Camaná is located in the south western part of the Region Arequipa; the capital is Camaná that is located in the valley from the same name to few from the coast to 179 Km. of the city of Arequipa.
Camaná is surrounded of the counties of Condesuyos, Islay, Caylloma, also goes in its limits to Castile, Arequipa also this surrounded and taken a bath by the Peruvian sea.
TOURIST ATTRACTIVENESS OF THE COUNTY DE CAMANA
Ensenada under an immense dune, flanked by cliffs. To the north, a long alley of very still sea. It borders full with rocks. Among the cliffs there is a slope (him called fresh water Gramadal or Aguadita. Further on The Castle and their curious formation of sand. The ravines continue toward the south: The High one One, The borle, Lobera or The Ravine, fishing places. They follow those...
TIPS GUANERA AND CHIRA
Guanera, also known as Tip Wolves. Salient of irregular form and flat summit, where the sea collides with violence. Chira is small and as the previous one, white for the guano. Then he/she is formed tub small bay. To the front there is an island that seems a panetón sprinkled with guano. There are guardians in this whole area guanera. Then
CREEK AND BEACH CHIRA
North end of an extensive beach that finishes in the outlet of the river Camaná. They are two beaches separated by a salient one rocky. Then they come
BEACHES JAHUAY AND PUCCHÚN
Call also Jaguay. There is great quantity of birds. Brave sea. Until the bank channels of fresh water arrive from near cultivations. Advancing arrives to Pucchún, old country property. It borders stony that warns the proximity of a river. Inhospitable beach of strong reef that takes us to the
OUTLET OF THE RIVER CAMANÁ
Also call Chiflón. The river Camaná, or Pound, it is the soul of a rice enormous valley. Far from the bank it is
Fence conquered by Inca Rock. The Spaniards founded a nearer village to the sea. The new place was destroyed by an earthquake and maremoto. He/she returned to their original location. The population hugged the patriotic cause in 1822. It was plundered during Guerra from Pacific. In 1913 another earthquake punished her.Small and active city. Capital of the county of the same name. All the services. It is the city spa of Arequipa. Their people are known by her tranquility. The countryside is beautiful. There are archaeological vestiges. In the ruins of Huacapuy there is a tunnel that begins in a room and then he/she separates in three branches that take to unknown routes. Later
Area of 'chunga', that is to say pedregal. Difficult to traffic. Sea that hits with force. Behind they follow the cultivations. Toward the south a small lagoon with reedbeds, is: The Lagoon or Tilimaco. There is an area of drainages, to the height of The Meadow. Seeing clearer waters you arrives to the
BEACH THE JET
A great channel of irrigable arrives to the sea forming in its itinerary a very converged puddle. It is the beginning of a larguísima beach (twenty kilometers approximately) that takes diverse names, as
BEACHES THE TIP, HILLOCKS AND THE CAVES
The Tip is a converged spa with restaurants, hotels and to discos. Tip that transforms into a great beach of sand, almost direct, of bank page and orderly sea. Parallel it passes an asphalted highway that it arrives to the Cheeks. Restoring and houses. The Pan-American Highway separates the bank. Converged area that it continues being urbanized. It adopts names according to the groups of houses: The Gulls, The Shark, etc. Then The Caves (Cuevillas for the Geographical National Institute). In the hill there are small caves. One serves as sanctuary for the Virgin. To the south cut by the ravines of the one...
The turns take different names (given by the fishermen), to those that he/she goes by paths in the cliff: Salt If you Can, The Lighthouse (with their lighthouse blanquinegro), The Cloth The Fishing (rocks with good fishing) one. Going up the hill Despensilla is and lowering, for The Slope, we leave the area of Camaná behind toward...
BEACH DE QUILCA
Big, page and of sand, with cliffs and gulches at certain distance. He/she takes diverse names The Virgin, Lloclla (with the first macheros cabins), The Oven, The Cave and Big (from where the valley and the serranía that he/she rises toward Arequipa go) Pampas. From here, and for several kilometers a white and fine polvillo will be seen, as the talc. It is ashy volcanic, he/she goes covering the hills with a white patina that seems snow. Impressive in moon nights. Passing the gulch of Big Pampas is '120', then Dead Horse, to the south the broken wide Pampas of Chitas (chita is a grass type). There is many recolectores of male. They follow Cruz and the Tunnel (broken in the center by a furious sea). It follows an extensive area of cliffs and ravines. With creeks that understand each other until tramping. Countless lagoons of sea hidden still and beautiful beaches as:
Playuela, for some. Small and with rocks to both sides. It is of sand and smooth song. Still sea. Very frequented by swimmers by their accessibility and proximity to the Pan-American South, in their union with the Creek of Quilca. Then the salient small Tip, Chural, Choralito, with good places for cordelear. Ravines, rocky and dark banks. We arrive this way to those:
CREEKS THE DEAF ONE AND THE STONY ONE
In The Deaf one the sea is a pool of water crystalline and still Bank rocky v bottom. This place and their two homonyms more to the south they call this way themselves because for more dive that the sea walks is not listened. The Stony one is more open and less calm. It borders stony. Numerous islands in their entrance toward the sea. They follow ravines until the appears...
