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HISTORICAL MUNICIPAL MUSEUM DE AREQUIPA


The Historical Municipal Museum is located in the Square San Francisco, in front of the church and convent of San Francisco, the schedule of attention is from Tuesday to Sunday of 9:00 am to 5:00 pm, the general entrance is of S/. 2.00 new suns, school S/. 0.50 new suns. In the Historical Municipal Museum the following rooms stand out:

IT SALTS OF YOU ILLUSTRATE AREQUIPEÑOS

It is a main atmosphere of the Museum, the portraits of the most conspicuous arequipeños are exposed who through their effort, work, study and their morality left the image of Arequipa like second city of Peru on high. They are so much educators, historians, scientific, priests, poets and jurists, among other. It was thanks to them that he/she obtained deserved laurels. They are also men that occupied the Constitutional Presidency of Peru, as: Pedro Ten Canseco, Monsignor Mariano Holguin, Francisco García Calderón (I Govern of free town), Nicolás of Piérola and Eduardo López of Romaña.

IT SALTS OF: "Teodoro Núñez Ureta, Alejandro and Pablo Núñez Ureta"

Teodoro Núñez Ureta (1914. 1988), up to now, the Peruvian most important muralista whose full domain of the watercolor and the human figure, they took it to develop their work muralista naturally to the cool air. The teacher Teo, frequently said about the watercolor: "The most honest encounter, it has always been our voice more friend, especially for the light; he/she allows to see the color that there is behind." He/she thought that alone Arequipa can it turns through the watercolor. He/she interpreted besides the landscape, the customs and the life of our society stratified with critical sharp realism.

Alejandro Núñez Ureta (1920. 1974), brother of Teodoro, is the watercolorist bigger than the painting arequipeña, the most genuine and passionate in the watercolorists of field railway tie, of spontaneous resolution and of Tonal wise balance. Manuel Galicians Sanz about its work says: Alejandro's name Núñez Ureta is evocation, incantation, that you/they boil in the senses that it redoes bud of light in the heart.

Pablo Núñez Ureta, (Arequipa 1954 -2001), it has exposed individually from 1965 in the most important galleries in Arequipa, Tacna and Lima in Peru, and in countries like Chile and United States.

Their works have been exposed in collective exhibitions in United States, Canada, Chile, Argentina, Brazil, Venezuela, China, Scotland, India and Morocco.

One can observe 20 squares that not only evoke us to the religiosity, the natural landscape, but the daily life of the city.

PINACOTECA SALTS

They were Municipal competitions and squares donated by famous painters that it houses this room, where there is a chromatic wealth, not only full with realism, literature of manners, amen; they are 24 works those that are exhibited to the oil, watercolor and technical mixed of famous painters as Palao, López Galván, Farmhouses, Trujillo, Casimiro Squares, Carlos Of Riva, Hernando Peace, Bald of Araujo, among other.

IT SALTS PREHISPANIC

From the beginning the residents altoandinos lived in caverns located in sharp places and of difficult access, their habitations were refuges, at the same time that inns. In Huanaqueros and Gulch Sling (Yarabamba), they were near the courses of water, projectile tips, knives and lascas, related with camélidos hunters' camps. (5,000 to 3,000 a.C.).

The sedentary life gave beginning to the appearance of the first villages. In Socabaya and Uchumayo they are located in terraces very near the rivers. (300 A.C. to 300 D.C), there was a specialized economy with the exchange Puna. Sierra. Costa. The control of its territory, as the access to other ecologies, made supplement its nutritious diet with products of the diverse floors; being its diet was corn, potato, olluco German nickel meat, fished etc. Among the 500. 1000 d.C., the nexus highland. Cuenca of Chili, is intensified with the presence of Tiwanaku; The places like Kasapatac (Hunter), Yumina (Sabandia), Mischievous (Socabaya), Sonqonata (Mollebaya), etc, they are clear examples. It has been located evidences of the Empire Wari who achieved of a sophisticated ceramic factory, metallurgy, textilería and lithic sculpture we Have presence in the Star's Pampas or Corralones (Uchumayo); the walls of these housings were made with volcanic smell or ashlar.

The agriculture, through the watering, was a main factor of transformation of the landscape (aridity) and it was the society Churajón (1,100. 1350 d.C.) that dominated with imagination the adverse conditions of the mean, taming the desert and conquering the slope with the construction of platforms and channels. The Inca (1350. 1500 d.C.) reconstruct some platforms of wide terraces like those of Paucarpata, Yumina and Characato massively in the valley of Chili, transferring "Orejones", (mitmag, hydraulic technicians) from Cusco, for these works.

