit. The hill could have constituted in prehispanic times a worshipped "APU", where they took place rites and ceremonies, it is known that some mountains with a particular location that dominated wide areas were worshipped, knowingly that they were the origin and the protectors of the towns, they were respected and they were surrendered cult.
Although a trail carrozable exists, of the highway Llamellín-Punca that passes at about 3km toward the South, the route is generally made on foot, at one time approximate of 2.5 hours toward the West of the district of Llamellín.
They are archaeological structures seated in the summit from the hill to 3909 msnm. and on the hillside West, since to the North and East is located a cliff on the town of Cloth. He/she understands a series of walls initially on the hillside, with a main access on the Southwest area that is in good conservation state, these walls are surrounding to the place, but single envelope the pending West, since for the east he/she is a natural cliff, these walls are limiting the access to the domestic structures, located in the summit, these in irregular ways are seated previously on land aterrazada, forming a dense continuity of amassed (villages) structures. For their space and characteristic architectural location it is a typical place of the Late Intermission. Their situation also serves as a natural great mirador, on the zigzaging and deep journey of the river Marañón and the towns located to both slopes.
The access is made through the highway Llamellín-Mirgas, and from Mirgas he/she takes a mobility to the town of you Stop or until the denominated area Mañacuy, on trail carrozable, or in its defect to be mobilized on foot from the district of Mirgas until the same place, in 4 hours.
It is located on the side West of the hill from the same name to 3875msnm. The constructions end up having 1km of long, for some 0.3 km wide. Walls are observed that define the access to the place, these they are formed for long spun superimposed of walls that surround the superior constructions. On the side This they are structures funeral type chullpa, ceremonial areas and domestic structures in the superior area, besides two twin puddles carved in to the alive rock of astronomical possible spindle. The complexity of the place becomes visible, because some structures were reoccupied, since the place in general terms is typical of the Late Intermission, but some structures are much earlier, with technical Huantapachilla, for this situation it could be busy from the Intermission Floe.
The access is made through the highway Llamellín-Mirgas, and from Mirgas he/she takes a mobility particular horn the town of you Stop or the denominated area, have more than enough trail carrozable, or in its defect to be mobilized on foot from the district of Mirgas until the same place, in 2.5 hours.
It is to a height of 3779msnm, The circular structures, in general, they are located spacely on the summit of the natural hills, with a long of 2km and 100m of wide approximately, it is quite extensive. This place is characterized by not presenting "domestic" structures or of other types, as walls. In the complex of Elk-Ragá they crowd round more than 40 circular units, varying in volume and complexity, some of only 10 m of diameter and others as the great structure 30 m surpasses. Also, prominent they are, the funeral structures that are in the Southwest part, of type buried very well conserved. The tentative chronology that is managed for the occupation of the place is of the Early Intermission and Half Horizon.
The access is carried out through the highway Llamellín - Mirgas, and from Mirgas I take a mobility to the town of you Stop or the denominated area Mañacuj, on trail carrozable, or in its defect to be mobilized on foot from the district, until the same place, in 3 hours.
It trades of Choclo
It is the cultural most representative activity in the chingasinos, the choclo it is the product that but you siembra in the field and that it generates but resources in the district. For this reason he/she is carried out every year at the end of the month of May from the 18 to the 25, the fair of the choclo. The calendar that is developed for this week consists of chats directed to the farmers for the improvement of its crops; field evaluations to know the grade of the lands productivity, here also it is rewarded the best farmer in the district; you inform journalistic to guide to the population, and exhibitions of typical foods with the help of the choclo, like they are the humitas, tamales, etc.
He/she takes place in Santa Cruz's (Gellecruz) party September 12. It is a dance of wild or amazon style, and they express the vicissitudes and griefs of the migration that suffered in their trip toward the mountain. The man uses a wooden mask and they take an arch and arrow, they also use dresses with pants and shirt, colored of red or orange color and a monterilla adorned with paper flowers; the women are dressed with skirt and blouse of white color with decorations of monkeys and dissected birds of the forest, with a bag in the back with tropical fruits, and they take bars that it serves them, theatrically, for the layout of the roads and overcome and rivers, with his colonization desire. Van executing brief steps above the splints, simulating the step for some mighty river and they intone plaintive songs.
Employer Party of Llamellin
Of the 5 at December 12, he/she takes place in the city of Llamellín the Employer Party, in honor to the Pure Immaculate Virgin Concepción, employer of Llamellín and of the county Antonio Raimondi. The 8 are main day, where he/she is carried out the procession on the perimeter of the square. An interesting particularity in the party is the Town council, characteristic of the area that consists on a general (pasacalle ancashino) dance to the compass of a band of musicians, the women take beautiful reed baskets containing breads and covered by well embroidered napkins, some men take the clay pitchers adorned with blankets and hats, which contain jora chicha. Finally the party culminates with the bullfight. It is a very popular party of local and national visitors.
It dances of the Corpus Cristi
This dance takes place the month of June from the 15 to the 18, it dances of style warrior and they contest the classic neighborhoods of the city of Llamellin: Ichóc and Allauca. Musically they are directed by a "cashier" with box (drum) "and pinkullo" kind of a flute. The dancers use wooden colored masks of different colors and showing ferocity, anger, etc., I take out, pant and monterillas of where they leave tapes of different colors toward the back, brass bells in the calf, a chonta cane and a shield for the defense. They dance in groups of more than 10, but it is attested that formerly they made it with more than 50 dancers. It is an a popular dance in the district and other towns of the county.
Augas or Aucas and the Goblin, Pallas
He/she takes place in San Pedro's party June 29, in the city of Llamellín. Teatraliza the combat of two social groups: Augas that are possibly come groups of the forest in search of conquests and lands; and, the Goblin and Pallas local residents. It is necessary to stand out that this dance can have arisen of a historical real moment.
The Goblin uses one he chewed wooden, pants target, a small poncho a long made hair of the coat of the male goat, and it uses some "shagapas" by way of bells, it takes in the hand a stick and a rope. Pallas on the other hand is three mature women and a called small captain: Properly this Augas is warring of the forest disguised terrifyingly, they use pants of two colors, shirt, monterilla and he/she chewed of metal and they take on their wild dissected animal shoulders, symbols of ferocity.
The "battle" is taken I end up in the vicinity of the city, on the gulch of Pachcaragra, denominated "warakanakuda", they use green fruits for such made. Finally it culminates with the goblin's victory and the pallas.
Employer Party in Homage to Concepción's Sacred Virgin
It is an employer party that is carried out the second week of the month of August of the whole years, they are five serial days in those that one has to complete a series of customs according to the calendar, the first day is made the preparation of the jora chicha in the whole houses, the second day the breads are elaborated, the third day the trouts are elaborated, the fourth day is the slaughter of you pray, guinea pigs, rams and hens for the great banquet and finally the day fifth are carried out the main such activities as the mass, procession, dancers' presentation, the traditional tantajitay and it burns it of artificial games.
LLAMELLIN - SHUTU TOASTS
LLAMELLIN - HILL SAJRI
LLAMELLIN - CAVES SAJRI
LLAMELLIN - LAGOON YANACOCHA
LLAMELLIN - LAGOON RURICOCHA
LLAMELLIN - I SIEGE ARCHAEOLOGICAL YARKAN
Page created web March 30 of the one 2005.
© Copyright 2005 Gualberto Valderrama C.