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MOQUEGUA



moquegua
I SHIELD OF THE DEPARTMENT DE MOQUEGUA



POLITICAL DIVISION
Capital of the Department: Moquegua
3 counties and 20 districts.
COUNTYCAPITALDISTRICTS
GENERAL SANCHEZ HILLOMATE11
ILOILO3
MARSHAL GRANDSONMOQUEGUA6
SURFACE: 15,734 KM2
CLIMATE: Temperate and I dry off
TEMPERATURE: I average yearly 18.4°C
DISTANCES: Moquegua - Lima 1,144 km
Moquegua - Tacna 159 km
Moquegua - Arequipa 217 km
Moquegua - Puno 300 km


GENERAL INFORMATION


ALTITUDE
Capital: 1410 msnm (Moquegua)
Altitude: Maxim: 3756 msnm (Ichuña)
Minimum: 5 msnm (I Populate New)

CLIMATE
The city of Moquegua has a dry climate, semicálido and sunny during the whole year. The temperature annual half maxim is 26°C (79ºF) and the minimum one 17°C (52ºF).

ROADS OF ACCESS

Terrestrial
Lima-Moquegua: 1146 km for the Highway Pan-American South (14 hours in car).
Arequipa-Moquegua: 227 km for the Highway Pan-American South (3 hours in car).
Tacna-Moquegua: 159 km for the Highway Pan-American South (1 hour and 30 minutes in car).

DISTANCES FROM THE CITY DE MOQUEGUA

Omate (Prov. General Sánchez Hill) 141 km / 3 hours.
Ilo (Prov. Ilo) 99 km / 40 minutes.

AIRPORT
Moquegua: Aerodrome Hernán Turque Podestá: High of Villa s/n, Moquegua.
Ilo: Airport of Ilo: Stick Pampas. (South coastal km 7). Tel. (053) 79-5021.

TRANSPORT TERRESTRIAL
Moquegua: Terminal. Av. Army, cdras. 2 and 3. Attention: L-D 6:00-21:00.
Ilo: Pampas Wireless s/n. (South Coastal Km 7). Attention: L-S 8:00-16:00.

CENTERS OF HEALTH
Moquegua: Marshal Grandson. I center Referencial of Moquegua (Hospital of the Ministry of Health). Av. Bolívar s/n. Tel. (053) 76-2410.
Center of Health of San Francisco. Street Daniel Becerra Ocampo s/n. Tel. (053) 76-1918.
Ilo: Center of Health Miramar. Jr. Pacific s/n. Tel. (053) 78-2672. Attention: L-S 7:30-19:30. Domingo (Emergencies).

POLICE DELEGATION
Police Station of Moquegua. Street Ayacucho 808. Tel. (053) 76-1391.

MAIL
Moquegua: Serpost. Street Ayacucho 560. Square of Weapons. Tel. (053) 76-1049 / 76-2551. Attention: L-S 8:00-18:30.
Ilo: Serpost. Av. Mariano Urquieta cdra. 3. Tel. (053) 78-1081. Attention: L-S 8:00-19:30.


TOURIST ATTRACTIVENESS OF MARSHAL GRANDSON

Sacred Catalina of Guadalcazár. The Spaniards named this way to that it pierces located in one of the most fertile valleys in the south Peruvian coast.

In him, and given the characteristics of their kind climate, the conquerors could cultivate wide vineyards and to harvest their generous fruits. Already in the twilights of the colony, the city took the name of Moquegua, same of the department in the one that is located, then a progressive development that has taken it to transform into one of the main focuses of agrarian production of the country began.

Main Attractiveness:

Square of Weapons of the city of Moquegua
The pileta of the square was built in Paris and it was designed by the French engineer Gustavo Eiffel. The source was installed in 1877.

Cathedral Saint Domingo
Street Ayacucho cdra. 6.
Visits: L-S 07:00-12:00 and 16:00-19:00. Tel. (053) 762011.
Initially it was built in Moquegua a main church, Santa Catalina from Alexandria that was affected time and again by the constant earthquakes that razed the area. Finally, in August of 1868 a terrible earthquake knocked down it and it could not be reconstructed, for what Sacred Domingo's monastery transformed into cathedral or main church. This church is one of the few ones in the world where it is worshipped to a Santa of present body, Santa Fortunata whose remains were exhumed of the Catacombs of Calepodio after XV centuries, arriving to Moquegua in 1798.

