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AYACUCHO



ayacucho
I SHIELD OF THE DEPARTMENT DE AYACUCHO



POLITICAL DIVISION
Capital of the Department: Ayacucho
11 counties and 111 districts.
COUNTYCAPITALDISTRICTS
CANGALLOCANGALLO6
HUANTAHUANTA8
HUANCASANCOSSANCOS4
HUAMANGAAYACUCHO15
THE SEASAN MIGUEL8
LUCANASPUQUIO21
PARINACOCHASCORACORA8
PAUCAR OF SARA SARAIT PAUSES10
SUCREQUEROBAMBA11
VICTOR FAJARDOHUANCAPI12
VILCAS HUAMANVILCAS HUAMAN8
CLIMATE: The city of Ayacucho possesses a dry, temperate and very healthy climate; with shine lot during the whole year.
DISTANCES:
Cangallo (County of Cangallo) 100 km / 2 hours and 30 minutes.
Huancasancos (County of Huancasancos) 202 km / 7 hours via Huancaraylla-Carapo.
Huanta (County of Huanta) 48 km / 45 minutes.
San Miguel (County of The Sea) 96 km / 3 hours.
Puquio (County of Lucanas) 870 km / 10 hours via Liberators.
Cora Cora (County of Parinacochas) 810 km / 13 hours via Liberators.
It pauses (County of Paucar of Sara Sara) 930 km / 16 hours via Liberators.
Querobamba (County of Sucre) 214 km / 9 hours.
Huancapi (County of Victor Fajardo) 124 km / 4 hours and 30 minutes.
Vilcashuamán (County of Vilcashuamán) 118 km / 3 hours.


THE DEPARTMENT DE AYACUCHO


The department of Ayacucho is located in you walk they of the center and south of Peru, having some sectors in the forest brow and high forest located to the northeast of its territory.

ROADS OF ACCESS

The route but recommended it is that of Lima-Pisco-Ayacucho (they are 573 km), via the highway The Liberators, with a duration of 9 hrs. approximately in car.
Other routes exist, as that of Cusco-Abancay-Ayacucho (they are 598 km), with a duration of 19 hrs. of trip in car. Another route is Huancayo-Ayacucho (they are 257 km) with a duration of 6 hrs. approximately of trip in car.
Not to forget that from the city of Lima they leave flights, which transported it to this city; in 45 minutes approximately.

HISTORICAL BRIEF REVIEW

The presence of human groups in Ayacucho has begun approximately for 20,000 years before Christ in the cave of Pikimachay. Later on in the formative (2,000 before Christ and the first years of our era) period, human groups settled down in Rancha, you Suck and Wichqana. Among the centuries VI and VII, the empire flourished Wari whose capital you is founded in the area of Ayacucho, he/she stops then to open the way to the Regional Confederation Chanca. The Inca conquered Ayacucho, erecting an administrative center of great importance in the area of Vilcashuaman.
In 1,539 Francisco Pizarro founds the city of Ayacucho with the name of San Juan of the Frontier of Huamanga. This one believes with strategic ends, because it limited with the territories dominated by the rebellious Inca of Vilcabamba. Once conquered the rebellious haven of Vilcabamba, Ayacucho acquired economic and cultural importance. Already in the XVII century, Ayacucho possessed a textile important industry, it was headquarters of the archbishopric and it had university, what transformed it into one of the cities but important of the virreynato.

At the moment Ayacucho, earth of peace and it thrills, it continues surprising the traveler for their colonial flavor. Ayacucho is called the Peruvian Capital of the Craft, since its art has spread for the whole world.

FOR THE SURROUNDINGS OF THE CITY

The department of Ayacucho has a series of tourist attractiveness:

WARI

This is a pre-Inca city, it is to 22 km to the nor this of the city of Ayacucho and to 45 minutes approximately in bus. It was the capital of the Empire Wari that flourished in century VI to the XII century after Christ. It was an urban nucleus that taenia an approximate population of 50,000 inhabitants; where one can observe walls, tombs, channels, etc.

PIKIMACHAY

To 24 km of the city of Ayacucho and 30 min aprox. in car. In this place they were bony and lithic remains that those are considered but old of South America, they date aprox. of 20,000 years a.C.

TOWN DE QUINUA AND PAMPAS DE AYACUCHO

Potters' town, to 37 km of Ayacucho and 50 min aprox. in bus. To 1 km of the town they are the Pampas of Ayacucho, historical place where you carries out the Battle of Ayacucho December 9 1,824 sealing the independence of South America definitively.

VILCASHUAMAN

To 120 km to the south of Ayacucho and 4 hrs aprox. in car. It was the administrative Incan center. Among their constructions he/she is the Temple of the Sun and the Moon, Ushno or ceremonial pyramid among other.

INTIWATANA

Located to 102 km of Ayacucho and 3 hrs aprox. in car, it is an archaeological complex that consists of a palace, a turret, the bathroom of the Inca (with a stone of 13 angles) and a lagoon amid the archaeological group to 2,300 msnm.

TITANCAYOC

To 94 km to the south of Ayacucho, to 3 hrs aprox. in car and after a walk of 2 hrs aprox. a natural forest where it is plentiful the biggest quantity in Titanca or Goad Raimondi of the area.

VALLEY DE HUANTA

To 51 km of Ayacucho and 50 min aprox. in bus, it is a valley privileged by their location and their rich flora and fauna.

PAMPAS GALLEYS

To 615 km of Ayacucho taking the route Ayacucho-San Clemete-Pisco-Nasca-pampas Galleys, to 11 hrs aprox. in car. Located in the county of Lucanas, it is the national reservation where the vicuña is conserved in natural state.

LAGOON DE PARINACOCHAS

To 717 km of ayacucho and 18 hrs aprox. in car, in the county of of Parinacochas. Beautiful lagoon in whose banks many birds are come among those that highlight flamingos or parihuanas; to a side he/she is the volcano Sara Sara, as well as Achatayhua.

GASTRONOMY

The plates typical ayacuchanos are:

Qapchi or Hapchi: Salad with the help of sandy tender potato, with Cachipa or fresh cheese, yellow pepper, oil and chopped onion.
Tripe Broth: Soup of viscera with corn, mint and trifles.
Patachi: Wheat soup with pottages, bacon and meat.
Spicy Puca: Fried pork rind in peanut sauce.
Uman Broth or Head Broth: Broth of ram head with mint and pepper.
Guinea Pig Chactado: Guinea pig fried in pan under a flat and heavy stone.
Pachamanca: diverse meats, potatoes and choclos (tender corn) low cooked earth among hot stones with aromatic grass, to the style Hispanic pre.
Tecte: Stew of beans, yuyos or algae, peas, pepper, garlic, fresh cheese, milk and eggs.
Pushla: Soup of milled barley, grass, eggs and milk.
I Marinate Ayacuchano: Meat stew marinated with pepper and spices.
The traditional drinks are: Jora Chicha, molle chicha, chicha of seven seeds.



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Page created web March 30 of the one 2005.
© Copyright 2005 Gualberto Valderrama C.