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CITADEL DE CHAN CHAN - SUN SUN
NIK AN - PALACE TSHUDI


Chan Chan is located in the valley of Moche, in front of the sea, to half on the way between the spa of Huanchaco and Trujillo's city, capital of the department of The Freedom in the north coast of Peru The archaeological place covers an approximate area of 20 square kilometers. The central area this formed by a group of 10 walled (called "citadels") enclosures and other solitary pyramids. This central group, covers an area of 6 square kilometers, approximately. The rest, it is formed by a multitude of not well conserved small structures, sidewalks, channels, walls and cemeteries.

From ends of the early (600 d.C.) intermission, and beginnings of the half (700 d.C.) horizon - phase Moche V - in the north coast of Peru, new models of cities arise, where the main structure won't only be a ceremonial pyramid, but a great quantity of rooms and walled buildings for big walls ("canchones") that accompany this as the most important part in the establishment. An example of this has it in the cities Moche V of Big Pampas, in the near valley of Lambayeque and Galindo, in the same valley of Moche. Far from the formal differences, in both, they can be noticed the importance that you/they have the walled big enclosures that house buildings dedicated to administrative functions, and of course, ceremonials. Another example, distant physically, but contemporary, they are the cities of Cajamarquilla and Pachacamac in Central (both, next to Lima) Costa.

For their great volume and their old prestige of having been the capital of an important and rich Kingdom, Chan Chan has been present in the interest of the travelers and investigators for centuries. However, it is necessary to make notice that the mentions and references of this place in the oldest documents, after the Spanish conquest, are scarce, or they refer to him like a ruin. It is for that reason that it is postulated that after the Inca conquest, Chan Chan (at one time, rival from Cusco) was plundered and destroyed (approximately in the year 1470) and when Pizarro arrived (1532) this city was only a pale reflection of its old splendor, inhabited by few people of political and economic scarce importance.

During the time of the viceroyalty (1532 - 1821) Chan Chan was object of multiple dries you and destructions, because the belief that he/she enters its walls and pyramids existed it was hidden a great treasure in pieces of gold and silver. And although there are not official data that support it, it exists the legend that several fortunes originated in that way. Newly in the XIX century, with reborning of the sciences, this city was studied with academic interest, travelers as Rivero, Tschudi, Hutchinson, Middendorf and Bandelier drew it, mapearon and they described, wondering for its origin and how the life would have been people that Chan populated Chan. The XX century it inaugurates to the archaeology like science, and the archaeologists make it one of the main sources of knowledge of the Peruvian past. They highlight the investigations of Bennet, Schaedel, Willey, Kosos, West, Mosley and Mackey.

Source: http://www.chanchan.gob.pe/historia.html



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Page created web March 30 of the one 2005.
© Copyright 2005 Gualberto Valderrama C.