The tourist main attractiveness of the County of Castile are: The Valley of the Volcanos, in the district of Andagua. The petroglifos of Dead Bull, in the Valley of you Pound, the Canyon of you Pound, the Waterfall of Sanquilay, in Andagua, The Castle, rocky formation that constitutes a natural amphitheater for the pampas of The Castle, thermal Bathrooms of Chancharay (Huancarqui), Taparsa (Machaguay) and Visques (Viraco), canotaje in the river Pounds, in the religious environment in the county of Castile the converged sanctuaries of Rosario's Virgin are located in the district of Uñón and of the Mr. of Peña of Yato in the district of Pampacolca.
PETROGLIFOS OF DEAD BULL
To 50 minutes of the annex of Corire, he/she is the biggest place in art rupestre in the world, with near 3000 blocks of rock of volcanic origin recorded by old residents Wari; in those that figures zoomorfas (mammals, birds, reptiles, fish), anthropomorphous (dancers, warriors, mythical beings), fitomorfas (trees, flowers), geometric (points, lines, circles, zig-zag), signs and symbols are represented carried out with technical of having hit, lined, and destillado. The studies point out that it was religious center for the first residents. It is located in the high part of the valley, entering for Candlemas' annex. It is of easy access through motorized vehicles.
Petroglifos of Pitis.
Important petroglifos in the annex of Mezana, in rocks of volcanic smell anthropomorphous figures are schematized of (dancers and hunt scenes), zoomorfos (auquénidos, foxes and batrachians) gods animalizados. Those they are conserved in spite of the step of the time. This it is located in the right margin of the river you Pound.
Petroglifos of Small Querulpa.
They constitute a historical registration of our ancestors, with figures anthropomorphous (men) zoomorfas (animals), fitomorfas (plants) and geometric forms. The old engravers used diverse objects to give impression to the stones, with diverse technical as the one hit, lined, desastillado and the percussion. It is located in the annex of Small Querullpa.
Petroglifos of the Flagstone.
Place of hills with capricious formations. In the superior part of Cruz of The Flagstone they are conserved great quantity of petroglifos with Anthropomorphous reasons, Zoomorfos and Symbolic, these they are characterized to be carved in the walls of the hill and in the part but discharge finds hanging tomb with difficult access. These they are in the hill of the annex of the flagstone.
Located in the district of Viraco, constituted by figures petrograbadas in low relief with reasons of characteristic fauna of the place, it represents cultural lithic manifestations amid the splendor of the countryside viraqueña.
Petroglifos of Ciseras.
Important petroglifos repository is in the route to the pastizales of Ciseras, facts in stones of volcanic smell those but characteristic they are the Quarry, Pulgahuasi and Ciceras. It stands out all the snake of fifteen meters of longitude from among all this in a stone. To arrive to these it is for on the way to horseshoe.
Who believed that the extensive valley of you Pound, he/she makes 150 million years it turned out to be a prehistoric immense sea in whose banks the prints of diverse dinosaurs of the Jurassic era were impregnated, prints that can be appreciated at the present time all time that you/they were found in the annex of Small Querulpa.
Also in the Jurassic denominated park, a museum that has fossilized important pieces exists.
PRE-HISTORICAL PRINTS DE CAPIZA
This prints are to the entrance of the district of Tipan, to a side of the highway. They are prints of different sizes and they are located in an area 14 meters wide by 20 meters long. The size of some of the prints has a radio of 30 cm.
Pictografías of Small Querulpa.
They constitute a historical registration of our ancestors, with figures anthropomorphous (men) zoomorfas (animals), fitomorfas (plants) and geometric forms, the most representative is "The imp of the rocks", and long and colored line of red. The old engravers used diverse objects to give impression to the stones, with diverse technical as the one hit, lined, desastillado and the percussion. It is located in the annex of Small Querulpa.
Pictografías of Big Querulpa.
Manifestations artistic, magic religious and spiritual of the ancestors of Aplao, anthropomorphous paintings, zoomorfas, where the red colors prevail, ocher, yellow and white, standing out the expression of their vivencias. These vestiges date of the man of the pre-ceramic one. They are located in the right margin of the annex of the same name.
