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COUNTY DE CAJABAMBA


HISTORY

The county of Cajabamba was founded by the friars of the "Order of the Great Father's Hermitaños" San Agustín who outstanding of Spain for the King Carlos V, with Pope's permission Paulo III, arrived to this region the year of 1533.

Impressed by the delicious climate, for the beautiful panorama where the exuberant vegetation and the springs of crystalline waters offered a favorable atmosphere for the development of a town; the friars were enthralled by the imposing square that he/she offers the nature, reason and reason for that that three Juanes: Brother Juan of San Pedro (Teacher Prior), Brother Juan of the Song and Brother Juan Ramírez, Lanla (Melodious River) settled down in the right bank of the river.

As beginning of their mission colonizadora, the frayles reorganized "Huarangas" that were small groupings of people that were dispersed and that they only met with work ends. With the meeting of Huarangas they founded the town of "San Nicolás of Tolentino of Cajabamba" and they built a chapel misional where at the moment is Santa Ana's General Cemetery. It counts the tradition that Simón Bolívar, the Liberator, to his step for Cajabamba in the year of 1824, called it affectionately "Gloriabamba" and he danced a seafaring northern salerosa with doña Chepita Ramírez under the shade of a capulí (that it is still conserved in the village "The Pampas").

José of the Sea, gave Cajabamba the title of "Villa" (1837). Two years later, Agustín Martingale, granted him/her the title of "Always faithful city of Cajabamba" and January 2 1850 the region rose to the county category. In 1861 the construction of the Main current Church ended and he/she was carried out the demarcation of the main city that takes the same name.

LOCATION

Cajabamba is a county that is located to the south of the Department of Cajamarca, in the northern mountain of Peru. Cajabamba is located 124 Km. to the South of Cajamarca and 60 Km. to the North of Huamachuco, it is to 2,650 meters on the sea level. Among the parallel ones 7º 7' 30" and 7º 35' 10" of South latitude; among the meridians 77º 42' 35" and 78º 31' 20" longitude West, and an extension of 20225.15 Km2.

TOURIST ATTRACTIVENESS

The eyes of Lanla
Springs of crystalline water, to 2 km to the west of the city of Cajabamba, possibly formed by underground filtrations of the lagoon of Quengococha and that after appearing Lanla they will end to the river.

Peña of the Forgetfulness
Imposing cliff formed by a conglomerate of rocks that is to 1.5 km to the west of the city of Cajabamba, to the right bank of the river Lanla. It presents a perpendicular fall of more or less about 80 meters, it serves as mirador, since from there part of the Valley of Condebamba is appreciated; it has become famous because there several people have committed suicide.

You Dilute Thermal
Approximately to 20 minutes of walk from the highway Cajabamba-Cajamarca, in the valley of Condebamba one can enjoy the thermal waters: Chichir, Oscol, Maramorco, Keno-keno.

The Cascades of Car Corral
Also well-known as Masmacocha that means bleachers of water in Quechua, it counts with more than a thousand steps in calcareous rocks in colors: red and white, and they are in fact in Car Corral, going toward the lagoon of Yahuarcocha, of there they leave their waters.

Puddles of the Informer Huayco
Fallen successive of water that conform seven superimposed puddles, amid a natural landscape of extraordinary beauty, for their sharp rocks and their abundant higuerones vegetation and ferns are very visited, to be an excellent place for those to who they like the adventure. The time of walk is approximately 20 minutes, leaving of downtown, although it leaves of the road one can make in car

The Big Pampas
Beautiful plain to 2.5 km of distance to the northwest of the city, surrounded of beautiful properties and chacras with panllevar cultivations, besides numerous forests of eucalyptuses. In this village he/she is the call Field of Landing, being also place of walks and soccer games; to a side of this field he/she is the call "Capulí of Bolívar" where the tradition counts that Bolívar hung his Pole and sable to dance a zamacueca with a lady cajabamabina Chepita Ramírez. To the place you arrives walking (30 minutes) or in car (5-10 minutes), for the highway Cajabamba - Cajamarca.

Callash
Beautiful village to the Southwest of the city, distant 5 km, it constitutes a plateau that has the appearance of a great chess damero, for the distribution of the square parcels; it is characterized by the reddish floor and for their very hard-working people in the production of tiles. The access to this place is by lorry.

