CONDESUYOSChuquibamba - Andaray - Cayarani - Chichas - Iray - I Laugh Big (Iquipi) - Salamanca - Yanaquihua.
The county of Condesuyos is located in the central part of the Department of Arequipa, it limits to the north with the county of The Union, the Region Apurímac and the Region Cusco, to the east with the county of Castile, to the south with the county of Camaná and to the west with the county of Caravelí. It has a population of 21,459 inhabitants. It produces wheat, barley grain, corn amiláceo, potato, wheat, olluco, quinua, zapallo, rice shell, yellow hard corn, bean dry grain, avocado, medic and cheese, among other products. Their cattle raising is of camélidos, ovinos and bovine; he/she has mining locations, especially of gold and silver that are extracted by companies like Arirahua, Plow or Arcata being also of great interest the project of Pallarcocha, with important quantities of gold. It was created June 21 1825 and it has eight districts: Chuquibamba, Andaray, Cayarani, Chichas, Salamanca, Yanaquihua, Iray and Big River - Iquipí.
Its capital Chuquibamba whose name means Pampas of Stones", is to 230 Km of the department, Arequipa and you arrives to her through a highway that is asphalted until Iray (to 10 Km. of this city), continuing for the Valley of you Pound and going by Aplao, being step forced to arrive to Cotahuasi (The Union). It is an extremely picturesque place and attractiveness that it is beginning to implement their infrastructure that allows a bigger access of visitors, such as hotels, restaurants, among other. It was elevated in 1827 to the category of Villa and in 1870 he/she received the city title; although the exact date of its foundation, its civic day is not known it is December 07, it dates certain by means of Supreme Ordinance of the year 1978.
Chuquibamba is located to the right margin of the river Blanco, being the Big River the one that crosses the city. It is to a height of 2 945 m.s.n.m. and it is built on a "shelf" sculpted by the nature on one of the buttresses of the western Mountain range of Andes. He/she is owner of beautiful landscapes and of narrow streets, he/she enjoys a good climate in spite of being located to the foot of their guardian volcano Coropuna, with their 6 425 m.s.n.m.
It is constituted in one of the highest summits in the country and the tenth of South America, it is considered "apus" or divinity. Chuquibamba was forged based on the ethnic presence of Itaac and Chukis, cultures that were developed in the area characterized to have charming landscapes that go from the deepest valleys as Toys or Chorunga to the plateaus cordilleranas of Waytapampa, the Lagoon of Pallarcocha that is in the skirts of the volcano Coropuna highlighting sharply and that it is formed by its thaw, as well as the Lagoon of Arcata located in the district from the same name to 4 000 m.s.n.m.
The first Spaniards arrived to Chuquibamba in a year 1544 and with the time they built two parishes (rectories) that remained until 1625. One of these rectories was dedicated to Santa Ana and in the one there were figured altars with silver and gold left by the parishioners and dedicated to Concepción's Virgin. On this Virgin that is the employer of Chuquibamba, it counts the legend that the realistic general José of Canterac came with an entire army to take the population of Chuquibamba. One night, something happened strange. In their dreams, to the general he/she was presented a maiden dressed with the typical indigenous suit that he/she told him/her: He/she "hears, you won't survive of here, if you make my people" suffer.
Canterac and their soldiers arrived to Chuquibamba without causing any damage to the city and their inhabitants. When entering to the church, it checked that the maiden of her dream was the image of the virgin of the altar. From then on, Concepción's Virgin is the employer of the town.
Condesuyos is a rich county in history. Here places like Itaac highlight, the nearest predecessor to Chuquibamba that was populated by different ayllus, Salamanca (pot of corn) that received this name for the quantity of this product in the area, Chichas for their production of fruits, as well as the towns of Chaucalla and Velinga, more boarding schools in the mountain and Cayarani located toward the mountain range, being constituted in a very important area by the livestock breeding and for the exploitation of their minerals in Arcata.
The archaeological wealth that presents this county has stirred up the curiosity of many historians, it is so this he/she has been main character of many investigations, being among last o'clock those that he/she comes executing the Archaeological Project Condesuyos in charge of specialists from Poland that recently located since more than a hundred of archaeological areas that you/they can be good for the promotion of a tourist new route in the region, he/she takes places that present characteristic monumental belonging to the diverse periods, as the Cave of Pintasayoj, with beautiful paintings in red color of more than 6 thousand years of antiquity, formative elements as Ayahuala ago 4 thousand years old, as well as of the following periods as that of the cultures Wari and Aruni until Inca and even colonial. Chulpas of Tumpullo that are ruins preincas where they buried to their deads and that they have a notorious influence of the cultures Tiahuanaco - Wari, at the moment is a place desprotegido where they met funeral bales and mummies with gears, foods and ceramic utilitarian.
The Mirador or Mount Calvary, located in an adjacent hill, are an attractive place for the tourism, from where it is appreciated the whole city panoramically and that it serves as place of pilgrimage of the faithful ones in Week Santa. Petroglifos of Illomas, located in the I am founded of the same name in the annex of Pajchana - Chuquibamba, where they exist more than a thousand petroglifos recorded in the covered with a rosy peñolerìa. These petroglifos represents varied figures of pumas, ophidian, marine birds, you call, of the Sun and the Moon, among other. The Hill Pucara that is kind of a strength built by the civilization Aymara and from where one has an impressive view of the whole countryside. They also highlight as tourist attractiveness the Strength of they Surround and the town of Huanmamarca that looks like a strength, both located in Andaray and the archaeological places of Huamantambo, Pucuncho, Atitirca, among other. In the year 1943 in the valley of Chorunga (Andaray) were discovered in some tombs, fine mantels knitted plumarios of cotton, vicuña wool and feathers of showy colors whose sample is exhibited in the Archaeological Museum of the National University of San Agustín from Arequipa.
