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HOMAGE TO MICAELA BASTIDAS PUYUCAHUA


Micaela Bastidas Puyucahua, (he/she was Born in Tamburco, 1745 - it Died in Cusco, May 18 of 1781), it was eminent and martyr of the Peruvian independence who to few moments before being executed their sentence, it would enunciate their political clear position and their conscience independentista declaring: "For the freedom of my town I have given up everything. Not I will see my children flourish...".

For that Tamburco was then a well-known town for its abundant grass and a flourishing agriculture, mainly of grains, potatoes and fruits [it mentions required], and, as forced place of rest of the travelers that you/they arrived after the slow step of the mules in long and painful days. This explains the economic relieved situation of their inhabitants.

Daughter of Manuel Bastidas and Josefa Puyucahua, young Micaela was of slender beauty and mestizo clear complexion, with the lightly wavy hair, what took to many to call it "knock-kneed", name that one gives in Abancay to people that are distinguished of typically Andean people for this characteristic. That that more the historians and investigators stand out, however, they are not their physical features, but that strong temperament that marked their course.

He/she married very young in 1760, to the 15 years with José Gabriel Condorcanqui, Túpac Amaru II, one of the eminent persons of the history of Peru, in the church of Our Mrs. of the Purification, in the town of Surimana, place of their husband's curacazgo.

Three males' mother, Hipólito (1761), the first-born, Mariano (1762) and Fernando (1768), Micaela Bastidas had as first ideological teacher to own José Gabriel who had acquired an excellent formation, as much in Cusco as in Lima, in multiple meetings, even bound to Masonic groups in those that it forged its acendrado spirit separatist.

Micaela Bastidas must also have had some school studies, because he/she knew how to read and to write in Castilian. Until recently, some authors sustained the opposite, relying on the news that he/she had several amanuenses at your disposal during the stage of the rebellion. Nevertheless, a conclusive test of its idiomatic knowledge is a written letter of its fist and letter whose original it is in the National File of Lima.

The lideresa of the hosts tupacamaristas shared with its husband, from a beginning, the ideals of freedom, and it even discussed the strategic plans of the rebellion. It seems even to have been more energetic than own Túpac Amaru as for the discipline of the troops and the decision of taking Cusco. It is known that their logistical ability was decisive to obtain the victory of Sangarará November 18 of 1780. However, the understanding and the affection among them were evident, like he/she comes off of the treatment that Condorcanqui constantly gave to Micaela, until in its correspondence, calling it with the diminutive of "Mica" and "Micaco."

Their public life, surrendered to the cause independentista, it is summarized in their best biographer's words, the historian Carlos Daniel Valcárcel:

"The paper that carried out doña Micaela Bastidas Puyucawa has capital importance to know the rebellion of Ink. It can make sure that, from the first moment, she was Túpac Amaru main consultant, next to the murmured Council of the Five. And although the commander acted by means of own decisions, for his ideas and initiatives this energetic and eminent woman's figure appears with the characters of a character of undeniable" value.

It was captured after the failure of the rebellion, Micaela Bastidas was executed, its executioners cut him/her the language, they knotted to the neck a rope that you/they threw from opposed sides and, while he/she was dying, they kicked it in the stomach and in the chest, in the Square of Weapons of Cusco, May 18 1781, to the 36 years of age, having had before to witness its son's execution Hipólito and in view of its husband.

Taken of: http://es.wikipedia.org / wiki / Micaela_Bastidas.



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