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DISTRICTS OF THE COUNTY DE


CANDARAVEDISTRITO DE CANDARAVE

Creation Date: Law 24887 - August 18 1988
Etymology: It Comes from "Cundor" = Condor, "Hahui" = Place; Place of Condors.
Cultivations: Potatoes, Beans, Corn, Medic, oregano and Garlics.
Populated Smaller Centers: San Pedro, Sacred Cruz, Totora, Huaytiri. Annexes: Yucamani, Patapatani, San Lorenzo, Hot, Talaca, Mullini, Calleraco, Victoria, Jirata and Japopunco.
Distances:
To the Capital of the Department: 167.70 km.
To the Capital of the Republic: 1460.50 km

Characteristic:
Candarave presents a picturesque landscape. From the highway in the high part the city is contemplated with its right streets, one can also observe medic cultivations, cattle raising that you/they are the main activities of the area. Likewise to the bottom how imposing guardian the Volcano Yucamani is observed.

Totora and their annexes: In the XIX century it was a country property property of Sr. Happiness Pine of Moquegua with a surface of 1 500 hectares of medic. There they were provisioned of provisions and utensils on the way to Tacna (Chilean domain). To the 15 years he/she knows Sr. Gastón Pages, ferretero who buys it to him. People from Puno, Ilave work. With 10 moles each colonist to newspaper with water of graveness (irrigable). They were given water, seed and tools; as rent they should work free one day a week watering a herdsman (5 hectares approximately, 6 times a year) paying the lease and the product they were distributed this way half by half.

In that way it was duplicated the agricultural area and cattleman from 700 to 1 500 hectares, the population had her first-aid kit, I/you/he/she was happy, they made her parties mainly for the rosary; her children helped him/her, the church image of Jesús (made by their children true artists) great acme heart was made. good relationships with their people. When making sick Gastón Pagés, an Italian Luis Fantappie leases it and the problems of APRA come and it is on the edge of the crash and the seizure.

Knowing of the problem Gastón returns Pagés of Europe. he/she comes to the one Victor it finishes off Cornejo Vargas that keeps in 1936 the country property working him until 1941. It is pacified the colonists and I lease it to don José Castro up to 1953 that he/she gave to don Humberto Castro. The Agrarian Reformation in 1970-71, the state condemns and he/she gives it to the Colonists.

All the towns arise soon after the Agrarian Reformation: Patapatani, Santa Cruz (The hope), Mullini (I Populate of workers and Colonists), Calleraco, Yucamani. He/she has much combustible as firewood of Queñua.


DISTRICT DE CAIRANI

Creation Date: Law N° December 11902 -04 1952
Address: Square of Weapons s/n
Telephone: (052) 74 02 00
Etymology: It comes of "neither" "kaira" = place of the frogs.
Cultivations: Oregano, potatoes, beans, corn and medic
C.P.M.: Ancocala (Stone Blanca), Calacala (abundant place in stones), Yarabamba Annex: Turunturun
Distances :
To the Capital of the County: 32.40 km.
To the Capital of the Department: 200.10 km

Characteristic:
It is located on a plain seated in hard granite rock, the town offers the particularity that its streets and squares possess natural pavement of stone, the foundations of their housings are compactly located in rock. Extensive medic cultivations surround the town. The climate is cold and dry, the rain time begins starting from the month of December of every year.

How outstanding data of their history it is necessary to mention the existence of the chullpas, burial in a cylindrical way where they are human remains as bones as well as old ceramic objects. It was inhabited by the tribes of Collas. The conquest was carried out by Spanish immigrants Acosta, Portugal, Pine, Salamanca that soon mix with autochthonous Quispe, Mamani, Catacora, Chambe, Marona. Apartir 1910 -35 highlights the arrieraje with its packs of mules that you/they went until the yungas of Bolivia where they took machinery and they brought silver and china that you/they received the chillatos name. Located on granite rock it lasts like one manifests in the one paved of the streets and their surroundings. Andenería system for the irrigable one. It dilutes abundant and smiling.

They were lent money (bags) called huycacas, knitted bags of flame wool or of German nickel whose loan was made without any voucher or receipt


DISTRICT DE HUANUARA

Creation Date: Law 10158 - March 25 1945
Address: Street Eloy G. Ureta s/n
Telephone: (052) 72 02 09
Etymology: "huanu" = I develop, projection; he/she will "make" = seed; I siege where the seed is developed. Another possible one would be "huanu-strange"; I lodge or bedroom of gumps.
Cultivations: Corn, potatoes, beans, medic
Distances :
To the Capital of the County: 40.03 km.
To the Capital of the Department: 164.40 km.

