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PAINTINGS RUPESTRES DE KILLAMACHAY


KILLAMACHAY is located 3,8 Kms., To the northeast of the city of Acobamba, in Virgin's annex of Lourdes ("Mamacha Lourdes") to 3562 m.s.n.m., North the 72,5, 72,8 grades of western longitude and 01 01.3 grades of south latitude; according to Javier's Thumb geographical division Vidal, the territory of Killamachay belongs to the region suni.

We have the two main caves of Killamachay where Painting exists Rupestre, the first have the dimensions: 4 mts of height 1.8 mts of depth and 6m2 of maximum width, it is the smallest; while the second are the biggest, their dimensions are: 8mts of height, 6 mts of depth and 60 m2 of maximum width. The forest of stones of "Mamacha Lourdes" occupies an approximate area of 1 km2 of stones in a lengthened way composed by a fortified granite, in her she is Killamachay that is a surrounded enclosure in a semicircular way of enormous stones where seven caves, some big ones and other small ones exist inside them.

A succinct description of the caves will allow to understand each other the valuable of the existent pinacoteca in this place: In first o'clock they are distinguished relatively small figures of 15 cms. as the deer, snake, claws.

While in the cave but big we can distinguish likewise with clarity and precision the very realistic figures of "YUTU" that (partridge) it is an abundant bird in the area of Acobamba, two deers that escape in sense contrary of their apresores, both with a relatively medium size of 40 cms. Likewise we distinguish 48 small drawings of hunters fencing their preys and in a white it shows of fight between the force of the beast and the man.

The used color and standing out it is the pardorojizo and brown, these they would have been colored with indelible colors made of "Llimpe" sacred mud, as well as of the fruits of some plants as the walnut, male-male, mullaca. In fact in them which if it was a mural pinacoteco, they are the paintings killamachay rupestres, in some superimposed cases, of hunt scenes, of probable magic character; it is about scenes in that hunters harass animals as: German nickels, flames, deers, birds, insects, etc. With weapons that you/they suggest to be arches and lances in some cases.

In a general vision he/she is considered that the art killamachay rupestre has been worked 7 000 years ago in the Pre-agricultural Stadium a.c. Approximately, it is in this stadium in that the man occupies our territory, coming from Pacaiccasa (Ayacucho) and that it arrived in state semi savage with characteristic of being hunter of animals and recolector of wild fruits. Likewise it was nómade and wandering whose lodgings were the caves and rocky coats in which you/they also expressed their vivencias of hunting animals to assure the sustenance like the "chacco", "confinements" and other strategies by means of the art. Their production instruments were sticks and refined stones.

Source: http://www.acobamba.hca.mp.gob.pe/indextur.html



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© Copyright 2005 Gualberto Valderrama C.