Another of the aspects that distinguishes Condesuyos is the varied and typical folclor of each one of their towns, where it highlights the huayno like musical more characterized gender, what has allowed the appearance of very grateful numerous musical groups, among them to "The Wandering of Chuquimbamba" whose fame has transcended the frontiers of the region.
DISTRICT DE ANDARAY
Their capital is Andaray he/she has a height of 3050 m.s.n.m., the surface of the district you of 847.56 Km2. You is founded soon after the discovery of the minerals of Alpacay in 1680, of Chorunga in 1750 and Chahuani in 1775. The Spanish neighbors that settled down in this place were numerous and they occupied the urbanized place that they had the Indians that composed the it Commends of Alonso of Luque. Their streets are well delineated, but you narrow, their house of calamine, tile and straw, wide patios and vestibules are conserved that distinguished to the house of the Spanish neighbors. This town has the privilege of having been cradle of the noted lawyer and political Dr. José Tiled Simeón that so excelling paper had in the parliament and Government of the country.
Anadaray this united one for the highway with Chuquibamba and Yanaquihua. Their inhabitants are devoted to the agriculture and cattle raising. Their main parties are July 18 with Carmen's Virgin and in Anniversary January of the District 2.
DISTRICT DE CAYARANI
Their capital is Cayarani located to a height of 3920 m.s.n.m., a surface of 1395.67 Km2. You founds this town in 1756 due to the discovery of the mines of Arcata, place located at short distance of the capital of the district. The mining of silver of Arcata gave in that time good yield.
Cayarani has frigid climate and its inhabitants are devoted to the upbringing of the livestock in their extensive pastizales, already for the rigorous of its climate they don't produce any fruit class in their lands.
DISTRICT OF BIG RIVER
Big river is the youngest district in the county of Condesuyos; it was created May of 1963, 17 its Capital it is Iquipi, it was created during the Presidency of Government's of 1963 Military junta by General Nicolás Lindley, it is known by the shrimps that are fished in its river. He/she has an extension 527.48 Km2, a height of 550 m.s.n.m. Formerly this district belonged to the district of Yanaquihua, it belongs to this district the annex of Chorunga, very well-known for its wines, for the mines that are in its hills.
DISTRICT DE SALAMANCA
The district Capital is Salamanca he/she is it locates to a height of 3203 m.s.n.m. and to bank of the river he/she Arms (river Salamanca), the district has a surface of 1235.8 Km2. When making a historical review of the district of Salamanca, we don't make a mistake saying that one ignores their past, he/she is attributed that it was domain of Huayna since Capac this Inca it dominated the region of Contisuyo, archaeological many remains exist in the places denominated as "Quevo", "Achaymarca" and Volcano."
The word Salamanca many say that it comes from the word Quechua "sara" that means corn and it "marks" that he/she means I deposit, what gives to understand that salamanca is an I deposit of corn. Others believe that this name has Spanish origin since also Salamanca existeEspaña. Their main party is that of SAN JUAN BAPTIST JUNE of every year 24.
DISTRICT DE YANAQUIHUA
The capital of the district is Yanaquihua and this located to a height of 3000 m.s.n.m, the district has an extension of 1057.07 Km2. July 28 Yanaquihua this of party, celebrating the party of Carmen's Virgin and the native parties, both reasons give place to public civic acts of the month, pure patriotism and religiosismo.
Yanaquihua was populated by Spanish numerous neighbors that went of Arequipa, Chuquibamba and other cities brought by the discovery of the mines of Alpacay, Chalhuani. We have in this district to the annex of Puddle and the Community of Iscapas. In the Treasury of Alpacay Don Nicolás of Pierola President of Peru was born.
DISTRICT DE CHICHAS
The capital of the district is Chichas, located 2120 m.s.n.m., the surface of the district is of 392.16 Km2. This district this located in the low part of the gulch of Salamanca and consequently he/she has warm climate, it produces wine since in annex of Yachaguillo the first stumps they were planted that brought the Spaniards and all kinds of fruit-bearing trees, one of the appreciated fruits is the avocado that produces the valley in their diverse varieties, many of families they are devoted to the production of the avocado and sale in the cities of Chuquibamba, Aplao and in the Project you Pound. Their employer party is October 8, its favorite plates are the spicy of guinea pig and the pahichapa.
DISTRICT DE IRAY
The capital of the district is Iray, this located 2400 m.s.n.m., the district has a surface of 247.62 Km2. It is a Spa to which converge in summer great number of families of Chuquibamba, and of the valley of you pound and residents of Iray in other places; that arrive attracted by their excellent climate. Iray has a beautiful pool and this well conserved one and he/she administers the Municipality. The inhabitants are devoted to the agriculture and the cattle raising in their fields they are raised great I number of heads dedicated to the market Lima, Arequipa and the Project you Pound, dairies exist and you Manufacture of Cheeses.
In the capital of the district August 15 are worshipped the Virgin of patron Asunta of the town, in the annex of Casconza the 08 of September the Virgin of Altagracia takes place, in San Francisco's annex October 04 take place at the saint of the same name and October 08 in Pacaychacra Rosario's Virgin; where the delicious plates of the spicy one of lacayote, rabbit pepian and guinea pig chactao are enjoyed.
Page created web March 30 of the one 2005.
© Copyright 2005 Gualberto Valderrama C.