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PLAZUELA JOSÉ ANDRÉS RAZURI AND BOULEVARD VIRGILIO PURIZAGA AZNARAN


Located to the north of the city of San Pedro of Lloc, built to surrender homage at two of their favorite children.

JOSÉ ANDRÉS RAZURI ESTEVES

José Andrés Rázuri Estéves, was an official of the Army Liberator, he/she was born in San Pedro of Lloc, The Freedom, September 28 of 1791. He/she is son of don's union Juan José Rázuri and of doña María Severina Estéves. He/she studied in San Carlos' Seminar and San Marcelo of Trujillo, he/she showed up to San Martin's liberal cause in Huaura in 1820, being incorporate to the Regiment of Grenadiers from Andes, it participated in the consolidation of the independence in the north of the country, it was present in the occupation of Lima and, later it intervened in Pichincha in 1822. When arriving the Liberator Bolívar it commended him/her the recruitment and preparation of the Regiment of Hussar from Peru in 1824, with the one that participated in Junín, it participated in the Battle of Ayacucho, and with Captain's grade it accompanied to Martingale in the campaign Bolivia it has more than enough in 1828, ascending bigger Sergeant, it passed to the north to participate with Great Colombia in 1829, after taking place the overthrow of The Sea, he/she retired of the army. He/she stopped to exist January 4 of 1883.

The Scream of Freedom of San Pedro of Lloc.

Don José Andrés Rázuri, military youth, traveled to Sierra (Huaraz) to start to disposition of San Martin's General José; in those times, I/you/he/she was needed of people that wakes up the spirit of the Peruvian town and help to the army liberator to fulfill her made. Rázuri was taken into account by the General San Martin who it highlighted him to the department of The Freedom and it put it in contact with Trujillo's patriots and Lambayeque.

The city Lambayeque, proclaimed its independence December 27 of 1820. They agreed never with this proclamation the biggest Sergeant Antonio Gutiérrez of the Source and other three officials who went from Lambayeque to Trujillo. When they arrived to San Pedro of Lloc, the Sergeant prisoner it was taken to the height of the boulevard of the north entrance of the city by Don Santiago Rázuri, José Andrés Rázuri, José Agustín Esteves, José C. Hurtado, together with many patriots that united to cut them the step because Mrs. family Rioja of Santiago Rázuri warned of that happened in Lambayeque and of the fugitives.

Later on, don José Ceferino Hurtado, proceeded to execute the act of Proclamation of the Independence January 1 of 1821. Being San Pedro of Lloc the third, after Trujillo and Lambayeque that he/she breakawayed of the Spanish oppression. In that then José Andrés Rázuri had Second lieutenant's military range.

José Andrés Rázuri and the Dragons of Pacasmayo.

San Martin needed in a given moment, to narrow the link with the patriots that prepared the insurrection in Trujillo's county, sending correspondence and verbal, absolutely confidential messages but of great importance.

These messages were directed to patriots residents in Trujillo, Lambayeque and Piura. In principle these messages referred to recruit men to form the army that would carry out our independence.

Knowing San Martin that José Andrés Rázuri Estévez, knew the roads and northern towns, besides its passion and vehemence for the cause of the Freedom, it designated him so that it carried out made so important.

José Andrés Rázuri Estévez, in execution of its mission, goes from return to the north, but no longer only to San Pedro of Lloc, but until Lambayeque and Piura. It organized and he/she carried out their march under perfect conditions.

When going by San Pedro of Lloc, he/she left instructions to their brother Santiago so that he/she sold a part of their lands and with the amount of those sales, acquires livestock, team, weapons and all the necessary one to build, with voluntary personnel, a small chivalry unit to the one that, later on it designated soon after as "The Dragons of Pacasmayo" that it was incorporate, to the regiment "Hussar of Peru" that would be starting from August of 1824, 6 "Glorios Hussar of Junín." "The Dragons of Pacasmayo" were formed with voluntary personnel of the valley Jequetepeque.

The Battle of Junín.

The battle took place in the high near lands to Lima, August 6 of 1824. In the month of February, the realistic Spanish forces maintained under their occupation the central mountain and south; in June, Simón Bolívar went with their forces toward the south, with the purpose of facing the realists, commanded by General José of Canterac.

Both armies were in the plains of Junín, to the northwest of the valley of Jauja, where the intervention of a battalion of the Hussar from Peru, to José's control Andrés Rázuri, was in reservation, where later they had an excellent participation

The great decision of Rázuri in the battle.

