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OTHER TOURIST ATTRACTIVENESS DE MORROPON


Source: http://www.munichulucanas.gob.pe/Paginas/Provincia/Turismo.html


HILL ÑAÑAÑIQUE

The investigations carried out from 1986 in the hill Ñañañique have allowed the study and the characterization of a ceremonial, built and busy complex among the centuries X and V before our era. They are present contemporarily in the place several ceramic traditions of origins and diverse styles whose temporary evaluation you can follow so much of the point of view in the ways and technical ornamental as of the iconography, abundant and diversified. The occupation of the formative time extends on a surface of more than 10 Hás. and it is subdivided in six main sectors. This group that presents a general form in OR, he/she understood at least in their phase late, numerous platforms and willing buildings around a rectangular square. Although it is here about the adaptation and modification of natural reliefs, the flat gneral of the complex, as well as of some of the studied constructions, they seem to refer clearly already to the architectural pattern well-known in other more southern regions of Peru. It is also evident the existence of two main construction phases associated to a ceramic different material.

The archaeological place of Ñañañique at the moment is buried after the archaeological excavations made by the French mission in way exprofesa, because it is a way to preserve the architectural remains and not to leave them to the bleakness for the constant pillaging that could have for the waste of the temporary phenomena. At first sight, the hill doesn't perish to present some vestige of archaeological interest, but certainly guard an objective great value for the earnings that it could mean the setting in value of the place and subjective for the cultural meaning that has for the town; to have one of the first places close where its ancestors were knowing the civilization. In the surface we find material ceramic in abundant quantity. The painful thing is that we also notice that it leaves from the next hill to the occupational evidences it has been smoothed by what is recommended to the authorities an urgent work for the care of the place; like it could be to place a perimetric fence that surrounds the place and to legalize before INC the inscription of the promontory; of l you contrary, the deterioration and the pillaging can put in risk one of the archaeological most important places in the north coast and in general of Peru. The place should also present signaling of being possible, surveillance to guarantee its validity and possible setting completely in value like tourist place that it generates revenues to the pertinent institution.



CERRO ÑAÑAÑIQUE
HILL ÑAÑAÑIQUE


CULTURE VICUS

The tombs "boot"

Near Hill Vicús has met near two thousand wells mortuary funeral, true chimenas with an antiquity from twelve to fourteen centuries. One of the characteristics of Vicus is in fact these tombs, which were dug to great depth (between 4 and 14 meters). The most frequent consist on tubular vertical wells that drive until the camera, willing toward a side. It is for this characteristic that you the flame tombs "boot."

Ceramic Vicús

The ceramic, of original color the own one natural, that is to say orange, it is colored with the technique of the negative. This consists on painting the areas that surround the you line that they define the ornamental reasons, but not the same reasons that this way appear stood out in negative. This technique is also characteristic of the culture Recuay and of the Meso-American cultures and centroamricanas. With this technique geometric lines, marine waves are drawn.


ARCHAEOLOGICAL COMPLEX GREEN" "HILL - THE SLAUGHTER

ORIGIN OF THE HILL. It is possible that this hill has been formed in the stage of the eoceno being part of the chain of mountains in the mountain range of you walk they. For the characteristics (it Forms of the valley) that it presents the low part of the hill in all the sides, he/she makes suspect that there were very rainy moments in the area originating big clay detachments and other materials filling the abysmal openings that separated a hill of another. These continuous material detachments filled these openings separatorias forming valleys leaving some tips of the hills like species of islands giving to the different forms of life the opportunity to be covered and to the man to live and to be organized of an or another way specifies, forming social different strata.

LOCATION is located in the village Cruz Green, approximately 2500 meters to the Northeast of the district of The Slaughter in the county of Morropón. It is a group of seemingly Inca architecture made up of a variety of enclosures of different dimensions located in the summit and in the hillsides of the hill protected by 5 parallel walls. The first wall surrounds the whole hill in its low part and the four remaining, seemingly this protecting the highest part located to the Southwest of the hill, forming a drawing epiraloidal to even conclude in the formation of a circles with an indefinite function.

