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Chiquian, capital city of the county of Bolognesi and of the district of the same name, it is also known as "Mirror of the Sky", it is the main door of entrance to the Mountain range Huayhuash and to the corridor for the development sustainable "Gold of Andes", the one which this conformed by 32 local governments, among those that those of the counties of Bolognesi and Huari (Ancash) and May Two and Huamalíes (Huánuco) are.

In the district of Pacllon he/she is the mountain range of Huayhuash, considered as one of the most beautiful and spectacular scenarios in Peruvian Andes, but regrettably it is we very well-known for the tourists. It has been declared as reserved area.

The Area Reserved Mountain range Huayhuash (ZRCH) embraces it leaves of the territories of the counties of Bolognesi (Ancash), Lauricocha (Huánuco) and Cajatambo (Lima) and he/she has an extension of 67589.76 hectares. This natural protected area protects the solid of the mountain range Huayhuash that is a snowy conglomerate of 21 dominated by Yerupajá that has 6,634 m of altitude. In the western slope of the mountain range Huayhuash the rivers are born Pativilca and Huaura, tributary of the basin of Pacific, and rivers of the oriental slope as Marañón. Their glaciers give origin to 46 lagoons.

In the area the habitats of puna pajonal inserted with heath montano, patches of forest of Polylepis and humedales prevail. In the humedales he/she is practiced the fishing. The area is visited for fond of sports of high mountain and ecoturismo. This place has also been considered as an Important Area for Ave for BirdLife International.

The Mountain range of Huayhuash contains a great beauty and one of the most beautiful of the world is considered. In their 30 Kms. of long he/she concentrates a remarkable quantity of high picks. Although he/she has less affluence of tourists (in comparison with the Mountain range Blanca), the interest to visit her and to climb their snowy ones it increases day by day. Huayhuash possesses the second higher summit of the country that is also the highest in the amazon (Yerupajá) and other basin five on 6,000 m.s.n.m.

In ZRCH the concentration of forests queñual relictos stands out, the same ones that allow the existence of species of endemic birds. The human presence in the perimeter of the area, rich in customs and culture, it conserves an important representativeness of native cultivations, as well as traditional knowledge on medicinal plants.

In the Area Reserved Mountain range Huayhuash, is the following picks that overcome the 6,000 meters high, Yerupaja 6634m, Siula 6344m, Sarapo 6127m, Jirishanca 6094m, Yerupaja Boy 6089m and Rasac 6017m. Other picks that overcome the 5,000 meters high are: Butcher 5960m, Rondoy 5870m, the Bull 5830m, Mitaraju 5750m, Nevada Jurau 5674m, Trepecio 5653m, Nevada Suerococha 5625m, Ninashanca 5607m, Serious Tip 5567m, Nevada Quesillo 5600m, Nevada Huaraca 5537m, Jirishanca Boy 5446m, Cuyoc 5550m, Sueroraju 5439m, Sarapococha 5370m and Silent Devil 5350m.

Between lakes and lagoons we have, Jahuacocha, Solteracocha, Qaracocha, Mitucocha, Carhuacocha, Siulacocha, Quesillococha, Viconga, Jurau, Sarapococha, Caramarca, among other.


Mountain Range Huayhuash

Cascade of Usgor

It is located to the North from Chiquián to an altitude of 3375 m.s.n.m., at a distance of 2 Km approximately in advance of journey of half hour, leaving Plazuela of Bolognesi (Quiwillan) until cascade of Usgor in the stream of Bush-racra. The origin of its waters comes from diverse springs and filtrations of the Lagoon Yarpún, its crystalline waters have a fall of 44 meters approximately with two jumps (The first of 21 meters and the second of 23 meters producing change of colors) on a well with a diameter of 3 meters built by the Municipality of Chuiquián, in the lateral ones there is an expansion to carry out song events and to offer comfort to the visitors, their waters of this cascade arrive to the badén of Picush and Aynín ends to the river. In the lateral ones of this fall of water one can observe a rock of a considerable (appropriate to carry out scale) size and some plants characteristic of the place like it is: the eucalyptus, alisos, sacred grass, pasin, ichu, summon, chinchu, congona, Weclla, wild, Doddering wild beet and Secse or hand cortadera, and as for the common bird you can appreciate it is the pichichanca (Andean sparrow).

