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CARHUAMAYO, "THE PEARL OF THE PLATEAU OF THE CHOCOLATE"


Carhuamayo is a town of the county of Junin that is to a side of the lagoon of Chinchaycocha, in full plateau of Chocolate, near the one it limits of the Department of Junin with the Department of Pasco.

Carhuamayo is a town altoandina dedicated historically to the cultivation of the bruise and the ovinos cattle raising and camélidos. It is in fact the bruise (Lepidium peruvianum chacon), cultivated by the belligerent pumpush from immemorial times, what has won him/her the ostentatious title of genetic capital of the bruise.

But it is not only the bruise that that full with pride to the carhuamaínos, the contrasts of their geography and the unusual beauty of their evenings, they have made that the men and women of this town don't doubt to affirm that Carhuamayo is "Perla of the Plateau of the Chocolate."

A LITTLE OF HISTORY.

During the acme of Inca Pachacútec (1438 -1471), great organizer of the empire and conquering empeñoso, with their hosts to their brother's control Capac Yupanqui, begin bloody battles with the huancas and chocolates being conquered in the plains of Chocolate, domain of the pumpush; but later by means of a peaceful arrangement they are incorporate to the subjection of the dynasty of the Quechua ones until Old Huánuco and Huamalíes, arriving until the region of Rupa Rupa.

This subjection is registered by remarkable Garcilaso de la Vega in its work 'Real Comments of the Inca' when he/she says them: "With the good same order and knack conquered Inca Capac Yupanqui other many counties that there is in that district, to a hand and another of the real road. Among which are for main the counties of Tarma and Pumpu that the Spaniards call Chocolate, counties fertilísimas, and the fellow the Inca. Capac Yupanqui with all easiness, by means of their good industry and knack, with gifts and promises, although to be valiant and warring" people.

The prince Túpac Yupanqui had correinado with its father great Pachacútec, it conquered in Costa to "Chinchas", belligerent warriors that resisted for several years the blockade of the Inca, due to it this side of Cuzco, the Inca named him "Chinchaysuyo", and to the biggest lake that you/they found in these lands "Chinchaycocha" they named him. Túpac Inca Yupanqui, specialized in the art of the war happened to its father when dying this approximately toward the year of 1470, and soon after it intruded to the Plateau of the Chocolate.

It Was Inca Túpac Yupanqui (1471 -1493), the one that found Llacta of Bombomarca, design and it ordered their construction and from her it conquered to Chupaychos and other ethnoses in the current region Huánuco, and those that subtracted of Chaupihuaranga, on this tribes the Columnist Pedro Cieza of León in their work 'The Chronicle of Peru' he/she says: "... it counts that many of these nations were valiant and robust, and that before the Inca dominate him they were given between some and other very cruel battles... And in the high ones they built their forces and strengths of where wars were given from some to the other ones for very light causes...".

In this respect Garcilazo De la Vega, says: "... Inca Túpac returned Yupanqui to the conquests of the counties that there was to the North that Chinchaysuyo called, to reduce them to its empire. He/she went to the one that Huánucu called, which contains in if divided many nations and that they were made cruel war each other.... Those which nations the Inca conquered with easiness....".

Once conquered the county of Huánuco Túpac Inca Yupanqui, beginning the construction of a road and the famous and big citadel of "Huanuco Pampas", on her Cieza of León says: ".... This palace or room was head from the counties comarcanas to Andes. And next to him there was temple of the Sun, with virgins' numbers and ministers: and it was so great thing in time of the Inca that there was to the continuous one for only service of the, more than thirty thousand Indian...".

The certain thing is that for the construction of all that ordered by the Inca, the manpower of "Yanas" was used that were men of the old ethnoses of "Yaros", "Llacuaces", "Huaracas", "Yachas", "Chupaychos", "Mitmas" and other more who you/they served to the Incan new Empire for thousands.

Taken of: http://usuarios.lycos.it is / ambosanrafael / historia_inca.htm



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Page created web March 30 of the one 2005.
© Copyright 2005 Gualberto Valderrama C.