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TACNA



ESCUDO DEPARTAMENTO TACNA
I SHIELD OF THE DEPARTMENT DE TACNA


POLITICAL DIVISION
Capital of the Department: Tacna
4 counties and 26 districts.
COUNTYCAPITALDISTRICTS
CANDARAVECANDARAVE6
JORGE BASADRELOCUMBA3
TACNATACNA9
TARATATARATA8
SURFACE: 16,076 KM2
CLIMATE: Temperate, benign and welcoming climate. During the months of winter dense fogs are observed to the dawn, denominated "camanchacas", and strong winds of Southwest address.
TEMPERATURE: I average yearly 18.4°C
DISTANCES: Tacna - Lima 1,293 km
Tacna - Moquegua 163 km
Tacna - Arequipa 366 km
Tacna - Puno 376 km
Tacna - Ica 990 km
Tacna - Arica 56 km


GENERAL INFORMATION

ALTITUDE
Capital: 562 msnm (Tacna)
Minimum: 18 msnm (Ite)
Maxim: 3 415 msnm (Candarave)

CLIMATE
The city of Tacna has a humid climate during the winter and semicálido the rest of the year, with absence of rains in the coast. The temperature annual half maxim is 23,4°C (74,1ºF) and the minimum one 12,5°C (54,4ºF).

ROADS OF ACCESS
Terrestrial: Lima-Tacna: 1 293 km aprox. for the Highway Pan-American South (18 hours in car aprox.).
Air: Regular flights from Lima to the city of Tacna (1 hour 35 minutes aprox.).

DISTANCES FROM THE CITY DE TACNA
Candarave (Prov. Candarave) 170 km / 6 hours and 30 minutes.
Locumba (Prov. Jorge Basadre) 93 km / 1 hour.
Tarata (Prov. Tarata) 88 km / 2 hours and 30 minutes.

AIRPORT
Airport Carlos Sacred Ciriani Rosa. Highway South Pan-American s/n, km 5, Tacna. Tel: (052) 84-4503 / 65-9811 fax: 84 -4672.

TRANSPORT TERRESTRIAL
- Terrestrial Terminal Manuel to. Odria, National and International Service. Street Hipólito Unanue s/n, Tacna. Tel: (052) 72-7007.
- Terminal Francisco Bolognesi, Service of Buses to the interior of the region. Av. Circumvallation s/n, Tacna. Tel: (052) 71-1786. Attention: 4:00 23:00.

CENTERS OF HEALTH
Hospital Hipólito Unanue. Street Blondell s/n. Tacna. Tel: (052) 72-3361. Attention: 24 hours.

POLICE DELEGATIONS
National police of Peru. Passage Calderón De La Barca 353, Tacna. Tel: (052) 71-4141/ 71-2031.

MARKETS OF CRAFT
Most of stores are among the blocks 6 and 7 of Av. Bolognesi and the street Pallardelli. Attention: 9:00-21:00

MAIL
Av. Bolognesi 361, Tacna. Tel: (052) 72-4221 / 72-4641. Attention: L-S 8:00-20:00.


TOURIST ATTRACTIVENESS DE TACNA

Cathedral of the City of Tacna
In front of the Civic Walk. Visits: L-D 7:00-12:30 and 15:00-19:30.
Their construction began in 1875, in charge of the French signature Alejandro Gustavo Eiffel. The design architectural neorrenacentista was captured with extracted stones of the hills Intiorko and Arunta. The work was paralyzed, among other reasons, by Guerra from Pacific (1879) and the Chilean occupation. It was culminated formally in 1954.

It Pounds Ornamental
Located in the Civic Walk.
The sculptural work was in charge of Francés Paul Lienhard, and forged in the English foundry Simpson, he/she has 6 meters high and it is composed of several sources. On a granite base a first sculptural group of classic style that symbolizes the four stations of the year rises and, on the biggest source, of 6 diameter meters, another group that represents four naked caught children of the hand. It was acquired and given to the city of Tacna by don's government José Balta, in the year 1869.

House of Zela
Street Zela 542. Visits: 8:00-12:00 and 15:00-19:00.
There Francisco lived Antonio of Zela, important precursor of the Peruvian independence. At the moment, it has been mounted in this the Living room Archaeological Museum, in which ceramic pieces, textile, works are exhibited in wood and metal, fishing devices and prehispanic basketwork. The building is considered Historical National Monument from 1961.

