The translation to the Castilian of this Quechua word is of hawk saceado. They are abundant the descriptions of the wealth of the interiors of this complex, as well as of high quality and great quantity the objects kept in the old sacsayhuman deposits. This would confirm that it was a temple dedicated to the solar cult or, I eat appropriately I call it Cieza of León he/she "Marries real of the sun."
To 02 km of the cusco, to 10 min aprox. in car or to 25 min on foot is the strength of SACSAYHUAMAN.
This cyclopean strength of the Inca time this conformed by three superimposed platforms that they have an average 360 meters long.
DOOR OF THE SUN
The 03 platforms of the strength communicate among if to travez of perrons and access doors also in stone. This door is known as the DOOR OF THE SUN.
Of the Temple of the Sun they are even several vestiges, belonging one to them the acquaintance as MUYOC MARKA. MUYOC MARKA is also known as the SOLAR CLOCK or INCA CALENDAR, this tool allowed them to determine the stations and for ende to work the agriculture appropriately.
One of the stones that is part of the strength of Sacsayhuaman has 9 m of height for 5 m of wide.
Another of the stones that is part of this complex has an approximate weight of 128 TM.
USU PACHA, CAY PACHA AND JANAC PACHA
As he/she comments them initially Sacsayhuaman this conformed by three platforms and each one of them would represent the three levels of the RELIGION INKA. The serious first level USU PACHA and it represents the DEATH. The serious second level CAY PACHA and it represents the LIFE. The third level is JANAC PACHA and it represents the divine thing that is to say to its GODS. In this picture taken from SUNCHUNA, it is appreciated additionally to the platforms or terraces, CHUQUIPAMPA or the plain of the lances, which was a very converged place, where ñustas groups surrendered homage in the sun during the dawn and where diverse goods that were stored in the deposits of the area circulated. Recent excavations have found payments to the earth and remains of homages that demonstrate the religious importance of the place. At the moment in this place he/she takes place the great party of INTI RAYMI which takes place June 24, and it coincides with the winter solstice and with the CORPUS CHRISTIAN CHRISTI.
THRONE OF THE INCA OR K'USILLUP HINK'INAN
To the north of the plain of Chuquipampa Suchuna is located, it is from a geologic similar formation to a hill with a series of waves that you/they form parallel furrows in the rock. Nowadays the children use it as a toboggan. In the high thing he/she is the call "THRONE OF THE INCA", some villagers call it K'USILLUP HINK'INAN (I jump of monkey). The translation is enough comic to be of a carved in alive rock in form of two lines of steps. From this point one has an excellent view of the whole complex, making think that it is about an excellent place for a real seat, as well as for an altar. Some guides of tourism call to this place like the throne of the 14 Inca, the truth that I am 13, but they pointed out me that that of the mean is worth for 2.
SUNCHUNA or RODADERO
This is the rodadero, I don't believe that nobody rotates here, but if that he/she slips or slide. In SUNCHUNA, they have been platforms, tombs, tunnels, stairways worked in stone. Recent archaeology works have discovered a spring that supplied from water to a circular puddle from which left a complex net of channels. To the front of the resbaladera he/she is an amphitheater where the Inca met with his rulers.
To a side of the amphitheater they are these archaeological remains worked in stone. These contemplate a throne for the Inca and they included seats for 02 ñustas. To the right side and almost to the front he/she is a rock that has 02 seats, which are given the sword, these they have shown they were occupied by 02 of their bodyguards, one looked in the same address that the Inca, while another in contrary address. Also, to the left side and before this throne, located in the rock he/she is a seat for a third guardaespalda.
SMALL CHINCANA, is a labyrinth that is adjacent with the amphitheater. the same one this to some 150 m of the toboggan of RODADERO, is of low height, but to lean is enough to be able to cross it.
Sacsayhuamán is one of the Inca constructions that more astonishes the tourists that, according to new hipóteisis, they point out that it would have been a ceremonial important center and don't unite strength.
Anyway, let us see the traditional understanding on Sacsayhuamán. It would be about a built spectacular strength with carved enormous rocks, together with absolute precision. Together with Machu Picchu and Choquequirao are, without a doubt, one of the architectural biggest works in Tahuantinsuyo. But, also, it represents the certain perseverance of the administrative capacity of the empire and their logistical powerful apparatus.
Their Quechua name means satisfied" "hawk. Therefore, it was the hawk that guarded the capital of the empire, because from the hill in that it was erected it dominates the whole city. If, like one knows, Cusco was designed with the form of a recumbent puma, Sacsayhuamán would come to be its head, as long as Koricancha would correspond to the genital of the feline.
It is said that the work began it Pachacútec and Túpac continued her Yupanqui, although some columnists point out that it was Huayna Cápac who gave him/her the final touch. Inca Garcilaso de la Vega counts that Apu Huallpa Rimachi was the main architect, and that Maricanhi, Inca Acahuana and Cunchuy Remains silent, they took the control of the works successively.
Their construction took more than seven decades and it required the force of about 20,000 men, so much in the work of the foundations like in the quarries, the transport of materials, the figured one and the placement of the stones. The quarries could be located in Muina, Huacoto and Rumicolca, to 20 kilometers of Cusco, and in nearer places as Sallu, Rumi, Chita, Curovilca and Viracocha. Their external walls can surpass the 9 mts. of height and some of the stone blocks weigh more than 350 tons.