FUNCTION The function of this complex, for its architectural characteristics, is possible that it is obeying a political pattern, religious and administrative. This function possibility is reinforced with the presence of two superimposed mounds: one located to approximately to 40 grades Northeast and the Other one to 90 grades Northeast in the summit of the hill, separated by the entrance door located to the Northeast of the complex. It is necessary to delimit that the door of entrance of the north part this working as communication element, in the first place: the agricultural and hydraulic existent system in that time and with other social nucleuses distributed in different grades of coordinated geodesic (to the Northeast and Southeast) of the North end of the one Piura that goes by this area Laughed. To know this important place and to expose it to the Tourism will have the function as a result to generate work sources based on their value intrínsico and historical. And the revaluation of the autochthonous identity to insert it with the values generated with the western impact and to create the true identity.

These walls are made up of stone canteada fractioned in several sizes of different origins, mostly of rock it would deposit superimposed and interwoven forming horizontal arrays. Some leave of the walls it is seemingly in very good state obeying a multi-functional (warlike protection, climatology, division perimetral and architectural division of atmospheres of different functions) system.

WARLIKE: Since the man always had conscience had had the instinct of taking possession of other systems of on vivencia. And since the sedentarización began in the American cultures until the times preincas and prehispanic, the territorial, political and economic expansion method, was generally executed in a peaceful and warlike (wars) way. It is for this reason that administrative many centers were protected walling their architectural groups.

CLIMATOLOGICAL: Most of the hills of this geography are of sedimentary origin, clay and of blooming rocky ignicos. For the characteristics mentioned in rainy moments this material he/she comes off continually for action of the fall of the water and when piercing a great mass of the base of this wall it is working as contention walls avoiding the detachment of the material of the hill.

DIVISION PERIMETRAL When walling the whole perimeter of the hillside of the hill took advantage this system to make divisions in the internal part of the wall of different dimensions for a series of functions, affirming the consistency of the land at the same time, in the internal and external part of the walls.



COMPLEJO ARQUEOLÓGICO CERRO VERDE - LA MATANZA 01
ARCHAEOLOGICAL COMPLEX GREEN HILL - THE SLAUGHTER



COMPLEJO ARQUEOLÓGICO CERRO VERDE - LA MATANZA 02
ARCHAEOLOGICAL COMPLEX GREEN HILL - THE SLAUGHTER


THE MONOLITH OF ÑAÑAÑIQUE

The Monolith of Ñañañique is a trail that was opposing April of the year 18 1998, approximately to 200 meters in the Northeast part of the current Hill Leonor. It is possibly a cultural representation in stone of character religious politician belonging to the context archaeological hill Ñañañique or of the culture chulucanas if we want to embrace the four evolutionary phases of this culture. It could also belong since to a late culture in the hill Ñañañique there is enough evidence of cultural late presence.

CHARACTER RELIGIOUS POLITICIAN is an element that obeys a pattern of representative style where you can represent national symbols of character or religious. For their magnitude, and their characteristic icnográficas (drawings) it can intend the idea that is an important symbol that was put in some platform to maintain it stopped in a vertical way, satisfying to a feeling of a social organization determined in a cultural chronology seated in the Hill Ñañañique.

It is easy to understand that in that time the respect was managed to the religion and the national duty through ceremonies. It is a stage of the prehispanic Man's cultural life that doesn't differ a lot with what happens in our present time. We have squares where we put statues and religious images to which we have them a lot of respect and we surrender them cult. Others of Estela's functions, it could think about that it could work as an indicator of roads or to a system vial it is not even known with accuracy to that ideology type belonged this Monolith because not yet there is you it has been studied deeply.

CHARACTERISTIC MORPHOLOGICAL The stone is made of granite, a type of rock igneous plutónica. They are forming part of the badges or shields of the precámbrico, separating the magma and the solid part of the planet formed 4,000 million years ago. This material extends in Russia, África, Canada, America of the south and it stung.

CULTURAL ASPECTS Seemingly were carved with specific measures for a certain function. Of Long he/she has 3 mt. with 15 cm., for 50 cm. of width to finish in a tip of of 15 cm. with 1mt. 75 cm. of engraving in low relief, forming a knife species. The thickness differs in some tracts of the stone, being had a measure of 32, 35, 20 and 15 cm. You cannot determine the functions of the engraving but if it can understand each other that it is a cultural important indicator inside the area that could embrace the culture to which belonged and to their influence.



