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CHICAMA


The town of Chicama is capital of the district of Chicama, this located to Trujillo's north, which is the Capital of the Region The Freedom, at a distance of 28 kilometers; and to the south of the County of Ascope, of which is part from the year 1984. He/she has a north latitude of 7º 50' 46" and a longitude this of 79º 08' 39."

Chicama, has its origins to beginnings of the XVI century, when Diego of Blackberry, Real Governor of the Crown of Spanish and Captain of conquering Francisco's hosts Pizarro, it was designated to govern and to administer the populated centers and natural wealths and agricultural valleys located in the low doors of the basin hidroenergética of the River Chicama.

Diego of Blackberry, decides then, to be founded and to form a center town that would serve as nexus and rest (kind of a tambo) of inhabiting towns of the Valley Chicama and of the Valley of Moche and especially of the residents of the capital of Trujillo's intendency that traveled to the north of the region, it is as well as he/she is born, CHACMA that is the original name, with which was known until ends of the XVIII century in that is changed the name by Chicama.

According to that described, Chicama counts with near 400 years of having been founded as center town, being so much origin characters and Spanish blood who began its formation, in its location, like in its construction form and model of growth. These same characters direct the construction of the Temple and Convent of Dominicos (Founded for Sacred Domingo of Guzmán), the Square of Weapons, The Cemetery and several housings around these constructions.

When the Pan-American highway, the population is built concentrated on the surroundings of the Square of Weapons and near places, they begin to adorn this area to go to take location in front of the asphaltic tape, leaving this practically abandoned sector then, like you can appreciate until the present time.

In spite of the time that had lapsed, Chicama continues being a very traditionalist and talkative town, at the same time that has become in the capital of the migrants that you/they come from the populated other centers of the District of the County of Ascope.

For that that, in certain way some features of cultural and racial discrimination are manifested; since for Chicameros, the only residents that recognize to the native families or that they continue living in Chicama. Chicama has a rural area, where they are devoted to the cultivation of corn, Cane of Sugar, grape, fríjol and others.

Source: http://www.patrimonioperu.com/index.php?view=items&cid=130%3Aascope&id=353%3Achicama&format=pdf&option=com_flexicontent&Itemid=53



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© Copyright 2005 Gualberto Valderrama C.