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I CENTER SACRED ARCHAEOLOGICAL MARÍA


The place is located in the sector Yunga of the district of Tarata, it occupies an area of 4000 square meters, with a longitude of 100 meters for 40, have you to 3082 meters on the sea level, it is adjacent for the north with a ravine, for the east with Tarata Pampas, a medium pampas for the south and West, with a deep ravine, has in its structures niches (trapezoidal windows), what can give us clear indication of its origin, you consents through the Inca road that arrives from Tarata, it goes down to the river Chacawira and it goes up the hill Santa María arriving to Tarata Pampas of where a secondary road that takes us to Santa María leaves.

The place is an establishment with enclosures, terraces and at least an internal road very well conserved, he/she is deteriorated when having been disassembled its structures to build corrals for livestock, the place belongs to the intermediate late period and it is recognized as the establishment primigenio of the prehispanic population of Tarata.

In their entrance we can appreciate constructions of mud and ovens of the years of 1880, since settled in the area a Chilean position, during the time of the occupation of Chile in Peruvian territory. At the present time the local residents continue carrying out payments in the area, what indicates us that the alive culture of the area continues effective and they are even conserved the traditions and local customs, although we can appreciate some variations, in the elements that mostly continue being the leaf of coca, the use of the quintu and the payment with chicha that has been replaced by the beer and some other liquors and liquors.

Diverse they are the uses and activities that are carried out in hill Santa María, for what we can indicate without a doubt that it is one of the places magic religious but important of Tarata. Their last archaeological prospecting was carried out among August 21 at the 15 of September of the 2007, for the archaeologists Alicia Pillars and the High school in Archaeology Carlos Strobach.

Source: http://www.xviiconea2009.com/index/tacna.pdf



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