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TOURIST COMPLEX BATHROOMS OF THE INCA


It is one of the water fountains termomedicinales but important of the north region, it possesses several springs, inside those that those of the perolitos and that of dry lagoon stand out. These springs were used from prehispanic times and he/she was known with the name of Pultumarca and they were the favorite of Inca Atahualpa.

HISTORY

Bathrooms of the Inca have a presence in the history that dates for many centuries previous to the arrival of the Spaniards and of the same Inca of Tahuantinsuyo. It was one of the most important places in the culture Caxamarca and of their most powerful curacazgo, that of Cuismanco; the same one that was in one of their periods of more acme toward final of the second half of the XV century. The place in that then consisted of some constructions that constituted one of the main residences of the curacas in the vicinity of the thermal water fountains, the same ones that were used as a sanación place and cult to the water.

The arrival of the Inca in the year 1462 found a tenacious resistance of Caxamarca, the same one that would culminate between both in a pact Kingdom that he/she gave certain entrance to the Inca dominance and the cult of the god sun, but that it maintained the breed and range of Cuismanco, this way the place denominated then in that Pulltumarka becomes a preferable visit place and rest for the last Inca of Tahuantinsuyo, being Atahualpa its most assiduous visitor, time in that you/they were known as Nina Yaku to its springs and to the well that this used he/she called it to him Inti Puquio (spring of the sun). To the arrival of the Spaniards in the year 1532 had their first encounter with the Inca governor in this place.

Of curacas place and Inca, it became part of it commends it of Melchor Executioner, later on an I am founded private, then he/she acquires the category of Villa toward the ends of the colony. The letters, chronic and notes that make the Spaniards and European specialists of Antonio's size Raimondi and TO. Von Humboldt increased the fame of these thermal bathrooms, giving bill of the kindnesses of these waters, it is so they begin to denominate to the place like Bathrooms of the Inca.

Finally in the year 1959 the Congress of the Republic gives district category to The Bathrooms of the Inca and November first 1989 are believed the Tourist Complex of Bathrooms of the Inca, and to leave then of that a new history is written that locates us at the present time consolidated as one of the main attractiveness of the north of Peru, of Cajamarca and of the district of Bathrooms of the Inca that at the present time is the Primera he/she Marvels of Peru, for our history, traditions, thermal wealth, beauty of our countryside and our people's warmth.

LOCATION

The Tourist Complex of Bathrooms of the Inca is located in the district of the same name, located to 6 Km. to the east of the city of Cajamarca to an altitude of 2667 m.s.n.m. to few meters of the river Chonta. The territory distrital is adjacent with the districts of Llacanora, Encañada, Namora and Cajamarca. Bathrooms of the Inca possess an urban area very developed in the center of which is the Tourist Complex of Bathrooms of the Inca, but the biggest extension in the district is formed by populated centers and villages that constitute a beautiful countryside, small valleys, hollows, gulches, forests, pastizales and rural establishments with shacks of mud roofed with straw and tile that stand out the great attractiveness of the surroundings of the urban area and that they are supplemented to the perfection with our thermal wealth.

Climate

Temperate sub tropical, it possesses a temperature that he/she goes from 3 to 26ºC during the year. The temperature averages yearly it is of 13ºC. The rainy season is given from December to March, the rest of the year is mainly unirrigated land in the period understood between the months of June and August, the rest of months of the year shows up sporadic rains and a temperate climate. Most of the year the varied tonalities of greens prevail in the countryside of Bathrooms of the Inca.

Written by José R. Figueroa Alburuqueque



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Page created web March 30 of the one 2005.
© Copyright 2005 Gualberto Valderrama C.