I SHIELD OF THE DEPARTMENT DE CAJAMARCA
Capital of the Department: Cajamarca
13 counties and 127 districts.
|SAN IGNACIO||SAN IGNACIO||7|
|SAN MARKS||SAN MARKS||7|
|SAN MIGUEL||SAN MIGUEL DE PALLAQUES||13|
|SAN PABLO||SAN PABLO||4|
|SACRED CROSS||SACRED CROSS DE SUCCHABAMBA||11|
|SURFACE: 33,317 KM2|
CLIMATE: Temperate, dry and sunny in the day and cold in the night.
TEMPERATURE: He/she mediates yearly 13.8 centigrade grades.
DISTANCES: Cajamarca - Lima 856 km
Cajamarca - Trujillo 300 km
Cajamarca - Chiclayo 263 km
Cajamarca - Chachapoyas 335 km
Cajamarca - Yurimaguas 769
THE DEPARTMENT DE CAJAMARCA
Who thinks in Cajamarca, he/she thinks immediately of cultivation fields extending to the side of the road, in the hillsides of the hills, in the plains of the gulches.
The charming city, Historical and Cultural considered Patrimony of America, he/she became during the Incan time an administrative, military center and religious of singular importance. November of 1532, 16 were scenario of one of the most momentous episodes in the American history, when a group of Spaniards to conquering Francisco's control Pizarro prisoner took Inca Atahualpa. This, according to the chronicles, filled the Room of the Rescue once with gold and twice of silver up to where it reached their hand. At the moment, a mark in the stone wall points out until where he/she was filled the enclosure.
The reflective city the Spanish influence in the architecture of the Cathedral, San Francisco's churches, Nativity and Recoleta; and in their houses of two floors and roof to two waters. To the east of the city, he/she is the district Bathrooms of the Inca, famous for the thermal waters where the Inca accustomed to take a bath and also because there they are the Windows of Otuzco, group of the old inhabitants' of the place niches.
Cathedral of Cajamarca or Main Sacred Church Catalina
Jr. Cruz of Stone s/n, Square of Weapons. Visits: L-D 8:00-11:00 and 18:00-21:00.
The Real Identification of December 26 1665 ordered the establishment of a parish of Spaniards in the city of Cajamarca and it was built in the old House of Justice the temple that, in 1682, it would be high to the cathedral category. It is about one of the samples of the Peruvian most outstanding Baroque and he/she has a facade that combines columns, cornices and finely carved niches harmoniously. In their three ships they highlight the biggest altar and the pulpit, both carved in wood and recovered with bread of gold.
Church San Francisco (initially denominated "San Antonio")
Jr. May Two. Visits: L-V 9:00-12:00 and 16:00-18:00.
It was built in 1699 with the figured stones of the call he/she "Marries of the Serpent", the cacique's of Cajamarca property, don Calixto Astopilco, and with stones of the hill Santa Apolonia. In 1952 they were discovered under the altar bigger than the church some catacombs in those that the remains of numerous members of the Franciscan order and members of the indigenous nobility lay. Besides the church it can visit one another the convent, the Museum of Religious Art and the Painful Virgin's Sanctuary, employer of the city. The virgin's image is in the Chapel of the Sacrarium (1685), adjacent to San Francisco's church, where they highlight those carved Baroque, those carved on high in stone relief that you/they represent scenes of Jesús life and the seat of the choir carved in wood.
Group Monumental Nativity
Jr. Nativity Cdra. 6. Visits: L-S 9:00-13:00 and 15:00-18:00; D 9:00-13:00.
Architectural group of the XVIII century that he/she understands the church, the former Hospital of Males (Medical Museum) and the former Hospital of Women (Archaeological and Ethnographic Museum), formerly called "Hospital of Our Mrs. of the Pity." The temple, of Baroque style, is characterized by its cover carefully carved in stone, the unconcluded towers, the arcades and the lateral buttresses.
Monumental Group Recoleta
Intersection of Av. the Teacher and Av. the Heroes. Visits: L-D 8:00-12:00 and 16:00-20:00.
This group is compound for the church and the convent, both constructions of the second half of the XVII century. The facade of the temple has form of altarpiece plateresque neoclassicist, with elegant reed-maces instead of towers. Its interior, formed by a single ship, shines a beautiful dome, the high choir and three sober altars.
