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ARCHAEOLOGICAL COMPLEX HUACAS OF THE SUN AND DE THE MOON


The archaeological complex Huacas of the Sun and of the Moon it includes two big pyramids you truncate, Huaca The Stars, Huaca of the Hill Blanco, geoglifo of the Spider and other constructions located in the north coast of Peru, in a landscape characterized by the imponencia of the Hill Blanco, the vegetation that grows thanks to the waters of the river Moche and the proximity to the sea.

Both huacas constituted the center of the power of the millennial one I populate mochica that was developed among the year 100 and 900 after Christ. At the moment the archaeological complex, also well-known as Huacas of Moche, it embraces some 60 hectares of extension.

Both huacas is separated by an esplanade of about 500 meters, where still low earth the urban center is conserved that housed to the elite moche.

Some investigators sustain that the Kingdom mochica fell for the impact generated by The Boy's phenomenon that periodically causes torrential rains and floods in the north coast of Peru.

When falling the Kingdom Moche, their territories were busy successively for the residents of the cultures Lambayeque and Chimú, descending of Moche. Around 1470 Chimú was conquered by the Inca, little before the Spaniards disarticulated to the Inca empire, Tahuantinsuyo.

Source: http://www.huacadelaluna.org.pe/HuacadelaLuna.asp


THE LEGEND

It counts the legend that during the "era of the heathens", two siblings, inhabitants of the place, found a small snake of two heads to which adopted, being taken it to live with them. This animal was not a common snake, he was a demon that grew day by day, in an exponential way, conform to it fed. When the snake reached the size of a man, the inhabitants of the town forced the siblings to come undone of her, because I/you/he/she not only put in danger the life of the animals that you/they raised, but that of the same neighbors. Very to their grief, the siblings drove to the snake until the sea where, with deceits, they abandoned her. The snake, when realizing that it had been abandoned, it began the return trip to the house of the siblings.

In their road, the ophidian of two heads was eating up all that found their step, included men and big animals, as the flames, winning more and more and more size. One of the neighbors of the town, saw it come in the distance and he/she gave the alarm in the town. All their inhabitants undertook an escape that took them until the skirts of the hill that now is known as hill Blanco.

In the moment in that the snake of two heads ended up starting to shot to devour them, the hill Blanco opened up and for him all the residents of the village entered, closing to his step. When the danger happened, the men left from the bowels of the mountain after that which this he/she closed. The black line that crosses the hill Blanco would be the scar that was after this supernatural experience. Seeing that this hill was magic and that the god of the mountain had helped them to hide of the snake, the men built in its honor the temple that now we know as Huaca of the Moon and they lived to their feet, being founded the city that now the archaeologists and conservatives are about understanding, figuring out their secrets for the world.

HUACA OF THE SUN

This building is not inside the circuit of current visit, but the Archaeological Project Huacas of the Sun and of the Moon it has begun its intervention in the year 2011. Although this building has been even little investigated, it is believed that it completed a civic-more administrative list that religious.

When the Old Temple was in operation, the huaca of the Sun was not more than a small building, but after the abandonment of the old temple, an architectural project of Pharaonic level began to build the monumental building that today can still appreciate.

This structure is easily observable from the distance for its spectacular size, because it is one of the biggest structures of adobes in prehispanic America. Their dimensions were possibly of 345 meters long for 160 meters wide and 30 meters high. Regrettably it was strongly disturbed by the searchers of treasures during the XVII century, being only a third of their original structure.

HUACA OF THE MOON

The huaca of the Moon is the creative human genius's work teacher. Their 12 thousand square meters of murals polícromos are an outstanding example of the constructive technology of earth that the moches dominated to the perfection.

Not he/she has relating in the world in design terms and complexity of their paintings murals. Their wealth iconográfica and aesthetics is of an universal exceptional value that he/she responds to a pattern that was managed throughout seven centuries. It also constitutes an exceptional testimony of the tradition cultural moche because in her the political power is materialized through the religious ideas, where the temple, the most sacred space in the communion between the man and its gods, associates to the sacred mountain, stairway to the world of the divinities and same divinity.

The huaca of the Moon is in fact an architectural complex composed by two sacred temples with pyramid form it truncates, Old denominated Temple and New, built Temple completely of earth, to where privileged people only entered, either to surrender him/her cult to their gods or it stops ofrendarles its life.

Source: http://www.huacasdemoche.pe/index.php?menuid=1&submenuid=1



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Page created web March 30 of the one 2005.
© Copyright 2005 Gualberto Valderrama C.