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This paginates it we will dedicate to the coca, the mileneria and sacred plant of the Inca whose name scientist is Erytroxylum Coca. Not we will dedicate this it paginates to diffuse their nutritious properties, neither to talk about their not well won and mistaken fame of coca it is cocaine.

In this it paginates we will try on their use magic religious.



The archaeological most distant rakes in the leaf of coca go back to about 2000 years before Christ. The Inca used the coca for diverse ends, as expression of friendship, as currency, to reward services. Of them drift, also, the sacred character of the leaf of coca. Blended with oils vegetables it was used to soften the rocks. The Inca who discovered their therapeutic properties were and they began the medicinal employment of the coca.The Inca empire prepared the establishment of plantations that you/they were property of the Inca, to maintain a stable production of coca.

Taken of: The sacred plant of the Inca. By Diana Cariboni.


The natives always transport with them a small bag with leaves of coca (called chuspa), as well as a piece of pasta made of ashes of vegetables 'llujkta." They mix a handful of leaves with some ashes, then they chew it peacefully, secreting a lot of saliva. Once ingested, the juice of the coca, blended with the saliva, it produces their effects little by little: momentary decrease of the sensation of hunger, cold, fatigue... That which explains because the coca is consumed in great quantity by all those people that take a sacrificed life and full with difficulties. The leaves of coca are also good to the "yatiris" (those that know) to make a great part of their spells and of their omens. When throwing the coca on a fabric prepared traditional "haguayo" for this effect, they say to be able to discover the thieves and the things that disappeared. The person that is interrogated on the infidelity, the behavior or her spouse's intentions goes you/he/she is necessary to consult to a "yatiri" who after having carried out mystic-religious several sentences, she gives him/her some leaves of coca that will be put in contact with people of which you/he/she is wanted to discover some secret. Then the leaves are returned to the "yatiri" who will use them, carrying out a certain ceremony, before allowing to fall the leaves of coca abruptly to the floor. The answer depends in the way like they fall the leaves... To have an absent person's news, to know their health, their behavior or their businesses, it is necessary to take their garments of dressing or objects that the person has used: he/she couches them for the floor and the coca hurtles for above. It is preferable to choose old clothes that has not been washed, assuring this way a better communication with people that used them, without these realize. In the same way, it is said that one can see the image of a deceased in their clothes. The chewed coca serves as amulet and I eat offering to the divinities. And spitting the juice of the coca in the palm of the hand, with the extensive fingers and observing the way like he/she falls, you could predict the future!. You the one bitter to the coca, if some misfortune gets ready.

Taken of: Millennial and Sacred Leaf of Coca. By Dr. Carlos Terraces Orellana.


The sacred leaf

Koka Kintu, as they call him/her in Andes, he/she is the Andean man's ally. For this town, the coca is a gift of Inti or of the god - sun. There he/she is born their magic value that can advise in rituals, to give visions or special knowledge.

Also, the leaf is an offering that is deposited in specific places and that it is used in many ceremonies, to receive protection and to propitiate the good crops.

On the other hand, the coca constitutes a mean of social cohesion fundamentally in the Andean world. In celebrations like births, marriages or funeral where he/she meets the community it cannot lack coca, without her it is difficult to create social relationships.

Another traditional use is in the medicine, among the many wrongs that the coca cures or it alleviates he/she stands out the dysentery, ulcers, stomach uneasiness, luxaciones, edema or swelling, the cold and the sorojchi or bad of height.

Nowadays millions of Andean acullican coca or they take maté of coca. The peasants, workers and students from Andes use it to be preserved of the dream, hunger and thirst, just as in other cultures the coffee is used as a soft stimulant.

It provides energy in the work and, therefore, it is indispensable in regions where alimentary few options exist. At the moment, the lack of the leaf would mean in some regions the immediate elevation of the indexes of malnutrition.

The coca doesn't waste away alone but rather he/she accompanies of the llujt'a that is at once an alkaline of supreme importance of acullicar. Any miner or labor acullica without the application of the llujt'a, possibly for some secondary effect of the alone long term coca.

The llujt'a is constituted of different matters cousins. In the highland, generally, he/she gets ready of the ashes of the quinua shafts, he/she sometimes mixes with some sugar, dilutes or alcohol; other, with cooked potato. This, after kneading it well, dries off in the sun until he/she becomes as solid as a stone.

The coca in Tawantinsuyu

The etnohistoriadores contributions and anthropologists that have been based on the Spanish chronicles, as well as of archaeologists they outline that the leaf of coca had a great meaning for the towns Andean preincaicos. For example, in the north of Peru, they have been vessels of the culture mochica (500 years after Christ), in those that figures of possible shamanes appear with the cheek dilated by the acullico.

It has been written that the ayllus aymara - socioeconomic organization - of the Lake Titicaca had coca plantations in Yungas of the current department of The Peace. Other columnists count that the Inca gave coca to the ethnic authorities that arrived to Cuzco, like part of the reciprocity between the State and the dominated groups. Also that next to other products, this leaf was stored in provincial deposits to be used in times of war and era distributed among the natives in times of peace, to alleviate the population's necessities in the event of shortage of foods.

It is known that the Inca had areas dedicated to the cultivation of the coca that you/they were low their control and it seems to be that the coca completed the function of value of change in absence of a currency.

On the other hand, the coca also had in the incario, like in previous times, a magic function - fundamental nun. The fortune-tellers chewed leaves of coca and they spit the juice in the palm of the hand with the extended fingers to predict good or bad omens.

In fact, the own myth founder of the empire had relationship with the coca. Garcilaso de la Vega, when relating the legend of the children of the sun that you/they founded the empire, pointed out that these had ofrendado leaves of coca and taught to the town that these could be used to stave off hunger, to eliminate the fatigue and to allow that the unhappy one forgot his misfortunes.

Taken of: I sustain of the soul and of the body. Leaf of Coca, Medicine and Food. By Paulina Maple.


The origin but remote of the word "coca" it has been found in the word aymará KHOKA that means simply THE TREE, it seems however that the significant of this word exceeds in a lot their meaning, because he/she would make reference to a characteristic plant of matters and attributes, so much magic-religious as social, in fact, their mythical origin settles down that Khuno, God of the snow and the tempest found wise to set on fire big extensions of the mountain in order to fertilize the earth before the presence of its new inhabitants, however, the difficult proliferation of the fires angers from such a way to its highness that this solved to unchain a fire storm leaving the exhausted fields and to its inhabitants liberated to its own luck. When these they left their caverns once passing the terrible tempest, the only thing that you/they found as nutritious source a small bush of green brilliant leaves whose ingestion produced a sensation of well-being immediately was, surviving that the devastation taken place by the fury of Khuno. The leaf was assimilated therefore as a divinity and of there from now on the denomination of he/she "Suckles Coca" it dominates the spectrum of wandering on the plant. He/she suckles coca it embodied the powers of the nature and the cosmos, era huaca and therefore the leaf magic same era. Their powers not derived alone and its stormy appearance, as universal mother was above all, the "Goddess Earth" or Pachamama.

Taken of the Test: Coca: between God and demons, of BOOKS AND TESTS of Renzo Abruzzese.

camcorder graphic THE CITY OF CUSCO


Page created web March 30 of the one 2005.
© Copyright 2005 Gualberto Valderrama C.