The County of Virú, belongs geographical and politically speaking to the Region The Freedom. He/she is to the south of Trujillo's city, to an approximate distance of 46 km or 45 minutes of trip.
The capital of the county is the city of the same name, Virú. This it is to approximately 520 km. to the north of the city of Lima. To arrive to Virú, use of the Pan-American North is made, he/she goes by the coastal counties of the Department of Ancash, Huarmey, Casma and Santa, it stops then to enter to the the County of Viru, before arriving to Virú, he/she goes by the districts of Guadalupito, Chao and finally Virú.
VIRÚ IN 1760
Feijoo of Flat, in their book descriptive "Relationship to the city and county of Trujillo from Peru", form in Madrid in 1763, registered that the town of San Pedro of Virú, to the date was composed of 98 Indians and 105 Indians, with 45 small and 78 daughters. He/she also lived in the town 9 mestizos, 14 mestizos, with 6 children and 5 daughters; 4 mulattos and 3 free mulattresses, with 2 children and 3 daughters; the priest that doctrinaba this congregation was a religious of Our Mrs. of Mercedes.
VIRÚ IN 1811
According to a report of the parish priest of the town of the time it has more than enough uses and the population's customs, Virú consisted of 181 ranches and with only 3 wall houses. The material that it composed these ranches era of brave cane, locust inns, sticks of thorns for roof, with little covered with leaves of bananas, without cake, for not raining in this place. Likewise there were in these ranches, a rough bank to sit down, locust good or of thorn. He/she also had pots to cook the chicha, four to six botijas to ferment it, kill to eat, other so much potos, etc.
FROM THE COLONY UNTIL TODAY
During the colony and the Republic until the decade of the 60 of the present century, the economic and social aspect of the valley of Virú has been signado for the country property system. The farmers that monopolized the best and more extensive cultivation lands and grass, displaced the villagers, small farmers, to the marginal areas.
In the valleys of Virú and Chao the heirs of Marquis of Beautiful Vita, until half-filled of last century they conformed in both valleys a single great property, excluding the "countryside", area of family parcels of the small farmers that lived in the town of Virú. A hundred years later, in the years 50 of this century, we find that happiness great property had been divided in three country properties: Carmelo, Tomabal and Chao - Good View.
In the years 60, the country properties you dividieronn among their heirs or enter their lessees before the imminence of the application of the Agrarian Reformation. Based on the lands of the country properties in the years 70 are constituted the agrarian cooperatives of production, there being you settled down in the valley of Chao only one. Missing the country properties and also the cooperatives of associative conduction, the rural mean belongs now to small and medium farmers.
The arrival of the waters of the river Santa with the irrigation project CHAVIMOCHIC, starting from 1991, it has provoked in the last years migratory strong currents, particularly to the valley of Chao. In 1995, by means of Law Not 26427 of January 06, the district of Virú is high to the county category. This way, the millennial town of Virú charges importance and conditions of a City. Pole of agroindustrial development inside the environment liberteño.
Special Project of Irrigation Chavimochic
In Departameno or Region The Freedom, Located in the km 508 of the highway Pan-American North. Tel: (044) 27-1175 / 272286 - annex 122). Visits: Previous authorization.
This irrigation is considered as the most important in the north coast of Peru, because it embraces the counties of Virú, Trujillo and Ascope in the Region The Freedom. Their primordial objective is the deviation of the waters of the river Santa toward the valleys of Chao, Virú, Moche and Chicama, to increase the agricultural lands of the area, to generate electric power and drinkable water for Trujillo's city. It is possible to develop a series of agricultural activities. Additionally in the area it is possible to carry out sports like the sand board or to visit the agricultural areas, where you participates in the crop activities.
The access is limited through boats from the Port Morín, to the south of Trujillo's (30 minutes in car aprox.) city, but you can also arrive from the city of Virú (to 45 minutes in car). It is about two islands: Guañape North and Guañape South. They reach until the 165 meters of high and they house about 1 200 marine witty wolves and guanayes approximately. They were discovered meters below hundred of prehispanic objects as well as decapitated maidens' bodies whose ribs and chests were covered for thin sheets of gold.
Page created web March 30 of the one 2005.
© Copyright 2005 Gualberto Valderrama C.