Negritos of Chiquian Dances

This dance shows up in the festivities in honor to the Mr. on the way or Mr. of Conchuyacu, the date of this traditional festivity is May 14; that congregates to almost the whole county of Bolognesi; they also show up in near several towns with minimum differences. The negritos is a dance that has significant welcome in the residents including the youths. In the developed writings it is affirmed that, Negritos of Chiquián, transmits the sadness of the black slaves that you/they were excluded by the landowners through the Foreman; but at the same time the dance also expressed their happiness when symbolizing that they reach their liberation. During the presentation of the Dance, they develop varied choreographies that constitute different manifestations of the black ones that developed in their fight desire for the liberation; in many cases he/she is formed the choreography melancholic original, called circle; in this part the dancers carry out slow movements and that they transmit sadness and melancholy. After a without number of choreographies the farewell huayno comes, with slight movements in turns and tappings. Then they pass to Tinkuy or the encounter with the public. The movings have very special names as greeting, passing, hug, the ironwork, back, and many movements more than they are created by the dancers according to the moment, but always bound to the context or place. The verses that you/they sing are from commendation to the Mr. and they constitute a collective creation. The musical mark, in some cases through a Band of Musicians, or a group of musicians like orchestra, composed by a harp, violin, mute, clarinet, saxo that you/they interpret very singular music tunes for each one of the movings. It is an alone dance of males. The gear of the negritos differs according to the town and the history of the Districts. It is composed by a sack, pant and dark shoes, a shirt of clear tone, a hat and a black mask of red and prominent lips; they take a band embroidered with golden threads that it crosses from the shoulder; the vistosidad in their choreography, it is also depicted thanks to the thin sticks, of 1.90 cm approximately, of where they hang small golden bells of metal. In many places it is used bells of yellow color, generally of brass.

The Dance Of Negritos, of colonial orígen, is one of those but diffused in you walk they, being able to be versions of the same one from Cajamarca to Cuzco. Through the dance the Andean particular vision is expressed that it processes and it recreates Hispanic elements, in front of the conditions in that it was made the black slaves brought to the mines and colonial country properties starting from the XVI century work. The showy and colorful gear, the choreography and the music, still when with variants in the different areas of the country, they are very original and only in the group of the Andean dances. To be one of the dances and musicians but diffused in you walk they, the Dance Of Negritos was declared Cultural Patrimony of the Nation, through National Instituo of Culture, by means of Resolution National Directoral Nº 1042/INC -2005, with date August 03 of the one 2005.

Employer Fiestra of Sacred Rosa in Chiquian

August 30 in the district of Chiquian the same as in many districts and counties of Peru, he/she takes place the party in honor to the virgin Santa Rosa from Lima, it has deserved the attention of many specialists since the Employer party it constitutes a historical picturesque evocation of the taking of Cajamarca and he/she has as main characters to the autochthonous population, Inca, Rumiñahui and Pallas, generally represented by peasants, workers or artisans, and the Spanish red conqueror by suitable people belonging to the middle class. He/she begins August 15, when the Inca goes to the Church Matríz, accompanied by harps and violins, to extract the boy of the altar of the employer of Chiquian and to leave to look for of house at home to the 8 girls that could be the pallas, in the same way the Inca he announces the party with Huaylacuy. The day 18 beginning is given to the tests of where the future pallas goes learning the verses of the songs and the different movements of the dances, the days 25 and 26, the officials (Churchwarden, Captain, Inca) prepare in big quantities the foods like the chicha, breads, cakes, behead the bulls, rams and goats; the day 27 beginning is given to the party, with the arrival of the band of musicians and of the orchestra. The officials after the visit forced the Church and the Santa Employer, begin the walk through the streets, with great noise of hazelnuts and rockets; they dance the rayán to the they are of the pincullo, the hualishiadas. To the dawn they come closer to the temple, where the pallas sings, then all go to the official's house to revive with the tripe broth. To the half-day the churchwardens offer a lunch the pottages characteristic of this party they are savored like they are party broth, the locro or pony-rojru, the cristus, guaguas of bread, bizcochuelos, chicha, rum. The 29 in the night are carried out the procession, for the main streets of the city. The 30, central day, the procession of the noon is dedicated to the Sacred one with visits to the four chapels lifted by the four churchwardens in each one of the corners of the Square of Weapons. August 31, second day it is dedicated to Santa Rosa. The 01 of September are carried out the Entrance, where the Captain and their companions parade in passing with horses for the different streets of the city. There are a true war of candies and candies, the same one that you/they go being thrown each other, people of the Inca with that of the Captain; in it the Captain prisoner takes the Inca and they dance stingy of the hand Huaylishiada, the final touch of this party is the bullfight that is taken I end up the days 2 and 3 of September, organized by the Commissaries; the bulls in its majority are of death, the 4 of September conclude there is a concentration in the main square of the city, with the purpose of taking I finish the elections of OFFICIALS for the following year.