Location of Sacsayhuamán (3600 msnm)
Description of Sacsayhuamán
Their stony immense walls amazed the Spanish recently arrived conquerors and they denominated it "strength", according to their conception of the cities and of the military constructions of the time. For the particular way of seeing the world of the Inca, much more era. The ramparts, turrets, houses, adoratorios, deposits, roads and aqueducts that integrated this Inca formidable construction demonstrate it to us.
Their form and location would have obeyed other principles rather, as that of the harmony between the architecture and the landscape. The current investigations suggest that it would have been about a temple dedicated to the cult of the Sun, for which not only the construction was important, but also the environment that surrounded it.
The complex architectural squatter the border of the north hillside of the city. The south side of the construction was fenced by a refined wall of almost 400 meters long. The limits of the temple, for the east and the west, they were marked by other walls and platforms. The main front of the construction looks to the north and it is protected by a formidable system of three platforms. These are supported by zigzaging walls, constituted by stones of great size that astonished their first visitors and that it continues astonishing even now. Inca Garcilaso affirms that these walls were made to demonstrate the Inca might.
The main wall is formed by stones that end up measuring up to 5 meters of high and 2.5 meters wide, and that they can weigh between 90 and 125 metric tons. To move these stones was a true prowess, but it was also it the perfect fitting among them, as well as the on care in the bend of those padded.
From Sacsayhuamán it is obtained a spectacular view of the City of Cusco and their environment. Also, summits like those of Ausangate, Pachatusán and Cinca can be sighted, places that it is believed are inhabited by apus or powerful spirits that govern the mountains.
He/she marries Real of the Sun
Waldemar Espinoza Soriano, profuse investigator of the Incan society says that Sacsayhuamán is called "strength" popularly, in spite of the fact that, like Cieza of León says, it was "a temple dedicated in the sun."
Among the columnists that describe to Sacsayhuamán like Real House of the Sun, we can mention to the following ones:
* Garcilaso de la Vega who leaves testimony in their Real Comments that the cusqueños knew that this architectural complex was in fact a Real House of the Sun. In the chapter VI of their Book Seventh say: an Inca of real blood "left the strength as messenger of the Sun... it left the strength and not of the Temple of the Sun, because they said that he/she was a messenger of war and not of peace that the strength was he/she Marries of the Sun."
* Pedro Cieza of León, Spanish columnist of the times of the conquest, says in her book The Dominion of the Inca that to the north of the city of Cusco, in a hill, the Real House of the Sun was located.
* Martin of Murúa, also Spanish columnist, says of Sacsayhuamán that was dedicated at the beginning for House of the Sun and, in this time, you/he/she only serves as witness of her ruin."
"It is certain that there is not in America any archaeological other structure that as much impression to the visitor as Sacsayhuamán causes. For very forewarned that one is, the show overcomes that imagined." (Alden J. Mason).
The doors of Sacsayhuamán
The towers of Sacsayhuamán
Tower of Muyu Marks - The tower of Cahuide
Muyu Marks it was not only a building of exceptional line, but also of historical great value. It was the place where he/she was carried out the indigenous biggest resistance against the Spanish conquerors during Inca Cripple's rebellion. From their higher part Titu jumped Cusi Huallpa (also called Cahuide) for not falling in its enemies' hands.
For this reason, it has been determined that the geologic formation of Yunkaypata (where Sacsayhuamán is), has around 80 million years and it is of marine origin, because it contains fossilized remains of sea hedgehog and other organisms of that habitat. The erosion and the atmosphere took charge of wearing away the big masses of limestone of the place. Precisely here "Rodadero" exists kind of a granitic called toboggan whose refined he/she would be due to the seismic action of the flaw where he/she is.
Rock types like the andesita that it is in the constructions of Sacsayhuamán are not of the same place. They were possibly transferred from Waqoto and Rumicolca, located to more than 38 Kms. of there. In all ways, like the Peruvian archaeologist Caesar García Rossell says, it will always constitute an enigma to clarify the place or places from where the big stone blocks were taken until the summit of the hill, and the technical means or haulage teams, strings, ropes and hundreds of arms, used in the task.
How to arrive to Sacsayhuamán
The Route on Foot to Sacsayhuamán
For the Admiral's hill
The Route in Automobile to Sacsayhuamán
If he/she prefers to go in car he/she can take the street Sweden until the school Salesiano, to turn to the right and to continue for Circumvallation. You can also begin in Silversmiths, to continue Saphi down the street and to finish in the Circumvallation. A taxi until Sacsayhuamán, without included tour, it can cost 5 suns. If he/she prefers he/she can take the buses of the street Puputi that go to the Sacred Valley, the passage it costs 3 suns.
Source: http://webcache.googleusercontent.com / search?q=cache:3oz6kG16CRcJ:www .cusco-peru.org/cusco-peru/alrededores-cusco-sacsayhuaman.shtml+sacsayhuaman&cd=2&hl=es&ct=clnk&gl=pe
Page created web March 30 of the one 2005.
© Copyright 2005 Gualberto Valderrama C.