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FESTIVITIES DE ACOBAMBA


Acobamba, "Paradise of Christmas" prodigious place, characterized by the generosity of its cultivation lands, celebrates the navidad in a very special way.

It is a party bigger than the year, he/she begins December 22 and it culminates the 29; it is the most representative and peculiar party in the town, where the public and the neighborhoods Santos and Old (Ccollo) Town participate massive and consensually. In all moment there is competition "Rivalry" that many times overflow in acts of violence. The town takes left by the neighborhood; the strange ones making common cause, they make the own thing. Those in favor of Santos, seek to be the modern neighborhood and of Creole stock and those of Ccollo, primigenios and authentic residents of Indians and cholos.

Both neighborhoods have their own boy; the Boy Jesús of old town has as companion to native Joaquín Samuel and the Boy Jesús of well-known Santos also as Boy Utu has two companions native Silverio and Manuel.

To the party they converge from different points of the country for whose affection works and they save during the whole year. The churchwarden should be prodigal and gentile with his companies and in favor public; serving abundant liquor, varied food prepared in kettles (species of common pot). the bands of musicians intone peculiar and characteristic notes seeking to be the best. The music during the first days, is grandiloquent, virile and vigorous and starting from the Good, melancholic and sentimental (nostalgic) Night; music that can be qualified as the cultural and economic substratum of the town.

The town participates in all the acts of the party, the penultimate and last day it is carried out the elections, where it is chosen the new churchwarden (if until then there was not a volunteer); in this act the friends and partisans offer its collaboration, in money, species, animals, etc... When concluding, the town in processions headed by the churchwardens saliene and incoming the streets travel with their huallcqas, in farewell sign or "MAISE"

During the party it is important to identify the characteristic characters that enhance and they give more colorful to this habit, among them we have the leaders, rearguards, negritos, chacotas, chutis and latamachus.

The leaders are the center of attraction of the party; and they are dressed with silk suits, otter skin, taffeta, etc. embroideries in gold, silver, spangles and pedrerías. The negritos with triplet, boots, handkerchiefs and masks of plaster, colored of black; the rearguards and leaders, with boots jebe ponchos and grotesque leather masks and the chonguinas with fustanes, llicllitas and special mascarinas represented the woman.

In such a sense this justified one that Acobamba is really "Paradise of Christmas", because he/she offers a singular navidad very different to the traditional thing and common of other places of Peru and of the World. During the year different activities are developed that are part of the Great Party of Christmas:

Godfathers.- By the middle of the month of carnivals, he/she takes place this peculiar fiesta;es a festivity where the churchwardens of both neighborhoods "Santos and Ccollo" adorn each one the churches, ornamenting it desdes the door to the biggest Altar, with frutasarbustos, flowers and paper, also the respective throne. After the religious ceremonial, they dance the processions to the they are of the band of musicians that you/they play carnabal tunes; in the intermissions, males' groups and women play with nettle, clusters of fruits and shafts of plants, being applied blows in the calves and the feet, being generally mangled the males, as long as the airy women for the protection of their fustanes.

Corpus Christi.-This religious party commemorates the consecration of the Host and the chalice eucarístico symbolized according to the Christian hagiography, Christ's conversion in bread.

In the corner of the main square of each neighborhood, he/she gets up wooden monumental altars, paper, currencies of gold and silver, candles, etc..El act is livened up by a band of musicians and called small dancers "Huanquitas" who dressed of red and sonajeras to the ankle dances the compass of a flute and pinkullo.

Yantacuy.- In the month of January, both neighborhoods make the competition of tree court, where the fomoso patachi is savored, it is the firewood preparation that will be used in the party of Christmas for the preparation of the food that will be given to the members of the Band, visitors and population in general.

Yaicupaku.- It is a form of rewarding people that have committed in the support to the churchwarden giving them the famous bizcocos, buns, pig, the jora chicha, beer, anizado, came, etc.

Tiyariku.- In the month of November, it is the hall of Christmas, to the compass of the band of musicians, the negritos, chutos, rearguards, chacotas, dances constituting a colorful walk for all the arteries of Acobamba.

It is a peculiar party that surrenders cult to the alive ones and the deads. There are a mass and prayer, for the deads the day first; the deudos and public in general converge to the cemetery to surrender memory and prayers. The street "Bitterness", is crowded of wayfarers and its carps, where bizcochuelos is expended, huahuas, liquors and sweet special.

The public plays to the disk with currencies of tenth (silver) nine. The night of the first, it is the tiyariku or "ADVANCE" of the navidad of year end, the neighborhoods travel the streets to the they are of their respective bands of musicians.

Source: http://www.acobamba.hca.mp.gob.pe/indextur.html



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Page created web March 30 of the one 2005.
© Copyright 2005 Gualberto Valderrama C.