Pictografías of the hill Suckles.
Caverns that to the interior of the rock, we find paintings with characteristic monochrome of art rupestre: auquénidos figures, birds, geometric figures, men with distorted aspect. It is located in the hill you Suckle of the annex of Yacmes.
In Big Querulpa, in the rocks of the stable that it is in the skirts of the hill, they were pre-Inca old pictografías with figures of animals and that they are dissimilar to the petroglifos of Dead Bull.
In Querulpa Boy, in what could be a cult cave, they are paintings rupestres apparently of a doctor sorcerer, the same ones that either colored or petrified they are of Anthropomorphous figures, Zoomorfas and Geometric, highlighting their alive colors, as the red, black, gray, yellow and blood. Their antiquity is from 800 to 1200 years d.c. approximately.
In the hill you Suckle, (I Annex of Yacmes. district of Tipan) we find coats or caverns in those that are captured on the rock, characteristic paintings of the art rupestre, camélidos figures, birds, geometric figures, men with distorted aspect, all them belonging to prehispanic times.
I Center Ceremonial Yupanqui.
I center ceremonial magic religious, before Columbus important cemetery of Aplao and of the valley of you Pound, where they were remains of the old ones pounds us mummified, stone housings with mud, cotton fabrics, wool, vessels, inputs of their daily feeding and ornaments that used in their rituals.
It is located between the annexes of The Real one and Cochate.
Pre-Inca Citadel of Caspani.
Pre-Inca citadel leaves of the administrative local system, group of housings of stones of smooth song, some recorded with petroglifos, represented as a defense strength against the ethnoses that made step for the valley. Behind the wall river stones, semi-round, are appreciated where they used the slings as half of defense.
Located in the skirts of the annex Kaspani.
I center ceremonial and pre-Inca cemetery, opposing with important vestiges of the style Axes (pre-ceramic), with structures Nazca, tombs Wari and parts of Inca ceramic. In the riverside of the river petroglifos is located in stones of smooth song, the designed figures are anthropomorphous, zoomorfas, and symbolic, made with technical heterogeneous of percussion. Located to the north of of the district.
Stones of Paranccayoc.
I center ceremonial belonging to the autonomous period. Place where they are carved stones that they adopt human decapitated beings' figures, birds and felines (sculpture that reflects the fertility).
Located in the high part of the capital of the district, appropriate place to make camping site.
Citadel of Puca Puca.
Citadel of the formative period, has a 1000 year-old antiquity A.C. Its architectural pattern and urbanístico are only in the region of Arequipa, the housings were built by levels in andenerías form.
Located in the annex of Yacmes.
Citadel of Ruruma.
Built citadel with rooms in a rectangular way, of 7 meters of high and 4 meters long, with stones of gray color and I sweep, we find a ceremonial center for the realization of rites to Pachamama and Apu Coropuna. Surrounded of wild flora, as the ichu, cactus and medicinal plants and animals of the area pasturing, the access to arrive to the citadel is on the way to horseshoe the one that is carried out to beast loin.
Citadel of Tinkuipampa.
I center pre-Hispanic Office worker of importance for the valley of you Pound, located among the rivers Colca and Capiza. In their beginning it was inhabited the period Wari (evidences of ceramic and construction), for then to be on position in their foundations for the Inca society, this he/she has a complete (places for the marketing, temple, rooms, passageways and fences) infrastructure, to arrive to this resource he/she has to go until the annex of Andamayo and to cross the river Capiza and to continue to the margin right.
Citadel of Huantaca.
Formation high geomorfológico to 200 meters, surrounded of creeks of Ccospanca and Sinahunioc. Citadel of square and round built rooms of stone quarter notes and in platforms being a place of military receipt and administration. You can still appreciate paintings of art moviliar rupestre with color red ocher and of many figures.
It is located in the annex of Pilcuy.