Natural Sacred Mirador Apolonia
Located in the high part of city, the main entrance is for Jr. May two, to two blocks of the Square of Weapons. You visit L-D 9:00-13:00 and 15:00-17:00.
The hill Santa Apolonia, formerly call in Quechua Rumi Tiana (stone seat), is a strategic point to appreciate the city and the valley of Cajamarca. In the boundaries they are some vestiges of prehispanic constructions as the call "Seat of the Inca", formed by a stone block that comes out of the own hill and that it was carefully carved to give him/her their current form. It highlights, between the perrons and gardens, a chapel consecrated the Virgin of Fátima.
Room of the Rescue
Jr. Amalia Puga 750. Visits: L-S 9:00-13:00 and 15:00-18:00, D 9:00-13:00.
It is the only vestige of Inca architecture in the city. It was built in stone, with the walls lightly bowed to give him/her the form trapezoidal characteristic of the Inca constructions. Inca Atahualpa that was prisoner in this room, offered Francisco Pizarro to fill him/her the room with silver twice and one with gold in exchange for its freedom.
Complex Archaeological of Cumbemayo
To 20 km to the Southwest of the city of Cajamarca (45 minutes in car). You visit L-D 9:00-17:00.
Overdraft in 1937, the complex is surrounded by an interesting forest of stones that you/they seem to reproduce the silhouettes of compassionate friars (for that that colloquially are denominated "frailones"). Also, they highlight the Aqueduct (1000 a.C.), singular work of hydraulic engineering; the denominated Sanctuary, headland with appearance of a human gigantic head; and The Caves, where engravings or petroglifos exist.
Complex Archaeological of Layzón
To 9 km to the Southwest of the city of Cajamarca (20 minutes in car).
They conform it walls that surpass the 6 meters high and monoliths on high relief worked in rock. The main structure was built with a continuous overlapping of stones semicanteadas and six platforms united by perrons exist; in the hillsides there are aligned several enclosures, and toward the southeast a great platform appears. The place would have been dedicated to the gods.
Windows of Otuzco
To 8 km to the northwest of the city of Cajamarca (10 minutes in car). You visit L-D 9:00-17:00.
The necropolis of Otuzco is known popularly with the name of "Windows of Otuzco" by its particular aspect, because the square or rectangular niches were carved in a rocky surface of volcanic origin in serial lines. For the action of the looting, it is difficult to determine their exact antiquity, but some evidences allow to associate them with the culture Caxamarca that had influence in the region among the years 300-800 d.C.
The Bathrooms of the Inca
To 6 km to the east of the city of Cajamarca (10 minutes in car). Visits: L-D 6:00-18:30.
You dilute thermal of superior temperatures at the 72ºC (158ºF), with minerals that possess therapeutic properties for the treatment of affections to the bones and the nervous system. Puddles of private use, public pools and other services of therapeutic treatment exist. Originally called Pultumarca, it counts the tradition that there was resting little Inca Atahualpa before the confrontation with Pizarro.
Farm Porcón (Agrarian Cooperative Atahualpa Jerusalem)
To 30 km to the north of the city of Cajamarca (1 hour in car).
The members of this cooperative have decided to open their doors to the tourism, where it is possible to appreciate their form of life and to participate in the agricultural works, cattlemen and forest; also, they can be carried out walks for the forest and the field. Farm Porcón gathers in a single place agroturismo, nature and cultural exchange.
Distances from the city of Cajamarca:
- Cajabamba (County of Cajabamba) 125 km / 4 hours.
- Celendín (County of Celendín) 107 km / 5 hours.
- Chota (County of Chota) 152 km / 8 hours.
- Contumazá (County of Contumazá) 129 km / 4 hours.
- Cutervo (County of Cutervo) 219 km / 9 hours and 30 minutes.
- Bambamarca (County of Hualgayoc) 119 km / 6 hours.
- Jaén (County of Jaén) 559 km / 11 hours.
- San Ignacio (County of San Ignacio) 666 km / 13 hours.
- San Marcos (County of San Marcos) 64 km / 1 hour.
- San Miguel of Pallaques (County of San Miguel) 141 km / 4 hours and 30 minutes.
- San Pablo (County of San Pablo) 108 km / 3 hours.
- Sacred Cruz of Suncchubamba (County of Santa Cruz) 210 km / 10 hours.
Page created web March 30 of the one 2005.
© Copyright 2005 Gualberto Valderrama C.