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NATIONAL SANCTUARY TABACONAS NAMBALLE


Location and Extension

The National Sanctuary Tabaconas Namballe is located in the department of Cajamarca, county of San Ignacio, districts of Tabaconas and Namballe, among the geographical coordinates 05°02'30" 05°17' of south latitude and 79°23'00" 79°06'06" of longitude west.

The Sanctuary was established May 20 1988 by means of Supreme Ordinance Nº 051-88-AG, understanding aproxi-madamente 29 500 hectares. However, the use of new technology and interpretation of their descriptive memory have allowed to calculate their extension with more accuracy and current-mind the surface it is of 32 124.87 hectares (D.S. N° 017-2009-MINAM). This he/she differs it would should to that was not with the cartographic information and the necessary technology for a more exact calculation in the year of creation of the Sanctuary.

The National Sanctuary Tabaconas Namballe limits, for the north, with the River Blanco or Canchis; for the east, with the district of Namballe; for the south, with the river Tabaconas; and for the west, with the County of Huancabamba.

The Area of Reduction (ZA) of the Sanctuary settled down by means of the Resolution Jefatural Nº 308-2001-INRENA of December of 2001, 13 embraces it leaves of the Region Cajamarca and of the Region Piura, forming a ring around the Sanctuary. During the process of elaboration of the Plan Teacher their limits have been redefined starting from divdiversos approaches, as that of easy identification in field (considering the physical and geographical accidents) and socioeconomic variables that potentially can exercise pressure on the Sanctuary.

Characteristic

Climate

The moor ecosystem is located in the high areas of the Sanctuary that are characterized by its low temperatures. The half annual temperature is constant, but the daily temperatures can fluctuate in a range of 20º C, arriving below the 0º C at night (CDC-UNALM, 1992; Duellman and Pramuk 1999).

The relative humidity averages yearly it is of 87%. The precipitations reach a maximum pick among the months of January April, diminishing in the months of November to December (Meneses 1987).

The annual average of precipitations is of 1800 mm, with minimum of 740 mm and maximum of 3442 mm. In the highest parts they show up frequent fogs and precipitations that in general transform in hail.

Hydrography

SNTN embraces the basins of the rivers Tabaconas, Miraflores and Blanco. Last both converge and they form the river Namballe, which ends in Canchis that in turn pours their waters in the river Chinchipe, the same as the ríoTabaconas.

The river Tabaconas is born in the Black Hill, near the limit of the departments of Piura and Cajamarca, to more than 3000 msnm. He/she has a serpentine journey and of marked slope that descends more than 2550 meters.

In the head of the river Tabaconas is the lagoons Arreviatadas. These lagoons are surrounded by high summits that rise above the 4000 msnm, the rocky solid intruders and metamorphic they were erosionados for the glacial action that allowed the formation of the lagoons whose existence stays thanks to the climatic characteristics of the moor.

The basins the rivers Tabaconas, Miraflores and Blanco have an erosive great power and they tunnel the channel of their beds, giving them characteristic specific according to the slope grade, longitude and it forms. It is calculated that during the rain time the flow of the rivers is increased approximately in 60%, with what the erosive effect is also magnified, not transporting single substances in solution, but also fine particles and smooth songs (Meneses et to the one., 1987).

Fisiografía

The National Sanctuary Tabaconas Namballe is located in the Oriental Mountain range of Andes and sandal summits and oriental slopes of this same one.

The relief of the Sanctuary is mainly mountainous and in the high parts blooming rocky nudes and extremely sharp hillsides are observed, although there are also wavy and flat areas.

Starting from the 1300 msnm the slopes go of moderately bowed to sheer. Beyond the 2000 msnm they are the high slopes that fuse with abrupt extensions of rocks and sharp successive walls, especially around the lagoons Arreviatadas (3240 msnm).

Taken of: http://www.sntabaconasnamballe.gob.pe/index.html

For further information it visits the it paginates web of the National Sanctuary Tabaconas Namballe, http://www.sntabaconasnamballe.gob.pe/index.html, where encontrata abundant information.



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