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AYABACA


LOCATION

Located to the North of the country, in the Western end of the Mountain range of Andes. Lima to the North with the Republic of Ecuador, to the South with the county of Morropón and Huancabamba, to the This with the Republic of Ecuador and the county of Huancabamba, to the West with the County of Sullana and Piura.

Extension: 5230.68 Km2.
Capital: Ayabaca
Population: 134,422 hab.
Climate: The lowest point in the county is in the District of His with less than 200 m.s.n.m. and the highest is in the District of Ayabaca in Black Hill to 3,990 m.s.n.m. The variety of altitude determines a climatic wide variety that he/she goes of dry and warm until very humid and accented cold, the temperature average is of 14°C.

ROADS OF ACCESS

Of Piura for the highway Pan-American North you arrives to Sullana, of sullana to Paimas the highway is asphalted until half of this route, then affirmed highway comes and then trail Carrozable until Ayabaca.

HISTORY

Ayabaca was populated a.c 10,000 years ago. for hunters recolectores, intruding later in the area amazon and mountain diverse groups. In the years 400 to 200 a.c. we see the influence Cupisnique, Chavín and Amazon. Of this time is the petroglifos Samanga. In the called stage of the REGIONAL DEVELOPMENTS they were able to consolidate the dominions and local identities. The empire WARI (700-1000 years a.c. ) he/she was integrated partially to the dominions of Ayabaca.

During the States and Regional Dominions consolidate GUAYACUNDOS with 3 important dominions; CAXAS, CALLAUAS AND AYAHUACAS, of common origin low Caen the domain of the Incan empire after a tenacious resistance.

After having conquered the territory the population it was transferred to other places settling in the region faithful inhabitants to the Inca. During the Spanish conquest it passes to depend on Trujillo's Diocese. In the process of the independence, Piura is considered County of Trujillo's Department, figuring Ayabaca like a village.

In the year 1828 Ayabaca is high to category of village of the county of Piura. In 1857 the District of Ayabaca is believed, in 1861 he/she passes to make county with its capital Huancabamba, it stops later on for law of January 14 1865 it is dismembered in 2 counties: Ayabaca and Huancabamba.

TOURIST MAIN ATTRACTIVENESS

In the City

  • Church Matríz.- :"Our Sra. Of Pilar", where he/she is the Image of the Sr. Captive of Ayabaca, miraculous image that attracts faithful not only of national level but also international.
  • Museum of Ayabaca.- Cultural Tourist association "The children of the Sun that he/she is born", Archaeological Museum Not located in the street Cáceres 468.
  • Nursery of Orchids.- Where you can appreciate beautiful variety of Orchids belonging to S. Angel Seminar Santur.
  • Surroundings of the City

  • Ruins of Aypate.- Main tourist attractiveness of origin pre-of Christopher Columbus, archaeological monument to 32 Km of Ayabaca, it has been considered as MacchuPicchu of the North by the used material, as well as for the disposition of their constructions.
  • Thermal Bathrooms of Chocán.- To 12 Km. of Ayabaca, in the village of considered Chocán the thermal only bathrooms of the department. Of stones incrusted in the rocks crystalline water it sprouts, the one that you/they remain in the first hours of the day hot and conform the sun he/she appears he/she goes cooling down.
  • Petroglifos of Samanga.- To 45 Km. of Ayabaca. It constitutes the biggest complex in Petroglifos it notarizes ideográfica on big stones with features of the culture Chavín.
  • Valley of Olleros.- To 20 km. of Ayabaca, place where he/she was the important discovery of "Sr. Of Olleros", local King, testimony of last rich Ayabaquino. Closed tombs, funeral Urns and variety of Craft are appreciated.
  • Lagoons of Huamcabamba.- In front of the hill Aypate (32 Km. of Ayabaca) and approximately to 3,500 m.s.n.m is located a group of 7 lagoons with characteristic exceptional, one of them especially is of exceptional beauty.
  • TRADITIONAL MEDICINE

    Activity developed by the faith healers, herbalists and others. In the city of Ayabaca and other places of the county are known wide-mind people that are devoted to this activity.

    FOLKLORE

    In the folklore Ayabaquino highlights the Seafaring one Mountain, which is danced quick and handkerchief is not used in the hand. As well as Cumanas that are spoken compositions that they have rhyme and they are played they are guitar.

    Source: http://www.piuravirtual.com/pag_2_22.php



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    Page created web March 30 of the one 2005.
    © Copyright 2005 Gualberto Valderrama C.