THE TEMPLE OF QORICANCHA
The writing of the Quechua one to the Castilian represents a difficulty apparently for the linguists, in relation to the name of this building I have found up to four forms of writing it: Koricancha, Korikancha, Qoricancha and Coricancha.
The translation to the Castilian of this Quechua word is of "LOT OF GOLD."
The convent of Sacred Domingo from Cusco is the religious but old construction of Southern America. It was founded on the walls of famous Koricancha by the year 1540. When the Spaniards arrived in Cusco, Capital of the Empire of the Inca, the conquerors made allotment of the wealths, and the lots of the whole city like conquest booty; playing Koricancha to Francisco's brother Pizarro, the captain Juan Pizarro who later on donate this lot to Brother Juan of you Smelled, Missionary dominico that leave of the County Dominique Santa Cruz from Mexico, together with 12 friars who took charge of building Sacred Domingo's convent, from where they left to evangelize the towns of the high counties of Cusco. At the moment you can appreciate in this convent, the Inca wonderful architecture, together to the Spanish architecture, what constitutes a sample of our mestizo culture.
Koricancha, "enclosure of gold", Temple of the Sun, I don't maybe end up being the but big neither the but imposing of the buildings built by the Inca, but to be about the Temple of the Sun, it was the but worshipped and respected.
Colonial source worked by indigenous hand, taenia the function of I deposit of water; it is in an octagonal way and of square base. Some columnists affirm that it is of Incan origin that in her the one governed of Empire or I Add Priest HUILLAC UMA it poured the chicha like offering for their father INTI.
ENCLOSURE OF THE RAINBOW
In this picture; to the bottom, he/she is a first denominated enclosure, ENCLOSURE OF THE Rainbow, because it was thought that this it came from the Sun. This atmosphere was upholstered in gold: on an iron that covered an entire wall it was the arch of the colored sky with their seven colors. ROOM OF SACRIFICES: After the enclosure of the rainbow, a wide space exists whose function specifies it is ignored. In the half part of this enclosure a lithic element exists, brought of the sacred garden, and for that reason this room is known as place of sacrifices. In the inferior part of the wall three very figured holes that served as drainage of water exist. ENCLOSURE OF THE RAY, THUNDER AND LIGHTNING: He finishes of the enclosures whose access despone of three doors, it was dedicated to one of the important divinities, it was the thunder, the lightning, and the ray, to which you/they called collectively as INTI ILLAPA. This enclosure was dediicado to Inti Illapa, in the he/she was surrendered cult, offering him/her ritual sacrifices.
To the bottom of this gallery he/she is THE TEMPLE OF THE MOON, in the half part he/she is the DOOR OR SACRED ALLEY, and to our visitor's height the TEMPLE OF THE STARS is located. THE TEMPLE OF THE MOON: The moon besides being considered as sister and woman of the sun, received from the god ILLA TECSE WIRACOCHA it leaves of its divinity, becoming employer of the childbirth of the women and queen of the sky. The moon was imagined in woman's form, and it was sculpted this way the representation that there was in this enclosure of her. Their cult was in charge of the women.
DOOR OR SACRED ALLEY: Beautiful passage Inka that gave access to the enclosure but important of Koricancha. Mainly three lithic blocks that count highlight with but of thirty angles. One of them shows twenty-four angles and six sides gorgeously. It is also impressive the invested form that it shows the end of the passage.
I TEMPER OF THE STARS
Here we are inside the temple of the stars. The stars, servants of the moon, daughters of the Sun and of the Moon. It considered them to him as divinities. It was believed that the stars were an on simile in the sky that you/they corresponded all the animals of the earth; that is to say: it was thought that all animal that a fellow man existed in the earth taenia in the sky.
I TEMPER OF THE STARS
In the half part of the TEMPLE OF THE STARS, this ceremonial niche is observed where they highlight holes, works echos in low relief and bony remains of auquenidos, this niche this located in direct relationship to the exit of the sun in the Solstice of Winter, Party of Inti. On this niche it is necessary to stand out, the perfection in the cut or carved of the stone, which seems to have been cut by a powerful diamond, staying the intact edges, without polishing. Also, it is necessary to stand out the perfection in the design of the holes, which seem to have been perforated by a potent drill, being the careful of not breaking the stone for the force that is applied.
I TEMPER OF THE STARS
THE TEMPLE OF THE STARS in all their magnificence. Among two o'clock you finish doors the niche it is located. To the right margin of this taking he/she is the DOOR OR SACRED ALLEY. But behind he/she is the TEMPLE OF THE MOON. This picture this in inverse sense to that of the fourth taking.
I TEMPER OF THE SUN
In this room of he/she found the solar idol or representation of the supreme god WIRACOCHA or god PUNCHAO, some Inca mummies took care of the enclosure, and the mamaconas or priestesses of the Sun served as guardian of this temple that is the but important of complex archaeological. The master in the work of the stone is reflected in the design and contruccion of this enclosure the one which like rot to appreciate in the right margin of this picture he/she is a stone wall in vertical form, while the other wall is curved, without right angle of union.
A view on the outside of the TEMPLE OF THE SUN.
Inside like they will have appreciated, the construction has vertical fall, but on the outside it is appreciated the bend of the wall clearly, as well as an angle of inclination of the same one. On this temple and envelope the constructions in stone carried out by the Inca, we should stand out that there is not material among the unions of the stone blocks that form these walls, and that the space between block and stone block practically doesn't exist. It is as having taken a giant stone, to in fact (exact measures) cut it and then to proceed to arm them in a predetermined place.
SACRED GARDENS AND SOURCES
In the part he/she descends it appreciates part of the sacred gardens, in time of the Inca, these gardens were decorated with elements of the flora and fauna of the empire of TAHUANTINSUYO: works carried out in gold and silver.
SACRED GARDENS AND SOURCES
FUENTES: In this taking one of the sources is appreciated located in the sacred garden. In the festivity of the Sun most of the tribes conquered by the Inca arrived in pilgrimage at the capital bringing offerings of gold and silver, and works carried out in clay, the same ones that were received in these gardens.
In the archaeological complex of Koricancha, he/she is also a pinacoteca of colonial art, which use the atmospheres of the old refectory (dining room) of the community and the room "Of Profundis", to expose squares of the School Cusqueña of the XVII and XVIII centuries, religious sculptures, among those that the Virgin of Rosario of the Indians stands out. It can also visit one another the old sacristy of the convent in which ornaments are exhibited embroidered in threads of gold and silver, squares of the school cusqueña, squares of Santos Dominicos and colonial furniture.
Page created web March 30 of the one 2005.
© Copyright 2005 Gualberto Valderrama C.