The Asylum
Welcoming place to the foot of a hill in the south skirt of the hill Chochoconday, to 4 km of the city of Cajabamba. It presents modern constructions that serve from local to the asylum of abandoned old men of the county. It was given by the Commanding former-deputy Leoncio Martínez Vereau. You arrives to this hernoso place in car, taking an approximate time of 30 minutes.

The river of Condebamba
This river takes a bath the valley of the same name, you arrives by lorry to this and also walking, ideal to practice the fishing and the canotaje, in winter time this river considerablamente increases its flow, causing many problems to people of the area that needs to cross it to move toward the city or toward its origin towns.

Complex recreacional Gloriabamba
Located in the Big Pampas to a side of the highway that takes to Cajamarca; it has pools, basketball courts, volleyball, tennis, fronton, fulbito. To the place you arrives walking (30 minutes) or in car (5-10 minutes). The entrance is free.

LAGOONS

The lagoons that exist in Cajabamba are capable for the hunt and the fishing (mainly trout and charcoca) and they are also good to carry out walks in boat and canoes.

The Lagoon of Yahuarcocha is located in the heights of Cajabamba, in the "jalca" or puna he/she has the form of half surrounded moon of peñazcos and an extensive plain, its waters are of color tile where they inhabit trouts, wild ducks and the huachuas. To arrive at the lagoon it is better to go on foot, in a walk from 2 at 3 hours crossing Bell, Goatherd, Big Stone, He Beats, Stone Huahua, Cave of the Dead, Car Corral, Bado (itinerary in curve of calm waters before slipping to the Cascades of Car Corral), we arrive to Big Jalca where they have their Shacks the inhabitants dedicated to the shepherding, that area is enormous and hormoza, covered by called pastisales HUALTE.

Lagoon Quengococha. This lagoon whose name means, bent Lagoon, gives birth to the river Lulichuco or Lanla that the hydroelectric power station of Huayunga that provides from electric power to the city in the cases of emergency moves. The access is by lorry until the same bank of the lagoon, the trip lasts approximately 1 hour.

Lagoon Puts on. Lagoon located to the north of the city, has an inea on which you can appreciate the landscape and to practice the charcoca fishing and carp. The access form to this area is in car (15') or walking (1 hour), it is to the side of the highway toward Cajamarca, the access is very easy.

Lagoon Ushunday. It is posed of migratory birds that cross the American Continent. It possesses a very special ecosystem. To be arrived it uses the highway to Huamachuco, the time of trip is of approximately half hour.

Lagoon Chan. Here the river is born you Put on, to arrive at this lagoon it is necessary to walk since there is not highway that takes to the place, the time of walk it is approximately of 1 hour.

ARCHAEOLOGICAL REMAINS

Pre History in Cajabamba is not very well defined by the lack of archaeological investigation. Although it is certain we find vestiges Inca pre with influence of Cajamarca and Huamachuco, we also find remains that indicate Inca and coastal great influence.

Among the archaeological most important places in the area we have:

Campanorco
Ceremonial place to 45 minutes in the highway Cajabamba-Lluchubamba. It shows square rooms of stone, seemingly of influence Wari, we find passageways and contention walls around the buildings using like base the natural forms of the land, in the lateral entrance next to the plain are a ramp, to the front in the skirt of the hill is rocky coats and walls.

Marcamachay
Marcamachay like their name says it it is a town of caves, in the same ones that are funerals of ceremonial caracer, there are great proliferacióm of lootings of cadavers and mortuary offerings.

In the valley of Condebamba they probably have even places to be discovered and to put in value, but the remains found until the moment they show us a ceramic fragmentería type it dies Cajamarca, made in white kaolin with pictorial decoration.

Other places exist:

Condorcucho: Located in the Valley of Condebamba and it is an administrative center and ceremonial.
Huamanorco: Also called Hill of the Hawk, complex archaeological where he/she is the stone of the sacrifice.
The Castle: Located between Cauday and Malcas, it is a residential area, ritual atmosphere.
Pedregal: It is in Chichir, he/she is known as "A town among the rocks"

Source: http://www.cajabamba.com/index.htm



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Page created web March 30 of the one 2005.
© Copyright 2005 Gualberto Valderrama C.