I center ceremonial of numerous Lito-sculptures, represented by anthropomorphous figures and zoomorfas, human heads with lengthened necks, stylized feather heads, heads of birds and felines in a globular way, of three fingers. They represent a possible advance of the Culture Wari, art moviliar with tradition rupestre, built by four flagstones painted in white, yellow and red colors.
Citadel of Maucallacta.
Inca citadel of square and rectangular rooms, of different longitudes, of figured polygonal stones of smooth song and cyclopean style of gray coloration, canteadas with cements both culminated with door and niches in the walls, semi square tombs; drainage channels, squares and ceremonial centers.
I center strategic of control we find ceramic remains, art moviliar rupestre, mortars. It is located to the north of Pampacolca.
Archaeological Area of Mark.
I design architectural of circular and square rooms; separated by narrow roads, made of stones. The housings have structures of niches. In the superior part of the citadel there is a ceremonial center for Apu Coropuna. We find 700 year-old andenerías D.C. Located in the annex of Yato.
Citadel of Huasiccac.
Built of small stones with reddish coloration, with trapezoidal doors and quantities of niches, made in the Inca unique expansion in the region, their rooms measure from 7 to 9 meters high, their walls were stuccoed with mud and adapted of quincha. This citadel has 50 houses aprox. you to observe andenería.
It is in the annex of Huasiccac, you arrives to beast loin.
Citadel of Antaymarca.
Built citadel of stones negruscas that were expelled by a called volcano Ayapucara. To a side we find a cemetery belonging to a local ethnos, hence it is observed tombs, chullpas, miradors for mastheads, a channel of irrigable by means of the citadel worked in the volcanic smells, art moviliar rupestre of red, black and white color. These belonging to the autonomous period of the high Andean area.
Located to an end of the district of Andagua.
Andenería of Quello Quello.
Of the Quechua toponímico "K'ellok'ello." Yellowish place or Area of yellow stones that were good to make the andenerías. In a yellow hill full with andenerías of times of Incanato, irrigated by the rains and a channel that he/she has not been until today, because for things of the nature in our times is no longer fluvial cash precipitations, in the part but it lowers we find a great quantity of huacas of mud and stone.
CANYON OF YOU POUND
To 25 km of Aplao (in route to the district of Tipán) he/she has he/she is in canyon of you Pound that Colca goes from the union of the river with the river Tutor to the valley of you Pound. The deepest part is located to 1050 msnm and the summit to the northeast it reaches a height of 5226 msnm, called Sign Yajirhua in the district of Uñón. And the summit to the southeast, reaches a height of 4257 msnm, the hill Lucería, in the district of Huancarqui. The canyon presents 3200 meters deep, in the narrowest part he/she has a longitude of hardly 1.80 m. Between hill and hill. He/she has a journey of 50 km, from Andamayo (Aplao) until Tutor. To observe the canyon from the trail that goes from Tipán to Aplao, a good option it is to make it in bicycle, all time that is not tired to be of slope.
The erosion of the wind and the nature have made possible the presence of this natural image whose imposing figure, measures 10 meters high approximately and that you can appreciate coming from the high area of the valley.
Geologic formation that takes the form of a medieval castle and the profile of a Pharaoh with turban, this great mound this made up of small stones of smooth song and sand, of the it is counted many ideas.
Located in the annex of The Castle.
Formation of a capricious stone of the stage of the geomorfogénesis, stone visited for own and strange and he/she is silent witness of the historical past of the district of Huancarqui.
Located in the center of the district of Huancarqui.
Pukio of Torán.
It is an oasis located in the skirts of the hill of the annex of Toran; surrounded of flora and typical fauna of the valley of you Pound, their waters have medicinal properties. To move to the place they are units of transport local being their final whereabouts in the square of Corire.
Lagoon of Caracara.
In the skirts of snowy Coropuna, thanks to the fluvial precipitations and to the puquiales they concentrate the crystalline waters and they form one of the lagoons but beautiful of the half part of Castile in this you could appreciate the fauna and high Andean flora.
Snowed Coropuna and Lagoon of Pallarcocha.
