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DRY AND COMPLEX ARCHAEOLOGICAL FOREST CAÑONCILLO


The name Cañoncillo, according to manifestation of Don Mateo Novoa Álvarez, shared by the doctor Jorge Eugenio Castañeda, would be due to one of the first Spanish residents in recently founded Villa of San Pedro of Lloc. The name makes reference to its physical form, that of a small narrow pass or canyon among the hills Cañoncillo, Santonte and Tight Spinal.

The mount Cañoncillo is understanding of a coarse area of the desert, acquaintance as pampas of Güereque and Cupisnique. Inside this dry forest they exist two lagoons at the moment: the Lagoon Gallinazo and the Long Lagoon. Cañoncillo. These two lagoons constitute ecological exceptional niches for their flora and their varied fauna.

In last decade until before the year 1998 (time in that he/she showed up The Boy's phenomenon) three lagoons existed: Gallinazo, Long and Cañoncillo. After The Boy's phenomenon, they originated four lagoons more located in the low parts of the sector of the dunes.

The mount keeps a relicto of natural compound forest mostly of the species locust (Prosopis pallida) with an approximate population of 100,000 trees that you/they cover an extension of about 800 there are. The locust almost covers the entirety of the surface of the mount thanks to the capacity to sink its roots to 10 or more meters deep. It is possible to find in the mount trees that you/they reach the 18 meters high with shafts 5 circumference meters. The fruit of the locust is used by the residents for the preparation of the algarrobina and algarroba coffee for people of the third age. The fruit also serves as food for the livestock.

It is important to stand out that, for the natural propagation of the locust, it is necessary that the fruit goes by the digestive tract of the livestock so that the acids of its stomach harrow the seed and it can germinate.

Other vegetable species that are in the mount are: the sapota that contributes to fix the dunes; the chilco; the concuno, used by the residents to carry out enemas for the constipation, the mestrante, used for the colics; the flower of sand, used for the inflammation of the kidneys; you plant hidrófitas like the totora, rushes and chopes. A chilco association, green stick and cat fingernail complete the formation that skirts the plan of water of the lagoons.

Among the wild fauna, they are two species of mammals: the coastal fox and the zorrino or añaz. Species like the squirrel white nape and the coastal deer that previously inhabited the mount they have extinguished. Among the birds they are counted fifteen species approximately, as the mountain dove, the cuculí, the turtledove, the chisco, the starling, the putilla, the carpenter, the owl of the sandbanks, the ducks, the gallaretas, the plunger and the parakeet. Other birds like the white heron, gallinazos and diverse species of predators usually frequent periodically the mount.

Among the reptiles they are five species, among them the most representative, is the small lizard or cañán which lives in holes dug around the tree of the locust whose fruit is constituted in its main food. They are common also the iguana and snakes like the boa and the coral.

Among the fish they are the zarra, the picalón and the charcoca.

Source: http://www.bosquecanoncillo.com/naturaleza.html



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Page created web March 30 of the one 2005.
© Copyright 2005 Gualberto Valderrama C.