Municipal Theater
Passage Calderón de la Barca s/n, in front of Plazuela Mac Reads.
It was built in 1870 by the Spanish engineer Constantino Martínez of the Pine and inaugurated years later for the president José Antonio of Pezet. The building, of two floors, shines a facade made entirely of cantería stone. In their main room valuable squares can be appreciated that depict illustrious tacneños like the poet Federico Barreto, painting Francisco Laso and the Modest historian Molina. The theater was declared historical and artistic monument from 1972.

Rail Museum
It is located in the intersection of the street Gregorio Albarracín and the avenue May 2. Tel: (052) 72-4981. Visits: L-D 8.00-17:30.
Mounted in the rail old station Tacna-Arica, the place is particularly attractive because it is conserved almost intact, with many elements of the second half of the XIX century, time in which was built. The sample provides the traveler an idea of the historical process of the railroad.

Park of the Locomotive
Av. Grau s/n.
It was built to house to the centennial Locomotive Nº3 model 1859, built in Pennsylvania and that it drove to the Peruvian troops to defend the Muzzle of Arica during Guerra with Chile (1879). During the Chilean occupation, the locomotive continued uniting Tacna with Arica. In 1940 he/she stopped to work, but it was repaired and transferred to the park in 1977.

Historical museum of INC
Street Apurímac 202. Tel: (052) 71-1171. Visits: L-V 8:00-13:00 and 15:00-17:00.
Located in downtown, to Municipal former Palacio's block, it was created in 1957. In the place the Public Library of Tacna works. In their rooms documents and objects of the times of the emancipation are exposed, independence, republic and of the years of the war with Chile.

Parabolic Arch
Located in the Civic Walk
He/she has 18 meters high. It was lifted in honor to the heroes of Guerra from Pacific, as the Admiral Miguel Grau and the Colonel Francisco Bolognesi. Their construction was made in stone of cantería of rosy color. It was inaugurated August 28 1959 being president don Manuel Grassland.

Boulevard Bolognesi
Located to two blocks of the Civic Walk.
It is one of the converged arteries in the city. Under the Boulevard he/she runs, perfectly channeled, the river Caplina.

He/she Marries Artificial
Street Zela 716. Tel: (052) 71-5225.
In this house it was signed the Records of Delivery from Tacna to Peru, August 28 of 1929. It houses to the Museum of the Reincorporation, Pinacoteca of Tacna and the Historical Departmental Files.

Complex Monumental of the Field of the Alliance
To 8 km aprox. to the north of the city of Tacna (10 minutes in car aprox.). Visits: L-D 8:00-17:00.
Carried out in homage to the combatants of the Battle of the High one of the Alliance (Guerra with Chile, May 26 of 1880). The Museum of Place presents weapons of the time, rifles, sables, elegance uniforms, letters, documents and a scale model of the confrontation. They are located to the northwest of the hill Intiorko, in the place that was the battle field.

Fence Old of Tacna
Extensive countryside located between the 670 and 1 090 msnm. He/she extends throughout 23 km aprox. and he/she understands the districts of Pocollay, Kind and Pachía, at 94, 14, 18 Km of the city of Tacna, respectively. It is characterized by their temperate climate and I dry off. There they are traditional diverse restaurants, perfect for degustar the typical plates of the region.

Thermal Fuentes of Hot - Pachía
To 22,8 km to the east of the city of Tacna (20 minutes in car). Located beside the river Caplina, to 1 400 msnm. They are known by their therapeutic properties for the illnesses neuroartríticas and of the skin. The temperature of these waters oscillates among 36ºC (96,8ºF) 39ºC (102,2ºF).
Lodging services and feeding exist in the surroundings.

Complex Archaeological of Miculla
To 22 km to the northeast of the city of Tacna (15 minutes in car).
They are surrounded of an impacting landscape desértico combined with small hills and under it guides her of the hills Wawapas and Miculla to 1 200 msnm approximately. The specialists consider that they were carved from the time of the culture Tiahuanaco (500 d.C.) until the years 1100-1445 d.C. they Cover an extension of 20 km2 approximately and they were carried out with red patina on calcareous rocks or silica.

The scenes include human beings' drawings hunting, dancing or facing; animals as tarucas, pumas, suris, snakes, small lizards, foxes, among other; you plant and local fruits; representations of constellations and images even not defined. In the surroundings one can observe some typical animals of the region like foxes, small lizards, snakes, eagles and some birds, as well as copies of the local flora, molles, jaros, chilcas, chiñes and cactus.

Spa Mouth of the River
At 52 to the Southwest of the city of Tacna (25 minutes in car).
Located in the outlet of the river Sama, their beach is considered of the best in Tacna, to be wide and page with not very deep waters. In the surroundings lodging services, feeding and esparcimiento centers exist.