Characteristic:
You consents to the town of Huanuara through the highway that skirts the Lagoon of Aricota, after which a deviation exists with a highway carrozable of 28 curves, in the last curve a beautiful landscape is observed and the Lagoon of Aricota is contemplated. The town of Huanuara is located in the bottom of a gulch and in the hillsides of both hills a beautiful andenería is appreciated.

The gulch on which settles is the continuation of the gulch "wayñuma"; in the hillsides platforms or "paws" exist with channels and you dam.

Marshal's bust Andrés TO. Cáceres that is in the main square in the center of the town was placed March 25 of 1995. He/she has circular form in whose center a post rises for the mast of the flag where they take place the patriotic acts, garden with beautiful flowers and beacons to light.

He/she is an agricultural center and cattleman; an abundant livestock among them the horses in passing; the watering system that you/they use is for graveness, it is recognized by its exquisite cheeses.


DISTRICT DE QUILAHUANI

Creation Date: Law 12194 - February 15 1955
Address: Square of Weapons s/n
Telephone: (052) 67 77 20
Cultivations: Potatoes, Beans, Corn, Medic
C.P.M.: Aricota Annexes: Pallata, Marjani, Good View
Distances :
To the Capital of the County: 9.50 km.
To the Capital of the Department: 160.70 km.

Characteristic:
Uneven topography with deep gulches as that of the Lagoon of Aricota, with beautiful perspectives of their agriculture in platforms. It has Cemetery, reservorios that take advantage of the water very well for the irrigable one, has a camal, Church, adobe houses and of stone.


DISTRICT DE CURIBAYA

Creation Date: February 5 1875
Address: Square of Weapons N° 100
Telephone: (052) 74 02 03
Etymology: It comes from the voices "curi" thorn and "waya" distant place that it means distant "place of thorns"
Cultivations: Potatoes, corn, wheat, zapallo, pepper and reed.
Annexes: Totorales and Paquiña.
Distances :
To the Capital of the County: 37.90 km.
To the Capital of the Department: 161.60 km.

Characteristic:
The collapse of high hills of the north side of the gulch in the primary era gave place to a fence or wall of more than a kilometer wide, stopping the course of the waters of the old river formed by the fork of the callazas and the salted one. This was the origin of the current Lagoon of Aricota.

It is one of the valleys more fertile interandinos that is locked in a sling gulch, he/she enjoys a temperate excellent climate.


DISTRICT DE CAMILACA

Creation Date: August 18 1988
Address: Main Square - High Camilaca
Telephone: (052) community
Etymology: "kami", (life, town) "lacquer" that (embroider, hillside) means town on the edge of the hillside.
Cultivations: Oregano, potatoes, medic, izaña, beans, corn, lacayote and geese
Annexes: Tacalaya, Mirabaya
Distances :
To the Capital of the County: 47.70 km.
To the Capital of the Department: 231.50 km

Characteristic:
It presents a landscape with a very uneven topography, located amid a very sheer hillside, their you marry they pack some to others as being disputed a place in the land of the town. Summoned in the right margin of the basin of the river Camilaca.

Their streets are very narrow they seem labyrinths or hiding places and the houses are of adobe with calamine roof. Their climate is cold and I dry off during most of the year.

A town that he/she threatens to fall since on the edge of the cliff is exactly up of the smooth one; the authorities, you consent of the problem they have begun to relocate the new population in other much more stable and surer to two kilometers above of the current location.

New Camilaca or Yarama, soon after the earthquake of June 23 the 2001 a part of the population of old Camilaca has been relocated the sector of Chuñave or high Camilaca.

According to the Law of Creation of the County of Candarave and the district of Camilaca the annexes of Coraguaya, Vilalaca, Cambaya and C.P.M. of Borogueña they belong to this district, but the inhabitants of the place resist and they don't accept help some; in view of they follow it receiving support of the district from Ilabaya to which you/they belong from a lot of time.

It is recognized as the "rinconcito of the folklore" by the virtuousness of their zampoñeros that their ancestral music has walked through Peru and the Foreigner.

Source: http://www.municandarave.gob.pe/dis_candarave.htm.



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