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Pataz, is a county and city that it is amid hills, plains, mountains, rivers and gulches, where one can enjoy the nature. In Pataz you will find beautiful worthy tourist attractiveness of visiting.

The county of Pataz is in the department of The Freedom, with a surface of 3.460 km2. Pataz is the county that occupies bigger surface in the department of The Freedom. The territory of the county of Pataz arrives until the forest of Ongón.

One of the attractiveness of the county is the stirrup toward Great Pajatén.

Pataz is also a mining county. Pataz was in very last rich years and with locations like Paccha, Parcoy or Buldibuyo that generated enormous wealths, not yet drained since there are evidences of gold and silver.

The attractiveness are also the towns of Huaylillas with their picturesque countryside and the town of Urpay that even bill with airport.

Creation of Pataz.

It was created by San Martin's provincial regulation February of 1821, 12 integrating Trujillo's department. For law of November 21 1832 the county of Pataz passed to be part of the department of Amazons, but the law of February 10 1840 reinstated it to the department of the Freedom.

For the law of April 18 1828 he/she rose to the category from Villa to the town of Tayabamba; the law of December 28 1895 gave the capital from the county to Villa of Tayabamba and the Law of November 27 1897 rose to Villa from Tayabamba to the category of City. The foundation of the town of Pataz goes back to 1564.

The county of Pataz has a population approximately of 70.000 inhabitants. The capital of this county is Tayabamba.

Political Division.

The county of Pataz has 13 districts and a total of 315 populated centers at the moment. Among the districts we have:

  • Tayabamba, created by law of January of 1857, 2 has for capital the city of Tayabamba and it is integrated by 61 populated centers of the categories of annexes, villages, country properties, and fundos and chacras.
  • Buldibuyo, created in the time of the independence, November 9 1899
  • Chillia, is to an altitude of 3118 msnm. And it was created in the time of the independence.
  • Huaylillas, is to an altitude of 2.5000 msnm.
  • Huancaspata, is to an altitude of 2900 msnm
  • Huayo
  • Ongón, it was created November 25 1876 as district of the county of Huallaga. The law of November 5 1879 created this district being integrated to the county of Pataz again
  • Parcoy, it was created in the time of the independence
  • Pataz, it was created in, the time of the independence
  • Pious, it was created October 31 1955
  • Challas Santiago, it was created October 10 1959
  • Taurija, it was created October 18 1841
  • Urpay, it was created June 21 1897

Geographical data of Pataz

Pataz is located in the end south-west of the department of the Freedom, to the east of the channel of Marañón (margin right) and west of the summit of the central mountain range of Andes.

The total surface of the county is of 3,460 square kilometers. According to this figure, Pataz occupies the first place in surface among the twelve counties that integrate the department of the freedom at the moment.

Pataz limits for the north with Bolívar's county, of the one that is separated by the river Washes, flowing of Marañón. To the south with the county of Marañón (department of Huanuco). To the east with Marshal's county Cáceres and Tocache (department of San Martin). To the west with the channel of the river Marañón, the same one that separates it of the county of Huamachuco.

Economic activities of Pataz


The following products are cultivated: Corn, peas, lentils, zapallos, potatoes, ñuña in the Quechua part. Fruits like: oranges, files and others. Among the trees lumbermen they prevail: The eucalyptus and the one planes.

Cattleman: Bovine, ovinos and corral birds like: hens and ducks.

Mining: It leaves of the population of Pataz he/she is devoted to the extraction of the gold, this resource is exploited mainly in the mines: Lima, Brooms, Tingo, Pataz, Parcoy and Buldibuyo.

Tourist attractiveness:

  • Among the tourist attractiveness of the county of Pataz they highlight the beautiful reliefs of their mountains and their greens valleys with abundant fruit.
  • The archaeological place of Nunamarca, located to the west of the County of Pataz, to 3152.m.s.n.m. They are Carved Stones that they demonstrate the presence of prehispanic civilizations.
  • The district of Shingle that you/they were studied by Julio C. Tello where they were flagstones and trails that were dedicated to the museum of anthropology of the University bigger than San Marcos in Lima.
  • The swamps of the punas of the red one.
  • In several towns of Pataz the houses or constructions of the old times are still conserved that are built of stone and tapial. People that inhabits there are welcoming and helpful.

Eat typical:

  • Jumbled of yuyo
  • Tripe broth
  • Hen broth
  • The tamales of all the saints
  • The shinte of beans
  • The aguashinca
  • The zango
  • The llapi of potatoes
  • The guinea pig taurijano
  • The tacapi, among other.

Tourist calendar:

  • April 24: Sacred Toribio of Mogrovejo
  • Employer party of Mr. Master of the Captive one
  • June 29: San Pedro
  • The 8 of September: Virgin of the Nativity
  • On last Sunday of September, employer party of the district of Pious
  • October 4: San Francisco from Assisi
  • Of the 1 at October 8: homage to Rosario's Sacred Virgin
  • November 06: San Martin of Porres
  • Of the 12 at November 15: homage to San Martin of Porres
  • November 25: anniversary of the district of Ongón.

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Tayabamba is the capital of the county of Pataz, department of the Freedom - Peru. The city of Tayabamba has a had an accident relief, due to the mountain range of you walk they. For their surroundings the waters of the river Boxes run.

Tayabamba is located in the south-central part of the county of Pataz and the in the sub-account of the river Boxes.

The populated main centers are: The city of capital Tayabamba of the county, Achicayata, Adarimarca, Allauca, Antacolpa, Cajaspampa, Bell, Carhuaca, Carhuacocha, Chaquicocha, Chongos, Chunco, Necklace, Contuyo, Corampampa, Cuchuro, Tingo.

Tayabamba is linked with the towns of Huancaspata, Huaylillas, Buldibuyo, and Parcoy through the departmental highway, the same one that links it with Trujillo's city through the national route.

At the moment the cities of Tayabamba and Huancaspata are connected with the cities of Sihuas, Chimbote, Trujillo and Lima for the new road of Marañón, leave south of the county.

The Saint's" "Walk that every year is carried out from Tayabamba until Pegoy April 24, has its origin in the historical trip him to make the archbishop from Lima Toribio Alfonso of Mogrovejo in 1605 going to Huallaga.

In their pilgrimage he/she had spent the night in Tayabamba, of where it followed their trip with address to Collay, accompanied with some neighbors of the place. In the denominated place Pegoy took place the encounter with the parish priest of Necklace that had come to receive it. There they rested before continuing to Collay.

This is the tradition transformed into employer party of Tayabamba, he/she begins April 24 with the walk of Pegoy and he/she is prolonged up to May first with the celebration of the day of the work.

The traditional dances are one of the richest expressions in the city of Tayabamba. The dances express the man's relationship and their environment, and we have some of them, I eat for example:

  • The agriculture that is manifested in the dance of Huancaínas.
  • The social question in the dance of Chacareros.
  • The flora and fauna are expressed in Huananáis.
  • The passages of the history in the dances of Pallas.
  • The dazas of Huaris and Indian Campas have origin in legends and myths.



Page created web March 30 of the one 2005.
© Copyright 2005 Gualberto Valderrama C.