I wall of the main church Santa Catalina from Alexandria
Square of Weapons of Moquegua
In the part lateral intern of the wall there is an altarpiece mural of the XVIII century that was designed by indigenous artists among 1782 and 1792. In the ends a floral decoration of color red Indian is observed with leaves in tones of red blue and green, as well as small flowers. In the central part of the wall a great cross of black color appears.
Also, like part of the wall is appreciated the "marks of the stonemasons" that are signs or symbols that you/they speak of the form and the politics adopted by Spain for the construction of the public buildings. The marks certify the participation of the indigenous communities that, to prove their contribution, they were forced to differentiate their production and to carry out this type of signs.

Museum Contisuyo
Street Tacna 294. Tel. (053) 76-1844. Visits: L-D 9:00-13:00 and 14:30-17:30 / Ma 9:00-12:00 and 16:00-20:00.
Built in 1994 inside the ruins of what was the main church Santa Catalina from Alexandria.
In the museum ceramic pieces, textile, objects of gold and silver and other testimonies of the cultures Wari and Tiahuanaco are exhibited, as well as objects of the local cultures Chiribaya, Tumilaca and Estuquiña, towns preíncas that settled in the valleys of Moquegua and Ilo.

The House of the 10 Windows
Corner remains silent Ayacucho and Tacna. Visits: L-V 8:00-13:00 and 16:00-19:00.
Called this way by the ten windows that give to the street Tacna which take a metallic grill before with the ornamentation characteristic of the area. The design represents a time of the local architecture and all take a metallic grill before with the ornamentation characteristic of the area. The construction is of two plants and in second o'clock a balcony of run drawer is observed built in wood, with columns of the same material. The structure of this second level is of quincha and it leaves of the floor it is made of stone canteada. The main cover is of calcareous stone or limestone. At the moment the Central Mail of the city works in this property.

The Traditional House of Moquegua. of the Flower Angle
Street Ayacucho, cdra. 5. Visits: L-S 8:00-12:00 and 16:00-19:00 / D 8:00-12:00.
Large house of half-filled of the XVIII century whose main facade the classic elegant style of the time maintains; he has two plants and the main hall door is wooden, with windows protected by an iron grill to both sides. In second o'clock it plants a balcony of run drawer it still exists whose cover is sustained by 12 wooden columns. The floor of the first patio is compound for grids of small stone of natural color and black stone of smooth song inserted to the style of a chess. Under the stairway a great niche is observed, also of stone, by way of discharge arch.

Regional Museum of Moquegua (INC) Former Reclusion Center
Jr. Ayacucho cdra. 5 - square of Weapons. Visits: L-V 8:00-16:30.
Documents that already confirm their existence in 1762 as place of Indian or black rebels' of the time reclusion exist. It worked as such up to 1985, it dates in the one that San Ramón's prison was built in Samegua. Their architecture is made of calcareous stone and it is one of the few constructions that maintains a vault of half point from the entrance or vestibule. The atmospheres were restored and they have recovered the original floors, windows that were walled, doors, metallic grills and the traditional colors.

Municipal Library and the Art Gallery
Street Ayacucho, cdra. 5. Visits: L-V 8:00-12:00 and 16:00-20:00.
In a principle this building was part of the Center of Reclusion, as they demonstrate it the windows and walled doors that they communicated the interior atmospheres. After the earthquake of the year 2001 the library was restored, conserving its traditional characteristics, as the mojinete or roof to two waters in a triangular and trapezoidal way. The local that today occupies the Gallery of Art, to the side of the library and where the artists of the city expose their works, it shows the same characteristics.

Chocano Marries - Thin Podestá
Street Ancash, cdra. 4. Visits: L-V 8:00-18:00.
Its magnificent architecture, characteristic of half-filled of the XVIII century, is conserved until today. At the moment it works a restaurant there.
In the interior a wide variety of objects is conserved, furniture and useful of the time. The main living room belongs to classic style XV Luis and there they stay irons of coal, vitrolas, tables and furniture, as well as a crucifix of the XVII century that takes a cultivated very big pearl in the center of the crown of thorns. The large house is linked José's parents Santos Chocano, the "Poet from America" and to José's mother Carlos Mariátegui, since these lived in her. Almost destroyed by the earthquake of June of the year 2001, the large house has been restored by the Regional Government of Moquegua.

He/she marries of the Count of Alastaya
Street Moquegua, cdra 4. Visits: L-V 8:00-18:00.
Built in 1750, he/she has the carved cover and a heraldic shield in the frontis. The columns that sustain the frontis present floral decoration of the area. In the left sector there is a second plant with two wooden doors that, apparently, they took to a balcony that has gotten lost. The first plant has a beautiful window with decorations in relief.