Milky Industrial Monterreal

The activity handmade manufacturer that more attracts the residents is the production of those derived of the milk (cheese, butter and curd) that you/they have like destination the national market, being its bought main Chiquián, Huaraz, Ravine and Lima. The Company that we show as example of the production type that you/they carry out in Chiquián calls herself: Milky industrial real Mount. The Milky production in Chiquián Comes elaborating its products for 28 years, where the workers were enabled during 6 years by ONG CARE PERU. They buy 1,400 liters of milk per day, of the suppliers of the surroundings of Chiquián and Quisipata. They produce 146 kilos of cheese for day (semi-industrial) and 10 kilos of butter and the white dish takes place interdiariamente (of 50 liters of milk they produce 106 pots of white dish). The price of the cheese es12 suns for kilo. In this company 6 people work, beginning the elaboration of the cheese starting from 3 in the afternoon, one of them is devoted at the elaboration of the butter and three to the elaboration of the cheese. This company has won 5 Regional fairs of Ancash, also Provincial and Distrital. They are registered in Public Registrations and it has their due Registration Sanitarium being in Special Category.

Industry that is in continuous improvement of the production atmospheres and shepherding areas with grass improved for the livestock BROWN SWISS. The personnel is in technical constant qualification to guarantee a production of quality with continuous learning.

Lagoon Jahuacocha

The lagoon Jahuacocha is formed by the thaw of snowy Jirishanca Boy, Big Jirishanca and Rasac, with a perimeter of 3.5Km. It has a system of present cattle raising in the perimeter of the community of Pacllón and Llamac, it can be practiced the handmade fishing of trout. In the entrance of the lagoon a camping site area is appreciated with an approximate extension of 900 m2 in form of half moon. The color of the water is green turquoise with natural vegetation inside the lagoon, composed by totora and lacustrine algae; the wild fauna of this resource is generally made up of a diversity of ducks. At the moment one can fish artesanalmente for consumption of the families of the environment, also it is an eventual activity that the tourists carry out among their recreation programs between May and September. The presence of three trout varieties is observed, among them it highlights the rainbow.

It is located inside the Mountain range Huayhuash, considered one of the most important to possess the mountainous most rural conglomeration in Peru. Reserved declared Area with Ministerial Resolution Nº 1173-2002-AG of December 20 the 2002 for the National Service of Natural Protected Areas for the State - SERNANP.

Lagoon Solterococha

Located in the Mountain range Huayhuash, in the base of snowy Yerupaja and Jirishanca, to 4.150 m.s.n.m, inside the natural region of Puna or Hallqa, their climate is Cold, it is a deep lagoon in a round way, its you are flooded they pour in the lagoon Jahuacocha by means of a creek with abundant trout of easy to fish, from this lagoon snowy Rondoy can be appreciated (5.870 m.s.n.m), Jirishanca (6.094 m.s.n.m), Yerupaja (6.634 m.s.n.m), the access to this lagoon is for a parallel road to the creek, traveling approximately to 2.5 km from Jahuacocha.

It is inside the Area of Private Conservation of Pacllon that was declared by INRENA.

