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CHINCHEROS


Chincheros one of the 07 counties of the department of Apurímac. Their history goes back to the first groupings that would have populated the territory 5 thousand years ago; finding an area with an agricultural potential. The development of these towns seated in the region was in function of the agriculture, because the sedentary life increased the production and to assure its feeding you impulse the agricultural technology, as well as the increment of the production in the domestication of plants.

The history of Chincheros goes related with Andahuaylas, for a mythical history; it is said that the residents have left the lagoon of Chocqlloqocha, in Huancavelica, located on the 4000 msnm, the one that would be its paqarina or origin source and life; of this a migration takes place toward Andahuaylas in search of better lands to be developed, following the address of the river Pampas.



PANORAMICA DE CHINCHEROS
SEE PANORAMIC DE CHINCHEROS


Toward the XIII and XV centuries, when the regional states of this area were totally formed and constituted, a contradiction arises between Chancas and the Inca from Cusco, facing in lingering battles. Chancas initially was located between the river Pampas and the river Pachachaca. When expanding, they made of the area of Andahuaylas their main headquarters, this confederation was conformed by Hancohuallus, Utumsullas and Urumarcas. The initiator of the expansion of the chancas calls you Uscovilca, progenitor of Anco Huayllu. This group took charge of developing an autonomous culture and they had its own language, the puquina; and they tamed to the flame. Investigations carried out by J. González Carré and Lorenzo Vegetable gardens document that the influence of this nation was irradiated from Apurímac until Ayacucho and Huancavelica, in this road they subjected Wankavilcas and Rukanas. After subjecting Soras, Chancas penetrated in the lands of Quechua Antahuayllas, through the river Chicha that resisted the invasion of Chancas strongly, being conquered they emigrated toward Aymaraes. Consolidated the conquest in the whole region transferred the political military power from Vilcashuamán to Antahuaylla, place of the capital of the Tribal Confederation Chanca. This annexation happened in the reign of Mayta Capac the year of 1300.

Being the commander chanca Ancco Huayllu conforms a respectable army of 40 thousand men to the control of the siblings: Asto Waraka and Tumay Waraka; in the reign of yawar waqaq, having knowledge that the Inca crossed political difficulties with Wayllakanes, they accelerated the war invading Cusco, from the valley of Antahuaylla, place of enough supply, they went to Cusco for the route Vilkakunka, being an entrance door to Ichupampa, ending up combatting in the Strength of Sacsaywuaman, where they found resistance, they were forced to go back to their bases of Antahuaylla and intercepted in the road by Inca Pachacutec, being given the celebrated battle of Yawarpampa (field of blood).

According to the story of the columnists in the battle, 22 thousand chancas and 08 thousand cuzqueños died. The captains Asto Waraka and Tumay Waraka succumbed heroically and Ancco Huayllu was hurt and captured. According to the columnist Bernabé Cobo, mentions a second offensive of the chancas, headed by Ancco Huayllu that not alone it had been able to escape but gathering 08 thousand combatants in Challcumarca and Suramarca, this time to recover the lost territories. Being seen in inferiority of forces, it opted to escape toward the forest following the course of the river Urubamba. Their internamiento one carries out in the territories of Huallaga and of there to the jurisdiction of you Lick of San Martin's department where to the date they keep their ethnic identity without being crossbreeded.

In the Incan period the area took the name of Ajay Pampas ", because the area elaborated liquors, derived of the corn, to which he/she was denominated "chicha." With the arrival of the conquerors it was changed to Chincheros in honor to the chicha. During the colony, Chincheros was it leaves of the party of Andahuaylas that belonged to the intendency of Huamanga. In the Republic, the parties become counties and the intendencies in departments. In 1846, with the Supreme Ordinance Nº 024765/46 the district of Chincheros is believed, with the denomination of VILLAGE CHINCHEROS. April 28 1873 are believed the department of Apurímac, preparing that they are part the counties of Andahuaylas, Abancay, Aymaraes, Antabamba and Cotabambas, the first of them belonging to the department of Ayacucho and the other ones to Cusco. This double origin is still visible, because geographical Andahuaylas and culturally this linked Ayacucho, the same as the county of Chincheros, as long as Abancay this linked Cusco.



PLAZA DE ARMAS DE CHINCHEROS
CHINCHEROS


Their appointment like independent county of Andahuaylas was given December 30 1983; with the Ordinance Law Nº 23759, "Creates in the department of Apurímac, the county of Chincheros whose capital will be the village of Chincheros. The county of Chincheros will be constituted by the district of Chincheros with its capital the village of Chincheros, Ongoy with its capital the village of Ongoy, Ocobamba with its capital the village of Ocobamba, Cocharcas with its capital of the town of Cocharcas and Anccohuayllo with its capital the town of Uripa, is determined the limits of the county of Chincheros being dismembered of the territory of the county of Andahuaylas." Their creation silk in the government of Arq. Fernando Belaúnde Terry.

Old Chancas has left print of their past, which can be verified in their constructions and that to the date there is a lot of action field for the investigators that mean to study legendary past, in those days that the chincheros town, but its floor didn't exist highly agricultural and its people highly farming hit to its earth for that there subsisted helped by its pleasant capable climate to develop the agricultural activities.


POLITICAL AND GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION

Politics: The district of Chincheros is the capital of the County of Chincheros, department of Apurímac; to Nor West of the county of Abancay, among the 1000 up to 4438 msnm.

The county of Chincheros this located to the end west of the department of Apurímac. Their homonymous capital is located to 2800 msnm, on the riverbank Chincheros that is one of the tributaries of the river Pampas. This divided politically in 08 districts, like it is shown in the following square.

Geographical: The district of Chincheros is located in the part Nor This of the Department of Apurímac, South Latitude 12º30'50" and Longitude West 73º43'13."

Extension and Altitude

The district of Chincheros, has an extension of 132.40 Km2, at provincial level represents 10.6% of 1246.77 Km2, being at departmental level 0.6% of 20895.79 Km2. The topography is enough accident victim and rural presenting deep gulches in the configuration of its territory.

The geography distrital is located in different floors altitudinales with morphological, climatic diverse characters and biogeográficos: Yunga (among the 1000 to 2500 msnm), Quechua (between 2500 and 3500 msnm), Suni (between 3500 and 4100 msnm) and Puna (on the 4100 and 4438 msnm).



MUNICIPALIDAD DE CHINCHEROS
MUNICIPALITY DE CHINCHEROS


LIMIT AND ACCESSES

The District of Chincheros has the following limits :

North: District of Ongoy and Uripa of the county of Chincheros.
South: County of Vilcahuamán and Huamanga of the department of Ayacucho.
This: District of Uripa of the county of Chincheros.
West: District of Huaccana and the county of Huamanga.

The access to the District of Chincheros from the city of Abancay until Andahuaylas is for a highway affirmed in 240 km., with a duration of 06 hours of trip. From Andahuaylas he/she is carried out for an affirmed highway of 90 km., with a duration of 03 hours of trip.

Leaving of the capital city Lima to Ayacucho a journey is made by a paved highway of 480 km., with a duration of 08 hours of trip. Of this point until Chincheros a trip of 06 hours is taken with 100 km. of journey; for an affirmed road.

The access to the district of Chincheros is carried out in private vehicles, equally of passengers' massive transport, The entrance of transport of small, medium and heavy load is carried out for the production at departmental level and to be in the main road between markets of the coast and mountain.

At internal level 77 km exists, of connection highway with its populated centers; likewise the use of horseshoe roads on the part of the population at level distrital.



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Page created web March 30 of the one 2005.
© Copyright 2005 Gualberto Valderrama C.