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The County of Hualgayoc is one of thirteen o'clock that conform the department of Cajamarca, belonging to the region Cajamarca. The capital of the county is the city of Bambamarca. Lima to the north with the county of Chota, to the east with the county of Celendín, to the south with the county of Cajamarca and San Pablo's county, and to the west with San Miguel's county and Santa Cruz's county.


In the county of Hualgayoc there are archaeological many remains, all abandoned ones, with visible prints of old and recent lootings for the huaqueros or searchers of treasures, none of them has been studied neither it is care; the local and departmental authorities are indifferent. Among these remains we mention:

The sepulchers of Yanacancha.

They seem to be between the counties of Hualgayoc and Cajamarca; they have been visited by Raymondi, by Julio C. Tello and other specialists. In 1,868, when seeing gigantic stone masses some spherical ones and other conical ones, Raimondi was astonished. When observing them, it verified that it was about human work to keep cadavers. The giant stones were not if it doesn't cover it of square holes that you/they kept the funeral remains. In 1.937, Julio C. apparent Tello that is about megalithic" "tombs, also finds some stone idols, some picked up in the house country property of Yanacancha. In the plateau sombreroyoc or Kori-sorgosha he/she found 15 megalithic mausoleums: "some are big and semiesféricos and other medium and conical that on the whole make the effect of warriors'" gigantic helmets, all had been profaned. J.C. Tello points out that the tombs have been built in hard rock and they consist on boxes of diverse dimensions: 1.20 m to 2 m of high, 1 m to 1.50 m of long for 0.50 m to 0.80 m of wide, covered with a flagstone and protected up by the stones referred gigantic lines. In certain tombs, they were some human bones and pottery of the "type Marañón."


This style or type of funeral cameras, common in many towns of the department, it seems to have been very diffused in the whole territory of the county; they surely constituted tombs for popular sectors. Those are among these windows of: Culebrilla and Frutillo to the OR. of Bambamarca, Maraypampa (Llaucán), Apán, Lanche (San Juan of Camaca), Vigasmachay (one of the few ones that are almost intact) and Pújupe; in this last place, as the professor refers Marcos Riojas, there is an enormous cave with pictografías, possibly inhabited for the man hunter and recolector. Also, in Tambillo, Chugur, windows exist.

Hill Tacamache.

It is in the limits between the districts of Chugur and Ninabamba; it is inaccessible for their sides N and OR. and this covered with a natural vigorous flora. The archaeological, partially visible remains, are in the summit of the hill and they are prolonged to the side S.And., in lower levels, and toward N., in another small hill. It is appreciated that they are objects of continuous looting for the local huaqueros and also strange searchers of treasures who, as the peasants refer, they camp in their suburbs remaining several days. Among the remains of the works of the old residents there are platforms, constructions of housings or enclosures, observatories, etc., of stone semilabradas; they are almost totally demolished or covered by heaths and overgrowth, they also exist tombs of style windows, equally wrapped up of overgrowth. In a summit of the side S.And. there is a deposit of water built in the same rock, their form is squared, more or less of 0.80 side cm and of more than 1.50 m of depth, with a great stone by way of cover.

Hill Cuchulit.

Located in the village Pusoc, on the left margin of the river Llaucano. According to the professor Riojas, in this hill there is a built citadel with figured stones whose you remain silent partly they are noticed well defined and in others buried and destroyed by the searchers of treasures. It is said that one of these, Armando Salazar, found a crown of gold, of where it is deduced that it was the headquarters of an important culture with very organized State.

On the way to the Inca.

For the line or summit of the brunch of the mountain range that he/she is prolonged toward Huambos, they are vestiges of the Incan road that connected I probably Remove, Huambos, Cajamarca. This road partly has been destroyed when building the highway Perlamayo. Llangodén. Big Coyunde that will follow Montán.


On the other hand, the tourist following circuits exist:

Urban Circuit
- Museum of the County
- Profile of Christ. From many points of the city of Bambamarca, looking to the east observes in the hill Isquioc Christ's" "Profile; it is an impressive figure. Christ's look is fixed toward the north, it is observed the crown of thorns and populated beard.
- Windows of Congona and Agomarca.
- It Trades Sunday

Circuit I
- Windows Apan Under, Bellavista, Arascorgue, Chulipampa, Maraypampa and Llaucan.
- Pre-Inca Cave of Chulipampa
- Colonial Chapel of Chulipampa
- Former Country Property Metalúrgica of Arascorgue
- Pomagon Fence. I populate picturesque of historical and cultural great value. It presents a wonderful landscape, adorned by the winding river Llaucano. It was a country property from the time of the colony. It is observed in their environment a sinnúmero of windows with pictografías and in good conservation state. Still preserve their church of colonial style. Their employer party is in honor to San Francisco from Assisi, which congregates many visitors during the first week of October.

Circuit II
- Tinajas and Windows of the Hill Shater
- B.Grottos of Atoshaico. To the south-this of Bambamarca, in the stay of Atoshaico (Quechua term that means: tired fox, or place where he/she rests the fox), at one hour in vehicle for trail carrozable. It is about grottos of Tertiary formation, made up of calcareous rock. Their geologic and capricious formations invite us to travel their secret passages with different entrances. The marvels of the nature and the filtrations of water through the time have originated stalactites and stalagmites those that give relief and vistosidad to the grottos.

Circuit III
- Former Country Property of Chala
- Grottos of Huilcate
- You Knock Down Ramada

Circuit IV
- Canyon of Tallamac. Located to the North of Bambamarca, at half hour in car. Impressive canyon formed by the deep and millennial erosion of sedimentary rocks on the part of the river Llaucano. Very appropriate place for the practice of the adventure sport and I propitiate for the ecological tourism.
- Cave Martin Quiliche
- Citadel Cuchuli
- You Dilute Thermal of Piñipata - Sacred Rosa

Circuit V
- Underground Aqueduct of Corral Orco
- Stone Forest
- Grottos of Timbo
- Canyon of Auque. To the Nor-west of Bambamarca; to 8 Km. of distance. It is about a deep gulch of rockfaces in reddish tones. It is an impressive place on which mysterious stories are counted; but their main attribute is the one of being constituted in an appropriate place for the practice of the adventure sport; scaling and wings delta.
- Thermal bathrooms of Cumbe. Chontabamba

Circuit VI
- Hill Peak
- Lagoon Yanacocha

Circuit VII
- Complex Archaeological Chencho

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© Copyright 2005 Gualberto Valderrama C.