Palca Mines

The Parish of Sacred Domingo of Guzmán whose official construction dates of the years 1543 at 1545, is really an architectural jewel; it constitutes without place to doubts the center of more interest, because it consists of a single ship, with its bigger beautiful altar and the pulpit, carved in wood of fine cedar and golden with sheets of pure gold, with more pieces worked in solid silver, the lateral walls are conformed by excellent altarpieces of style religious Baroque and impressive icons. Sacred Domingo's Church is located lengthwise on one of the sides of the bigger willing Square to this and guided to the nor this, it presents a single ship of 55 m. of long and 9.60 m. of wide, it doesn't possess cruise and the presbítero it finishes off in a plan apse. It is built with thick walls of adobe of 1.80 m. of width average and of 8.50 m. of height, outwardly prismatic buttresses of irregular dimensions that vary exist among 1.70 and 2.50 m. The roof is of pouring double, he/she has a cumbrera, secondary beams, intermediate tijerales and old-established beams, covered with cake of mud and tiles. The facade presents significant details, the two pillars that sustain the reduced arch, contain a decoration of altarpiece polícromo. They mix in her structural ornamental elements with painting of liturgical iconography or old reminiscences in colors ocher, blue and target. To the center on their hall door, there is a semicircumference in fan with thirteen cherubs, in half the hall door culminates with a white small dove. The complex development of this facade altarpiece combines great number of stylistic elements of different traditions, amalgamating ornamental Renaissance rezagos and isabelinos that combined, they are plateresque forms of great movement that are manifested in the columns chandelier, with profuse follajería ornamentation in the shaft and the decoration of lockets of reliefs and flowers that alternate with features bárrocos, painting of fresh flowers of four petals, festoons and geometries that multiply until producing a concert of great plasticity. Toward the interior of the Church the art is magnified in the altarpieces, they are thirteen the altars embedded to the lateral walls, the biggest altar and the pulpit. The decorations in wood of the church of Tauca are constituted mainly by the biggest Altar but they also exist other works of artistic remarkable value, the pulpit and the small altar bracket and the sacristy door. The decoration of the biggest Altar is elaborated in very minuscule low reliefs that cover the surface totally for then to be completed with bread of gold, the same as the pulpit. It contrasts the master of the alarife that built the biggest altar and pulpit, carved with bread of gold, with the ingenuousness and the author's of the external composition simplicity. The exempt Steeple of the Church, but it maintains with her a jumping unit and at the same time it links this architectural jewel to the remaining buildings of the Square.

Historical National Patrimony: For Ordinance Law 9395 of October of 1941, 21 the Parish of Sacred Domingo of Guzmán of the District of Tauca, County of Pallasca - Department of Ancash, Artistic "National Historical Monument" is declared, being Parish priest of the Parish of Tauca Presbítero Pedro Miguel Ángel and Constitutional President of the Peruvian Republic the Doctor Don Manuel Grassland and Ugarteche.

Mirador Cruzpunta

The Unit of Landscape to which belongs is of Relief structural Mountainous denudativo. The Area of Life to which belongs is of Steppe Tropical Montano. Proposed Zonificación is of Historical Cultural Area in the technical file presented to INRENA to be declared Area of Private Conservation of LLamac. The half annual precipitation goes of 250 500 mm. The climate is tempered with a temperature I average yearly from 12 to 6 grades centrígrados. The access from LLamac is on the way of horseshoe in a walk of 2 hours traveling aprox.4 Km. It is the main mirador for aprecial the town of LLamac and the whole basin of the river LLamac. In the surroundings of this summit it has archaeological near places. For what is considered a natural mirador and mirador of cultural landscape by the archaeological places that from here they are appreciated. In January of every year it is chosen a new mayor of surveillance of Iglesi and the lands of cultivation of the town, he/she gets dressed Cruz that is in the summit of this mirador Cruz Tip in the Hill San Cristóbal. The same thing is made with all the crosses located in the surroundings of the Town. The crosses like one remembers in the historical data, they were located by the Spanish settlers in those considered places Apus or God, and at the present time it is that the reason for which we find crossings in our rural communities in the highest parts in the town as well as in the entrances and exits of the same one.