The battle lasted one hour; a combat body went to body, with lances and sables, without firearms were used. About 250 realists and 150 rebels died. The victory independentista can be attributed to the intervention of a battalion of the Hussar from Peru, to José's control Andrés Rázuri that requested orders of The Sea to continue with the squadron that was intact, when consulting responded: You "say. to Commanding Suárez that saves that squadron like he/she can", but Rázuri levied by the feeling patriot falsifies the answer and he/she said: "My Colonel Gral. The Sea orders you to load. anyway" and looking at the panorama rushed into the attack. Suárez gave to the load with the victory, and after whose success its name changed to Hussar of Junín, just as it is known nowadays.

The General the Sea and Rázuri.

Finished the battle of Junín, Gral. The Sea ordered to call to Rázuri and he/she told him/her: You would "owe to be shot; but to you he/she is owed the victory of nowadays."

THE LAST ANECDOTE DE JOSÉ ANDRÉS RÁZURI.

Don José Andrés Rázuri Estévez, since he/she left the army, he/she left to live to Piura where he/she was devoted to the agriculture in their lands of "Tambogrande", and it had formed families with the lady Josefa Echeandía Fields, in which had several children.

After being widower and rubbing the 80 years, he/she requested to their daughter Josefa that took care of him that took it to their earth-San Pedro of Lloc. Because there he/she wanted to die and to be buried in their floor.

Doña Josefa assisting to their father's desire, it took it to the earth of their adults, and I eat he/she didn't have more family than their brother Casimiro, it took it to live with him.

Don Casimiro, nicknamed "Colorao", lived in an old hall door big house and window, in the street of the Independence (today May two), beside the house of German Shchaffer.

Since I arrive to San Pedro it was welcome. People saw in him, to the legendary hero that had fought in a thousand battles by reason of the independence.

He/she was don José a goody old man that put on shoes a cap of blue velvet to cover their baldness, and it tossed hand from time to time, of their pockets, the pastas of goat milk that their daughter sent him/her Josefa from Piura. And the time step, until a series of events you happened: The war with Chile, The death of Grau in Angamos, and the Chilean occupation of our county.

In spite of their ancianidad and of being a little "Doddering", to don José was seen annoying, for the constant greeting that the Chileans lavished him/her in the street, thing that he disliked; it is more he could not see them, and when he saw them come it griped.

The Chileans on the other hand, knew who it was Rázuri, and they knew about the epic poetry geste of Junín; and he/she had given closing orders to their soldiers of: "Not to Bother it."

One day made him/her promise its brother Casimiro that when he/she died, immediately it buried him in the cemetery for not giving occasion to that "The Chilean" saints surrendered him/her honors.

And it was this way January 04 1,883 José he/she died Andrés Rázuri, and their brother Casimiro, faithful to their promise, very of tomorrow he/she caught a cart, and without more it took the coffin to the cemetery and he/she gave him/her sepulchre.

At about 9 in the morning, a picket of soldiers Chilean dresses with elegance uniform, you appears in person to the house of Rázuri, they knocked on the door, the one that Don Casimiro, dress of rigorous mourning opened up; they gave him/her the condolence and they manifested him/her the desire to which you/they came: Of surrendering honors to such an illustrious eminent person.

Don Casimiro with serious voice thanked them in own name and of the family, but likewise he/she manifested him/her that its brother had been buried very early. The Chileans left with frizzy facts.

Source: http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jos%C3%A9_Andr%C3%A9s_R%C3%A1zuri


VIRGILIO PURIZAGA AZNARAN

He/she was born November 27 1925 in San Pedro of Lloc. Son of José P. Purizaga Lora and of Domitila Aznarán. Their Primary and secondary studies carried out them in San Pedro. Teacher, journalist, studious of the social reality of the County, active militant in the politics, indefatigable fighter in well of their town. It has occupied the Provincial governorship in several periods, occasion that had to change the face of the provincial capital.

Some of their works are:

  • The Student Dining Room.
  • The Boy's House.
  • The Pool.
  • Municipal Palacio.
  • The Closed Coliseum.
  • The Market.

In their journalistic restlessness it has published several pamphlets it has more than enough characters of the county, among them José's biography Andrés Rázuri.

As educator he/she had a wide and clear vision of what should be the School, to form the man and to strengthen the democracy, he/she said: "The School should make feel the children the true emotion of the democracy, so they don't have oppressors neither oppressed that enjoy of the same freedoms that the equality is even for all that it is not granted privileges neither preferences.

Murderous hands finished with their life April 19 of 1989.

Source: http://cdt-pacasmayo.blogspot.com/2008/02/virgilio - purizaga.html



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