Personalized search


FLORA AND FAUNA OF THE CANYON

COLCACHIVAY - COPORAQUE - YANQUE - ICHUPAMPA - ACHOMA - HE/SHE ROTS - LARI - MADRIGAL - CABANACONDE

The diversity of floors altitudinales, the relief and the exhibition and other factors determine the presence of a biodiversity wide variety in the Valley of Colca, we can find different species of plants and animals, many of them are in extinction process and others in protection state.

We have among some of them, the following species:

REPRESENTATIVE FLORA

Agricultural Areas and Platforms: The agricultural areas traditionally are associate mainly to the courses of water, like in the case of the basins of the river Colca; in the valley of Colca this formation is composed by platforms that are hillsides become terraces to catch solid silts and to store the humidity, and in Huanca and Lluta directly in hillsides; they are found from the 3 000 until the 4 000 msnm, they are hillsides managed by the Andean resident by several centuries for cultivation of nutritious native plants, as the potato, the corn and the quinua, species introduced as the wheat, the barley, the medic and a series of fruit-bearing and agricultural species of bread to take.

Forests of Queñua: It is located in lands of uneven or strongly uneven reliefs, between the 3 800 and 4 000 msnm. The queñual constitutes a natural residual forest, conformed by communities of stocky and gnarled trees belonging to the gender Polylepis.

Queñual represents an energy source of great value for the peasant; due to its heating peculiar conditions, the trees of this forest have suffered an indiscriminate exploitation to such an extent on the part of the coal merchants and lumberjacks that alone today they constitute forest relictos.

It also constitutes the forest resource of arboreal more important behavior of the county of Caylloma. The best conserved it is among Cabanaconde, Huambo and Huanca. It is calculated that at the present time it should exist around 10 thousand hectares of forest of Queñua in the whole county.

Ichu: Or grass of Puna, is located between 3800 and 4700 msnm. This vegetable cover is used mainly as forage based on natural grass, dedicated to South American camélidos

Bofedal: It is located in terrestrial depresionados with problems of bad drainage, understood approximately between 4200 and 4700 msnm.

The vegetation is made up of species of behavior arrocetado and type grass that always remain green during the whole year; this vegetation hit to the floor supports an intensive shepherding mainly on the part of the South American camélidos.

Yareta: It is located on lands of very uneven topography, understood between 4500 and 5 000 msnm. Due to the environmental restrictive, alone conditions it is possible the development of a vegetation hemicriptofítica, of padded behavior, very dispersed and with little diversity florística, being this more severe in the levels superior altitudinales, where it is bigger the presence of lithic blooming and the total absence of the vegetation. We can find populations around the highest and snowy hills, in places like Patapampa, Pampas of Muleteers, Chucura and the slope to Chivay.

Columnar Cactáceas: They can be observed between the 2,300 and 3,000 m.s.n.m. they only grow in the rain time. When the conditions of humidity are good, the bushes that most of the year is observed dry they grow green.

Tolar: Located between the 4,000 and 4,500 m.s.n.m., you encuentan in soft areas with hills and hillsides of little to a lot of slope, of sandy or loamy and stony floors. Before the sobreexplotación problems the half tola more than 1 m of high. Now only it arrives to 40 cm.

Goad Rodal Raymondi: He/she is close to the town of Huambo, in the northwest hillside of the hill Tururunka, is located near 3,800 m.s.n.m. The population is not very abundant, they have been able to count near 150 units. They can also be in smaller quantity in the district of Madrigal.This plant measures near 8 m of height 3.5 m of shaft with leaves in roseta form and some 4.5 m of I escape floral with near 2,000 flowers in each inflorescence. We can also find it in some districts like Tapay and Madrigal.

FAUNA

The fauna of the county of Caylloma, in spite of being in a habitat with conditions desérticas and of high mountain it presents a high biodiversity. At the present time they have registered 231 species of vertebrates.

In Extinction Roads

Taruca: Or Andean deer, inhabits heights on 3500 m.s.n.m. it is a mammal extinction danger, it possesses their hooves perfectly adapted for the march in stony lands, their trunk and head they are relatively thick in comparison with their paws, the height of the mature copies at the level of the cross or high of the back it is from among 70 to 80 cm. being stouter the males. They possess horns of up to 30 cm of longitude.

