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AYABACA


LOCATION

Huancabamba is an establishment of urban rural type, capital of the county of the same name, in the department of Piura, Region Grau, Peru.

Located 1929 meters of altitude, beside the homonymous river, of a valley interandino that extends among the chains Power station and Western of the Mountain range, Sierra of Huamaní among the Summits of which you/they are spread the you Celebrate sacred lakes or "lagoons Huarinjas."

Located in the oriental end of the Department, the county of Huancabamba embraces a surface of 4254 km. squares and it is inhabited by 117,459 residents; population that is broadly distributed in the valleys and in the slopes of the mountain range until the 3000 meters of altitude, but he/she condenses in small villorrios or villages located in intensely arable areas.

The flora and the fauna is multiple and varied, being distinguished mainly for its location in the several floors altitudinales.

The Climate is varied in the county while in the valley of Huancabamba it is lightly humid and temperate, in the high parts it is very humid and accented cold; on the other hand in area near yunga to the coast is manifested as lightly humid and temperate warm.

The rainy precipitations are happened mainly in the period of January - April, being in the other months of the not very frequent year and originating a temperate climate.

ROADS OF TERRESTRIAL ACCESS

The journey in bus, of 214 km. it is usually made in 8 hours, leaving of Piura. All the districts are connected with the provincial capital for roads carrozables, there being daily service of combis and vans.

In the non rainy time it is operative the highway that connects with Jaén, Via Tabaconas. Also the highway that Huancabamba connects Hualapampa, via Huarmaca (12 hours in first o'clock via and 7 in second o'clock)

HISTORY

The culture Huancapampa (plain or valley of the sacred big stones) was developed mainly to the long and wide of the valley interandino formed by the river Huancabamba, as they demonstrate it the remains and archaeological vestiges disseminated in this territory.

The temple of the jaguars in Mitupampa, the pre-Inca cemetery of Maray-pampas and the huarmichina city in you limit them of Jaén, lately discovered for the Italian archaeologist Mario Polia, confirms Julio's thesis C. Tello about the amazon origin of this culture.

As much the lithic industry as the metalúrgica, architecture and pottery were of the oldest residents' in this valley knowledge that, already in the Intermediate Horizon Early, around the year 8000 d.c. they had an assets cult temple to the jaguars, small center of power in Mitupampa, district of Sondorillo, and almost for that Time in Maraypampa, district of Sóndor, the potters worked the mud building big vessels or funeral urns where they misled the incinerated remains of their deads and after having buried them following an amazon habit.

Around 1480 Inca Túpac Yupanqui conquers the county and it erases the cult to the jaguars, and the customs of the huancapampas are replaced by new forms of life that the mitimaes or Incan settlers implant, founding Caxas and Huancabamba and making of this county one of those but big and better that there was in the incanato.

By the middle of October of 1532 the first encounter of the Spanish conquerors takes place with the first two Andean cities: Caxas and Huancabamba, through the outpost of Hernando of Soto, the same one that finds the great one on the way to the Inca that going by these populations united Removes Cusco, big buildings of the figured stone, pipes and canals of water, deposits for the hosts of Atahualpa, and an Ajllahuasi or house of Virgins of the sun with 5000 maidens.

Taken place by the Spanish conquest the Indian huancabambinos they were distributed in you commend and partialities the same ones that gave origin to the communities of indigenous: Head, second, Quispampa, Huarmaca and outsiders.

In the colony, Huancabamba with their stays, annexes, partialities and natives' communities maintained their territorial and ethnic unit to a certain extent. This didn't happen with the Incan county of Caxas that concluded disintegrating due to the compositions of lands made by the Spaniards.

Nowadays the county of Huancabamba understands the districts of Canchaque, Carmen of the Frontier, Huancabamba, Huarmaca, Lalaquiz, San Miguel of Faique, Sóndor and Sondorillo.

TOURIST MAIN ATTRACTIVENESS

Natural Places

  • Huaringas.- Huaringas is 14 lagoons, in diverse sizes and ways, considered potent from the magic therapeutic point of view. In them they make the faith healers their rites for the practice of the Traditional Medicine. The most famous are "Shimbe" and the "Quarter note" or the lagoon of the Inca. You consents by lorry from huancabamba until you Salt it in two hours, and from there in beast or on foot in one hour. They are located to the huancabamba north 3,500 m.s.n.m.
  • Sitan.- Cascade of about twenty meters high, in the gulch of Curlata, district of Sóndor. You arrives for via carrozable in fifty minutes, should walk other 15 blinding beauty.
  • Fence of Infiernillos.- at two hours from Huancabamba for via carrozable, in the district of Sóndor, they are hollows and salient product of the eolic erosion t the rains that you/they have acquired diversity in strange and impressive ways.
  • Switzerland Piurana.- He/she is called to the whole region of Canchaque and Faique by their hills and gulches of lustful vegetation. I siege forced in the itinerary Piura-Huancabamba. At four hours of both cities.
  • He Opens Up of Porcuya.- In the huarmaca district, crossed by the highway Olmos-Marañón, it is the lowest step in the Mountain range from Andes to 2100 m.s.n.m.
  • Archaeological Places

  • The Temple of the Jaguars.- In Mitupampa, district of Sondorillo, at hour from Huancabamba in car 2800 m.s.n.m.
  • The Wall.- In High Huancarcarpa to 3400 m.s.n.m. At two hours from Huamcabamba for car. Ruins with stone walls that dominate Ríos' basins Quiroz, Piura and Huancabamba.
  • Andenerias of Pasapampa.- Where they have been the famous stone plates that are exhibited in the Museum Huancabambino. 2990 m.s.n.m. They are at two and a half hours of Huancabamba in car.
  • Caxas and Bathrooms of the Inca.- In the village of low Chulucanitas, in the Gulch of the Inca. Three hours for via carrozable.
  • Citadel of Huarmichina.- Recently discovered close to the limits with jaen, in the Hill of Huarmichina.
  • Ruins of Paraton.- In the district of Huarmaca, hill Paratón.
  • FOLKLORE

  • It dances of the the Devils.- They are 12 diablicos, a burrofá, an angel and the Foreman that it accompanies Carmen's virgin with their dance to the they are of the Clarinet, piston and doubling, 16 at the 18 of Julio in Huancabamba.
  • Rompope and Diamantina.- They are drunk typical for occasions of friendship and happiness. Rompope gets ready with Creole eggs, cañazo, sugar, cinnamon, sour lemon. To the diamantina he/she is also added milk.
  • CRAFT

    Very diverse they are in all the districts; but in sondorillo they are typical: the pottery of pots and flowerpots, fabrics of straw hats, cabuya ropes, fabric of Anacos.- In Carmen of the Frontier the butter and the macerated cheese of Capulí, Breeding of Trouts. In Canchaque the cañazo and their macerated of fruits. In Sóndor you candy them. In all the counties the peasants make jargons, saddlebags, blankets, ponchos, handbags and other articles in their built waist looms for themselves. There is you also "manufacture them of tiles."

    Source: http://www.piuravirtual.com/pag_2_23.php



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    © Copyright 2005 Gualberto Valderrama C.