Mirador Minapata

The area of life where it is located it is the very humid-Andean tropical Tundra. The zonificación proposed in the technical file presented to INRENA by the community is that of Area of special use, to be declared Area of Private Conservation. The half annual precipitation is aprox.400-550 mm. The temperature averages yearly it is from 13 to 15 centigrade grades. The access to Minapata is by lorry construída for the Mining Unit Palca. The snowy ones that are appreciated from this mirador are: Ninashanka, Rondoy, Shirishanca, Yerupajá, Rasac. Foreign many tourists arrive to the place to appreciate the natural beauty from this natural mirador, they sometimes make it with own mobility and in other cases with the facilities of the case granted by the Mining Unit Palca with previous coordination.

Mirador San Juan Cruz

It is a historical place next to Rumichaca that is located to an altitude of 3487 m.s.n.m., in this place there is a cross of white color of a considerable size, their access toward the cross it is through tiers of color ocher and surrounded of vegetation (eucalyptus, grass Santa and kikuyo); for their location it is an appropriate hill as mirador of the landscape that surrounds Chiquián and the horizon that it embraces to the beautiful Mountain range Huayhuash, the territory of the town of Pacllón, Archaeological Place of Old Town, the heights of the town of Quisipata, Huasta, Aquia, the Snowy of Tucu Chira, the hills of square, the complete silhouette of the city of Chiquián and toward the North the valley of Pam Pam.

It is to 1 1/2 km of the square of Chiquián. Altitude: 3487 m.s.n.m. COORDINATED UTM: THIS: 0264125 NORTH: 8876729

Snowed Jirishanca

Snowy Jirishanca is an imposing pyramid of ice of 6,094 msnm, it is good known one of the snowy ones of the Mountain range Huayhuash, it presents two denominated picks Jirishanca Boy (5,446 msnm) and Big (6,094 msnm) Jirishanca. It is located in the subcuenca of the River Nupe, basin of the river Marañón. The pick has a pyramidal form with walls of very marked slope. The faces are considerably sharp and they only cling to them small patches of snow and ice, with frequent avalanches that you/they send the snow down. Although Huayhuash rises among the highest picks in the Mountain range, Jirishanca dominates its big neighbors for the virtue of its spectacular structure. Its vertical, although beautiful sheer pick, is a complicated and difficult escalade, not existing any route easy to the summit, not simply for its evident difficulty technique, but also for the fear that inspires the mountaineers. The mountain is often related with the Deer of Peru, but the Quechua word Jirishanca it would be translated as Picaflor of the Snow. The route toward this glacier begins in the town of Chiquián of 3,400 msnm (to 2.30hrs. of the city of Huaraz) and it travels picturesque villages of farmers and cattlemen.

It is inside the Mountain range Huayhuash, which one of the important màses is considered to possess the conglomeraciòn rural mountainous màs in Perù. Grateful as Area Resevada for the National Service of Natural Protected Areas for the State - SERNANP; with R.M. N° 1173-2002-AG, of December 20 of the one 2002.

Snowy Jirishanca is located in the north end of the Mountain range Huayhuash, in the limit of the regions Ancash and Huánuco, in the county of Bolognesi, District of Pacllón, and in the county of Lauricocha, District of Queropalca, respectively.

Snowed Yerupaja

Yerupajá is the second higher mountain of Peru after Huascarán, and the highest point in the enormous basin of the river Amazons; he/she has a height of 6,634 msnm. It is located in the Mountain range Huayhuash (to the south of the Mountain range Blanca), at 15kms. to the west of the Populated Center of Llamac, District of Pacllón, County of Bolognesi. This snowy one is one of the most difficult of climbing for such a reason it has won world fame and it continues attracting many of the most outstanding mountaineers in the world; it is known that, during the decades of 60 70, ascents were attempted by more and more difficult routes. Snowy Yerupajá has been ascended by the South face and West; the access to the expensive west is through a difficult but spectacular path from the Lagoons Jahuacocha and Solteracocha that it ascends to an extensive glacier between Snowy Rasac and Yerupajá. The conditions and the level of difficulty of the escalade routes in this face, they constantly change due to the displacements of the ice. Snowy Yerupajá represents this way a fascinating challenge for the mountaineers of world class. The inferior limit of the ice is at 4,300msnm approximately being its access for the solteracocha lagoon.