BEACH THE HONEY
Nice creek that finishes in a beach of sand. Dangerous when the sea this dive. Every time more swimmers go. He/she has a season restaurancito. Then another area of ravines with rocky bank. Full with islands, where who fish they recognize places like: The Salted one, broken (with their beautiful stone arch) Bridge and lastly THE Lighthouse. Then the Tip Quilca, or Castle Hill. Salient high and pointed where he/she rises a lighthouse blanquinegro. North tip of the beautiful one.
CREEK DE QUILCA
Subjected area to the Inca domain for Inca Rock and Túpac Yupanqui. It was the main port of Arequipa until 1826. At the end of the virreynato, in the last stage of the war for the Independence, it was used by the realists. Here it embarked to Spain The Scabies, the last viceroy from Peru. It was den of the glorious monitor Huáscar.
From the Creek of Quilca it leaves the coast forming an arch with hills of half height with ravines of dark color, making in the 13 miles of their development several breasts or necklines in the own ravine, to a small island of whitish color that he/she says goodbye to next stones for both sides.
The roadstead of Arantas, the same as in the creek of Quilca, it is before the Creek, in open and lacking sea of coat, to some 300 meters of the coast and with funds of 18 and 20 fathoms of water.
To something of 3 miles of the creek Arantas toward S. AND. this creek is located that has its characteristic hidrográficas very similar to the previous, alone that is narrower and more profitable for smaller crafts, on this Creek the coast breaks with determination toward the south.
The coast continues rocky and steep with abrupt ravines for some two miles in South address until reaching a breast or incoming sheltered, well-known with the name of Honoratos, established before the gulch that takes the same appellative.
The Creek Honoratos has better conditions hidrográficas that the creeks of Aranta and Huata also have a sheltered roadstead of the sea effects and wind in the external area of the sea breast that the form and the creek is kind of a quite wide basin.
The submarine topography of this creek is quite regular and its funds are constituted by sand, mire and stone almost in same proportion. There are 11 fathoms of water in the vicinities of the beach and he/she has been 24 hours of bottom to a mile sea away from this creek.
The Creek Honoratos has clean bottom and there is only a consistent nuisance in a submarine hill, with 11 arms of water above in the vicinity of the mouth.
There is also above a stone with 5 ½ fathoms of water that this located 250 meters toward WSW of the mouth of the bay (bay), with funds from 18 to 36 fathoms of depth to its around.
The standing out characteristics in this creek Honoratos is the particular configuration that has the interior bay or basin that it possesses, because it is kind of a river that penetrates approximately in the coast barrancosa a mile, with wide of 200 meters that expands in the interior.
The bottom of this channel is clean, of steep rocky coast, with depths of 8 ½ fathoms in the mouth until reaching 1 ½ fathoms of water in the bottom of the sack, the funds are of sand and they have been 3 fathoms of water in the vicinities of the cantil that he/she makes the bank.
The salient one southern of the creek Honoratos constitutes it the Tip cornejo that something enters to the sea more than ½ mile and he/she has 61 meters high that it highlights for its extremity several southern headlands and a visible stone and another drowned above with 2 ½ fathoms of water
Famous Treasury that served from Lodging to the poet Arequipeño Mariano Melgar where he/she lived with their Dear Silvia. Antonio Raymondi was another of the illustrious men from Peru that and I put up in these places. Many years ago behind the famous lagoon that was the existed but extensive of the region and where they were plentiful wild and also Serbian wide variety of birds of refuges wings birds that constantly emigrated; it is said that the first inhabitants of Camaná used the multicolored plumage of these birds to make its valuable and beautiful mantels whose testimonies have been in the archaeological different cemeteries of our area. The lagoon of Pucchún has disappeared for the man's voracity to transform it into agricultural area deriving its waters to the sea by means of a plant of pumping.
HILL THE CASTLE
It presents in their structure remains of a wall of mud and stones of smooth song, one shows off it served as housing for an important nobleman of the late period, Inca time it is observed in a hillside of the hill Castle there is a tunnel of 1.20 meters x 1.25 meters wide are said that it was of entrance or exit, in the inferior left part it presents petroglifos.
The studies carried out by the archaeologist from Cusco Gladis Lakes in 1993 give him/her an antiquity of 4.000 years of white Wari influences, camélidos figures have been captured, parrots, snakes and other; on the bases of the formation Camaná in the gritty stone of yellowish color, was good to represent the way of life of the time, they were also demarcations of paths for the cultures that populated the valley.
