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COUNTY DE JULCAN


When being created the county of Otuzco it was integrated by the districts of Otuzco, Usquil, Salpo, Lucma and Sinsicap, so big and prosperous; and in their jurisdiction, integrating the district of Salpo, they were the country properties of Julcán, Carabamba and Machaytambo that belonged to Sr. Pedro Madalengoytia and that it formed a single mayorazgo in last century. Then Mr. Madalengoytia sold its lands, belonging Carabamba to the family Pinillos, Machaytambo to the family Alvarado, and Julcán to the gentlemen Roseles who sold this country property to the husbands Manuel María Uceda Ganoza and Mrs. Jacoba Callirgos. The country property of Julcán was divided in nine parts: Chugurpampa, Sacred Apolonia, Paruque, Canduall, Ayangay, Cruzpampa, Ispashgón, Carrapalday and Chinchango.

With this change of property it arises Julcán like an agricultural and commercial enviable power. It is necessary to stand out that the first step went to transform to the country property into village. These managements were directed by Dr. Luis of the Bridge Uceda and the father Ismael Carranza, as a result the Municipal resolution of date was obtained May of 1958, 15 for that which is considered to Julcán like Village of the county of Otuzco.

After 2 years he/she is carried out managements to elevate it to the district category, that which is gotten by means of the law 13659 of June 12 1961 promulgated then by the President Dr. Manuel Grassland Ugarteche. The inauguration of the district of Julcán took place June 24 of 1961. They passed 29 years of validity like district so that Julcán received with justice the title of County. The creation was carried out during the Constitutional President's government, Dr. Alan García Pérez, and he/she was carried out for Law 25261 of June 19 of 1990.

The county understands four districts: Carabamba, Calamarca, Huaso and Julcán, with their capital, the today Villa of Julcán and at the same time Capital of the Agriculture, for their immense and beautiful countryside, where terrestrial infértiles doesn't exist, but everything it is a great extension of arable land, and where flourishing they rise its 30 villages, among those that Chugurpampa, San Antonio of Ispahgón, highlights Canduall Under and High, Paruque Under and High, in short all confused ones in the agricultural work, activity that identifies to this new county.

Source: http://clasjulcan.8m.net / julcan.htm


TOURIST ATTRACTIVENESS OF THE COUNTY DE JULCAN

ARCHAEOLOGICAL REMAINS DE SULCHA

The archaeologist Halley in 1979 studies the remains of Sulcha with the purpose of understanding the establishment patterns during the late (900 to 1440 D.C.) intermission and he/she is 86 places of them and 17 belonged to this period found around the hill Sulcha and they present influences Chimú in its ceramic callanas.

These ruins are almost intact, they have height from 6 to 7 m., in their majority they are made of stone and mud, it presents windows in their making.

ARCHAEOLOGICAL RUINS OF THE HILL AYANGAY

It is located in the village of The Fortune, District of Julcán at 4 hours walking of the village from Julcán to 3300 m.s.n.m. to 10 minutes of the highway that drives to Santiago of Chuco.

It presents constructions made of figured stone, rooms with windows and horadaciones of heads nail. In their ceramic it presents remains of huacos of red and black color it is very possible that this has belonged to the culture Chavín, Mochica, Chimú and also Inca.

ARCHAEOLOGICAL RUINS OF THE HILL CARVE

It is located in the village of Chugurpampa, district and county from Julcán to 90 minutes of the village of Julcán, located 3300 m.s.n.m. He/she has an extension of 4 Km. Approximately, located in the summit of the hill it carves.

It presents constructions of figured stone with enclosures or rooms and streets with a meter high, in their ceramic it presents huacos of red and black color they possibly belonged to the cultures of Moche, Chavín, Mochica, Chimú and also Inca.

ARCHAEOLOGICAL RUINS OF THE WALL

It is located in the village from Low (District and County of Julcán) Candual to 4 hours walking.

They manifest in their constructions with the help of carved stone and I sweep, it presents constructions semidestruidas, but it exists walls of 3 m of height and tunnel of underground intercomunicación of 1.2 m of wide for 3.3 of high. It presents callanas of red and black color, they possibly belonged to the culture Chimú.

HUASOCHUGO

The citadel of Huasochugo extends throughout 5 Km. on the salient crest of three and plains of the hill of the same name, being located in the left margin of the river Vega, belonging to the current County of Julcán (created by means of Law Nº the 19 June 25261 of 1990), district of Huaso. Limiting for the West with the superior part of the river Virú, for the This with Unigambal, for the North with Julcán and for South Oyón. He/she has an altitude of 3,739 m.s.n.m. among the 78º 27'38 '' of Longitude West and 8º 15' 12 '' of South Latitude.

The occupational establishment Huasochugo, presents an impressive variety of big constructions in good state, the same ones that are bounded and united through corridors and accesses. The size of the constructions is varied, presenting high walls where it is possible to see characteristic that include a constructive modality of aglutinamiento and planning of an architecture multisectorial where there are existence of patios and narrow passageways that allow to grosso way to probably have the idea of an architecture of residential aspect, of elite or perhaps framed to the administrative thing, without being discarded the possibility of functions ceremonials in the place.

Among the attractive aspects of the archaeological place we find the construction in the north summit, the one which alone he/she has a single access entrance to the plain, the same one that allowed to enter to this group of architectural constructions that you/they went covered with roofs to two waters for their even present cumbreras. The whole summit was contained with a wall perimetral with the help of stone canteada and cement of mud, having a single entrance which restricts its access to a fortification modality, in its interior presents an agglutinated frame of rectangular and square structures, existing presence in its walls of doors, windows and niches, all these atmospheres were associated with open wide spaces driven by narrow passageways.