Beach the Sticks
To 41 km of the city of Tacna (20 minutes in car).
It is an open beach, of low surf and very calm waters. It is endowed with lodging (bungalows) services and of feeding.

Distances from the city of Tacna:
- Candarave (County of Candarave) 170 km / 6 hours and 30 minutes.
- Locumba (County of Jorge Basadre) 93 km / 1 hour.
- Tarata (County of Tarata) 88 km / 2 hours and 30 minutes.


TOURIST ATTRACTIVENESS DE CANDARAVE

Town of Candarave (3 415 msnm)
To 170 km to the northeast of the city of Tacna (6 hours and 30 minutes in car). Its name, of origin aymara, means "Place of Condors." It is located in an esplanade to the bottom of a great hollow. To the foot of the volcano Yucamani, one can observe the fields of medic cultivation and the stables of the livestock. The tranquility and the pretty landscape make of Candarave a favorable place for the rest.

Thermal Fuentes of Hot
To 45 km of the city of Candarave (2 hours 30 minutes in car). This place pretends to be a group of geysers because in several points blooming of water appear with temperatures that surpass the 86ºC (186,2ºF), taking place a great vaporization hence. For the use of the visitors two thermal natural sources of 37ºC (98,6ºF) and 40ºC (104ºF) exist, respectively. Their waters are famous because they help in the treatments of illnesses like the arthritis and the rheumatism.

Lagoon of Suches or Huaytire
To 60 km aprox. of the city of Candarave (2 hours, 30 minutes in car).
He/she has an extension of 370 km2. It is located very near the community of Huaytire (4450 msnm). There a center has been built for the upbringing of trouts. In the lagoon and their surroundings can be observed birds like blue, guallatas, kiwis and patillos. The pastizales of the northeast serves as food for vicuñas groups and suris.

Lagoon of Aricota
To 154 km of the city of Tacna (4 hours 30 minutes in bus).
He/she has 1440 surface km2 and it is located to 2800 msnm. It is habitat of birds like patillos and guallatas, and an excellent place to fish trouts rainbow.


TOURIST ATTRACTIVENESS DE TARATA

Church of San Benedicto
Located in front of the main square of the tarata city.
It was inaugurated in 1741 and in her it is worshipped the image of San Benito of Abbot or San Benedicto, pattern of the county of Tarata.

Town of Tarata (3 068 msnm)
To 88 km to the northwest of the city of Tacna (2 hours and 30 minutes in car).
Town in which is possible to appreciate andenería of origin preinca and to enjoy a wonderful landscape.

Andenerías of Tarata
To 15 km of the town of Tarata (15 minutes in car).
They cover 3465,67 hectares. They continue using he/she stops the cultivation of corn and potato. The terraces are irrigated with water of springs and creeks, taken of the heads of the valleys interandinos.

Petroglifos of Anajiri
To 4 km of the city of Tarata (5 minutes in car).
In the journey terraces are observed with isolated petroglifos. The human represented figures are generally in movement; equally anthropomorphous representations and zoomorfa constituted by camélidos exist, prey birds in flight, besides geometric designs.

Thermal Fuentes of Ticaco
To 12 km of the city of Tarata (10 minutes in car).
It has 5 personal puddles where the water is transparent and with a temperature of 49ºC.


TOURIST ATTRACTIVENESS DE JORGE BASADRE

Valley of Locumba
To 93 km aprox. to the northwest of the city of Tacna (1 hour in car).
Fence interandino that was famed by their vines and their industry of wines and piscos of first quality. At the moment, the agricultural activity prevails, standing out its production of pepper. In the city of Locumba, capital of the county, is the Sanctuary of the Mr. of Locumba, also call "Mr. of the Burnt" Feet whose party takes place in September from 1776.

Sanctuary of the Mr. of Locumba
To 93 km to the northwest of the city of Tacna (1 hour 30 minutes in car), in the valley of Locumba. Call also Church of the Mr. of the Burnt Feet, it was built thanks to donations of the devote ones of the Mr. of Locumba. The temple has a central ship of vault of half canyon. In the interior it highlights Christ's image in a cross covered in silver.

Paintings Rupestres of Toquepala
To 159 km to the north of the city of Tacna (2 hours 30 minutes in car).
The cave of Toquepala is famous to house a group of paintings rupestres whose antiquity dates of 7500 a.C. The scenes represent a "chaco" or hunt. It is observed how the hunters form a circle around the preys, possibly gumps, until catching them. The images have been carefully colored with red, yellow, green, white and black colors.



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Page created web March 30 of the one 2005.
© Copyright 2005 Gualberto Valderrama C.