YOU LINE THEM DE HE/SHE IS BORN
The lines of Nazca, good known name of the tourist main attractiveness of the area, they are in the Pampas of Jumana, Nazca, in Peru, and they are composed by a group of figures zoomorfas, fitomorfas and geometric that appear recorded in the surface of the plateaus desérticas.
ORIGIN OF YOU LINE THEM DE HE/SHE IS BORN
Mathematical María Reiche influenced in Paul Kosok risking the hypothesis that this drawings had an astronomical meaning.
The first study of serious field on these drawings owes himself, after five seasons of fieldwork, to the team of Reindel and Island. This archaeologists have documented and dug more than 650 locations and they have been able to trace the history of the culture that generated these drawings, besides giving them a sense.
The provisioning of water played an important role in the region. The excavations have revealed the small cavities in the geoglifos in those that have been religious offerings of agricultural and animal products, mainly marines. The drawings formed a ritual landscape whose end should be to propitiate the invocation of the water. They have also been stakes, lines and tests of figures. Of these so simple elements the old residents from Nazca were been good to trace the drawings. It is also necessary to remember that it is one of the driest areas in the world what favors the conservation of the drawings.
See closely, these lines transform into simple furrows in the floor. The geologic characteristics of the pampas propitiate that it is not necessary much more to obtain a visible result. The surface is composed by a layer of cobbles of a reddish dark color caused by the oxidation that covers another of a yellowish clear color. Be born them they were limited to retire the superior stones following a layout that previously had pointed out with stakes, united by lines, starting from a model to smaller scale and some geometry doses. The eliminated stones were accumulated in small barrows that are still conserved. The work method has been totally reconstructed starting from the tests picked up by the archaeological expeditions.
The astonishing thing is that these lines can only be observed in all their immensity from the air, when flying over the desert. These lines are also testimony of a geometric great knowledge of the old Peruvians.
In this region, thousands of lines extend for 520 km², and some included one they are prolonged until an area of 800 km².
The longitudes of the lines are variable, ending up measuring some up to 275 m of long.
They can be located in Google Earth copying and hitting in their searcher these coordinates: 14°32'55.30 "S 75°10'25.18 "W, in this same format.
The most representative thing is the drawings of animals: birds from among 25 and 275 meters long (giant colibríes, condors, the heron, the crane, the pelican, the gull, the parrot and others), a monkey, a spider, a snail, a small lizard, a murderous whale 27 meters, a dog with paws and line releases, two flames, etc. In the category of reptiles, a lizard that was cut when being built the highway Pan-American South, an iguana and a snake. Many of the drawings are blended with lines and hairsprings.
Almost all the drawings were made in the flat surface; there are only some few ones in the hillsides of the hills. Almost all the figures that are located in the hillsides men represent. Some are crowned by three or four vertical lines that maybe represent the feathers of a ceremonial (some Peruvian mummies took headdresses of gold and feathers) headdress.
The figures of the hillsides appear less defined than those of the desert maybe because the stones that have rotated for the hillside have erased the details.
It figures anthropomorphous (that some identify with a supposed astronaut).More than thirty they are the geoglifos until today found in the Pampas of Nazca. The drawings are smaller in quantity compared with the geometric designs that consist on hundred and hundred of lines, triangles and quadrangles that occupy big land extensions. Their construction technique was careful by means of the one that the topographers of the past took the lines to hills and ravines without turning off its original address.
The depth of the lines never exceeds 30 cm and some are simple scratches in the surface, but they can be recognized even this way when the sun is low and the relief is accentuated.
APPRECIABLE ALONE FROM THE AIR AND SOME MEDIATING GOOGLE EARTH
Page created web March 30 of the one 2005.
© Copyright 2005 Gualberto Valderrama C.