CARABAMBA AND THEIR DIKE

This beautiful dike is a work teacher, a very attractive place of Carabamba, inexhaustible water fountain for the agriculture of the District, as well as unique immense hatchery of trouts of the region. To observe this beauty encourages anyone to stay an evening and to enjoy the solitude, of the silence and to feel the fresh air to the dawn.

ARCHAEOLOGICAL RUINS DE KAKAN

These archaeological remains are built housings of stone and mud, they are located to the Southeast of the district of Julcán (to 20 minutes walking) in the village The Rosebush to an altitude of 3200 m.s.n.m., occupying an extension of 5 Hectares of land and they are located, their biggest part, in the tablazo of The Virgin's Peña.

The ruins are stone constructions and mud, they show vestiges of having been housings it presents characteristic of built housings of figured stone and I sweep approximately with a height of 120 cm, destroyed by the man and the nature.

Besides these ruins in the Village the Rosebush is the archaeological complex Cacán and the Mr. of Cacán (mummy).

ARCHAEOLOGICAL COMPLEX CACÁN

The recreational center of the Inca nobility conformed by the real palace, the warehouse, caves, housings, barns, platforms, the stone of the sacrifice, the aqueduct and the bathrooms of the gentleman of Cacán (boss of the civilization cackles you), surrounded or fenced by the real wall, all this of figured stone.

THE GENTLEMAN DE CACAN

DISCOVERY OF THE MUMMY
Their discovery you makes November 5 1985 in a fortuitous way when Sr. Marín Ramírez Zavala was building a corral for pigs, for which had to retire the stones that were around its housing. Under an enormous stone it found the mummy associated with other human bones and ceramic fragments. This mummy is to the north side of the skirts of a great hill Peña of the Virgin (in the north central side of the hill).
CHARACTERISTIC OF THE MUMMY
It is about a young (approximately 20 years) adult of masculine sex, without apparent lesions (Guido Lombardi Almonacin, Personal Communication, June 1997), presenting a position of squatting. It maintains some hair. The conservation state is of regulating to bad to have lost good part of the skin, mainly in the part of the back. It presents tattoo in one of their legs. It presents a 853 year-old antiquity A.C.
TEXTILERÍA
It presents 4 types of mantels: A fine mantel made of ovino wool that covers to the whole body whose characteristics are made of a very thin thread with employment of quiet (union). A mantel thick type gauze that covered the whole body whose characteristic is spun thread with employment of the quiet and colored with green dark color, a fringe approximately of half cm of wide. Two mantels that covered the whole body without stopping with characteristic spun and with employment of the quiet one. Also, he/she was a strip that wrapped to the whole bale, the characteristics of this strip it is approximately of 3 cm of wide and it is made of ovino wool. He/she was also a made sling of penca or maguey whose diameter is of 60 cm for 4 of wide, braided by 4 turns. A rope that was tied to the funeral bale of penca (it plants natural). In this funeral bale it was surrounded of ichu (straw) inside a funeral one carved of stone in a rectangular way.
CERAMIC
It presents a diversity of huacos of different cultures like: Chavín, Mochica, Paracas, Nazca and Chimú. A head nails (Chavín). 4 huacos portraits (Mochica). Black lobar (Nazca) Huaco.
FOSSIL REMAINS
A Trepaned Skull, they were expert in the cranial trepidation as the paracas, and that in this part of this culture they were also practiced. Platforms, these they are in the skirts of the hills, with vicinity to the archaeological complex of Cacán, he/she has a vicinity from 4 to 5 hectares, that which these they were good for the main cultivation of the corn and potato.
All him May first the inhabitants of the Rosebush and surroundings get up early aflorecer on the skirts of the hill the Virgin where at the moment there is a showy cross, where the visitors celebrate dancing in musicians' band and in the afternoon they go down to the plain to visit to the mummy and to continue with the party to the compass of the chords of the cashiers and the famous band of very authentic travesera of the county.

PAMPAN - INTERANDINO FENCES DE JULCAN

Pampán, beautiful valley inter Andean of Provicia of Julcán, former country property of Gutiérrez, charming town, for their climate and welcoming for their people. Around the origin of the name Pampán, when having little information of their history, and when not being convinced of what I/we were said, have had to investigate in this respect, finding that in Venezuela a town also exists that it takes the same name, he/she has the agricultural same characteristics and of climate, it counts the history that the Spanish conquerors in its desire and voracity of lands and beautiful metals classified to the indigenous towns according to the production form and the variety of the produced products. This way those towns that took place for the internal consumption and for other communities they called them towns of "Town of double bread or bread-bread" or like we say our earth it produces products of bread to take, keeping in mind that our town was governed by the farmers and who surely put him/her Pampán that apparently in Spain there is also a town with the same name Of there, surely the temino of Pampán.

Leaving of the history of our village, there are men that also make history and I want to refer to my compatriot and friend Eugenio Sánchez Bacilio, that boy that left very young of our earth to be worked a better future in the coast, a civic notable, lover of the feather and the paintbrush that he/she has a lot of quality to express through their beautiful poems the incidents of the man of the field, of the children, of the priest, of the muleteer, of the good young Chinese, as well as of the beautiful nature of our serranía.

Source: http://amanecer-julcanero.blogspot.com/2007/11/lugares - tourist-of-julcan.html




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