COUNTY DE CASTROVIRREYNA
IT POINTS OUT HISTORICAL
Vestiges of their prehispanic past, little diffused, they can be observed in the rocky coats of Pultocc and San Francisco; in the archaeological remains disseminated throughout the territory of the county; what makes us suppose the development of local ethnoses up to now not very well-known.
At the end of the Empire Inca, great part of the plateau and of the county it belonged to Asto that also dominated the current county of Huancavelica.
In 1590 Antonio Pérez Greek discovers the mines gold and silver of Orcococha that the Spanish authorities considered fabulous. Thanks to this discovery May 27 1591 the Viceroy García Hurtado of Mendoza, dictates a Provision to found a new population in the place of Coyca Palca with the name of Castrovirreyna, in homage to his wife Doña Teresa of Castro.
According to the tradition, the creation of Castrovirreyna is due to when Teresa Castro, handcuffs of the Viceroy García Hurtado of Mendoza, he received in Lima the unexpected visit of an Indian of Coyca Palca requesting it is him/her the godmother of one of his children to whose application accepted. It is said that the virreyna when descending of its mount had to walk on silver bars with which the Indian had upholstered the street of Coyca Palca. Informed of the fact, the Viceroy Hurtado of Mendoza, and sure of having found richer mines that Potosí, prepared it established a village in Coyca Palca that from now on CASTROVIRREYNA would call herself, in memory to its wife
August of 1594, 8 the King Felipe II granted Castrovirreyna the Title of City, being the Cacique Andrés García Alcalde of Indians of the city.
Toward 1610 they had in Castrovirreyna more than 400 miners, silver mines and gold of good quality that he/she gave him/her fame and prosperity exploding during almost two centuries.
The county of Castrovirrreyna politically is divided in thirteen districts, embracing a surface of 3984.62 Km2., and it is located to the south west of the department of Huancavelica. Their population is considered in 17700 inhabitants.
Castrovirreyna is capital of the current county, located to 4200 msnm, and to 105 Km of the city of Huancavelica.
TOURIST MAIN ATTRACTIVENESS
Lowering the one opens up of Chonta, heading for Pisco, the plateau of Castrovirreyna begins, singular because in her they are not only located the mining most important centers in the department (Mighty Big, San Genaro, Astohuaraca, Pigeon), but also the system of more and more beautiful lagoons, among them: Choclococha, Pultocc, Orcococha, San Francisco, Pacococha in whose islands, islands and beaches a rich and varied fauna is developed composed by huallatas, Andean ducks, pariguanas, yanawicos, and an abundant flora Altoandina. The rural tourism and the use of the lagoons for the truchicultura floating mediating cages, are an option that he/she comes being promoted by the State and the communities of the area, with to the support of the international cooperation.
SAN GENARO MINES
It can be observed throughout the plateau to stays and breeders' of German nickels towns, flames and vicuñas, of customs and singular folklore, like it is the case of the Communities of Astobamba, Pucapampa Choclococha and Santa Inés.
The basin of the river Chiris, presents a possibility of the adventure tourism, to be conformed by a canyon of a singular conformation in whose margins are a group of rural interesting towns, as Cochas, Chiris, Cocas, Mollepampa.
Practically the city of Castrovirreyna is to the Eternal majestic Beautiful Sleeper's skirts whose image stands out in all time.
To visit the county of Castrovirreyna and to admire their beauty, it is relatively easy. It can become by means of the buses that you/they go for Pisco or Rumichaca (heading for Ayacucho) stops and vice versa. Of another side, to leave of Chincha for the districts of the northwest of the county (Tantará, Huachos, Villa of Weapon, San Juan, among other).
The upbringing of German nickels and flames, of which you exploits the fiber, the hair and skin, it is the economic main activity of the population of the county. The textile craft starting from the transformation of the German nickel fiber or flame hair is very incipient.
The upbringing of bovine and goats, it is another important activity of the gulches of the county, in particular of the populations that are located in the slope of Pacific.
The metallic mining, mainly of silver and gold that it is developed in the high parts of the county it is an economic important activity from the colony, because it is generating of foreign currencies for the country.
Page created web March 30 of the one 2005.
© Copyright 2005 Gualberto Valderrama C.