EL MONOLITO DEL ÑAÑAÑIQUE 01
THE MONOLITH OF ÑAÑAÑIQUE



EL MONOLITO DEL ÑAÑAÑIQUE 02
THE MONOLITH OF ÑAÑAÑIQUE


LAGOONS "THE REED" - TALANDRACAS

In the departments of Piura and Knock down two unique forests they exist in the planet Equatorial called Dry Forest and Tropical Forest of Pacific. They are two ecoregiones that houses species of the coast, mountain and forest. This ecological system is located to the Northwest of the capricornio tropic. The talandracas Lagoons are located in the department of Piura in the Village of new Town of Talandracas, to Northeast 60 grades of the city of Capital Chulucanas of the County of Morropón, inside the coordinates 94405338 0605662 of the dry equatorial forest.

They are a sequence of 10 deposits of water of different sizes separated among if for few meters in the gulch of Balconies that you/they begin to 300 m.s.n.m. (according to the pictures satelitales of Googlearth -2007) of vertical way and escaliriforme for the nature of the geography inside the area Yunga. One of these deposits is dry for the drought that you/they show up in these moments.br / > & For the characteristics that present these small deposits of water, it is possible that they are the result of small underground drainages of water originated by the filtrations of the rain times. These filtrations stagnate in these natural deposits, elevating their dynamic level in times of rain and shrinking this level in times of drought. It is possible that the nature of the platform subacuatica of these deposits is loamy. Because the nature of the clay is that it doesn't allow to pass the water (according to the geology) and it is for that reason that the water of these deposits stays in a seemingly static level. To weigh that the action of sun the evaporiza in small masses, the water recovers for the mentioned filtrations.

The importance of these deposits of water consists in that presents small ecosystems where types of life fitófagas (Fish, crabs and lobsters) and carnivores exist forming an internal and external singular food chain, begun by the great quantity of fitoplancton (beings' fitófagos food) until the human being (he/she fishes the fish and he/she feeds of them in certain times of the year). Small caves and big impressive rocks of different origins also exist.

But the most important in this small ecosystem consists that when integrating it to the tourism, we can have tourism vivencial (for their small caves and big platforms formed by big rocks), rural, ecological and archaeological. (for the evidence of archaeological remains based on walls and remains of traverse possible Inca road, located in both margins of the gulch).

To put in value this grandiose gift of the nature that has been used by our Inca ancestors and Preincas, will take us to enhance in a grandiose way the tourism vivencial and archaeological in our area. This ecological value was known from the prehispanic time but for the conquest he/she got lost for a great time.

Thanks to the information that had Mr. Julio castle Abrámonte, current responsible for Tourism of the Municipality of Chulucanas for 17 years. Based on this information an exploration was programmed by this area with two social scientists. One specialized in ecosystems (the archaeologist and magíster in edafología Cesar Jáuregui, the archaeologist and specialist in locating archaeological places and places vivénciales Mario Salazar Juárez, the professor José (expert of the area) and the great chaman Quiterio. Beginning the journey of approximately 4,600 meters from the Village of New Town of Talandracas. Locating these small lagoons exactly in the place that the informant said. Proceeding you to register them and baptizing them with the names of:

- Lagoon "The cave"
- Lagoon "José Quiterio"
- Lagoon "Jáuregui"
- Lagoon "The macanche"
- Lagoon Rent" "Rock
- Lagoon "Pacaso"
- Lagoon the Duck"
- Lagoon "Totora"
- Lagoon "The reed"



LAGUNAS EL CARRIZO - TALANDRACAS 01
LAGOONS THE REED - TALANDRACAS



LAGUNAS EL CARRIZO - TALANDRACAS 02
LAGOONS THE REED - TALANDRACAS



LAGUNAS EL CARRIZO - TALANDRACAS 03
LAGOONS THE REED - TALANDRACAS


THE WALLS "TONGO"

The walls of the tongo are located in the hill "Tongo" district of the Slaughter of the County of Morropón, to the South this of the Village "Tongo" is a group of 4 on walls in vertical form, located in the part This and Southeast of the hill. Guided three of them of at the Southeast of the hill and the first totally to the east.

This administrative, urban center possibly worked as an autonomous town inside a social stage where the knowledge grew maybe inside a system that obeyed, to strategies that maintained the population's balance inside the ideals corresponding to the agreements of different ETNÍAS. These supposed families distributed in oneself ecological system inside an economic base highly agricultural, supplementing this economic base with some exchanges. The suspicion of an autonomy is because the architecture has a distribution and different forms. These architectural structures are separated by 4 on walls in a vertical way beginning from the base of the hill until the half part of the hillside. For the not very material one watered in the floor he/she makes suspect that the height of the walls didn't pass of the 3 meters of high, being formed a width of 2.50 mts.

