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SQUARE OF WEAPONS OF THE CITY DE AREQUIPA


In the heart of the city he/she is the Square of Weapons. Arequipa, as other cities in the Spanish colony, it was founded on a grid. However, the square presents characteristic singular in comparison with other squares of its time in Spanish America: the geometric regularity of their urban appearance, their great size (110 x 110 m), the continuity of their surrounding profile and the disposition of their bigger church whose bigger axis was parallel to the square, and not perpendicular, like it was the tradition.

This space was conceived, from its foundation in 1540, as the environment where the religious, social, civic main activities would be developed and of entertainment (as bullfights) of the city. But the main function of the square up to 1868 was the commercial activity, since it worked as an open market. And it is that the term square in Spanish, contrary to its equivalent one in English square, doesn't only imply a space opened up in the city, but also "where the maintenances are sold and one has the treatment common of the neighbors, and where they take place the fairs, the markets and public parties."

Before 1868 the portals that surround the square in their sides this, south and west were heterogeneous in their number, size and height, since (the portals of the south, corresponding to the municipality, were of two floors while the rest was only of one). The earthquake of 1868 destroyed the portals, and during the reconstruction he/she decided uniformizar so much the number as in size and style of the three arcades, appealing to forms low neoclacisistas a project of Brugada and with the engineer's modifications Augusto Tamayo. They used for it volcanic rock, sienita, basanita of the volcano Misti, rosy ashlar and bricks of Cañahuas.

In 1915 the municipality decided to build a second level on the arcades. This second level, designed by the architect Guidi, had closed windows and decorations in a Venetian style, crowned by a balustrade and with a special ornament in front of the municipality. This resource increased the sensation of closing of the square, since a single level allowed that its space escapes, increasing the visual angle of elevation from 3 to 7 grades.

However, the earthquakes in 1958 and 1960 caused serious damages to these arcades, for what decided to reconstruct them leaving the empty arches in both levels, it forms that it conserves at the present time.

Source: http://moleskinearquitectonico.blogspot.com/2007/04/la - square-of-weapon-of-arequipa-evolucin.html



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