Yerupajá is the second higher mountain of Peru after Huascarán, and the highest point in the enormous basin of the river Amazons. It is inside the Mountain range Huayhuash, which one of the important màses is considered to possess the conglomeraciòn rural mountainous màs in Perù. Grateful as Area Resevada for the National Service of Natural Protected Areas for the State - SERNANP; with R.M. N° 1173-2002-AG, of December 20 of the one 2002.

This mountain is sadly celebrated, because in its hillside he/she had an accident an airship of FAP, November of the year 16 1954, perishing the whole crew, years later were organized diverse rescue expeditions, being able to find some of the remains of the airship. In 1979, an extreme (Patrick Vallencant) skier, descended three times in ski of the expensive west of Snowy Yerupajá.

Pampas Llamac

PAMPAS LLAMAC NATURAL MIRADOR. Their unit of Landscape is of Relief mountainous complex structural denotativo. The area of life in which is is of Mountainous tropical Steppe. It is proposed as area of special use for the Area of Private Conservation of LLamac. The Hydrography has two slopes: that of the river LLamac and that of the river Achín. The half annual precipitation is of 250 500 mm. it is of cold climate with a temperature average of 6 12 centigrade grades. The access leaves of the community of LLamac for on the way to horseshoe of 6 Km. In 3 hours of walk, the journey goes toward the Lagoon of Jahuacocha. From this point the Mountain range Huayhuash is appreciated, highlighting snowy Yerupajá. And of the other end the Mountain range is appreciated Blanca and Quarter note. The surrounding flora corresponds to Ichu and some quenuales.

The place is appreciated very deforestado for what would be necessary to include a revegetación process and reforestation with native plants in Pampas LLamac.

ALTITUDE: 4,300 msnm. COORDINATED: THIS: 0278971 NORTH: 8869809 the place is part from the access route to the Lagoon Jahuacocha, for that that in turn is considered in the Project of Implementation of the Circuit Ecoturístico of the Mountain range Huayhuash, in which revegetar is sought and to reforest Pampallamac, with signaling and respective information of the snowy ones that are appreciated from this point. Also in the technical file presented to INRENA by the Rural Community of LLamac, he/she thinks about the place to be considered area of special use.

Paintings Rupestres of Intipanawin

Intipanawin is in a rocky coat, with an altitude of 3,569 m.s.n.m., at a hour of walk of the Town of Pacllón; the painting is appreciated in color red ocher, and yellow pale inside a circle that represents an eye, of there the name of Intipanawin, Quechua term that means EYE OF THE SUN. In the same extension of the rocky coat, figures are appreciated that represent to a group of Flames of white color. Under the paintings rupestres, in the base of the rocky coat, they are funerals that would belong to characters of great importance, due to the use of the red color in the place and the guardian eyes that are represented in the paintings. The origin of the name of the Town of Llamac, is probably due to the corralones existence like strategic place for the upbringing of flames in the antiquity, just as it is evidenced in the representation of the paintings rupestres; for this route the villagers of Queropalca traveled, Bathrooms, Huallanca, Ovas, for what was always place of rest of the travelers that you/they transferred the elements of commercial exchange; the ayllus of Ichic Marks, Ricrash, Old Town, the town like LLamag were founded it Marks that it means Town of Flames, later the one was formalized with the name of LLamac.

Square of Weapons of Chiquian

The square of weapons, located to an altitude of 3,393 m.s.n.m.; it presents florid gardens, grates of type ornamental, wide corridors with veneered floor of mosaics, special bankings for the visitors; to the center a pileta of brass of colonial style, a mast for Sunday izamiento of the National Pavilion is located, grills of security, a historical Arbor in front of the municipality and badges that perennizan the names of the agents of the political creation of the County. Four veteran plants of Ficus located in each corner, the traveler's silent witness and the population's permanent guardian. This place is scenario of school parades, political messages, officials' general elections for the employer parties, processions, he/she burns of castles, artificial games, competition of musicians' band, etc.