Osjollo: This feline presents a geographical wide distribution in America of the South, he inhabits varied habitats from the Andean high summits until the coastal regions, it doesn't enter to the amazon areas. In Caylloma it is scarce, although in the past he/she went more abundant to say of the residents. They have been registered in roqueríos, heaths and pajonales generally far from the man.

Andean cat: He/she inhabits the high parts of the highland. In Arequipa only a formal report of its existence exists, however Caylloma is inside its distribution range and it has been sighted by some people.

Gump: It is par excellence the wild mammal of bigger size of Andes, herbivore. In Caylloma like in the whole country a constant decline has been noticed. This species suffers severe pressure for hunters, apparently in some areas of its distribution it has happened a decrease of the quality of the habitat.

Parihuana of James: This flamenco inhabits Andes power stations, mainly in salares altoandinos. In Arequipa they have been reported in three places, a copy in Mejía, another in Quese quese in Caylloma and also Salinas' Lagoon where a small population inhabits. It is also very specialized since he/she is found in flooded bofedales and saline shallow waters of Salinas' lagoon.

*** IN VULNERABLE SITUATION ***

Andean condor: It is kind of a bird of the family Cathartidae; it is recognized as the flying biggest and heavy bird in the planet and the one that bigger surface eaves presents. The adults end up measuring up to 142 cm of height, and enter 270 and 330 span cm, and they weigh from 11 to 15 kg the males and from 8 to 11 kg the females.

It is one of the birds that flies to more heights, using the upward vertical thermal currents of warm air to be able to climb with relative easiness the 7000 meters; then it can fly for hundred of kilometers planning the territory almost without moving the extended wings.

He/she generally feeds of dead animals, but they don't eat them immediately since once located the carrion, the condors don't descend to eat in an immediate way but rather they are limited to fly on the same one and they can spend up to two days until they come closer to their prey to begin to feed first of the softest parts.

In Caylloma they are seen regularly in the Canyon of Colca, although to say of the residents they were more frequent. The causes of their populational descent are ignored, although it has been suggested the pressure antrópica and the fragmentation of their habitats.

Vicuña: They are the small camélidos, they weigh between 40 and 50 kg and they have a longitude of 80 cm.Their color is beige or vicuña (brown clear reddish) in the loin and white in the ventral area and the paws, with variations depending on the geographical areas where they inhabit.

They are animal very territorial and their social organization is based on family groups and groups of single animals whose distribution is very variable being common the coalitions and fissions of the same ones. The half number of animals for family group belongs to a male, three to four females and two breedings, these males defend its territory with fights.

Hawk pilgrim: This is a migratory species that Caylloma visits but in small number. Not he/she finds in the area pressure that attempts against their existence.

Ajoya: This species inhabits the humedales of the region altoandina typically, preferably in the lagoons; it nests amid them or in the banks of very far away places. In Caylloma a precarious population exists specially associated to the lagoon of the Indian where they don't arrive to 100 individuals.

Other species that are in vulnerable state in the Canyon of Colca are: Andean gull, duck of the torrents, Chilean parihuana, mandola, among other.

Source: http://www.colcaperu.gob.pe/portal/sobre-the-colca/flora



FLORA COLCA 01
FLORA AND FAUNA OF COLCA



EL VUELO DEL CONDOR 05
FLORA AND FAUNA OF COLCA



EL VUELO DEL CONDOR 08
FLORA AND FAUNA OF COLCA



FLORA COLCA 02
FLORA AND FAUNA OF COLCA



FLORA COLCA 03
FLORA AND FAUNA OF COLCA



FLORA COLCA 04
FLORA AND FAUNA OF COLCA



FLORA COLCA 05
FLORA AND FAUNA OF COLCA



FLORA COLCA 06
FLORA AND FAUNA OF COLCA



FLORA COLCA 07
FLORA AND FAUNA OF COLCA



TO GO TO IT PAGINATES IT PREVIOUSTO GO TO THE BEGINNING PAGINATESTO GO TO IT PAGINATES IT FOLLOWING


Page created web March 30 of the one 2005.
© Copyright 2005 Gualberto Valderrama C.