IT SALTS OF THE EMANCIPATION

Where the square of the Spanish foundation of Arequipa is exposed August 15 1540 by the having governor Garcí Manuel of Carbajal Beautiful Villa of Our he/she was founded Mrs. of Asunción, Arequipa. It is believed that the first founders from Arequipa were fifty and a neighbors. Arequipa has been and it is, an essentially Catholic town, in consequence the aristocracy arequipeña was shown in favor of the Metropolis. In the contribution to the cause emancipadora, it stands out Juan's eminent figure Pablo Vizcardo and Guzmán, priest Jesuit, author of the famous one 'Letter to the Americans. Mariano Melgar, young poet, precursor of the romanticism, integrates the lines of the army liberator of Pumacahua, it was shot by the Spaniards in Huamachiri in 1814, when it had turned 23 years, The clergyman Mariano José of Maple, among other. In these moments, in Argentina it played an important list Ignacio Álvarez Thomas when having been named Supreme Director of the Counties Together of the River of the Silver, born in Arequipa.

IT SALTS OF THE REPUBLIC

In San Martin's expedition libertadora, the Academy Lauretana is integrated to the liberal scream: Bolívar, will find the most serious resistance to his political pretenses. Arequipa, before the Congress of 1826 and the Constituent of 1827, it was represented by Javier of Moon Pizarro, being their First President. During the Confederation Peru - Bolivian, Santa Cruz, after General derrotaral Felipe Santiago Salaverry in the battle of Socabaya, ordered it to shoot in the square of weapons, February 19 of 1836. You can appreciate objects belonging to combatants of the Combat of May (Flag that Santa Rosa flamed in the Turret) 2, the Battle of Tarapacá and Arica (Relics of Francisco Bolognesi and uniform, sables, swords, bayonet, among other). Arequipa through the Republic, will be the seat of a series of revolutions.

IT SALTS NAVAL

One can observe a chronological sequence of the use of the sea for the old Peruvians; the different crafts of the coast and forest. There are scale models of the different ships that through the time in the history, he/she had our glorious Marina of Guerra from Peru. The replica of Huascar, which was sent to build in the navy Laird Brothers of Birkenhead, Great Britain in 1864, during the government of Pezet; it was protected by a blindage of 4.5. One can also observe Miguel Grau in their different stages of their life. It photocopies of their newspaper, you reply of the sable and cap, paintings yfotografías next to their relatives; china that were used in ships badges of Marina and mainly, canyon bullets used in different times.

VINATEA SALTS REYNOSO

Jorge Vinatea Reynoso, (1900. 1931) the more ones highlight painter of the XX century, he/she had in the watercolor a mean of plastic expression of special predilection, on this aspect, Jardiel Luque refers: There has been in Arequipa big watercolorists, but to define and to express with words the watercolor of Vinatea is made difficult. There is in her a great dose of grace; mainly, agility, nimbleness, freshness and really extraordinary domain. United this to the structural quality of their drawing and the penetration of the artist's look achieves comparable works perhaps with those of own Fortuny. It was one of the precursors of Indigenismo. He/she leaves us a plastic rich work; It not only stands out in the painting to the oil, but in the watercolor like paisajista and caricaturist, also dominating the technique to the coal; they are 29 squares.

IT SALTS OF THE ARCHITECTURE

The constructive systems in Arequipa have confronted the destruction that you/they have caused the eruptions of the volcanos and the earthquakes, phenomena that historically have modified the physiognomy of the city. According to the vestiges, the constructions preincas were carried out with materials of the area: stone, wood (scarce in the region), straw (ichu in high areas) and leather (skin of the animals). In the XVI century the Father Echevarría made allusion to that the catedraleraunaramadadepiedrasobrepuestacontechumbrede sticks and straws. Although initially Arequipa was known as 'City Blanca' for the color of its inhabitants, at the present time denomination is it is attributed to the color of the ashlar that prevails in its constructions. With the use of the ashlar, Arequipa shows a definitive cleaning of lines, a grace and forcefulness of plans and volumes, much less cold and gravitating that those of stone, and much more definitive and more conclusive that those of brick or adobe. In this Room we have 22 scale models of facades of the civil and religious architecture, in which one can observe the Baroque mestizo style that extends for the whole south area, arriving to Bolivia and Argentina and the neoclassical style. Arequipa and the earthquakes, The feature that defines the personality of the department determines it the volcanic chain. Their formation responds to a geologic very active past, for approximately 120 million years. The volcanos Chachani yPichu Pichu has forms different to Misti due to its antiquity and structural complexity. According to Thouretel Chachani is active and Pichu inactive pichu. Misti remains in activity; at the moment one can observe seismic activity and fumarólica. Pictures of the earthquakes of 1868 (14 pictures), 1958 (13 Pictures) are shown, 1960 (5 pictures) and of the 2001 (7 pictures).



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© Copyright 2005 Gualberto Valderrama C.