Place that transforms into a great link of our history because there we can appreciate the old faces of the residents that settled down in our valley, historical place leaving of the Bridge of the one he/she laughed up at the same time of 50 minutes, for a narrow road worthy of a to adventure, located in front of San Gregorio's district in the right margin of the one he/she laughed at Camaná. This sacred place built by our ancestors, has a wall that surrounds and it protects the hill the Castle as if it had been of great importance, for its zeal in the protection or rather a huaca, from this guardian's superior part the green savanna is appreciated and of the silver thread of our he/she laughed. Also in the inferior part we find petroglifos that would have a 4 thousand year-old antiquity according to the archaeologists.
To the other side we find a cemetery immense Pre-Inca plundered by the huaqueros, this archaeological small but great park is silent witness of the old resident's habitability Camanejo.
PAMPAS DE HUACAPUY
These pampas transform into a promontory cemetery that overcomes us to the first residents of the valley like they were in their time the Monkeys, then I house Nasca that migraron from Nasca in search of a place to live and they found in the banks of the river Camaná their feeding and the water that needed to be able to live, besides being devoted to the agriculture.
Then I house Wari that came from our brother department from Ayacucho, Wari they were the culture that more it prevails in the coast of Camaná we locate it from Ocoña until Quilca, then I house Collaguas and Chuquibambas, which came from the serranía arequipeña to take marine products as fish and shellfish. Collaguas and Chuquibambas brought the charqui (flame meat, German nickel), to the coast and they carried out the famous exchange, the regional culture Chuquibamba is then the one that used as emblem of their ceramics the famous star of eight tips, I house the Inca which dominated the valley with watchtowers of defenses, they were the Inca from Pillistay (it fences Sonay) until the pampas of Huacapuy.
BODEGUILLAS DE CAMANÁ
The bodeguillas of Camaná was built after the foundation of Camaná by the middle of the XVI century with the purpose of storing the treasures stolen in Cuzco in their transfer to the city of Lima it travels that in that then lasted 60 days and it was one of the reasons to found the city of Camaná like intermediate city in their trip to Lima.
José Living María refers in her chronicles that Bodeguillas was made with wooden chisels of huacan. Bodeguillas of Huacapuy has 26 meters long likewise for 8 meters wide the height in the entrance it is of 2.5 meters and the height that it reaches in the bottom are of 6 meters.
These Bodeguillas, constitutes for Camaná a tourist great attractiveness because they are only in their type since is also another Bodeguilla in front of the taking of Pucchún with similar characteristics.
In the right margin of Bodeguilla of Huacapuy an earth pircado that is an evidence of the desire of walling it, exists although there is another theory that sustains that it is a product of the fall on behalf of roof.
These Bodeguillas is located in the hillsides of the hills of Huacapuy of José's district María Quimper of the county of Camaná, it is accessible pro a trail carrozable to 300 meters of the dike of water for Pucchún.
OUTLET OF THE RIVER CAMANÁ (CHIFLÓN)
The river Camaná forms in this area an immense delta, place where Colca finishes its course, there is shrimp abundance in this place, pejerrey, flat, will observe pelicans, gulls, you collide, ducks, blue and abundant sallows, chitos, mouse ear and humedales, ideal place for he/she practices it of canotaje, kayak and parapente.
It is known as "Chiflón" it is not very well-known and very few they also know how to appreciate the almost natural phenomenon that takes place when being introduced the mighty one Camaná he/she laughed in the bowels of the sea in the enormous delta that forms the one he/she laughed before the presence of the Ocean Pacific; in this area, a so much stranger is formed small lagoons and you pose that they are good for the reproduction of the shrimp. Ours laughed he/she is born in the heights of Sabancaya and in their journey he/she waters lands of the counties of Caylloma, Castile and Camaná, traveling thousands kilometers, for what takes the name of Colca, where he/she is the famous Canyon of Colca, then pound when going by the acquaintance it fences and later on Camaná when arriving to these lands. In avenue time the flow of the river is in big quantities they get lost in the sea, harming great to the agriculture to its step if he/she doesn't take the appropriate measures of prevention.
It is one of the 58 rivers of the coast of Peru, he/she is born in you walk they like river Colca forms impressive canyons, in the fork of Andamayo and Colca it changes its respective denomination for the one of you Pound and its valley is intensely cultivated, in the area of stopped stick it changes its name for that of river Camaná, its rich waters in crustaceans and fish that feed to the whole valley and they give place to the handmade fishing of the shrimp, it fertilizes its floor in time of the avenues, Camaná is for its valley that that the nilo for Egypt
Page created web March 30 of the one 2005.
© Copyright 2005 Gualberto Valderrama C.