Chapel Nativity
Plazuela of Nativity, street Continuation Moquegua. Visits: L-V 8:00-18:00.
Located in a neighborhood of colonial impronta by their houses with mojinete roofs and showy balconies, it was built among 1828 and 1830.

District of Samegua
To 5 km to the northeast of Moquegua (10 minutes in car).
The district is known as the "City of the Avocados" to be the place where they are the best avocados in the country, as they say. In the area they also can the geoglifos of Chen it turns Chen, belonging to the culture Tiahuanaco, representing auquénidos and scenes of the auquénidos (traditional party in which catches them to him to shear them) chaccu.

Torata
To 24 km of the city of Moquegua (25 minutes in car or 40 minutes in public transportation).
It is characterized by houses with traditional mojinete roofs. They highlight their parochial church, the mills of stone of the viceregal time and the archaeological remains of Sabaya, considered place an administrative Inca center. In the area they are also the archaeological places of High Torata, Ccamata or Red Pampas, the mythical Hill Trunk and their beautiful countryside, where a tourist complex has been implemented.

Mills of Stone of Torata
They date of the XVIII century and they conserve the architectural characteristics of the region, with adobe walls and roofs in mojinete form. The flagstone, stone of the region, it is used in the town squares of the enclosure like in the walls of the facade, the tiers and the access sidewalks. At the moment, according to the mill that takes place in the place, they are good to obtain the wheat flour, corn and barley for diverse products like the prestigious bread of Torata, threads and guargueros.

I siege archaeological of Hill Trunk
To 18 km to the northwest of the city of Moquegua (20 minutes in car).
The name comes in the way of the mountain where he/she is the place that he/she suggests a trunk or large chest. There he/she is a small walled citadel of origin Wari (600-1100 d.C.) that at the moment constitutes an important center where the Andean population continues carrying out her "payments" or ritual ceremonies to Apus or spirits.

Location of Cuajone
To 32 km of Moquegua (20 to 30 minutes in car).
This location mining cuprífero you explodes for the system of open cut. From a built mirador by way of pier is observed the singular aspect of the mine and their modern facilities.

Valleys of Carumas - Cuchumbaya and San Cristóbal - Calacoa
To 129 km of Moquegua (3 at 4 hours in car).
Typical it fences interandino, with fields sowed with potatoes and corn, among other. The potato of the area is considered as one of the best from Peru. It is possible to practice andinismo and ecoturismo.

You Dilute Thermal - Putina
To 141 km of Moquegua (4 hours in car).
This area is located in the town of Calacoa and it is characterized by its cracks and providing type geisser that reach until the 5 meters. Natural puddles of different sizes also exist.

Distances from the city of Moquegua:
- Omate (County of General Sánchez Hill) 141 km / 3 hours.
- Ilo (County of Ilo) 99 km / 40 minutes.


TOURIST ATTRACTIVENESS OF GENERAL SANCHEZ HILL

Valley of Omate
To 147 km to the north of the city of Moquegua (6 hours in car); and to 129 km to the southeast of the city of Arequipa (4 hours in car).
This valley is located in the Western Mountain range of Andes, between snowy Goylanto and Paylogen and the hills Junín and Hill Blanco. Their capricious orography is the result of the volcanic intense activity that was developed in the area, just as they demonstrate it the banks of volcanic material that cover it. One can observe wide variety of birds like doves, eagles, vulture and condors in the highest parts, while in the area of the river Omate is crustaceans like the shrimp. At the moment, their 17 populated centers are devoted to the fruticultura and, in smaller scale, to the cattle raising.

I Temper Parochial San Linen of Omate
Square of Weapons. Visits: L-S 8:00-18:00.
Construction of adobe of the XVIII century, possesses an altar bigger than Baroque style, carved in wood and golden with bread of gold; the smallest altars are of style classic neo. He/she also has a clock solar engraving in stone and an artistic custody of silver of the XIX century.

Mr. of the Pities
Miraculous image of the Mr. of the Pities, correspondent from Spain for the Emperor Carlos V. The image is subject to the cross with four nails (two in the hands and two in the feet that are not crossed). At the moment it is in the Temple Parochial San Linen of Omate.

Hydraulic mills of Omate
These mills of calcareous stone moved by water are in the high part of Villa of Omate, where the wheat was milled to elaborate the famous "bread of Omate" from the XIX century.