The characteristics of the architecture are similar to the architectural systems of the walls of the archaeological complex "The wing" located in the village Juan Velasco Alvarado of the district of Buenos Aires of the county of Morropón and of other archaeological complexes as: Talanquera, green, complex Hill Pilca and other but that are inside the county. The walls of the urban architecture differ much since these they obey the formation of spaces for a social certain movement.

One can also do 4 mounds with architecture associated to other forms of structures spread by the part west in a radio of 70 meters. When one speaks highly of an economic base agricultural it is because it still exists almost intact a distribution of hydraulic appropriate channels to face different climates in the year. Demonstrating us at the present time that in that time one had a good system of climatological, ecological, geographical and geologic knowledge. Maintaining this way a harmony with the environment.

Inside the flora the 5 can be seen big of the desert as great Capparis angulata (sapota), imposing Prosopis pallida, (Locust) the saving cactus. The nectar of the caprino the famous overal and the impressive thorn "Mister" and protective.

The compound grandiose fauna and headed by Gallinazo black (Coragyps atratus) head, the saurian substitute, the crestudo pacaso (Callospistes flavipunctatus) that dominates the branches of the big trees, Macanche (Boa constrictor ortonii), Soña (Minus longicaudatus), Chilalo (Furnarius cinnamomeus).

The climber squirrel, bicolor Añaz, the sancarranca (Bothrops barnett) i, Colambo (Drymarcho melanurus) and other more than they enjoy this grandiose ecosystem and with a great harmony with the man since they met each other.



LAS MURALLAS EL TONGO 01
THE WALLS "TONGO"



LAS MURALLAS EL TONGO 02
THE WALLS "TONGO"


PETROGLIFOS DE YAPATERA AND THEIR FORESTS OF ROCKS

Yapatera, is a center town located approximately to 3 km. to the Northeast of the city of Chulucanas. The petroglifos of Yapatera and the Forest of Rocks are located to Northeast 45 minutes from Cruz Pampas to a height of 150 m.s.n.m for the petroglifos and for the forest of rocks one has a height of 300 m.s.n.m. This cultural elements and vivénciales, are a strategic point to be able to possibly understand the type of handling of routes inside the area of High Piura. The characteristics of these drawings in stone make suspect that they were made specifically to indicate a type on the way in different addresses.

Associated to it, to about 500 m. Southeast 4 big stones are located with holes that are exactly in the road that leads to Sun-sun for the Northeast and for the Southeast to 350 m.s.n.m is located the forest of rocks with a flora diversity and fauna that it obeys a climate type. It is important to understand that this wide variety of compound flora mostly for cactus, overal, ceibo, sacred stick, and the famous epifitas (you plant simbiótica) that protect to big trees of the cold.

The importance of these places is to generate several elements that you/they help to understand certain points that can cover our population's many necessities.

As place tourist vivencial, it is beneficial because we can understand and to study natural several characters of our planet, and to pass unforgettable moments mainly even not in this ecosystem well-known in all their dimension. The platforms of great magnitude provide us the necessity to be able to stay for several days. From the cultural point we can understand that these elements cultural engravings in stone could be showing us the prehispanic man's capacity for a geographical, geologic and climatological handling.

From the tourist cultural point of view and vivencial, it is of great importance because when putting it in value we would be generating, through the tourism many work sources supplementing from that way to the balance that the so much residents of Yapatera need like of Chulucanas to generate foreign currencies. For the Southeast side, to the exit cross Pampas with address to the village of Roll are located a series of remains of Archaeological walls of a cultural filiation up to now stranger augmenting even more the attractiveness of the town of Yapatera.



PETROGLIFOS DE YAPATERA Y SUS BOSQUES DE ROCAS 01
PETROGLIFOS DE YAPATERA AND THEIR FORESTS OF ROCKS



PETROGLIFOS DE YAPATERA Y SUS BOSQUES DE ROCAS 02
PETROGLIFOS DE YAPATERA AND THEIR FORESTS OF ROCKS


Source: http://www.munichulucanas.gob.pe/Paginas/Provincia/Turismo.html



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