Plazuela Brown Luis Novoa

The Oval or Plazuela Brown Luis Novoa, is located to an altitude of 3,404 m.s.n.m., to some meters of the arch 'Welcome to Chiquián¿. Plazuela presents ornamental maseteros with yellow well-known flowers as Pope's Flower, the garden has form of half moon. The interior callecita shines paved; and four streetlights illuminate the whole perimeter. In the center of the oval, on a platform, he/she is the equestrian statue of the social legendary fighter's of those times brass, on an energetic beautiful steed to which he called Cloudburst, shining a poncho Chiquiano, male hat, boots with spur and gun in the left hand welcoming and saying goodbye to the visitors. The sculpture measures 260 cm of high for 170 cm of wide.

Luís Brown Telmo Novoa, was born August 19 1874 in the Countryside of Pancal, son of Don Pedro Brown Martingale, farmer proprietor of the Treasury Pancal and of Doña Paula Novoa Núñez, carried out his studies in the Municipal School Nº 3589 of Chiquián. Their restlessness for the well-being of the human beings, mainly of the most destitute, it began early and it was susceptible to all the abuses made by the farmers and the authorities, for what decides to fight against them in the lines of Montoneros Caceristas, directed by Don Augusto Durán. Brown Luís died shot in an ambush January 5 1909 for a troop of 50 members of the army, the town that he/she knew about its generosity its deceso cried; its feats were with the time anecdotes that are part of the history of its town Chiquiano. The Provincial Municipality of Bolognesi the same as the cultural provincial organizations surrendered homage during the whole year 2009 to the memory of Don Brown Luís Novoa to be commemorated the Centennial of their death.

Cattle Production in Chiquian

The animals that attract the population's dedication Bolognesina are the bovine (what justifies the presence of big alfalfares extensions) one, ovino, caprino, equine and smaller animals, equally for the self-consumption and the production of those derived (cheeses, butter, charqui, wool, etc). According to the data of CENAGRO in Chiquián is had 2,451 heads of bovine livestock, representing the one the cattle Provincial population's 9.7% (1994). At the moment in Chiquián efforts of genetic improvement are come, handling tecnificación, improvement of pastures and market development, with the upbringing of having won Brown Swiss in many of the cases with the reproduction for artificial insemination. However still families that conserve their Creole livestock exist. It was also possible to install 308 there is of improved grass, and the watering installation for aspersion in 40 there are. of grass, being able to inseminate 631 cows, achieving the population Chiquiana the petition of amplification of this important project benefitting around 500 families, generating profitability to the farmers and transforming them into prepared cattlemen to work according to the demands of the market, producing products of quality. It is noticed the increment milkman and development of the milky industry by means of the amplification of the floor exotic forrajero.

I Siege Archaeological Rarapunta

An archaeological place is appreciated in relative conservation state, its structures of stones canteadas and irregular together with mortar of mud, the masonry is uniform. The main entrance has a control structure, and different accesses to the different atmospheres, it presents characteristic of the Inca time, its vain of access in some cases are simple and in other double with stone lintels. There are walls that present niches and other walls present stones holed to place some elements in the access toward the atmospheres. Structures of multiple tombs are located, what gives to the characteristic very particular chullpas. Fragments of ceramic of the Inca culture are evidenced, equally stone mortars. Rarapunta was denominated by the Archaeologist Caesar Serna you Lick, as Macchu Picchu of Ancash, to constitute the evidence of a citadel of the Inca time and for the superimposed structures of previous times, what means that here it is possible to find archaeological sequence from very old times until the republican time. The chullpas of Rarapunta is in a rectangular way with two levels, plastered and colored of red color, masonry of stones with mortar of mud, giving this way him/her the form pyramidal trunk of the roof. The interiors measure approximately 2.15 meters long for 1.25 meters wide. The journey to arrive to RaraPunta from Pacllón is of 6.2 kilometers, after a walk of 4 and a half hours. In the journey it is appreciated from the high thing the birth of the basin of the river Pativilca to the Northeast of the one on the way to horseshoe.

