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COUNTY DE CANDARAVE


HISTORY

The details of the origin of Candarave have gotten lost in the fogs of the past; however according to archaeological indications as the very old platforms already abandoned, and some cemeteries or gentilares with human remains are necessary to suppose that the presence of the first inhabitants goes back at immemorial times. They were the aymaras of the Highland, more concretely of the culture Tiahuanaco, those that appeared there and that fallen in love of the beautiful landscape they decided to stay for later to be enslaved by the Inca of Collasuyo.

Those first inhabitants called to the place "CUNTARAPI" or nest of condors, voice that was modifying until arriving until the current name of Candarave with the floor.

ETYMOLOGY

The Etymological Name of Candarave comes from the voices very possible aymaras: CUNDOR: Condor, HAHUI: Place, CONDORHAHUI: Place of Condors

HISTORY

Pre-Hispanic period
The first residents were descending of the protocollazas, aymaras of the culture Tiahuanaco; that came in turn of the areas yungas that formed their colonies in the skirts of the Andean mountain range. The Indians came from the chucuitos and percaicollas. And they were settling in the fertile valleys of the estribaciones smaller than Andes.

With the Inca domain he/she decreases the environment of influence of this culture but he/she stays molding to the demanding resources

The protocollas founded colonies in the valleys yungas. Later on, the muleteers subjected them. The village of Candarave was a pascana where the muleteers exchanged products and they traded among Tambo, Ilo, Belt, Candarave and The Peace (Bolivia), melting new families.

The Creation of Candarave goes back at millennial times; in the years of 1500 in that Candarave was a town of ayllus aymaras, later on in the beginnings of the viceroyalty in the years of 1545 Candarave is born more or less as embryo of it commends it of Ilabaya; then in 1662 the cacique appears Gabriel Lupistaca, son of the cacicazgos of Ilabaya and Candarave he transforms into rectory.

It is subjected to the crown of Spain for Pedro Pizarro in the year of 1536.

In Virreynato
Don Diego of I Raddle he/she met with the Cacique of Paucarcolla Catari Apassa, or who controlled the high of Candarave, with the towns of Curibaya, Ilabaya and Belt.

He/she made 1536 pedro Pizarro it pacified the lands of Chucuito, Moquegua, Tacna and Tarapacá in Cripple's rising Second II. In 1540 you creó commends it in favor of conquering Hernán Rodríguez of San Juan that you/they should pay with its basic products as birds, sheep, pigs, corn, wheat, egg and the firewood. The parties that figure are those of Ilabaya, Belt, Margarita, Curibaya, Candarave, Locumba, Sitajara, Camiara and Ite.

Republican Time
June 25 the Marshal Don Ramón Castile, temporary president of the Republic, due to population's increase, industry and trade divides the county of Arica in Arica and Tacna, giving place to the department of capital Moquegua of Tacna in 1857. In that moment, Candarave is a district more than Tacna together with Ilabaya, Tarata, Locumba and Sama.

Candarave in Ruins
In 1868 the earthquake of the South area also affection to Candarave is known its terrible effects by two letters directed by the parish priests Esteban Toccafondi and Eusebio Vargas, to the Capillary Vicar of the diocese of Arequipa, in one of them "the horrible catastrophe of the happened earthquake is related August 13, the temple has fallen in this town more the chapels of Curibaya and Camilaca; the whole people are living in awnings in the field, because almost all the houses have fallen and the few ones that have been are totally damaged."

The Families Candaraveñas
They gave valiant soldiers during the war of the peaceful one. Tomás Cusicanqui García was having of chivalry in Andrés' army Avelino Cáceres.

Wise Antonio Raymondi in Candarave
In 1864 it arrives to our earth restless and studious Raymondi with the purpose of analyzing the mineral water of the Area in the thermal bathrooms of Candarave and Heat.

First 20 years of the XX Century
It corresponds to the denominated time of gold, prosperous in country properties like those of Vega, Luque, Portugal, Guillén, Rock, Molina and Torres. The decadence originates a change in the productive system. The lands that fed horses and mules, you medic siembran and they give of eating to the bovine livestock and ovino of which comes out the famous cheese.

Creation of the County Candarave
For the ordinance of June 25 1855 being district Candarave, it integrates to the county of Tarata. For the law of November 11 1874; the district of Candarave passes to integrate the County of Candarave. August 18 1988 for Law N° 24887 the County of Candarave is believed.

Town of Candarave (3 415 msnm)
To 170 km to the northeast of the city of Tacna (6 hours and 30 minutes in car). Its name, of origin aymara, means "Place of Condors." It is located in an esplanade to the bottom of a great hollow. To the foot of the volcano Yucamani, one can observe the fields of medic cultivation and the stables of the livestock. The tranquility and the pretty landscape make of Candarave a favorable place for the rest.

Thermal Fuentes of Hot
To 45 km of the city of Candarave (2 hours 30 minutes in car). This place pretends to be a group of geysers because in several points blooming of water appear with temperatures that surpass the 86ºC (186,2ºF), taking place a great vaporization hence. For the use of the visitors two thermal natural sources of 37ºC (98,6ºF) and 40ºC (104ºF) exist, respectively. Their waters are famous because they help in the treatments of illnesses like the arthritis and the rheumatism.

Lagoon of Suches or Huaytire
To 60 km aprox. of the city of Candarave (2 hours, 30 minutes in car).
He/she has an extension of 370 km2. It is located very near the community of Huaytire (4450 msnm). There a center has been built for the upbringing of trouts. In the lagoon and their surroundings can be observed birds like blue, guallatas, kiwis and patillos. The pastizales of the northeast serves as food for vicuñas groups and suris.

Lagoon of Aricota
To 154 km of the city of Tacna (4 hours 30 minutes in bus).
He/she has 1440 surface km2 and it is located to 2800 msnm. It is habitat of birds like patillos and guallatas, and an excellent place to fish trouts rainbow.

Taken of: http://www.municandarave.gob.pe/com_historia.htm



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