In the crystalline waters of this lagoon the reflection of snowy Coropuna is appreciated. I siege of rest where he/she can feel the purity of the nature and the air. Place where the ascent begins to Coropuna toward certain part in acémila and then on foot until crowning the summit, from her you can appreciate the different towns to which gives life and it protects. This place was a sacred enclosure, for the old residents they surrendered him/her and they attributed payments they considered it since as guardian main Apu of her the life he/she comes for all the towns that surround him/her. This until our times since their thaw give life to the whole castilla county.
The Devil's Door.
Geologic mysterious formation, well-known as the devil's door. Deep gulch that is formed for the separation of two giant rocks, narrow gulch of 250 m. of long and 200 m. of height.
Located in the village of Sumana by an on the way to horseshoe.
Lagoon of Anchapalla.
Favorable place to carry out tourism vivencial, is reflected in its crystalline waters imposing Coropuna; surrounded of the characteristic flora of the area, varied fauna where it is appreciated flames, German nickels and vicuñas.
This located in the annex of Huasicac, you arrives to the place to beast loin.
Waterfalls of Shanquillay.
Their name comes from the plants shanquis that surround it, they are constituted waterfalls of with six fresh anchovies erosionadas for the time, the altitude of its fallen formation a rainbow. The vegetation of healing plants is appreciated. The fringes geomorfológicas that explain the accident of the volcanic formations, the panorama is beautiful in the acme of rains.
This it is located near the capital of the district.
They are two small volcanos of the same likeness, it forms, characteristic it is the possession of their craters. It is easy its asenso in the month of May is carried out Sacred Cruz's traditional party. To their side they are many volcanos of the volcanic same chain, but what differentiates them is their behavior and color.
Located to a side of the district of Andagua.
Fence of the Volcanos.
We have some of the names of the volcanos like they are: Pucamauras that is one of the biggest and that their meaning is red volcano; Kanallamauras, Chilcayoc, Jechapita, among other.
Conformed by 85 volcanic cones whose heights fluctuate from 200 to 350 observed m (Jenchalla - Pucamauras) of Orcopampa until the bottom of the valley of Andagua, studies carried out in the area the eruption of these volcanos date of the quaternary era. The spills of the lavas have covered the bottom of the valley completely forming blocks of impassable areas.
Due to the presence of the volcanic chain, we have the thermal waters of Huancarama.
Lagoons of Chachas and Machucocha.
These lagoons house big quantities of trouts they are very extensive in them we find boats to carry out activity like the fishing, they are those that feed to the flowing of Colca and for an underground river to Tutor's lagoon.
Waterfall of Challahuiri.
This is an attractiveness he/she takes the name of the river, of a lot of importance for the district to be very close, in seasons of rains when it increases their it causes. It can be practiced adventure sports as the ascent and descent in these mountains.
Waterfalls of Panahua.
Nobody can face the mother nature they are two waterfalls one of water and the other of ice, these they have a great fall which you/they are attractive main of this annex of Panahua, in the part but it lowers we find a structure of establishment of the Pre-Hispanic period.
Lagoons of Orcopampa.
The lagoons of: Asoca, Yauculle, Machicicha and Llaygua that also give origin to the river Pound. This group of lagoons that you/they are one beside other and to their surroundings pasturing great quantity of German nickels, they show an extraordinary worthy landscape of admiring. There alone you can arrive with mobility characteristic with medical authorization for the height in that is located, of this part you can sight the summit of Snowy Coropuna one of the highest from Peru.
Bofedales of Chilcaymarca.
Area altiplánica has the concentration of many bofedales these originated by the rains and the flowing ones, in them they concentrate a great quantity of flora and typical fauna of the high part of castilla.
Lagoon of Mamacocha.
Lagoon of Mamacocha: This is the maximum expression of beauty of the nature, considered as the spring but high and big of the world their waters are crystalline, of the high part a blue coloration, this spring is appreciated this surrounded of a forest necklace. This form the river Mamacocha and it feeds to the tributary of the river Colca, this lagoon is rich for its aquatic fauna of a lot of diversity.
Page created web March 30 of the one 2005.
© Copyright 2005 Gualberto Valderrama C.