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RIVER

MARAÑONLIMITE AMONG UTCO - CAJAMARCA AND RAFTS - AMAZONS

The river Marañón is an important river of Peru, one of the main tributaries of the high course of the river Amazons in the slope of Atlantic.

The river Marañón is born in the Southwest of the department of Huánuco in the county of Lauricocha, but as for the exact place, there are two propositions: Antonio Raymondi postulated that he/she was born of the glaciers of the oriental slope of the mountain range of Huayhuash. According to Augusto Cardich is born in the glacier of the Snowy one of Yapura, to some 5.800 m, in the mountain range Raura, in limit with Lima, in you walk they of the Peruvian center-north.

According to the second that is that most accepted one, from their origin in the mountain range, to this small course of water he/she is known like River Gayco until melting in Santa Ana's lagoons and Lauricocha, of where it goes out of this with the homonymous name. Starting from that point their journey is north address, going by the towns: Cowrie, Jesús, Jivia, Huarin, Chavinillo, etc of the counties of Lauricocha and Yarowilca. Receiving numerous tributaries in their margin izquerda among the most remarkable is the river Huayhuash, river Nupe in the town of Rondos starting from which passes to call himself Marañón and the river Vizcarra, which goes by the city of The Union.

In the town of Jircan in the county of Huamalies, the river takes northwest address making of natural limit among the regions Ancash and Huánuco, it is where receives the waters of the river Mosna in its margin izquerdo. More to the north Ancash-the Freedom, later on in the second region separating Sánchez's counties liberteñas Carrión, Santiago of Chuco in their margin west to Bolívar's counties and Pataz, located in their margin this. The characteristic orográfica in this tract is that of a deep canyon that erosiona the Andean plateau with a difference of almost 3000 m between the summits and the line of water. Also that had an accident and strait of this journey impedes the development of the agricultural activity, being only the attraction of the characteristic orográfica.

In this whole journey of their high and half course that concludes in the pongos (it was mentioned later), it forms the main one it fences interandino, among the chains Westerner and central of you walk they of the Peruvian north.

After traveling near 1.600 km, he/she unites with the river Ucayali, giving birth to the river Amazons, near the town of Nauta in the department of Loreto.

Their more important tributaries are the rivers Utcubamba, Crisnejas, Chamaya, Cenepa, Santiago, Morona, Pastaza, Huallaga (1.300 km) and the Tiger (600 km).

For their quantity of cascades and rapids, it is only a navigable river in their low course.

In their basin they inhabit the famous jíbaros.

When furrowing for the department of Amazons it crosses the region of Pongos (a type of narrow and deep fitted canyon) beginning waters up for: I put of Rentema, of May, of Mayasita, Cumbianama, Huarcayo and the one puts of Manseriche, the good known of the Peruvian pongos. This region of Pongos is very important for that would not end up joining with the river Ucayali to form the river Amazons of not existing the river Marañón that not serious today's long and mighty river.

For their great longitude and for the uneven land of their bed, it travels diverse you even altitudinales, generating a diversity of ecosystems in a reduced certain area from the climate in their margins whose altitude depends on its geographical location until the almost cold climate of the summits corresponding to the regions Huánuco, Ancash, The Freedom and Amazons.

Source: http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/R%C3%ADo_Mara%C3%B1%C3%B3n



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© Copyright 2005 Gualberto Valderrama C.