TOURIST ATTRACTIVENESS DE ILO

Square of Weapons
I center of the city of Ilo.
Center of civic activities, to only 2 blocks of the arbor and the coastal pier; it shines a pileta in form of fan shell.

I Temper of San Gerónimo
Square of Weapons of the city of Ilo.
Visits: L-S 6:00-18:00.
Built in 1871 in wood and calamine lining, today it is remodeled and enlarged. It possesses a baptismal old pile constituted by a marine shell, conduction from Paris. It consists of a single ship of rectangular plant, with a high choir and symmetrical facade that it finishes in a central tower with a light bend in the one it finishes off. The roof has structure of wooden tijeral, with covered with calamine. He/she calls the attention one of the three bells of the steeple that takes engraving the year 1647. The internal walls of the church were decorated with paintings with reasons of plants and angels, of those that some samples are conserved, especially in the corners and in the superior town square.

Tip of Cole
To 12 km of Ilo (15 minutes in car or for via marine)
Area of some 180 has that it is habitat of marine mammals as wolves (he/she is considered that they exist among 3500 and 4000) and a variety of birds guaneras like pelicans, piqueros, guanays, earrings and gulls, among other.

Large houses
Built in the XIX century, they are characterized by their architecture of roof of double mojinete, wide rooms and facades of big hall doors and large windows, among those that highlight: Combined Gambetta, Zapata Marries, Valdivia Marries, Segovia Marries, Malatesta, Combined Zepita, Marries K'arletty He/she Marries, Jiménez of the Flower Marries, Vásquez Marries and Koctong Marries.

Arbor José Gálvez
Mirador built in 1915 on a boulder of the coast; their structure is made of iron, with wooden supports and hexagonal roof and it is together to mainland for the bridge Venus. It is the symbol that characterizes Ilo and from there one has a beautiful view of the sea, the crafts, the birds and, occasionally, of marine wolves.

Fiscal Jetty
Built at the end of XIX century, with iron supports, wooden platform and lateral stairways. They are still prints of the strong lines and support of old cranes like test of the port made an effort work that he/she was carried out formerly.

Naval Museum
Captaincy of the Arbor.
Visits: L-V 8:00-15:00.
In their interior pieces of historical great value of Guerra from Pacific are exhibited, relics of sailing marine and old manuscripts of the Admiral Miguel Grau.

Handmade Pier
Located to a side of the fiscal old jetty, it works as the handmade fishermen's pier and as a center of fish sale. Set bustling and attractiveness in which fishermen, crafts and restless and friendly pelicans converge.

Museum Algarrobal
Algarrobal s/n (10 minutes of the port in car).
Diverse objects of the culture Chiribaya is exhibited, such as showy ornaments in milky quartz, ceramic and beautiful designs of its textile (funeral bales) florid art.

Beaches to the north of the city of Ilo

Mouth of the River
To 2 km of Ilo (8 minutes in car). Beach of fine sand in whose banks the river ends Ilo. Behind the islands of rocks he/she is the beach Conchuela that has a beautiful view of the bay of the city.

Waikiki
To 4 km of Pocoma and 33 km of Ilo (30 minutes in car from Ilo). Of clear sand and it dies and of moderated surf. They can be small caves among the rocks of the hills. Archaeological remains in the next hills. You can camp.

Ports and beaches to the south of the city of Ilo

English Port
To 2 km of Ilo (5 minutes in car). Fenced by rocky high cliffs, he/she simulates a natural pool of still and crystalline waters.

Well of Flat
To 7 km of Ilo (12 minutes in car). Wide beach, of clear and fine sand, with panoramic excellent view that extends throughout 6 km. It is of calm waters and of low depth. There are service of mobility and restaurant.

Beach Boliviamar
To 2 km of Coquina and 11 km of Ilo (20 minutes in car from Ilo). It is a fringe of open beach and fine sand surrendered in use surrender to the Republic of Bolivia.

I Truncate of Gold
To 29 km of Ilo (30 minutes in car). Beach of fine sand, you dilute calm and low depth; ideal to camp.

Treasury Chiribaya
Valley of Ilo (20 minutes in cars from the city of Ilo).
In this house country property the Marshal was born Domingo Grandson, one of the valiant forgers of our Independence who participated in important battles as those of Torata, Moquegua and Junín. The facade has a front porch with wooden balustrades and roofs to two waters with vain in the astial.



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Page created web March 30 of the one 2005.
© Copyright 2005 Gualberto Valderrama C.