The Archaeological Place Rarapunta is located to a height of 3,420 m.s.n.m.

Fabrics of San Marcelo of Chiquian

In Chiquian the association exists San Marcelo, been founded in 1970 by the Italian priest, Pablo Fink Piok who decided to create a company autosostenible for the population's sector, conformed by a group of people of humble condition, giving the opportunity mainly to mothers of family of economic (the weavers to sticks) low condition, they began as a Parochial Club of Mothers, but now they are an independent group. At the moment they are 70 people that work in the association, between fixed and eventual who for the elaboration of their fabrics (ponchos, cloths, saddlebags, chompas, scarfs and others) the matter prevails him they obtain of its own German nickels, after that they process the wool for in that way to have the thread tinted in different colors and tonalities went This way like they arrived to Chiquián two you scheme Italian to spin wool and soon after four from Germany. An entire work began starting from the German nickel wool and sheep in the production of fabrics. The German nickels and sheep are maids in the mountain. Then they are shorn by the members of the cooperative with their own hands in a handmade way. They carry out the whole process until finishing the wool in you scheme them hiladoras that transform the wool with the help of the hands of the peasants into beautiful chompas and stockings. They use true German nickel wool and natural dyes dried off in the sun. This association works with a philosophy of having bought exactly but it is necessary the export of its products due to the competition with synthetic fabrics that have invaded the Peruvian market. However their connection with Germany, country to which export every time, is weaker due to the possibility of reducing the manpower in a global more and more competitive market. It is worthwhile to come to Chiquian and to visit these facilities. They can also be wide variety of products knitted at very reasonable prices of agreement with their purity and quality.

I Temper Sacred Colonial Domingo of Huasta

The Temple is located in the Shred Grau, in front of the Square of Weapons of Huasta. It was colonized by the Parents Dominicos, for what is considered that it began to be built in 1575 in the Monarchy of the King from Spain, Felipe II whose government was characterized by the defense of the Catholicism. The religious work was commended the Archbishop Toribio Rodríguez of Mendoza, during the command of V Viceroy of Peru, Don Francisco Toledo. The temple of colonial style dates of the XVI century and its construction is characterized by the coalition of the Hispanic-Peruvian art, being of adobe, with wooden roof and clay tile. In the facade they are distinguished: San Pedro and San Pablo; San Francisco; the image of Vírgen María and several Ángel, and in the summit of the facade the Eternal Father. The main temple in its right flank possesses a built tower of adobe, where it shone three Bells María Angola, but soon after the earthquake of 1970 he/she collapsed. The bells that exist at the present time are not the original ones. In the last tier of the Frontispiece (before arriving to the door of the temple), they are still distinguished two holes where two timbers were located that served to discipline the that time parishioners, to this punishment place was called the TRAP. The floor of the sotocoro and 70% of the floor of the ship are with the help of wooden trunks of 3 inches of diameter, presenting waste and lacking pieces, the other 30% of the floor of the central ship is of wooden boarding, in the floor of the presbytery a tapizón of high traffic has been placed there being you opposing evidence that the original floor of this area era of brick pastry chef with mooring to half brick. The central ship communicates for the right side with the Font which is in not well conservation state, in the head of its walls the lack is observed of you revoke for where he/she filters the water producing stains of humidity in the one plastered, this atmosphere doesn't possess door neither original floor which is of affirmed earth. In their central part the BAPTISMAL PILE is made of marble. The original floor of the atrium as well as the lateral corridor, they are made of irregular stone that possesses an integrity of 70% and this in turn is at a superior level of the sidewalk and you consents to this for a stairway of granitic stone. The temple only preserve their beautiful Baroque cover of big volumes in their columns salomónicas.

The Colonial Sacred Temple Domingo of Huasta Monumental Patrimony of the Nation Supreme mediating Resolution was declared Nº 505-74-ED, October 15 of 1974.

Source: 20turistico/Pais.asp


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© Copyright 2005 Gualberto Valderrama C.